List of cities and towns in Poland

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Map of Poland

This page contains a list of cities and towns in Poland, preceded by a table of major Polish cities. The table ranks cities by population based on data from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. Note that in the Polish system of administration there is no difference between a city and a town. A gazetteer is available to locate any town or settlement on a detailed map.

As of 1 January 2018, there are 930 cities and towns in Poland. For metropolitan areas, see Metropolitan areas in Poland.

Polish cities belong to the following size ranges in terms of the number of inhabitants:

Largest cities by Population

Below is the list of the most populated cities in Poland.[1][2] The seats of either a voivode, or a voivodeship legislature, are marked in bold.

Name Voivodeship Pop. Dec.
2016
Pop. Dec.
2007
Pop.
1999
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1950
Pop.
1900
Warsaw  Masovian 1,753,977 1,706,624 1,618,468 1,315,648 1,139,189 822,036 756,400
Kraków  Lesser Poland 765,320 766,583 740,666 583,444 481,296 343,638 120,300
L|o|dz|Łódź  Łódź 696,503 753,192 806,728 762,699 709,698 620,273 351,600
Wrocław  Lower Silesian 637,683 632,930 643,877 526,000 430,522 308,925 422,700
Poznań  Greater Poland 540,372 567,932 578,235 471,900 408,132 320,670 126,000
Gdańsk  Pomeranian 463,754 458,717 458,988 365,600 286,940 194,633 140,600
Szczecin  West Pomeranian 404,878 410,811 416,988 338,000 269,318 178,907 210,700
Bydgoszcz  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 353,938 361,222 386,855 282,200 232,007 162,524 52,200
Lublin  Lublin 340,466 351,806 356,251 238,500 181,304 116,629 53,600
Katowice

(admin centre of SM)

 Silesian 298,111 317,220 345,934 305,000 269,926 175,496 31,700
Białystok  Podlaskie 296,628 294,143 285,000 168,500 120,921 68,503 66,000
Gdynia  Pomeranian 246,991 250,242 253,521 191,500 147,625 103,458 900
Częstochowa  Silesian 226,225 242,300 257,812 188,189 164,906 112,198 53,700
Radom  Masovian 215,020 224,857 232,262 159,480 130,116 80,298 30,100
Sosnowiec (incl in SM)  Silesian 205,873 222,586 244,102 145,000 131,654 96,448 86,700
Toruń  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 202,521 206,619 206,158 129,872 104,906 80,637 29,600
Kielce  Świętokrzyskie 197,704 205,902 212,383 126,950 89,500 61,332 23,200
Rzeszów  Podkarpackie 187,422 166,454 162,049 83,105 62,526 28,133 18,300
Gliwice (incl in SM)  Silesian 182,156 197,393 212,164 172,000 135,300 119,968 52,400
Zabrze (incl in SM)  Silesian 175,459 189,062 200,177 197,840 190,049 172,355 26,000
Olsztyn  Warmian-Masurian 172,993 175,710 170,904 94,753 67,887 43,831 24,300
Bielsko-Biała  Silesian 172,030 175,690 180,307 106,200 75,527 17,400
Bytom (incl in SM)  Silesian 169,617 184,765 205,560 187,500 182,578 173,955 51,400
Zielona Góra  Lubusz 139,330 117,523 118,182 73,485 54,291 31,634 21,000
Rybnik  Silesian 139,252 141,080 144,582 43,700 34,099 27,222 7,200
Ruda Śląska (incl in SM)  Silesian 139,125 144,584 159,665 143,122 131,667 33,962 14,800
Tychy (incl in SM)  Silesian 128,351 129,776 133,178 71,500 49,914 4,900
Gorzów Wielkopolski  Lubusz 123,995 125,411 126,019 74,782 58,671 32,825 33,600
Dąbrowa Górnicza

(incl in SM)

 Silesian 121,802 128,795 131,037 61,700 55,720 32,446 3,000
Płock  Masovian 121,295 126,968 131,011 71,900 42,798 33,128 27,000
Elbląg  Warmian-Masurian 121,191 126,710 129,782 90,051 76,513 48,112 52,500
Opole  Opole 118,722 126,748 129,553 86,900 63,500 38,464 30,100
Wałbrzych  Lower Silesian 114,568 123,635 136,923 125,200 117,209 93,842 16,400
Włocławek  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 118,432 123,373 82,599 66,820 54,536 23,000
Tarnów  Lesser Poland 116,118 118,297 85,929 70,835 37,405 31,700
Chorzów (incl in SM)  Silesian 113,678 121,708 151,946 147,037 129,456 57,900
Kalisz  Greater Poland 108,031 106,641 81,454 69,946 55,542 22,000
Koszalin  West Pomeranian 107,376 112,375 65,200 44,410 18,940 20,400
Legnica  Lower Silesian 104,754 109,335 76,000 64,185 39,010 54,900
Grudziądz  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 99,090 102,434 75,668 64,965 45,327 32,700
Słupsk  Pomeranian 97,419 102,370 68,939 53,383 33,115 27,300
Jaworzno (incl in SM)  Silesian 96,600 99,800 63,600 53,089 20,229 17,500
Jastrzębie Zdrój  Silesian 93,939 102,294 24,500 1,700
Jelenia Góra  Lower Silesian 86,220 93,407 55,900 49,617 34,996
Nowy Sącz  Lesser Poland 84,468 83,911 41,300 34,179 26,216
Konin  Greater Poland 80,140 83,462 40,794 17,638 12,145
Piotrków Trybunalski  Łódź 78,475 81,433 59,843 52,782 42,289
Siedlce  Masovian 76,939 76,056 39,280 32,587 25,322
Lubin  Lower Silesian 76,306 82,711 28,900 5,471 2,743
Inowrocław  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 75,681 79,517 54,911 47,267 38,005
Mysłowice (incl in SM)  Silesian 74,912 76,231 44,700 40,228 35,720
Piła  Greater Poland 74,687 79,568 43,992 33,785 21,085 18,405
Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski  Świętokrzyskie 73,111 79,047 50,147 38,108 20,273
Ostrów Wielkopolski  Greater Poland 72,360 74,635 49,705 42,579 32,787 11,800
Siemianowice Śląskie

(incl in SM)

 Silesian 71,621 75,218 67,401 62,411 52,994
Stargard  West Pomeranian 70,217 74,166 44,640 33,650 20,684
Pabianice  Łódź 69,842 74,689 62,402 56,222 48,817
Gniezno  Greater Poland 69,732 71,460 50,926 44,080 36,039
Suwałki  Podlaskie 69,281 68,815 25,572 19,868 15,456
Głogów  Lower Silesian 68,297 74,294 20,558 9,179 3,825
Chełm  Lublin 67,782 70,759 39,135 31,108 20,550
Przemyśl  Podkarpackie 66,867 68,345 53,509 47,442 32,948
Zamość  Lublin 66,375 67,099 35,114 27,638 21,558 11,300
Tomaszów Mazowiecki  Łódź 66,232 69,389 55,011 48,546 39,391
Stalowa Wola  Podkarpackie 64,988 71,805 30,100 22,932 7,167
Kędzierzyn-Koźle  Opole 65,161 69,875
Leszno  Greater Poland 64,057 62,597 33,985 29,157 22,572
Łomża  Podlaskie 63,036 64,915 25,800 19,876 14,839
Żory  Silesian 62,008 63,683 8,700 6,795 5,037
Bełchatów  Łódź 61,496 61,018 9,250 7,327 5,146
Mielec  Podkarpackie 61,005 64,455 27,000 22,132 9,205
Tarnowskie Góry  Silesian 60,975 63,126 34,400 28,612 23,115
Tczew  Pomeranian 60,271 61,124 41,000 33,696 24,619 12,808
Świdnica  Lower Silesian 59,998 65,016 47,673 39,078 27,805 28,439
Piekary Śląskie (incl in SM)  Silesian 59,061 61,753 36,400 32,226 22,944
Będzin  Silesian 58,639 60,084 42,800 39,478 34,410
Zgierz  Łódź 58,164 58,862 43,025 36,666 26,169
Biała Podlaska  Lublin 57,783 58,599 26,500 20,148 13,345
Racibórz  Silesian 56,919 64,093 40,600 32,523 26,447 25,250
Ełk  Warmian-Masurian 56,698 56,464 27,400 21,952 13,665
Pruszków  Masovian 55,621 53,295 43,366 38,016 27,583
Świętochłowice (incl in SM)  Silesian 54,525 57,174 57,842 57,422 56,663 37,952
Ostrołęka  Masovian 54,109 55,511 22,187 15,216 10,409
Starachowice  Świętokrzyskie 52,614 56,863 43,069 35,603 24,263
Zawiercie  Silesian 52,435 54,617 39,500 33,058 27,620
Legionowo  Masovian 51,058 51,301 20,836 19,835
Tarnobrzeg  Podkarpackie 49,771 51,291 19,000 6,754 3,961
Puławy  Lublin 49,386 54,110 35,115 13,514 10,321
Wodzisław Śląski  Silesian 49,132 50,123 25,700 9,043 5,938
Radomsko  Łódź 49,073 50,826 31,246 26,533 20,472

All towns alphabetically

A

B

Ba-Be

Bi-Bl

Bo-Br

Bu-By

C

Ce-Ch

Ci-Cz

Ć

D

Da-Do

Dr-Dz

E

F

G

Ga-Gn

Go - Gó

Gr-Gu

H

I

J

K

Ka-Kc

Ke-Kn

Ko

Kr-Kw

L

La-Li

Lu-Lw

Ł

M

Ma

Mi

Mo-My

N

Na-Ni

No-Ny

O

Ob-Or

Os-Oz

P

Pa-Pe

Pi-Pl

Pn-Po

Pr-Py

R

Ra

Re-Rz

S

Sa-Si

Sk-Sl

So

St

Su-Sy

Sz

Ś

T

U

W

Wa-Wę

Wi-Wł

Wo-Wy

Z

Ż

Localities by Population

According to the law there are two main types of localities (Polish: miejscowość)[3]:

  • a) independent localities (miejscowość samodzielna) called in register as basic localities (miejscowość podstawowa) - e.g. a city/town and a village, these are always independent localities, and
  • b) not independent localities (miejscowość niesamodzielna) integral parts of localities, each of which belongs to some basic locality - e.g. part of city/town, part of village, hamlet and housing estate, these are always not independent localities, however e.g. settlement and colony, these can be independent or not independent localities.

In 2015 there was 103,086 official names of localities and their parts, including (23 types)[4]:

  • 915 names of cities and towns (miasto),
6,710 names of parts of cities and towns (część miasta),
  • 43,069 names of villages (wieś),
36,262 names of parts of villages (część wsi),
520 names of settlements of villages (osada wsi),
974 names of colonies of villages (kolonia wsi),
224 names of forest settlements of villages (osada leśna wsi),
5 names of housing estates of villages (osiedle wsi),
4,619 names of hamlets of villages (przysiółek wsi),
  • 5,132 names of settlements (osada),
10 names of parts of settlements (część osady),
3 names of settlements of settlements (osada osady),
6 names of colonies of settlements (kolonia osady),
56 names of hamlets of settlements (przysiółek osady),
  • 2,203 names of colonies (kolonia),
200 names of parts of colonies (część kolonii),
0 names of settlements of colonies (osada kolonii),
11 names of colonies of colonies (kolonia kolonii),
41 names of hamlets of colonies (przysiółek kolonii),
  • 1,966 names of forest settlements (osada leśna),
  • 5 names of housing estates (osiedle),
  • 133 names of hamlets (przysiółek),
  • 22 names of tourist refuges (schronisko turystyczne).

Thus, there are 53,445 of independent localities, called basic localities (8 types: "urban" - cities/towns, "rural" - villages, settlements, colonies, forest settlements, housing estates, hamlets and tourist refuges) and 49,641 of not independent localities, integral parts of basic localities (15 types: "urban" - parts of cities and towns, "rural" - parts of villages, settlements of villages, colonies of villages, forest settlements of villages, housing estates of villages, hamlets of villages, parts of settlements, settlements of settlements, colonies of settlements, hamlets of settlements, parts of colonies, settlements of colonies, colonies of colonies and hamlets of colonies).

A statistical locality (miejscowość statystyczna)[3] is a separated collection of several localities (out of all 23 types) for statistical purposes, for which statistical data are collected and compiled together. In a special case, the team may contain only one locality. There are two types of statistical localities:

I - city/town (miasto) including one "urban" basic locality and their integral parts, and
II - rural locality (miejscowość wiejska) including at least one "rural" basic locality and their integral parts.

In 2011 there was 42,490 of statistical localities[5]. Thus, a large number (approx. 11,000) of the "rural" basic localities is taken together under the statistical localities (however, this data do not stipulate how many of tham are fully uninhabited).

Statistical localities size Number Population
1,000,000 1 1,700,612
500,000 4 2,671,330
200,000 12 3,518,990
100,000 22 3,009,265
50,000 47 3,206,433
20,000 136 4,297,334
10,000 188 2,748,473
5,000 247 1,694,912
2,000 1,002 2,940,490
1,000 2,086 2,843,085
500 4,982 3,445,440
200 13,558 4,256,516
100 11,034 1,608,450
0 9,171 570,494
Total 42,490 38,511,824

Footnotes

  1. ^ 2016 population - GUS – Baza Demografia: Wyniki badań bieżących: Stan i struktura ludności: Ludność: 2016: Ludność stan w dniu 31 XII (Central Statistical Office: Demography Database: Population as of 31 December 2016).
  2. ^ 2007 population - GUS – Baza Demografia: Wyniki badań bieżących: Stan i struktura ludności: Ludność: 2007: Ludność stan w dniu 31 XII (Central Statistical Office: Demography Database: Population as of 31 December 2007).
  3. ^ a b Główny Urząd Statystyczny - Bank Danych Lokalnych: "Miejscowość statystyczna"
  4. ^ List of official names of localities and their parts, 2015
  5. ^ Ludność w miejscowościach statystycznych według ekonomicznych grup wieku. Stan w dniu 31.03.2011 r.

See also

External links

  • Castles of Poland
  • Central Statistical Office of Poland
  • City Population: Poland (statistics & map)
  • Map at Archive.is (archived 2012-12-16)
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