List of cities and towns in Bangladesh

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Map of Bangladesh
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This article is part of a series on the
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Bangladesh

This article presents a list of cities and towns in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives of Bangladesh, there are 532 urban centres in Bangladesh.[1][2][3]

The bureau defines an urban centre with a population of 100,000 or more as a "city". Altogether, there are 42 such cities in Bangladesh. 11 of these cities can be considered major cities as these are governed by "City Corporations". All of the "City Corporation"-governed cities have a population of more than 200,000. Besides the 11 major cities, there are 31 other cities in Bangladesh that are not governed by "City Corporations", rather by "Municipal Corporations". A city with a population of more than 500,000 is defined as a "megacity". Dhaka is the only megacity in Bangladesh according to this definition.[2] Together, Dhaka and the port city of Chittagong account for 48% of the country's urban population.[4]

An urban centre with a population of less than 100,000 is defined as a "town". In total, there are 490 such towns in Bangladesh.[2] Among these, 287 towns are governed by "Municipal Corporations". These are called "Paurashava"s in the local Bengali language. Altogether, including the ones governing 31 non-major cities, there are 318 Municipal Corporations.

In addition, there are another 203 towns which are Upazila centres (and other urban centres) and not governed by any Municipal Corporation or "Paurashava". These are the non-Municipal Corporation or "non-Paurashava" towns.[2][3]

In 1951, Bangladesh was mostly a rural country and only 4% of the population lived in urban centres. The urban population rose to 19% in 1991 and to 26% by 2005. As of 2011, Bangladesh has an urban population of 28%.[2] The rate of urban population growth is estimated at 2.8%. At this growth rate, Bangladesh's urban population will reach 79 million or 42% of the population by 2035. The urban centers of Bangladesh have a combined area of about 10600 square kilometers, which is 7% of the total area of Bangladesh. As such, Bangladesh has a very high urban population density: 4028 persons per square kilometer (2011), whereas the rural density is significantly lower: 790 persons per square kilometer (2011).[1] The number of municipalities have tripled since 1991 (104 municipalities) to 2011 (318 municipalities).[4]

Major cities

There are 11 major cities in Bangladesh which are governed by 12 City Corporations. These are: Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chittagong, Comilla, Khulna, Mymensingh, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur, Gazipur and Narayanganj. Among these, Dhaka is a megacity, governed by 2 City Corporations.

Rank City Area(km2)[2] Population (2011)[2] District Division
1. Dhaka 316 18,906,039 Dhaka Dhaka Division
2. Chittagong 160 7,400,439 Chittagong Chittagong Division
3. Gazipur 397.23 3,209,261 Gazipur Dhaka Division
4. Khulna 100 2,064,728 Khulna Khulna Division
5. Narayanganj 72.69 2,000,330 Narayanganj Dhaka Division
6. Sylhet 70 1,026,412 Sylhet Sylhet Division
7. Rajshahi 97 851,989 Rajshahi Rajshahi Division
8. Barisal 58 509,308 Barisal Barisal Division
9. Comilla 53.44 500,010 Comilla Chittagong Division
10. Mymensingh 91.315 451,858 Mymensingh Mymensingh Division
11. Rangpur 50.69 407,053 Rangpur Rangpur Division

Gallery of major cities in Bangladesh

Metropolitan areas

Eight (8) of the aforementioned major cities are also part of eight bigger metropolitan areas. Metropolitan areas can be loosely defined as a major city combined with some of its adjacent municipalities and peri-urban areas. The eight municipal areas of Bangladesh are the Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal, Sylhet, Gazipur and Rangpur metropolitan areas.

Cities

These are other cities of Bangladesh which are governed by Municipal Corporations .

Rank City Area(km2) Population(2011) District Division
1. Bogra 69.56[5] 540,000[5] Bogra Rajshahi Division
2. Kushtia 42.79[6] 410,149[6] Kushtia Khulna Division
3. Jessore 28.56 286,163 Jessore Khulna Division
4. Cox's Bazar 32.90 167,477 Cox's Bazar Chittagong Division
5. Brahmanbaria 22.49 193,814 Brahmanbaria Chittagong Division
6. Dinajpur 24.50 186,727 Dinajpur Rangpur Division
7. Nawabganj 32.09 180,731 Chapai Nawabganj Rajshahi Division
8. Tangail 33.80 167,412 Tangail Dhaka Division
9. Sirajganj 31.27 167,200 Sirajganj Rajshahi Division
10. Feni 22.00 156,971 Feni Chittagong Division
11. Jamalpur 55.25 150,172 Jamalpur Mymensingh Division
14. Faridpur 19.78 146,921 Faridpur Dhaka Division
12. Pabna 27.27 144,442 Pabna Rajshahi Division
13. Noakhali 23.79 130,842 Noakhali Chittagong Division

Source: 2011 Bangladesh census[7]

Towns

The following is a list of towns in Bangladesh governed by Municipal Corporations.

Division Number Towns
Barisal Division 11
Chittagong Division 27
Dhaka Division 23
Khulna Division 9
Mymensingh Division 13
Rajshahi Division 15
Rangpur Division 7
Sylhet Division 9

Urban areas by population

Dhaka is by far the largest urban area as well as the largest metropolitan area in Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city and urban area in Bangladesh as well as second largest metropolitan in Bangladesh while Khulna is the third largest metropolitan in Bangladesh. Other major cities with a population of more than 300,000 include Mymensingh, Narayanganj, Sylhet, Rajshahi,Rangpur,Bogra, Barisal and Comilla. The following table shows the largest populated area within a local government area.


See also

References

  1. ^ a b About Us, Local Government Engineering Department, Ministry of Local Government, Bangladesh
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Aug 2014
  3. ^ a b Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh 2017 (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2018
  4. ^ a b Elisa Muzzini; Gabriela Aparicio (11 April 2013), Bangladesh: The Path to Middle-Income Status from an Urban Perspective, World Bank Publications, p. 51
  5. ^ a b http://bograpaurashavabd.org/2016/04/29/detail-information-of-bogra-paurashava/
  6. ^ a b https://www.kushtiamunicipality.org/Municipality%20at%20a%20glance.html
  7. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. pp. 24–25. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  8. ^ Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Aug 2014

External links

  • Principal cities and municipalities in Bangladesh
  • International city telephone codes for Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh postal codes
  • List of Bangladesh cities
  • The Paurashava Ordinance 1977
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