List of chief ministers from the Bharatiya Janata Party

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The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the two major parties in the political system of Republic of India, the other being the Indian National Congress (INC).[1][2] As of 2015, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament,[3] and is the world's largest political party in terms of primary membership.[4] Established in 1980, the BJP's platform is generally considered as the right-wing of the political spectrum.[5] As of March 2017, 40 BJP leaders have held the position of a chief minister, out of which thirteen are incumbent. A chief minister is the head of government of each of the twenty-nine states and two union territories (UTs) (Delhi and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given he/she has the assembly's confidence, the chief minister's term is usually for a maximum of five years; there are no limits to the number of terms he/she can serve.[6]

Of the 40 BJP chief ministers, thirteen are incumbent — Pema Khandu in Arunachal Pradesh, Sarbananda Sonowal in Assam, Raman Singh in Chhattisgarh, Manohar Parrikar in Goa, Vijay Rupani in Gujarat, Manohar Lal Khattar in Haryana, Raghubar Das in Jharkhand, Shivraj Singh Chouhan in Madhya Pradesh, Devendra Fadnavis in Maharashtra, N. Biren Singh in Manipur, Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan, Trivendra Singh Rawat in Uttarakhand, and Yogi Adityanath in Uttar Pradesh. Four of BJP chief ministers are/have been women — Sushma Swaraj in Delhi, Uma Bharti in Madhya Pradesh, Anandiben Patel in Gujarat and Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan. Holding the post since December 2003 (for 13 years, 228 days), Raman Singh is the longest-serving chief minister from the BJP. Karnataka's B. S. Yeddyurappa's first tenure as the chief minister lasted for only nine days, which is the least tenure among chief ministers from BJP; however, taking the total of all the tenures into consideration, Swaraj served as a chief minister for the shortest period of 52 days. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat of Rajasthan was the first chief minister from the BJP; however some BJP leaders had already been elected before as the chief minister while being a member of the Janata Party (JP), an amalgam of political parties which included BJP's predecessor Bharatiya Jana Sangh.[7] There have been five chief ministers from the BJP in Gujarat and Uttarakhand each, four chief ministers in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh each, and three in Delhi, Jharkhand, and Karnataka each.

Chief Ministers from Bharatiya Janata Party

Key
  • *  – Incumbent chief minister
State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Arunachal Pradesh Apang, GegongGegong Apang[α] 1 364 31 August 200329 August 2004
(364)
Khandu, PemaPema Khandu*[β] 1 204 31 December 2016 - present
(204)
Assam Sonowal, SarbanandaSarbananda Sonowal* Sarbananda Sonowal.png 1 425 24 May 2016 – present
(425)
Chhattisgarh Singh, RamanRaman Singh* Dr Raman Singh at Press Club Raipur Mood 2.jpg 3 4977 7 December 2003 – present
(4977)
Delhi Khurana, Madan LalMadan Lal Khurana Madan Lal Khurana.jpg 1 816 2 December 199326 February 1996
(816)
Verma, Sahib SinghSahib Singh Verma 1 929 26 February 199612 October 1998
(929)
Swaraj, SushmaSushma Swaraj Sushma Swaraj in 2014.jpg 1 52 12 October 19983 December 1998
(52)
Goa Parrikar, ManoharManohar Parrikar* Manohar Parrikar (cropped).jpg 3 2679 12 October 20002 February 2005
(1574)
9 March 20128 November 2014
(974)
14 March 2017 – present
(131)
Parsekar, LaxmikantLaxmikant Parsekar Laxmikant Parsekar during VARUNA 2015.jpg 1 857 8 November 2014 - 14 March 2017
(857)
Gujarat Patel, KeshubhaiKeshubhai Patel Keshubhai Patel 2.jpg 2 1407 19 May 199521 October 1995
(155)
4 May 19987 October 2001
(1252)
Mehta, SureshSuresh Mehta 1 272 21 October 199519 July 1996
(272)
Modi, NarendraNarendra Modi Narendra D Modi.png 4 4610 7 October 200122 May 2014
(4610)
Patel, AnandibenAnandiben Patel Anandiben Patel BJP.jpg 1 808 22 May 20147 August 2016
(808)
Rupani, VijayVijay Rupani* Vijay Rupani in Oct 2016.jpg 1 350 7 August 2016 - present
(350)
Haryana Khattar, Manohar LalManohar Lal Khattar* Manohar Lal Khattar 2015.jpg 1 1001 26 October 2014 – present
(1001)
Himachal Pradesh Kumar, ShantaShanta Kumar[γ] 1 1369 5 March 19903 December 1993
(1369)
Dhumal, Prem KumarPrem Kumar Dhumal 2 3783 24 May 19986 March 2003
(1747)
30 May 200725 December 2012
(2036)
Jharkhand Marandi, BabulalBabulal Marandi 1 853 15 November 200018 March 2003
(853)
Munda, ArjunArjun Munda Arjun Munda 8992.JPG 3 2276 18 March 20032 March 2005
(715)
12 March 200518 September 2006
(555)
11 September 201013 June 2013
(1006)
Das, RaghubarRaghubar Das* RaghubarDas.jpg 1 938 28 December 2014 – present
(938)
Karnataka Yeddyurappa, B. S.B. S. Yeddyurappa B. S. Yeddyurappa.jpg 2 1170 11 November 200720 November 2007
(9)
30 May 20084 August 2011
(1161)
Gowda, D. V. SadanandaD. V. Sadananda Gowda Sadanand Gowda (cropped).jpg 1 313 4 August 201112 June 2012
(313)
Shettar, JagadishJagadish Shettar Jagadish Shettar.jpg 1 335 12 June 201213 May 2013
(335)
Madhya Pradesh[δ] Patwa, Sunder LalSunder Lal Patwa[ε] 1 1016 5 March 199015 December 1992
(1016)
Bharti, UmaUma Bharti Uma Bharti.jpg 1 259 8 December 200323 August 2004
(259)
Gaur, BabulalBabulal Gaur Babulal Gaur.jpg 1 463 23 August 200429 November 2005
(463)
Chouhan, Shivraj SinghShivraj Singh Chouhan* Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped).jpg 3 4254 29 November 2005 – present
(4254)
Maharashtra Fadnavis, DevendraDevendra Fadnavis* Devendra Fadnavis (2017).png 1 996 31 October 2014 – present
(996)
Manipur Singh, N. BirenN. Biren Singh* 1 130 15 March 2017 – present
(130)
Rajasthan Shekhawat, Bhairon SinghBhairon Singh Shekhawat[ζ] Bhairon Singh Shekhawat.jpg 2 2840 4 March 199015 December 1992
(1017)
4 December 19931 December 1998
(1823)
Raje, VasundharaVasundhara Raje* VasundharaRaje.jpg 2 3155 8 December 200318 December 2008
(1837)
13 December 2013 – present
(1318)
Uttarakhand Swami, NityanandNityanand Swami 1 355 9 November 200030 October 2001
(355)
Koshyari, Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh Koshyari Bhagat Singh Koshiyari.jpg 1 123 30 October 20012 March 2002
(123)
Khanduri, B. C.B. C. Khanduri 2 1027 8 March 200728 June 2009
(843)
11 September 201113 March 2012
(184)
Pokhriyal, RameshRamesh Pokhriyal Ramesh Pokhriyal.jpg 1 805 28 June 200911 September 2011
(805)
Rawat, Trivendra SinghTrivendra Singh Rawat* 1 127 18 March 2017 – present
(127)
Uttar Pradesh Singh, KalyanKalyan Singh Kalyan Singh (cropped).jpg 3 1311 24 June 19916 December 1992
(531)
21 September 199721 February 1998
(153)
23 February 199812 November 1999
(627)
Gupta, Ram PrakashRam Prakash Gupta 1 351 12 November 199928 October 2000
(351)
Singh, RajnathRajnath Singh Rajnath Singh at Hunkar Rally 2 (cropped).jpg 1 496 28 October 20008 March 2002
(496)
Adityanath, YogiYogi Adityanath* 1 126 19 March 2017 – present
(126)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Apang was a member of the INC while becoming the chief minister for the first time.[8] However, he left the INC and formed the Arunachal Congress in 1996,[9] and remained the chief minister till 1999.[8] He was reelected as the chief minister in August 2003,[8] and his party merged with the BJP in the same month.[10] However, he again joined the INC in August 2004,[9] and remained seated on the post of chief minister till 2007.[8] On 20 February 2014, he once again joined the BJP.[11]
  2. ^ Khandu became the chief minister in July 2016 while being a member of the INC.[12] He joined the People's Party of Arunachal in September 2016,[12] and later defected to the BJP in December 2016.[13]
  3. ^ Shanta Kumar became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.[8]
  4. ^ Kailash Chandra Joshi is a BJP leader who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1977 as a member of JP.[8] Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha, who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1978 as a JP member, was also a BJP leader.[8]
  5. ^ Patwa became the chief minister for the first time (January 1980 – February 1980) while being a member of the JP.[8]
  6. ^ Shekhawat became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.

References

General
  • "States of India since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
Specific
  1. ^ Edward A. Gargan (29 November 1993). "India's Two Major Political Parties Stumble in Regional Elections". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "In Numbers: The Rise of BJP and decline of Congress". 
  3. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  4. ^ Chatterjee, Mohua (13 July 2015). "BJP enrolls 11 crore members, launches 'Mahasampark Abhiyan'". First Post. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Sagarika Dutt (12 November 2006). India in a Globalised World. Manchester University Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781847792143. Retrieved 27 November 2013. BJP is a right wing party and gives priority to the unity of the country. 
  6. ^ Durga Das Basu (1960). Introduction to the Constitution of India (20th ed.). LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. pp. 241, 245. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. 
  7. ^ "Janata Party merged with the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP)". jagranjosh.com. 12 August 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "States of India since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Apang back in Cong fold". The Economic Times. 29 August 2004. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  10. ^ "BJP bags its first NE state". The Economic Times. 31 August 2003. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Congress stalwart Gegong Apang joins BJP". Times Of India. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  12. ^ a b "BJP joins Pema Khandu's government in Arunachal Pradesh". Rediff.com. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "BJP forms government in Arunachal Pradesh with 33 PPA MLAs joining it". The Economic Times. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 

External links

  • Official website of the BJP
  • Media related to chief ministers from the BJP at Wikimedia Commons
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