List of chief ministers from the Bharatiya Janata Party

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The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the two major parties in the political system of the Republic of India, the other being the Indian National Congress (INC).[1][2] As of 2015, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament.[3] Established in 1980, the BJP's platform is generally considered as the right-wing of the political spectrum.[4] As of May 2018, 42 BJP leaders have held the position of a chief minister, out of which sixteen are incumbent. A chief minister is the head of government of each of the twenty-nine states and two union territories (UTs) (Delhi and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given he/she has the assembly's confidence, the chief minister's term is usually for a maximum of five years; there are no limits to the number of terms he/she can serve.[5]

Of the 42 BJP chief ministers, fifteen are incumbent — Pema Khandu in Arunachal Pradesh, Sarbananda Sonowal in Assam, Raman Singh in Chhattisgarh, Manohar Parrikar in Goa, Vijay Rupani in Gujarat, Manohar Lal Khattar in Haryana, Jai Ram Thakur in Himachal Pradesh, Raghubar Das in Jharkhand, Shivraj Singh Chouhan in Madhya Pradesh, Devendra Fadnavis in Maharashtra, N. Biren Singh in Manipur, Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan, Biplab Kumar Deb in Tripura, Trivendra Singh Rawat in Uttarakhand, and Yogi Adityanath in Uttar Pradesh. Four of BJP chief ministers are/have been women — Sushma Swaraj in Delhi, Uma Bharti in Madhya Pradesh, Anandiben Patel in Gujarat and Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan. Holding the post since December 2003 (for 14 years, 331 days), Raman Singh is the longest-serving chief minister from the BJP. Karnataka's B. S. Yeddyurappa's third tenure as the chief minister lasted for only six days, which is the least tenure among chief ministers from BJP; however, taking the total of all the tenures into consideration, Swaraj served as a chief minister for the shortest period of 52 days. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat of Rajasthan was the first chief minister from the BJP; however some BJP leaders had already been elected before as the chief minister while being a member of the Janata Party (JP), an amalgam of political parties which included BJP's predecessor Bharatiya Jana Sangh.[6] There have been five chief ministers from the BJP in Gujarat and Uttarakhand each, four chief ministers in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh each, and three in Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Karnataka each.

Chief Ministers from the Bharatiya Janata Party

Key
  • *  – Incumbent chief minister
State Name Portrait Term(s) Total tenure length (days) Tenure(s) description
Arunachal Pradesh Gegong Apang[α] Gegong Apang.jpg 1 364 31 August 200329 August 2004
(364)
Pema Khandu*[β] Pema Khandu in July 2016.jpg 1 672 31 December 2016 – present
(672)
Assam Sarbananda Sonowal*
Sarbananda Sonowal
1 893 24 May 2016 – present
(893)
Chhattisgarh Raman Singh* Dr Raman Singh at Press Club Raipur Mood 2.jpg 3 5445 7 December 2003 – present
(5445)
Delhi Madan Lal Khurana Madan Lal Khurana.jpg 1 816 2 December 199326 February 1996
(816)
Sahib Singh Verma 1 959 26 February 199612 October 1998
(959)
Sushma Swaraj Sushma Swaraj in 2014.jpg 1 52 12 October 19983 December 1998
(52)
Goa Manohar Parrikar* RM Manohar Parrikar (cropped).jpg 3 3147 12 October 20002 February 2005
(1574)
9 March 20128 November 2014
(974)
14 March 2017 – present
(599)
Laxmikant Parsekar Laxmikant Parsekar.jpg 1 857 8 November 2014 - 14 March 2017
(857)
Gujarat Keshubhai Patel Keshubhai Patel 2.jpg 2 1407 19 May 199521 October 1995
(155)
4 May 19987 October 2001
(1252)
Suresh Mehta 1 272 21 October 199519 July 1996
(272)
Narendra Modi PM Modi 2015.jpg 4 4610 7 October 200122 May 2014
(4610)
Anandiben Patel Anandiben Patel BJP.jpg 1 808 22 May 20147 August 2016
(808)
Vijay Rupani* Vijay Rupani.jpg 1 818 7 August 2016 – present
(818)
Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar* Manohar Lal Khattar 2015.jpg 1 1469 26 October 2014 – present
(1469)
Himachal Pradesh Shanta Kumar[γ] 1 1369 5 March 19903 December 1993
(1369)
Prem Kumar Dhumal 2 3783 24 May 19986 March 2003
(1747)
30 May 200725 December 2012
(2036)
Jai Ram Thakur* Jai Ram Thakur in a Wedding (cropped).jpg 1 311 27 December 2017 – present
(311)
Jharkhand Babulal Marandi 1 853 15 November 200018 March 2003
(853)
Arjun Munda Arjun Munda 8992.JPG 3 2276 18 March 20032 March 2005
(715)
12 March 200518 September 2006
(555)
11 September 201013 June 2013
(1006)
Raghubar Das* Raghuvar Das.jpg 1 1406 28 December 2014 – present
(1406)
Karnataka B. S. Yeddyurappa B. S. Yeddyurappa.jpg 3 1176 11 November 200720 November 2007
(9)
30 May 20084 August 2011
(1161)
17 May 201823 May 2018
(6)
D. V. Sadananda Gowda Sadananda Gowda.jpg 1 313 4 August 201112 June 2012
(313)
Jagadish Shettar Jagadish Shettar.jpg 1 335 12 June 201213 May 2013
(335)
Madhya Pradesh[δ] Sunder Lal Patwa[ε] 1 1016 5 March 199015 December 1992
(1016)
Uma Bharti Uma Bharti.jpg 1 259 8 December 200323 August 2004
(259)
Babulal Gaur Babulal Gaur.jpg 1 463 23 August 200429 November 2005
(463)
Shivraj Singh Chouhan* Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped).jpg 3 4722 29 November 2005 – present
(4722)
Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis* Devendra Fadnavis (2017).png 1 1464 31 October 2014 – present
(1464)
Manipur N. Biren Singh* N. Biren Singh.jpg 1 598 15 March 2017 – present
(598)
Rajasthan Bhairon Singh Shekhawat[ζ] Bhairon Singh Shekhawat.jpg 2 2840 4 March 199015 December 1992
(1017)
4 December 19931 December 1998
(1823)
Vasundhara Raje* Rajasthan CM Vasundhara Raje (cropped).JPG 2 3623 8 December 200318 December 2008
(1837)
13 December 2013 – present
(1786)
Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb*
Biplab Kumar Deb
1 239 9 March 2018 – present
(239)
Uttarakhand Nityanand Swami Ex CM Nityanand Swami.jpg 1 355 9 November 200030 October 2001
(355)
Bhagat Singh Koshyari Ex Uttarakhand CM BS Koshyai.jpg 1 123 30 October 20012 March 2002
(123)
B. C. Khanduri Uttarakhand EX CM Khanduri.jpg 2 1027 8 March 200728 June 2009
(843)
11 September 201113 March 2012
(184)
Ramesh Pokhriyal Ramesh Pokhriyal.jpg 1 805 28 June 200911 September 2011
(805)
Trivendra Singh Rawat* TrivendraSinghRawat.jpg 1 595 18 March 2017 – present
(595)
Uttar Pradesh Kalyan Singh Kalyan Singh1.jpg 3 1311 24 June 19916 December 1992
(531)
21 September 199721 February 1998
(153)
23 February 199812 November 1999
(627)
Ram Prakash Gupta 1 351 12 November 199928 October 2000
(351)
Rajnath Singh Rajnath.jpg 1 496 28 October 20008 March 2002
(496)
Yogi Adityanath* Ajay Bisht.jpg 1 594 19 March 2017 – present
(594)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Apang was a member of the INC while becoming the chief minister for the first time.[7] However, he left the INC and formed the Arunachal Congress in 1996,[8] and remained the chief minister till 1999.[7] He was reelected as the chief minister in August 2003,[7] and his party merged with the BJP in the same month.[9] However, he again joined the INC in August 2004,[8] and remained seated on the post of chief minister till 2007.[7] On 20 February 2014, he once again joined the BJP.[10]
  2. ^ Khandu became the chief minister in July 2016 while being a member of the INC.[11] He joined the People's Party of Arunachal in September 2016,[11] and later defected to the BJP in December 2016.[12]
  3. ^ Shanta Kumar became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.[7]
  4. ^ Kailash Chandra Joshi is a BJP leader who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1977 as a member of JP.[7] Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha, who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1978 as a JP member, was also a BJP leader.[7]
  5. ^ Patwa became the chief minister for the first time (January 1980 – February 1980) while being a member of the JP.[7]
  6. ^ Shekhawat became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.

References

General
  • "States of India since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
Specific
  1. ^ Edward A. Gargan (29 November 1993). "India's Two Major Political Parties Stumble in Regional Elections". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 November 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  2. ^ "In Numbers: The Rise of BJP and decline of Congress". Archived from the original on 5 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  4. ^ Sagarika Dutt (12 November 2006). India in a Globalised World. Manchester University Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781847792143. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2013. BJP is a right wing party and gives priority to the unity of the country.
  5. ^ Durga Das Basu (1960). Introduction to the Constitution of India (20th ed.). LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. pp. 241, 245. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
  6. ^ "Janata Party merged with the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP)". jagranjosh.com. 12 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "States of India since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Apang back in Cong fold". The Economic Times. 29 August 2004. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  9. ^ "BJP bags its first NE state". The Economic Times. 31 August 2003. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Congress stalwart Gegong Apang joins BJP". Times Of India. 20 February 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  11. ^ a b "BJP joins Pema Khandu's government in Arunachal Pradesh". Rediff.com. 14 October 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  12. ^ "BJP forms government in Arunachal Pradesh with 33 PPA MLAs joining it". The Economic Times. 31 December 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.

External links

  • Official website of the BJP
  • Media related to chief ministers from the BJP at Wikimedia Commons
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