List of centenarians (scientists and mathematicians)

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The following is a list of centenarians – specifically, people who became famous as scientists and mathematicians – known for reasons other than their longevity. For more lists, see lists of centenarians.

Name Lifespan Age Notability
Charles Greeley Abbot 1872–1973 101 American astronomer and secretary of the Smithsonian Institution[1]
Horace Alexander 1889–1989 100 British biologist and ornithologist[2]
Doris Twitchell Allen 1901–2002 100 American psychologist and founder of Children's International Summer Villages[3]
Franz Alt 1910–2011 100 Austrian mathematician[4]
Heinz Ansbacher 1904–2006 101 German-American psychologist[5]
Rudolf Arnheim 1904–2007 102 German psychologist of visual perception[6]
Ira Baldwin 1895–1999 103 American bacteriologist and educator[7]
Preston Bassett 1892–1992 100 American inventor and aeronautics pioneer[8]
Henry Beachell 1906–2006 100 American developer of "miracle rice"[9]
Arnold Orville Beckman 1900–2004 104 American chemist and businessman who founded Beckman Instruments[10]
Julia Bell 1879–1979 100 English human geneticist[11]
Harry Benjamin 1885–1986 101 German sexologist[12]
Leo Beranek 1914–2016 102 American acoustical scientist[13]
Theodor Bergmann 1916–2017 101 German agronomist and author[14]
Adam Bielański 1912–2016 103 Polish chemist[15]
Sidney W. Bijou 1908–2009 100 American child psychologist[16]
Heinz Billing 1914–2017 102 German physicist and computer scientist[17]
Winnett Boyd 1916–2017 100 Canadian engineer[18]
Per Vilhelm Brüel 1915–2015 100 Danish physicist and engineer[19]
Boris Yakovlevich Bukreev 1859–1962 103 Ukrainian mathematician[20]
Su Buqing (aka Su Bu-Chin) 1902–2003 100 Chinese mathematician[21]
Colin Gasking Butler 1913–2016 102 British entomologist[22]
Cai Qirui 1914–2016 102 Chinese chemist[23]
Beatrice De Cardi 1914–2016 102 British archaeologist[24]
Henri Cartan 1904–2008 104 French mathematician[25]
Hung-ta Chang 1914–2016 101 Chinese botanist and ecologist[26]
Georgy Chernov 1906–2009 102 Russian geologist[27]
Michel Eugène Chevreul 1786–1889 102 French chemist[28]
Dame Harriette Chick 1875–1977 102 British microbiologist, protein scientist, and nutritionist[29]
Sir Rickard Christophers 1873–1978 104 British protozoologist[30]
Muazzez İlmiye Çığ 1914– 104 Turkish archaeologist[31]
Thomas H. Clark 1893–1996 102 Canadian geologist[32]
H. Basil S. Cooke 1915–2018 102 Canadian geologist and palaeontologist[33]
William D. Coolidge 1873–1975 101 American engineer and developer of the Coolidge tube for production of x-rays[34]
Morton W. Coutts 1904–2004 100 New Zealand inventor and developer of the continuous fermentation method[35]
Ray Crist 1900–2005 105 American chemist[36]
Nikolay Dollezhal 1899–2000 101 Russian mechanical engineer[37]
Sergio Donadoni 1914–2015 101 Italian archaeologist[38]
William Gould Dow 1895–1999 104 American scientist and inventor who helped develop radar jamming[39]
Marion Downs 1914–2014 100 American audiologist[40]
Dan Eley 1914–2015 100 British chemist[41]
Frank Ellis 1905–2006 100 British radiologist[42]
Rica Erickson 1908–2009 101 Australian naturalist[43]
Henri Fabre 1882–1984 101 French aviation pioneer and inventor of the seaplane[44]
Sir Raymond Firth 1901–2002 100 New Zealand anthropologist[45]
Ron Fitch 1910–2015 105 Australian railroad engineer and executive[46]
James C. Floyd 1914– 103 Canadian aerospace engineer[47]
Yves Fortier 1914–2014 100 Canadian geologist[48]
R. M. Foster 1896–1998 101 American engineer[49]
Henry Jacques Gaisman 1869–1974 104 American inventor, first to develop the safety razor[50]
Mohammad Hassan Ganji 1912–2012 100 Iranian meteorologist[51]
Augusto Gansser-Biaggi 1910–2012 101 Swiss geologist[52]
Maria Glazovskaya 1912–2016 104 Russian soil scientist[53]
Salome Gluecksohn-Waelsch 1907–2007 100 German-American geneticist[54]
Maurice Goldhaber 1911–2011 100 American nuclear physicist[55]
David W. Goodall 1914–2018 104 Australian botanist and ecologist[56]
Dieter Grau 1913–2014 101 German rocket scientist[57]
Jean-Michel Guilcher 1914–2017 102 French ethnologist[58]
Richard K. Guy 1916– 101 British mathematician[59]
Bill Haast 1910–2011 100 American director of the Miami Serpentarium[60]
Viktor Hamburger 1900–2001 100 German professor and embryologist[61]
Alice Hamilton 1869–1970 101 American toxicologist[62]
Michael Heidelberger 1888–1991 103 American immunologist[63]
Rudolf Hell 1901–2002 100 German inventor[64]
Joel Henry Hildebrand 1881–1983 101 American chemist[65]
Polly Hill 1907–2007 100 American horticulturist[66]
Arthur R. von Hippel 1898–2003 105 German-American physicist and co-developer of radar[67]
Dorrit Hoffleit 1907–2007 100 American research astronomer[68]
Albert Hofmann 1906–2008 102 Swiss discoverer of LSD[69]
Bernard Holden 1908–2012 104 British railway engineer[70]
Philip Hollom 1912–2014 102 British ornithologist[71][72]
Hu Chengzhi 1917–2018 100 Chinese palaeontologist and palaeoanthropologist; discoverer of Keichousaurus[73]
Shiu-Ying Hu 1910–2012 102 Chinese botanist[74]
Friedrich Hund 1896–1997 101 German physicist[75]
Katherine Johnson 1918– 100 American mathematician, physicist and NASA employee[76]
Alex Karczmar 1917–2017 100 American neuroscientist[77]
Ancel Keys 1904–2004 100 American biologist[78]
Barys Kit 1910–2018 107 Belarusian scientist[79]
Nathaniel Kleitman 1895–1999 104 American father of sleep research and co-discoverer of REM sleep[80]
Paul E. Klopsteg 1889–1991 101 American physicist[81]
Stanley Leavy 1915–2016 101 American psychoanalyst[82]
Jerome F. Lederer 1902–2004 101 American engineer[83]
Inge Lehmann 1888–1993 104 Danish seismologist[84]
Emma Markovna Lehmer (née Trotskaia) 1906–2007 100 Russian-American mathematician, best known for her work on reciprocity laws in algebraic number theory[85]
Rita Levi-Montalcini 1909–2012 103 Italian neurologist (Nobel laureate) and senator[86]
Edward J. Lofgren 1914–2016 102 American physicist[87]
August Luebs 1889–1989 100 American mechanical engineer[88]
John Walter Guerrier Lund 1912–2015 102 British phycologist[89]
Amaro Macedo 1914–2014 100 Brazilian botanist[90]
Karl Maramorosch 1915–2016 101 Austrian-born American virologist[91]
Ernst Mayr 1904–2005 100 German-American biologist[92]
Rogers McVaugh 1909–2009 100 American botanist and educator[93]
Brockway McMillan 1915–2016 101 American government official and scientist; Director of the National Reconnaissance Office (1963–65)[94]
Wilhelm Meise 1901–2002 101 German ornithologist[95]
Foil A. Miller 1916–2016 100 American chemist[96]
William F. Milliken Jr. 1911–2012 101 American aerospace engineer and racing driver[97]
Russell L. Mixter 1906–2007 100 American biologist[98]
Ralph S. Moore 1907–2009 102 American horticulturalist[99]
Margaret Murray 1863–1963 100 British anthropologist[100]
Nellie May Naylor 1885–1992 107 American chemistry professor[101]
Sterling Newberry 1915–2017 101 American microscopist[102]
Sergey Nikolsky 1905–2012 107 Russian mathematician[103]
Georg Nöbeling 1907–2008 100 German mathematician[104]
Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw 1912–2014 101 British mathematician[105]
Antoni Opolski 1913–2014 100 Polish physicist[106]
Nicanor Parra 1914–2018 103 Chilean mathematician, physicist, and poet[107]
Ruth Patrick 1907–2013 105 American limnologist[108]
Luigi Poletti 1864–1967 103 Italian mathematician[109]
Pelageya Polubarinova-Kochina 1899–1999 100 Russian mathematician[110]
G. Baley Price 1905–2006 101 American mathematician[111]
Elsie Quarterman 1910–2014 103 American plant ecologist[112]
Simon Ramo 1913–2016 103 American physicist[113]
Karl Rawer 1913–2018 104 German physicist.[114]
Ren Xinmin 1915–2017 101 Chinese rocket scientist[115]
Malcolm Renfrew 1910–2013 103 American chemist[116]
Robert Hallowell Richards 1844–1945 100 American metallurgist[117]
Henry Nicholas Ridley 1855–1956 100 British biologist[118]
George Rosenkranz 1916– 102 Hungarian-born Mexican steroid chemist[119]
Nancy Sandars 1914–2015 101 British archaeologist and prehistorian[120]
Tadashi Sasaki 1915–2018 102 Japanese engineer[121]
Victor Blanchard Scheffer 1906–2011 104 American zoologist and author[122]
Waldo Semon 1898–1999 100 American chemist[123]
Shen Panwen 1916–2017 100 Chinese chemist[124]
Bei Shizhang 1903–2009 106 Chinese biologist and educator[125]
David Shugar 1915–2015 100 Polish-Canadian physicist[126]
Robert Simpson 1912–2014 102 American meteorologist[127]
Hobart Muir Smith 1912–2013 100 American herpetologist[128]
Esther Somerfeld-Ziskind 1901–2002 101 American psychiatry researcher[129]
Gerolf Steiner 1908–2009 101 German professor of zoology[130]
Ralph Randles Stewart 1890–1993 103 American botanist[131]
Dirk Jan Struik 1894–2000 106 Dutch mathematician[132]
Ralph Tambs-Lyche 1890–1991 100 Norwegian mathematician[133]
Wilmer W. Tanner 1909–2011 101 American zoologist[134]
John Kenneth Terres 1905–2006 100 American naturalist and author[135]
Dorothy Burr Thompson 1900–2001 100 American classical archaeologist and art historian[136]
Georg von Tiesenhausen 1914–2018 104 German-American rocket scientist[57]
Germaine Tillion 1907–2008 100 French anthropologist[137]
Constance Tipper 1894–1995 101 British metallurgist and crystallographer[138]
László Tisza 1907–2009 101 Hungarian-American physicist[139]
Graham Turbott 1914–2014 100 New Zealand ornithologist and zoologist[140]
Victor Vacquier 1907–2009 101 Russian-American geophysicist[141]
Leopold Vietoris 1891–2002 110 Austrian mathematician[142]
Visvesvaraya 1860–1962 101 Indian engineer[143]
Marthe Vogt 1903–2003 100 German-English neuroscientist[144]
Sir Frederick Warner 1910–2010 100 British chemical engineer[145]
Walter Francis Willcox 1861–1964 103 American statistician[146]
Filippo Zappata 1894–1994 100 Italian aircraft designer and pioneer[147]
Zhang Guangdou 1912–2013 101 Chinese engineer[148]
Zhang Tianfu 1910–2017 106 Chinese agronomist and tea expert[149]
Zheng Ji 1900–2010 110 Chinese nutritionist and biochemist[150]

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