List of cancelled nuclear reactors in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of cancelled nuclear reactors in the United States.

History

The late 1960s and early 1970s saw a rapid growth in the development of nuclear power in the United States. By 1976, however, many nuclear plant proposals were no longer viable due to a slower rate of growth in electricity demand, significant cost and time overruns, and more complex regulatory requirements. Also, there was considerable public opposition to nuclear power in the USA by this time, which contributed to delays in licensing planned nuclear power stations, and further increased costs.[1]

By the end of the 1970s it became clear that nuclear power would not grow nearly as dramatically as once believed. This was particularly galvanized by the Three Mile Island accident in 1979. Eventually, more than 120 reactor orders were ultimately cancelled[2] and the construction of new reactors ground to a halt. Al Gore has commented on the historical record and reliability of nuclear power in the United States:

Of the 253 nuclear power reactors originally ordered in the United States from 1953 to 2008, 48 percent were cancelled, 11 percent were prematurely shut down, 14 percent experienced at least a one-year-or-more outage, and 27 percent are operating without having a year-plus outage. Thus, only about one fourth of those ordered, or about half of those completed, are still operating and have proved relatively reliable.[3]

A cover story in the February 11, 1985, issue of Forbes magazine commented on the overall management of the nuclear power program in the United States:

The failure of the U.S. nuclear power program ranks as the largest managerial disaster in business history, a disaster on a monumental scale … only the blind, or the biased, can now think that the money has been well spent. It is a defeat for the U.S. consumer and for the competitiveness of U.S. industry, for the utilities that undertook the program and for the private enterprise system that made it possible.[4]

During the 2000s, aging infrastructure, growing power use and fears of global climate change all prompted what was then called the "nuclear renaissance". Engineering companies noted that the commissioning process was a major barrier to further construction, and changes to the system were carried out by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, along with new tax incentives and loan guarantees. As many as 30 new reactors were planned by 2009.[5]

As of September 2017, only two new reactors are still under construction, both at Vogtle. The project has announced significant delays and budget overruns. Most of the other new builds and the equally extensive list of upgrades to existing reactors have been shelved. The majority of this change in fortunes is due to the rapidly falling prices of natural gas.[5]

Cancelled nuclear reactors

Name[n 1] Unit Type Status Location State Net
capacity
in MW
Gross
capacity
in MW
Contract
year
Construction
start
Project
close
Allens Creek 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Wallis Texas 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1982-09-01
Allens Creek 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Wallis Texas 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1976-09-01
Alabama Power Co 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Selma Alabama - - -
Alabama Power Co 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Selma Alabama - - -
Atlantic (offshore) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1972 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic (offshore) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1972 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic (offshore) 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1973 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic (offshore) 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Atlantic City New Jersey 1,150 1,211 1973 - 1978-12-01
Bailly (converted to coal) 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Westchester Indiana 660 686 1967 1974-01-01 1981-08-01
Barton 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 3 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Barton 4 BWR Cancelled Plan Clanton Alabama 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Bell Bend 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Salem Pennsylvania 1,600 1,720 - - -
Bellefonte 1 PWR Suspended Construction Scottsboro Alabama 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Bellefonte 2 PWR Suspended Construction Scottsboro Alabama 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Bellefonte 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Scottsboro Alabama 1117 - - -
Bellefonte 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Scottsboro Alabama 1117 - - -
Black Fox 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Inola Oklahoma 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Black Fox 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Inola Oklahoma 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jasper Texas 930 957 1973 - 1978-08-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jasper Texas 930 957 1974 - 1978-08-01
Bodega Bay 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Bodega Head California 313 589 - 1958 1964
Callaway 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Callaway Missouri 1,120 1,176 1973 1975-10-01 1981-10-01
Callaway 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Callaway Missouri 1,600 2008 - -
Calvert Cliffs 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Calvert County Maryland 1,600 1,720 - - 2015-06-08
Carroll County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Savanna Illinois 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Carroll County 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Savanna Illinois 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Central Iowa 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Iowa 1,100 1,160 - - 1975-09-01
Cherokee 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1983-04-01
Cherokee 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Cherokee 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Gaffney South Carolina 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Clinch River 1 FBR Cancelled Plan Oak Ridge Tennessee 350 380 1973 - 1983-11-01
Clinton 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Clinton Illinois 933 985 1973 1975-10-01 1983-10-01
Columbia (WNP-1/WPPSS-1) 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Richland Washington 1,259 1,339 1972 1975-08-01 1983-01-01
Columbia (WNP-4/WPPSS-4) 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Richland Washington 1,250 1,340 1974 1975-08-01 1982-01-01
Comanche Peak 3 PWR Suspended Plan Somervell County Texas 1,700 - - 2013-11-07
Comanche Peak 4 PWR Suspended Plan Somervell County Texas 1,700 - - 2013-11-07
Crystal River 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Crystal River Florida 897 940 - - 1972-07-01
Davis Besse 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Oak Harbor Ohio 910 960 1973 - 1980-01-01
Davis Besse 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Oak Harbor Ohio 910 960 1973 - 1980-01-01
Douglas Point (US) 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Douglas Point Maryland 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1980-05-01
Douglas Point (US) 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Douglas Point Maryland 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1978-01-01
Erie 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Berlin Heights Ohio 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Erie 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Berlin Heights Ohio 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Floating 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jacksonville Florida 1,150 1,211 - - 1979-01-01
Floating 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jacksonville Florida 1,150 1,211 - - 1979-01-01
Forked River 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Forked River New Jersey 1,070 1,123 - 1973-08-01 1980-11-01
Fort Calhoun 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Fort Calhoun South Carolina 1,136 1,182 1972 - 1977-02-01
Fulton 1 HTGR Cancelled Plan Lancaster Pennsylvania 1,160 1,200 - - 1976-03-01
Fulton 2 HTGR Cancelled Plan Lancaster Pennsylvania 1,160 1,200 - - 1976-03-01
Galena 1 MSR Proposal Cancelled Galena Alaska 10 2008 - -
Grand Gulf 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Port Gibson Mississippi 1,250 1,302 - 1974-05-01 1990-12-01
Grand Gulf 3 BWR Cancelled Plan Port Gibson Mississippi 1,520 1,600 - - 2015-02-09
Greene County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Clementon New Jersey 1,191 1,277 - - 1979-04-01
Greenwood 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Port Huron Michigan 1,208 1,268 - - 1980-03-01
Greenwood 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Port Huron Michigan 1,208 1,268 - - 1980-03-01
Hartsville A1 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville A2 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville B1 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 - 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Hartsville B2 BWR Cancelled Construction Hartsville Tennessee 1,233 1,269 - 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Haven 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Haven Wisconsin 900 960 - - 1980-02-01
Haven 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Haven Wisconsin 900 960 - - 1978-05-01
Hope Creek 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Hancocks Bridge New Jersey 1,067 1,118 1969 1976-03-01 1981-12-01
Jamesport 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Jamesport New Jersey 1,150 1,182 - - 1980-01-01
Jamesport 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Jamesport New Jersey 1,150 1,182 - - 1980-01-01
Levy County 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Levy County Florida 1,117 2008 - 2013-08-01
Levy County 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Levy County Florida 1,117 2008 - 2013-08-01
Malibu 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Corral Canyon California 679 - - -
Marble Hill 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Paynesville Indiana 1,030 1,090 - 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Marble Hill 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Paynesville Indiana 1,130 1,190 - 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Mayport 1 Mayport Florida - - -
Mayport 2 Mayport Florida - - -
Midland 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Midland Michigan 491 526 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Midland 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Midland Michigan 816 855 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Montague 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Montague Massachusetts 1,150 1,298 - - 1980-12-01
Montague 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Montague Massachusetts 1,150 1,298 - - 1980-12-01
New Bold Island 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Bordentown New Jersey - - -
New Bold Island 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Bordentown New Jersey - - -
New England 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Charlestown Rhode Island 1,150 1,194 - - 1980-01-01
New England 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Charlestown Rhode Island 1,150 1,194 - - 1980-01-01
New Haven 1 PWR Cancelled Plan New Haven New Jersey 1,250 1,300 - - 1980-01-01
New Haven 2 PWR Cancelled Plan New Haven New Jersey 1,250 1,300 - - 1980-01-01
Nine Mile Point 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Scriba New York 1,600 2008 - 2013-11-25
North Coast (formerly Aguirre) 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Arecibo Puerto Rico 583 614 - - 1978-12-01
North Anna 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Mineral Virginia 907 950 1971 1971-06-01 1982-11-01
North Anna 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Mineral Virginia 907 950 1971 1971-12-01 1980-11-01
Orlando 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Orlando Florida 1,300 1,360 - - 1975-12-01
Orlando 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Orlando Florida 1,300 1,360 - - 1975-12-01
Palo Verde 4 PWR Cancelled Plan Tonopah Arizona 1,270 1,307 - - 1979-07-01
Palo Verde 5 PWR Cancelled Plan Tonopah Arizona 1,270 1,307 - - 1979-07-01
Pebble Springs 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Arlington Oregon 1,260 1,314 - - 1982-09-01
Pebble Springs 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Arlington Oregon 1,260 1,314 - - 1982-09-01
Perkins 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville North Carolina 1,287 1,345 - - 1982-02-01
Perkins 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville North Carolina 1,287 1,345 - - 1982-02-01
Perkins 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Mocksville North Carolina 1,287 1,345 - - 1982-02-01
Perry 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Perry Ohio 1,205 1,250 - 1974-10-01 1984-04-01
Perryman 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Baltimore Maryland 845 880 - - 1972-11-01
Perryman 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Baltimore Maryland 845 880 - - 1972-11-01
Phipps Bend 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Kingsport Tennessee 1,233 1,269 - 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Phipps Bend 2 BWR Cancelled Construction Kingsport Tennessee 1,233 1,269 - 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Pilgrim 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Plymouth Massachusetts 1,180 1,240 - - 1981-09-01
Pilgrim 3 PWR Cancelled Plan Plymouth Massachusetts 1,180 1,240 - - 1974-07-01
Prairie Island 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Red Wing Minnesota 530 - - -
Prairie Island 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Red Wing Minnesota 530 - - -
Quanicassee 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Bay City Michigan - - -
Quanicassee 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Bay City Michigan - - -
Ravenswood 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Long Island New York 500 1962 - 1964-01-06
Ravenswood 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Long Island New York 500 1962 - 1964-01-06
River Bend 2 BWR Cancelled Construction St. Francisville Louisiana 934 991 1972 1975-08-01 1984-01-01
River Bend 3 BWR Cancelled Plan St. Francisville Louisiana 1520 1600 - - 2015-12-04
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 1 Cancelled Plan Kern County California 1300 1973 1978-03-31
San Joaquin Nuclear Project 2 Cancelled Plan Kern County California 1300 1973 1978-03-31
Satsop (WPPSS-3) 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Elma Washington 1,240 1,324 1973 1977-04-01 1983-01-01
Satsop (WPPSS-5) 5 PWR Cancelled Construction Elma Washington 1,240 1,316 1974 1977-04-01 1982-01-01
Seabrook 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Seabrook New Hampshire 1,149 1,199 1972 1976-07-01 1988-01-01
Sears Isle 1 PWR Sears Island Maine - - 1977
Shearon Harris 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Bonsai North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Bonsai North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Bonsai North Carolina 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01
Shearon Harris 2 PWR Suspended Plan Bonsai North Carolina 1,117 1,250 - - 2013-05-02
Shearon Harris 3 PWR Suspended Plan Bonsai North Carolina 1,117 1,250 - - 2013-05-02
Skagit 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Sedro Woolley Washington 1,275 1,335 - - 1983-08-01
Skagit 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Sedro Woolley Washington 1,275 1,335 - - 1983-08-01
Somerset 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Somerset New York 1,190 1,247 - - 1977-05-01
Somerset 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Somerset New York 1,190 1,247 - - 1977-05-01
South Dade 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Miami-Dade County Florida 1,150 1,210 - - 1977-05-01
South Dade 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Miami-Dade County Florida 1,150 1,210 - - 1977-05-01
South River 1 PWR Cancelled Plan North Carolina 1,150 1,200 - - 1979-01-01
South River 2 PWR Cancelled Plan North Carolina 1,150 1,200 - - 1979-01-01
South River 3 PWR Cancelled Plan North Carolina 1,150 1,200 - - 1974-12-01
Stanislaus 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Stanislaus County California 1,100 1,200 1971 - -
Stanislaus 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Stanislaus County California 1,100 1,200 1971 - -
Sterling 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Oswego New York 1,150 1,185 - - 1980-01-01
V.C. Summer 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Jenkinsville South Carolina 1,117 1,250 2008 2013-03-09 2017-07-31
V.C. Summer 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Jenkinsville South Carolina 1,117 1,250 2008 2013-03-09 2017-07-31
Summit 1 HTGR Cancelled Plan Whitehall Delaware 770 781 - - 1975-11-01
Summit 2 HTGR Cancelled Plan Whitehall Delaware 770 781 - - 1975-11-01
Sundesert 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Blythe California 934 978 - - 1978-05-01
Sundesert 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Blythe California 934 978 - - 1978-05-01
Surry 3 PWR Cancelled Construction Gravel Neck Virginia 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Surry 4 PWR Cancelled Construction Gravel Neck Virginia 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Tyrone 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Durand Wisconsin 1,150 1,188 - - 1979-07-01
Tyrone 2 PWR Cancelled Plan Durand Wisconsin 1,150 1,188 - - 1975-12-01
Vandalia 1 PWR Cancelled Plan Vandalia Iowa 1,270 1,300 - - 1982-02-01
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-4)
1 BWR Cancelled Plan Buchanan New York 1,100 1,115 - - 1975
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-5)
2 BWR Cancelled Plan Buchanan New York 1,100 1,115 - - 1975
Victoria County Station 1 BWR Cancelled Plan Victoria County Texas 1,535 2008 - 2012-08-28
Victoria County Station 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Victoria County Texas 1,535 2008 - 2012-08-28
Yellow Creek 1 PWR Cancelled Construction Corinth Mississippi 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Yellow Creek 2 PWR Cancelled Construction Corinth Mississippi 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Zimmer (converted to coal) 1 BWR Cancelled Construction Moscow Ohio 810 840 - 1972-10-01 1984-01-01
Zimmer 2 BWR Cancelled Plan Moscow Ohio 1,125 1,172 - - 1984-01-01

See also

Notes

  1. ^
    Cancelled Reactors
    Midland 1
    Midland 2
    Hope Creek 2
    Zimmer 1
    Norco 1
    Shearon Harris 2
    Shearon Harris 3
    Shearon Harris 4
    North Anna 3
    North Anna 4
    Surry 3
    Surry 4
    Floating 1
    Bellefonte 1
    Bellefonte 2
    Perry 2
    Seabrook 2
    Douglas Point 1
    Douglas Point 2
    Greenwood 2
    Greenwood 3
    River Bend 2
    WPPSS 1 (Hanford)
    Clinton 2
    Fulton 1
    Fulton 2
    Allens Creek 1
    Allens Creek 2
    Pilgrim 2
    Atlantic 1
    Atlantic 2
    Tyrone 1
    Sterling 1
    Callaway 2
    Perkins 1
    Perkins 2
    Perkins 3
    Cherokee 1
    Cherokee 2
    Cherokee 3
    Montague 1
    Montague 2
    Davis Besse 2
    Davis Besse 3
    Heaven 1
    Heaven 2
    WPPSS 3 (Satsop)
    WPPSS 5 (Satsop)
    Blue Hills 1
    Blue Hills 2
    WPPSS 4 (Hanford)
    Pebble Springs 1
    Pebble Springs 2
    James Port 1
    James Port 2
    Hartsville A1
    Hartsville A2
    Hartsville B1
    Hartsville B2
    Skagit 1
    Skagit 2
    Barton 1
    Barton 2
    Barton 3
    Barton 4
    Clinch River
    Marbel Hill 1
    Marbel Hill 2
    Fort Calhoun 2
    Greene County
    Phipps Bend 1
    Phipps Bend 2
    Black Fox 1
    Black Fox 2
    Yellow Creek 1
    Yellow Creek 2
    Nep 1
    Nep 2
    Erie 1
    Erie 2

References

  1. ^ Nuclear power: Futures, Costs, and Benefits p. 16.
  2. ^ Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors p. 3.
  3. ^ Al Gore (2009). Our Choice, Bloomsbury, p. 157.
  4. ^ "Nuclear Follies", a February 11, 1985 cover story in Forbes magazine.
  5. ^ a b J. Matthew Roney, "US Nuclear Power In Decline", Earth Policy Institute, 10 September 2013

External links

  • Cancelled Nuclear Units Ordered in the United States
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