List of bridges in Hamburg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Three generations of bridges in Hamburg
From left to right: (1) Lombardsbrücke with the urban ensemble of the Binnenalster, (2) Alte Harburger Elbbrücke, one of many riveted truss bridges dating from the Industrial Age, (3) Köhlbrandbrücke, part of today's modern transport infrastructure.

This list of bridges in Hamburg has no claim to be complete, but rather just give an overview of their history and scope. For this article, the bridges are listed by Hamburg's three major rivers (Alster, Bille and Elbe) and the respectively crossed body of water (river, creek, canal, fleet, harbor basin or else). The Elbe is by far the largest of the three. Unlike Alster and Bille, the Elbe is also within the North Sea's tidal influence, and Elbe bridges differ substantially from the ones on Alster and Bille. All three rivers are fed by a number of smaller rivers and also feature a number of branches or sidearms.

Hamburg has the most bridges of any city in Europe. Besides the Hanseatic city's mercantile and maritime history, the many rivers, canals and bridges constitute to Hamburg's association as the "Venice of the North". A 2004 report by the Department for Roads, Bridges and Waterways (LSBG) states a total number of 2,496 bridges in Hamburg,[1][2] many more than cities like Venice, Amsterdam or Saint Petersburg. Given the city's waterborne geography and the port's heavy duty requirements, bridges in Hamburg also cover a great variety of architectural styles and innovative structural systems.[3] Function-wise the total number of bridges break down to 1,172 road bridges, 987 railroad bridges (of which 407 Hochbahn bridges) and 470 footbridges (of which 290 within public parks and green spaces).[1][3] 383 bridges are under management of the Hamburg Port Authority.[3]

The most notable bridges in Hamburg include the historic inner-city bridges passing the Lower Alster (plus canals), the bridges across Speicherstadt canals, and the grand bridges spanning the Elbe's Norderelbe and Süderelbe anabranches.

Bridges in the Alster river system

Map of Hamburg in 1589
View of Kleine Alster basin from Reesendammbrücke; in the background: Rathaus (left) and Schleusenbrücke (center)

For centuries, the only bridges in Hamburg were across the Lower Alster and its canals in the Altstadt (old town). Repeated redirecting of the Alster canals resulted in ever new bridges to go with them. Ultimately, most of the pre-17th century bridges were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1842; the oldest remaining bridges in Hamburg are Zollenbrücke (1633) and Ellerntorsbrücke (1668).

Most of today's bridges in the inner city date from the 1840s reconstruction, during which over two dozen, mainly Renaissance Revival stone arch bridges were erected under then building director Johann Hermann Maack (1809–1868). Maack's bridges tied into a general urban redevelopment of the inner city[3] which was similarly seen in a number of European cities of the mid 19th century, and still characterizes many of the Neustadt's canals.

Most of the bridges across the Upper Alster and adjoing canals were first built in conjunction of the area's extensive residential developments from the 1860s onwards. Some of them were gradually replaced during the 1920s, with Fritz Schumacher in particular establishing a brick-arch-prototype for many bridges.

Alster

Bridges across the Alster (Alsterbrücken) in Hamburg; some 31 km (19 mi) of the Alster's total of 56 km (35 mi) lie within Hamburg.

Upper Alster

A great number of the city's Alster bridges are located in the residential districts along the Upper Alster and its tributaries and accompanying side canals.

Image Name Built Length Location Notes
Alster (Hamburg state border)
Ratsmühlendammbrücke 1.jpg
Ratsmühlendammbrücke 1991 Fuhlsbüttel, Ohlsdorf
Hasenbergbrücke 2.jpg
Hasenbergbrücke 1913 Ohlsdorf
Sengelmannbrücke 3.jpg
Sengelmannbrücke 1919
(2001)
36 m
(118 ft)
Alsterdorf
Hindenburgbrücke 1.jpg
Hindenburgbrücke 1920 Alsterdorf
Dammbrücke 1.jpg
Dammbrücke 1918 Alsterdorf
Metzgerbrücke 2.jpg
Metzgerbrücke Alsterdorf
Deelbögebrücke 2.jpg
Deelbögebrücke Alsterdorf
Bahnbrücke 1941 Alsterdorf carries the Hamburg freight rail bypass
Meenkbrücke.jpg
Meenkbrücke Eppendorf, Winterhude
Fährhausbrücke 2.jpg
Fährhausbrücke Eppendorf, Winterhude
↓ Eppendorfer Mühlenteich
Winterhuder Brücke 1.jpg
Hudtwalckerbrücke 1921 72 m
(236 ft)
Eppendorf, Winterhude carries Hudtwalckerstraße, part of Bundesstraße 5
Brücke U1 Winterhude 1.jpg
U1 Hochbahn Viaduct 1912 Eppendorf, Winterhude carries Hamburg U-Bahn line U1Hamburg U1.svg
Brücke U3 Winterhude.jpg
U3 Hochbahn Viaduct 1912 Eppendorf, Winterhude carries Hamburg U-Bahn line U3Hamburg U3.svg (Circle line)
Goernebrücke.jpg
Goernebrücke 1909 72 m
(236 ft)
Eppendorf, Winterhude
Streekbrücke 3.jpg
Streekbrücke
53°35′1″N 9°59′43″E / 53.58361°N 9.99528°E / 53.58361; 9.99528
1913[4] (1927) 40 m
(130 ft)
Harvestehude, Winterhude
Krugkoppelbrücke o.jpg
Krugkoppelbrücke
53°34′48″N 9°59′58″E / 53.58000°N 9.99944°E / 53.58000; 9.99944
1890[4] (1928) 72 m
(236 ft)
Harvestehude, Winterhude designed by Fritz Schumacher
Außenalster
For bridges from the Außenalster downstream, see section for Lower Alster bridges.
The Alster with Winterhuder Brücke (left) and Leinpfadbrücke (right).
View from Stadthallenbrücke: the Stadtparkhafen with Saarlandbrücke (right).
Map of the Außenalster and its joining rivers and canals. The Isebekkanal joins the Alster prior to its mouth into the Außenalster (top left corner), the Goldbekkanal joins the lake through Rondelkanal (top center).
Rivers and canals joining from the left are: Osterbekkanal at Langer Zug, and Mundsburger Kanal at the Außenalster's greatest width.

The Alster is joined by the Tarpenbek at Eppendorfer Mühlenteich on its right side; a little further downstream, the Leinpfadkanal branches off the Alster's left side and creates a water link with a number of canals, including the Goldbekkanal, which in turn feeds into the Alster's system at Außenalster. Again on the right ride, the Isebekkanal joins the Alster's water shortly before reaching the Außenalster.

Tarpenbek

Bridges across Tarpenbek; the Tarpenbek empties into the Alster at Eppendorfer Mühlenteich.

  • Roosenbrookbrücke
  • Bahnbrücke
  • Borsteler Brücke
Leinpfadkanal

Bridges across Leinpfadkanal; the Leinpfadkanal runs parallel to the Alster.

  • Leinpfadbrücke (1907)
  • Klärchenbrücke (1909)
  • Maria-Louisen-Brücke
  • Werftbrücke
Isebekanal

Bridges across Isebek and Isebekkanal

  • Eimsbütteler Brücke (1909)
  • Goebenbrücke
  • Mansteinbrücke
  • Hoheluftbrücke
  • Klosteralleebrücke (1906)
  • Eppendorfer Brücke (1927)
  • Hochbahn Viaduct (1910)
  • Isebrücke (1900)
  • Heilwigbrücke
Goldbekkanal

Bridges across Barmbeker Stichkanal, Goldbekkanal, Mühlenkampkanal and Rondelkanal

  • Stichkanalbrücke
  • Hellbrookstraßenbrücke
  • Saarlandbrücke
  • Stadthallenbrücke
  • Schleidenbrücke (1925)
  • Wiesendammbrücke (1930)
  • Moorfuhrtbrücke (1912)
  • Poelchaukampbrücke (1895)
  • Fernsichtbrücke (1928)

Lower Alster

The Lombardsbrücke is one of only two bridges between the two Alster lakes; it is the inner city's most frequented bridge, with an average of 67,000 cars and 1,000 trains per day.

Bridges across the Lower Alster (from the Außenalster downstream); this section lists most bridges in the inner city districts Altstadt and Neustadt.

Image Name Built Length Location Notes
Außenalster
Hamburg Kennedybrücke DS433n.jpg
Kennedybrücke
53°33′28″N 9°59′53″E / 53.55778°N 9.99806°E / 53.55778; 9.99806
1953 126 m
(413 ft)
Rotherbaum, St. Georg designed by Bernhard Hermkes; originally named Neue Lombardsbrücke (until 1963)
Hamburg Lombardsbrücke DS456n.jpg
Lombardsbrücke
53°33′25″N 9°59′50″E / 53.55694°N 9.99722°E / 53.55694; 9.99722
1651
(1868)[4]
69 m
(226 ft)
Neustadt, Altstadt designed by Johann Hermann Maack; part of the Wallring, also carries the Hamburg-Altona link line
Binnenalster
Reesendammbrücke 2.jpg
Reesendammbrücke
53°33′7″N 9°59′39″E / 53.55194°N 9.99417°E / 53.55194; 9.99417
1844[4] 47 m
(154 ft)
Neustadt, Altstadt designed by Johann Hermann Maack, carries the Jungfernstieg
Kleine Alster
Schleusenbrücke 3.jpg
Schleusenbrücke 1870 Neustadt, Altstadt
↓ Alster continues as Alsterfleet
Adolphsbrücke 2.jpg
Adolphsbrücke 1845 36 m
(118 ft)
Neustadt, Altstadt designed by Johann Hermann Maack, replaced the Scheelengangsbrücke
Heiligengeistbrücke 1.jpg
Heiligengeistbrücke 1885 51 m
(167 ft)
Neustadt, Altstadt
Slamatjenbrücke 1.jpg
Slamatjenbrücke 1959 Neustadt, Altstadt
Binnenhafenbrücke Neustadt, Altstadt
Otto-Sill-Brücke (Hamburg).ajb.jpg
Otto-Sill-Brücke Neustadt, Altstadt
Norderelbe at Binnenhafen
For bridges across Binnenhafen, see section for Oberhafen, Zollkanal and Binnenhafen bridges.
Bleichenfleet and Herrengrabenfleet

Bridges across Bleichenfleet and Herrengrabenfleet in Neustadt

Image Name Built Length
Alsterfleet
Bleichenbrücke (Hamburg-Neustadt).ajb.jpg
Bleichenbrücke 1845
Stadthausbrücke (Hamburg-Neustadt).ajb.jpg
Stadthausbrücke
462 ellerntorsbruecke.jpg
Ellerntorsbrücke 1668 36.2 m
(119 ft)
Herrengrabenfleet und Michaelisbrücke in Hamburg-Neustadt.jpg
Michaelisbrücke (1988)
Herrengrabenbrücke (Hamburg-Neustadt).ajb.jpg
Herrengrabenbrücke
Pulverturmsbrücke HH.jpg
Pulverturmbrücke
Schaartorbrücke 1868
Norderelbe at Niederhafen
Mönkedammfleet and Nikolaifleet

Bridges across Mönkedammfleet and Nikolaifleet in Altstadt

Image Name Built Length
Alsterfleet
Altenwallbrücke (Hamburg-Altstadt).ajb.jpg
Altenwallbrücke
Mühlenschleuse (Hamburg-Altstadt).ajb.jpg
Mühlenbrücke
Hamburg Trostbrücke 04.jpg
Trostbrücke 1266
(1883)
21 m
(69 ft)
Nikolaifleet in der Hamburger Altstadt.JPG
Zollenbrücke 1355
(1633)
25 m
(82 ft)
Nikolaibrücke (Hamburg-Altstadt).Südseite.ajb.jpg
Nikolaibrücke
Holzbrücke (Hamburg-Altstadt).ajb.jpg
Holzbrücke 1847 48 m
(157 ft)
Hohe Brücke (Hamburg-Altstadt).ajb.jpg
Hohe Brücke 1887
Norderelbe at Zollkanal
For bridges across Zollkanal, see section for Oberhafen, Zollkanal and Binnenhafen bridges.

Osterbek

Bridges across Osterbek and Osterbekkanal

Bramfelder Brücke (background) and the U3 Hochbahn Viaduct
Schleidenbrücke
  • Bramfelder Brücke (1900)
  • U3 Osterbekkanal Hochbahn Viaduct (1912)
  • Hufnerstraßenbrücke
  • Käthnerortbrücke
  • Schleidenbrücke
  • Großheidesteg
  • Heinz-Gärtner-Brücke
  • Mühlenkampbrücke (1900)
  • Langenzugbrücke (1864, 1909)
For bridges from the Außenalster downstream, see section for Lower Alster bridges.

Uhlenhorster Kanal

Bridges across Hofwegkanal and Uhlenhorster Kanal

  • Grillparzerbrücke
  • Fährbrücke
  • Hofwegbrücke (1894)
  • Herbert-Weichmann-Brücke (1893)
  • Feenteichbrücke (1884)
For bridges from the Außenalster downstream, see section for Lower Alster bridges.

Wandse

Bridges across Wandse, Eilbek, Eilbekkanal and Mundsburger Kanal

Image Name Built Length Location Notes
Wandse (Hamburg state border)
Wandsbeker Königstraßenbrücke Wandsbek
↓ Mühlenteich
Mühlenstraßenbrücke Wandsbek
Bahnbrücke Eilbek, Barmbek-Süd carries the Hamburg freight rail bypass
↓ Wandse continues as Eilbek
Eilbecker Brücke Eilbek, Barmbek-Süd
Friedrichsberger Brücke Eilbek, Barmbek-Süd
Maxstraßenbrücke 1908 Eilbek, Barmbek-Süd
↓ Wandse continues as Eilbekkanal
Von essen str bruecke 03.jpg
Von-Essen-Straßenbrücke Eilbek, Barmbek-Süd
Wagnerstraßenbrücke Eilbek, Barmbek-Süd
Richardstraßenbrücke über den Eilbekkanal 1.jpg
Richardstraßenbrücke 1899[4] Eilbek, Barmbek-Süd
Wartenaubrücke 2.jpg
Wartenaubrücke 1908[4] Hohenfelde, Uhlenhorst carries Wartenau, part of Bundesstraße 5
↓ Kuhmühlenteich
U-Bahn-Bruecke Kuhmuehlenteich.jpg
Kuhmühlenteichbrücke 1912 65 m
(213 ft)[4]
Hohenfelde, Uhlenhorst carries Hamburg U-Bahn line U3Hamburg U3.svg (Circle line)
↓ Wandse continues as Mundsburger Kanal
Kuhmühlenbrücke-I.jpg
Kuhmühlenbrücke 1870[4] (1967) Hohenfelde, Uhlenhorst
Mundsburger Brücke.jpg
Mundsburger Brücke 1870[4] 59.3 m
(195 ft)
Hohenfelde, Uhlenhorst designed by Christian Wilhelm Plath and William Lindley
Hamburg Schwanenwikbrücke DS418n.jpg
Schwanenwikbrücke
53°33′56″N 10°1′1″E / 53.56556°N 10.01694°E / 53.56556; 10.01694
1878[4] 55 m
(180 ft)
Hohenfelde, Uhlenhorst designed by Franz Andreas Meyer
Außenalster
For bridges from the Außenalster downstream, see section for Lower Alster bridges.

Bridges in the Bille river system

Bille

Bridges across the Bille in Hamburg; 23 km (14 mi) of the Bille's total of 65 km (40 mi) lie within Hamburg.

Image Name Built Length Location Notes
Bille (Hamburg state border)
Ernst-Mantius-Brücke Bergedorf
↓ Schlossteich
Sehrrahnbrücke Bergedorf
↓ Sehrrahn
Bergedorfer Brücke Bergedorf carries Bergedorfer Straße, part of Bundesstraße 5
Ladenbeker-Furtweg-Brücke Bergedorf
Bojewiesenbrücke (Hamburg-Billwerder).ajb.jpg
Bojewiesenbrücke Bergedorf
Rote Brücke (Hamburg-Billbrook).ajb.jpg
Rote Brücke Billbrook
Gelbe Brücke Billstedt, Billbrook
Blaue Brücke Horn, Billbrook
Braune Brücke Hamm, Rothenburgsort
Grüne Brücke 1911[4] Hammerbrook, Rothenburgsort
Schwarze Brücke 1909[4] Hammerbrook, Rothenburgsort carries Heidenkampsweg, part of Bundesstraße 75
Zweite Amsinckbrücke Hammerbrook, Rothenburgsort carries Amsinckstraße, part of Bundesstraße 4
Norderelbe at Oberhafen
For bridges across Oberhafen, see section for Oberhafen, Zollkanal and Binnenhafen bridges.

Hammerbrook canals

Bridges across Hammerbrook and Rothenburgsort canals

View of Mittelkanal (sculpture on Zweite Hammerbrookbrücke)
  • Billekanal
    • Schurzalleebrücke
    • Gustav-Kunst-Brücke
  • Hochwasserbassin
    • Wendenbrücke
    • Süderstraßenbrücke (1908)
    • Bullerdeichbrücke
  • Mittelkanal
    • Zweite Banksbrücke
    • Erste Nagelsbrücke
    • Zweite Nagelsbrücke
    • S-Bahn Viaduct
    • Zweite Hammerbrookbrücke
    • Zweite Heidenkampbrücke
  • Schleusenkanal
    • Erste Stadtdeichbrücke
    • Erste Banksbrücke
    • Erste Amsinckbrücke
  • Sonninkanal
    • Mittelkanalbrücke
  • Südkanal
    • Zweite Ausschläger Brücke
    • Zweite Grevenbrücke
  • Tiefstackkanal
    • Liebigbrücke
    • Borsigbrücke
    • Tiefstacker Brücke

Bridges in the Elbe river system

View of the 1810s pile bridge

Up until the 19th century, the Unterelbe had no fixed crossing. Travel time between Hamburg and Harburg took over two hours, and included two ferry trips across the Norder- and Süderelbe and a weary trip across the dikes of Wilhelmsburg. During Napoleon's brief annexion of Hamburg, a 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) long pile bridge was built across the islands of Wilhelmsburg, however it also required cable ferries across the Elbe's two anabranches. In 1817 the poorly maintained structure was washed away.

By the 1840s, with industrialization rapidly growing and trade through the Port of Hamburg skyrocketing, the need for a fixed crossing became apparent. At the time, the German states were a loose confederation of sovereign states, with the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg only controlling the northern Elbe shore, while the town of Harburg and the southern Elbe shore were part of the Kingdom of Hanover. Both sides built their railway lines: Hamburg–Bergedorf railway in 1842 (extended to Berlin in 1846), and Celle–Harburg railway in 1847 (connected to Hanover since 1845) – but no link across the Elbe. One of the biggest obstacles was Hanover's rivalry to Hamburg and her attempts to promote overseas trade through the Port of Harburg.

Neue Elbbrücke (1887). The Gothic Revival gatesways were removed in 1959.

Twenty years on, the missing link became a void in the European rail network. Progress was finally possible after Prussia's annexion of Hanover in 1866; within a few years the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (CME) completed the Venlo–Hamburg railway as North German section of a Paris–Hamburg railway line, and thereby linking Hamburg with the industrial centers of the Rhineland and the Low Countries. The first railway bridges across Norder- and Süderelbe were built between 1869 and 1872. Also starting in 1866, the port's infrastructure was substantially re-organized, in order to cope with the increased quantity of processed goods and to meet requirements of then commonly employed steam-powered vessels. This included an expansion of the port onto the islands of Steinwerder, Veddel and Wilhelmsburg, and set-up of an extensive rail network for the newly established Hamburg port railway (Hafenbahn). In 1887, the Neue Elbbrücke with its three lenticular trusses (each 102 meters long) became a Hamburg landmark and the first road bridge to cross the Norderelbe, serving many of the port's businesses. By 1899, the Alte Harburger Elbbrücke provided a road link across the Süderelbe.

Elbe Bridge I from the series Hamburg Bridges (1932) by Rolf Nesch

New bridges across the Elbe anabranches and the Elbe islands' canals were and are continued to be built to this day. Over the years, some of them have set new standards or records in engineering.[3] With the Elbe bridges being perceived as a symbol of the many changes associated with the Industrial Age, they were continuously subject to artistic and intellectual reception, among others by artists of the Hamburg Secession (Sezession) during the interwar period, or latest by the Internationale Bauausstellung during the 2000s. In 2015, the Speicherstadt was acknowledged as a World Heritage Site.

Elbe

Bridges across the Elbe (Elbbrücken) in Hamburg; some 40 km (25 mi) of the Elbe's total of 1,094 km (680 mi) lie within Hamburg. Up-stream, the next bridge (outside the Hamburg state borders) is located at Geesthacht; down-stream there are no more bridges.

Norderelbe

Bridges across the Norderelbe

Map of bridges across the Norder- and Süderelbe. The two Elbe anabranches are separated by the island of Wilhelmsburg (center).
Neue Freihafenbrücke and Köhlbrandbrücke are the last bridges on the respective riverarm, and also the Elbe's last bridges before reaching the North Sea. Only subsequent river crossings are the Old Elbe Tunnel in St. Pauli and the Bundesautobahn 7's New Elbe Tunnel west of Altona.
Image Name Built Length Location Notes
Elbe (Hamburg state border)
Norderelbbrücke A1 03.jpg
Moorfleeter Brücke
53°31′0″N 10°4′0″E / 53.51667°N 10.06667°E / 53.51667; 10.06667
1962 411 m
(1,348 ft)
Moorfleet, Wilhelmsburg designed by Hellmut Homberg, carries Bundesautobahn 1
ElbbrückenF2885.JPG
Neue Elbbrücke
53°32′0″N 10°2′0″E / 53.53333°N 10.03333°E / 53.53333; 10.03333
1887
(1959)
304.7 m
(1,000 ft)
Veddel, Rothenburgsort, Hammerbrook designed by Hermann Lohse, carries Bundesstraße 4 and 75
Norderelbbrücken 2014.jpg
Eisenbahnbrücke
53°31′58″N 10°1′23″E / 53.53278°N 10.02306°E / 53.53278; 10.02306
1872 Veddel, Rothenburgsort, Hammerbrook designed by Heinrich Strack; carries the Hanover–Hamburg and Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway lines
Freihafen Elbbrücke 07.jpg
Neue Freihafenelbbrücke 1917 340 m
(1,120 ft)
Veddel, Rothenburgsort, Hammerbrook carries the Hamburg port railway
↓ confluence with Süderelbe to become Niederelbe (Lower Elbe)
Aerial view of the Speicherstadt's Holländischbrookfleet and Wandrahmsfleet (center) and the Zollkanal (far right).
Oberhafen, Zollkanal and Binnenhafen

Bridges across Oberhafen, Zollkanal and Binnenhafen between Hammerbrook, Altstadt and HafenCity

  • Oberhafenkanal
    • Billhorner Brücke
    • Oberhafenkanalbrücke
    • Bahnbrücke
  • Oberhafen
    • Oberhafenbrücke (1904, 152 m)
    • Oberbaumbrücke
  • Zollkanal
    • Wandrahmsteg
    • Kornhausbrücke (1899, 45 m)
    • Jungfernbrücke (1888, 41 m)
    • Kibbelsteg (1890, 220 m)
    • Brooksbrücke (1888, 50 m)
    • Kehrwiedersteg (1890)
  • Binnenhafen
    • Niederbaumbrücke (1880)
Speicherstadt and HafenCity canals

Bridges across Speicherstadt and HafenCity canals within HafenCity (sorted alphabetically by name of waterbody)

  • Baakenhafen
    • Baakenhafenbrücke (2013, 170 m)
  • Brooksfleet
    • Kibbelsteg (1890, 220 m)
  • Brooktorhafen
    • Brooktorkaibrücke
    • Leónbrücke
    • Shanghaibrücke
  • Ericusgraben
    • Ericusbrücke (1872)
  • Holländischbrookfleet
    • Holländischbrookfleetbrücke
  • Kehrwiederfleet
    • Sandbrücke
    • Kehrwiedersteg (1890)
    • Wilheminenbrücke
  • Kleines Fleet
    • Pickhubenbrücke
    • Kannengießerbrücke
  • Magdeburger Hafen
    • Busanbrücke
    • Magdeburger Brücke
  • Sandtorhafen
    • Mahatma-Gandhi-Brücke
  • St. Annenfleet
    • St. Annenbrücke
    • Neuerwegsbrücke
  • Wandrahmsfleet
    • Poggenmühlenbrücke
    • Wandrahmsfleetbrücke
    • Wandbereiterbrücke
    • Kannengießerortbrücke

Süderelbe

Bridges across the Süderelbe

Image Name Built Length Location Notes
Elbe (Hamburg state border)
Moorwerder Brücke
53°28′0″N 10°1′0″E / 53.46667°N 10.01667°E / 53.46667; 10.01667
970 m
(3,180 ft)
Moorwerder, Wilhelmsburg carries Bundesautobahn 1
Harburger Eisenbahnbrücke 2013-06-07.jpg
Eisenbahnbrücke
53°28′25″N 9°59′44″E / 53.47361°N 9.99556°E / 53.47361; 9.99556
1872
(1979)
340 m
(1,120 ft)
Harburg, Wilhelmsburg carries the Hanover–Hamburg and Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway lines
Europabruecke close 2013-06-07.jpg
Europabrücke
53°31′58″N 10°1′23″E / 53.53278°N 10.02306°E / 53.53278; 10.02306
1983 471 m
(1,545 ft)
Harburg, Wilhelmsburg carries Bundesautobahn 253
Neeland - Elv - Fischer.jpg
Brücke des 17. Juni 1937
(1949)
472 m
(1,549 ft)
Harburg, Wilhelmsburg originally named Wilhelmsburger Brücke, renamed after the 1953 uprising in East Germany
Elbbruecken von Innen2.jpg
Alte Harburger Elbbrücke
53°28′0″N 10°0′0″E / 53.46667°N 10.00000°E / 53.46667; 10.00000
1899 474 m
(1,555 ft)
Harburg, Wilhelmsburg designed by Hubert Stier
Kattwyk-P1010772.JPG
Kattwykbrücke
53°29′40″N 9°57′6″E / 53.49444°N 9.95167°E / 53.49444; 9.95167
1973 290 m
(950 ft)
Moorburg, Wilhelmsburg the world's tallest lift bridge, with a liftable height of 46 m (151 ft)
↓ Süderelbe continues as Köhlbrand
Köhlbrandbrücke o.jpg
Köhlbrandbrücke
53°31′18″N 9°56′18″E / 53.52167°N 9.93833°E / 53.52167; 9.93833
1974 3,940 m
(12,930 ft)
Waltershof, Steinwerder designed by Paul Boué, Egon Jux and Hans Wittfoht; was the world's longest cable-stayed bridge from 1974 to 1991
↓ confluence with Norderelbe to become Niederelbe (Lower Elbe)

Este

Bridges across the Este in Hamburg; only 2 km (1.2 mi) of the Este's total of 62 km (39 mi) lie within the state borders of Hamburg.

  • Cranzer Rollbrücke
  • Estesperrwerkbrücke

Harburg canals

Bridges across harbor basins and canals in Harburg; the port of Harburg is indirectly fed through the Seeve.

  • Östlicher Bahnhofskanal
    • Östliche Bahnhofskanalklappbrücke
  • Westlicher Bahnhofskanal
    • Westliche Bahnhofskanalklappbrücke
  • Lotsekanal
    • Lotsebrücke
  • Holzhafen
    • Holzhafenbrücke

Wilhelmsburg canals

Bridges across Elbe anabranches and canals on the island of Wilhelmsburg (including the islands of Steinwerder, Kleiner Grasbrook and Veddel)

Reiherstieg Bascule Bridge (1984)
Rethe Lift Bridge (1934)
  • Aßmannkanal
    • Aßmannkanalbrücke
  • Grevenhofkanal
    • Grevenhofbrücke
    • Grevenhofkanalbrücke
  • Marktkanal
    • Marktkanalbrücke
  • Moorkanal
    • Moorkanalbrücke
  • Müggenburger Kanal
    • Reginenortbrücke
  • Müggenburger Zollhafen
    • Müggenburger Zollhafenbrücke
    • Wilhelmsburger Brücke
  • Peutekanal
    • Erste Peutebrücke
    • Zweite Peutebrücke
  • Querkanal
    • Erste Querbrücke
    • Zweite Querbrücke
  • Reiherstieg
    • Argentinienbrücke
    • Ellerholzbrücke
    • Reiherstiegbrücke (1985, 100 m)
  • Rethe
    • Rethebrücke (1934, 73 m)
  • Roßkanal
    • Roßkanalbrücke
    • Howaltbrücke
    • Hachmannbrücke
  • Saalehafen
    • Sachsenbrücke
    • Niedernfelder Brücke
  • Spreehafen
    • Spreehafenbrücke
  • Veddelkanal
    • Brandenburger Brücke
    • Veddelkanalbrücke
  • Veringkanal
    • Neue Veringkanalbrücke
    • Wollkämmereibrücke

Bridges elsewhere

Please note, this section only lists bridges and viaducts in Hamburg, not listed above (i.e. only bridges and viaducts not crossing a body of water).

Railway bridges and viaducts

Hamburg U-Bahn (Hochbahn) viaducts
  • Barmbek Markt (A 75) Viaduct (1912, 412 m)[4]
  • Baumwall Viaduct (1912)
  • Isestraße Viaduct (1912, 825 m)[4]
  • Rödingsmarkt Viaduct (1912)
  • Volksdorfer Straße Viaduct
  • Vorsetzen (A 199) Viaduct (1912, 240 m)
  • Walddörferbahnviadukt
Other railway viaducts
  • Sternbrücke (1893, 75 m)
  • Oberer Landweg Eisenbahnbrücke

Road bridges and viaducts

Carrying Bundesautobahn 7, Hochstraße Elbmarsch is Germany's longest bridge at a length of 4,258 m (13,970 ft).
  • Hochstraße Elbmarsch (1973, 4,258 m)
  • Kersten-Miles-Brücke (1897, 47 m)
  • Simon-von-Utrecht-Brücke

Foot bridges

  • Cremonbrücke (1982)
  • Johan-van-Valckenburgh-Brücke

See also

Literature

  • Sven Bardua: Brückenmetropole Hamburg, Dölling und Galitz, Hamburg, 2009
  • Horst Beckershaus: Die Hamburger Brücken: ihre Namen, woher sie kommen und was sie bedeuten, Convent, Hamburg, 2007, ISBN 3866330073
  • Ralf Lange: Architekturführer Hamburg/Architectural Guide to Hamburg, Edition Axel Menges, Fellbach, 1995, ISBN 3930698587

References

  1. ^ a b Landesbetrieb Straßen, Brücken und Gewässer (LSBG) Hamburg, 2004
  2. ^ private bridges excluded (e.g. factory premises or Hagenbeck's Tierpark)
  3. ^ a b c d e Friedhelm Grundmann, Michael Zapf: Hamburg - Stadt der Brücken, Schubert; Leipzig, 2003, ISBN 3929229897
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Hamburg und seine Bauten 1914, unter Berücksichtigung der Nachbarstädte Altona und Wandsbek (in German). Bd. 2. Hamburg: Architekten- und Ingenieurverein zu Hamburg. 1914. pp. 165 ff. 

External links

Media related to Bridges in Hamburg at Wikimedia Commons

  • Landesbetrieb Straßen, Brücken und Gewässer (LSBG) – Department for Roads, Bridges and Waterways (in German)
  • Bridges in Hamburg at brueckenweb.de (in German) (in English)
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