List of battleships of World War II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of battleships of the Second World War. All displacements are at standard load, in metric tonnes, so as to avoid confusion over their relative displacements[Note: Not all displacements have been adjusted to match this yet]. Ideally displacements will be as they were at either the end of the war, or when the ship was sunk.

The battleship was a capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. At the outbreak of war, large fleets of battleships—many inherited from the dreadnought era decades before—were considered one of the decisive forces in naval warfare. There were several engagements between battleships in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Battleships were the most heavily protected ships afloat, nonetheless sixteen were sunk or crippled by bombs or torpedoes delivered by aircraft, while three more were sunk by submarine-launched torpedoes. Guided bombs developed during the war made it much easier for aircraft to sink battleships. By the end of the war, battleship construction was all but halted, and almost every existing battleship was retired or scrapped within a few years of its end. The Second World War saw the end of the battleship as the dominant force in the world's navies. [1][2][3][4] [5][6][7][8]

The List of ships of World War II contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of 1945. For smaller vessels, see also List of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons.

Click on headers to sort column alphabetically.

Ship Country Class Type Displacement (tons) First commissioned Fate
Alabama  United States Navy South Dakota battleship 35,000 16 August 1942 Decommissioned 9 January 1947, museum ship
Almirante Latorre  Chile Almirante Latorre super dreadnought 28,550 1 August 1920 Scrapped 1959
Andrea Doria  Regia Marina Andrea Doria battleship 25,920 13 March 1916 Scrapped 1956
Anson  Royal Navy King George V battleship 39,000 22 June 1942 Scrapped 1957
Arizona  United States Navy Pennsylvania super dreadnought 32,600 17 October 1916 Sunk 7 December 1941, war memorial
Arkansas  United States Navy Wyoming battleship 26,100 17 September 1912 Sunk 25 July 1946 in A-bomb test
Barham  Royal Navy Queen Elizabeth battleship 31,000 19 August 1915 sunk 25 November 1941
Bismarck  Kriegsmarine Bismarck battleship 41,700 24 August 1940 sunk 27 May 1941
Bretagne  French Navy Bretagne super dreadnought 22,200 10 February 1916 sunk 3 July 1940
Caio Duilio  Regia Marina Andrea Doria battleship 25,920 10 May 1915 Scrapped 1957
California  United States Navy Tennessee battleship 32,600 10 August 1921 Decommissioned 14 February 1947, scrapped 1959
Centurion  Royal Navy King George V battleship 25,500 May 1913 Scuttled as a Mulberry harbour breakwater off Normandy, 7 June 1944.
Colorado  United States Navy Colorado battleship 31,500 30 August 1923 Sold for scrap, 23 July 1959
Conte di Cavour  Regia Marina Conte di Cavour dreadnought 26,140 1 April 1915 captured 10 September 1943 by Germany, scrapped 1946
Courbet  French Navy
 Free French Naval Forces
Courbet dreadnought 23,200 19 November 1913 scuttled as a "Gooseberry" breakwater 6 June 1944
Duke of York  Royal Navy King George V battleship 39,000 28 February 1940 scrapped 1957
Dunkerque  French Navy Dunkerque battleship 26,500 15 April 1937 scuttled 27 November 1942
Fusō  Imperial Japanese Navy Fusō dreadnought 34,700 18 November 1915 sunk 25 October 1944
Giulio Cesare  Regia Marina Conte di Cavour dreadnought 26,140 10 May 1914 Ceded to Soviet Union 1948, renamed Novorossiysk
Gneisenau  Kriegsmarine Scharnhorst battleship 32,000 21 May 1938 sunk as block ship March 1945
Howe  Royal Navy King George V battleship 39,150 28 September 1942 scrapped 1958
Hyūga  Imperial Japanese Navy Ise dreadnought 38,872 30 April 1918 sunk 28 July 1945
Indiana  United States Navy South Dakota battleship 35,000 30 April 1942 decommissioned 11 September 1947, scrapped 1963
Iowa  United States Navy Iowa battleship 45,000 22 February 1943 decommissioned 1990, museum ship
Iron Duke  Royal Navy Iron Duke dreadnought 25,400 1 March 1914 paid off March 1946
Ise  Imperial Japanese Navy Ise dreadnought 36,000 15 December 1917 sunk 28 July 1945
Jean Bart  French Navy Courbet dreadnought 23,475 5 June 1913 captured Germany 27 November 1942, sunk 1944, scrapped 14 December 1945
King George V  Royal Navy King George V battleship 39,100 11 December 1940 decommissioned and scrapped 1949
Kirishima  Imperial Japanese Navy Kongō battleship 36,600 19 April 1915 Sunk 15 November 1942
Haruna  Imperial Japanese Navy Kongō battleship 36,600 19 April 1915 Sunk at her moorings on 28 July 1945; raised and scrapped in 1946
Hiei  Imperial Japanese Navy Kongō battleship 36,600 21 November 1912 Sunk following the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal on November 14, 1942
Kongō  Imperial Japanese Navy Kongō battleship 36,600 18 May 1912 Sunk by USS Sealion in the Formosa Strait, 21 November 1944
Littorio  Regia Marina Littorio battleship 41,377 6 May 1940 renamed Italia, scrapped 1948
Lorraine  French Navy
 Free French Naval Forces
Bretagne super dreadnought 22,200 27 July 1916 Decommissioned 17 February 1953
Malaya  Royal Navy Queen Elizabeth battleship 31,000 1 February 1916 decommissioned 1944, scrapped 1948
Maryland  United States Navy Colorado battleship 32,600 21 July 1921 decommissioned 1947, scrapped 1959
Massachusetts  United States Navy South Dakota battleship 37,970 12 May 1942 Decommissioned 27 March 1947, museum ship
Minas Geraes  Brazil Minas Geraes dreadnought 19,200 6 January 1910 Decommissioned 20 September 1953
Mississippi  United States Navy New Mexico battleship 32,000 25 January 1917 decommissioned 1956 (for scrap)
Missouri  United States Navy Iowa battleship 45,000 11 June 1944 decommissioned 1992; museum ship
Moreno  Argentine Navy Rivadavia dreadnought 27,720 26 February 1915 scrapped February 1956
Musashi  Imperial Japanese Navy Yamato battleship 68,200 5 August 1942 sunk 25 October 1944
Mutsu  Imperial Japanese Navy Nagato dreadnought 39,050 24 October 1921 sunk 8 June 1943
Nagato  Imperial Japanese Navy Nagato dreadnought 39,130 25 November 1920 sunk as target 29 July 1946
Nelson  Royal Navy Nelson battleship 34,000 10 September 1927 decommissioned February 1948, scrapped March 1949
Nevada  United States Navy Nevada battleship 29,000 11 March 1916 decommissioned 29 July 1946; sunk as a target 31 July 1948
New Jersey  United States Navy Iowa battleship 45,000 23 May 1943 decommissioned 1991. museum ship
New Mexico  United States Navy New Mexico battleship 33,000 20 May 1918 Scrapped November 1947
New York  United States Navy New York battleship 27,000 15 April 1914 decommissioned 29 August 1946, sunk as target 8 July 1948
North Carolina  United States Navy North Carolina battleship 35,000 9 April 1941 decommissioned 27 June 1947, museum ship
Oklahoma  United States Navy Nevada battleship 29,000 2 May 1916 sunk 7 December 1941; raised and sunk under tow 1947
Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya  Soviet Navy Gangut battleship 23,000 3 June 1909 scrapped 1959
Paris  French Navy
 Royal Navy
Courbet dreadnought 23,475 5 June 1913 captured by Britain 3 July 1940 used as depot ship, scrapped 1956
Pennsylvania  United States Navy Pennsylvania super dreadnought 33,000 12 June 1916 Decommissioned 29 August 1946, sunk as target 10 February 1948
Prince of Wales  Royal Navy King George V battleship 39,000 31 March 1941 sunk 10 December 1941
Provence  French Navy Bretagne super dreadnought 22,200 1 March 1916 scuttled 27 November 1942,
Queen Elizabeth  Royal Navy Queen Elizabeth battleship 31,000 22 December 1914 decommissioned and scrapped 1948
Ramillies  Royal Navy Revenge battleship 29,150 1 September 1917 Decommissioned 31 August 1945, scrapped 1949
Resolution  Royal Navy Revenge battleship 29,150 7 December 1916 scrapped 1949
Revenge  Royal Navy Revenge battleship 29,150 1 February 1916 scrapped 1948
Richelieu  French Navy
 Free French Naval Forces
Richelieu battleship 35,000 15 July 1940 scrapped 1968
Rivadavia  Argentine Navy Rivadavia dreadnought 27,720 27 August 1914 scrapped February 1956
Rodney  Royal Navy Nelson battleship 34,000 10 November 1927 scrapped 1948
Roma  Regia Marina Littorio battleship 41,649 14 June 1942 sunk 9 September 1943
Royal Oak  Royal Navy Revenge battleship 29,150 1 May 1916 sunk 14 October 1939
Royal Sovereign  Royal Navy
 Soviet Navy
Revenge battleship 29,150 1 February 1916 transferred to USSR as Arkhangelsk 30 May 1944
São Paulo  Brazil Minas Geraes battleship 19,200 12 July 1910 Sold 1951
Scharnhorst  Kriegsmarine Scharnhorst battleship 32,000 7 January 1939 sunk 26 December 1943
Schlesien  Kriegsmarine Deutschland pre-dreadnought 14,218 5 May 1908 blown up 4 May 1945
Schleswig-Holstein  Kriegsmarine Deutschland pre-dreadnought 14,218 6 July 1908 scrapped after 1946
South Dakota  United States Navy South Dakota battleship 35,000 20 March 1942 decommissioned 31 January 1947, scrapped 1962
Strasbourg  French Navy Dunkerque battleship 26,500 15 March 1938 scuttled 27 November 1942
Tennessee  United States Navy Tennessee battleship 33,190 3 June 1920 Decommissioned 14 February 1947, scrapped 1959
Texas  United States Navy New York battleship 27,000 12 March 1914 Decommissioned 21 April 1948; museum ship
Tirpitz  Kriegsmarine Bismarck battleship 42,900 25 February 1941 sunk 12 November 1944
Valiant  Royal Navy Queen Elizabeth battleship 31,000 13 January 1916 scrapped 1950
Vanguard  Royal Navy battleship 45,200 15 October 1946 launch during war 30 November 1944, paid off 7 June 1960
Vittorio Veneto  Regia Marina Littorio battleship 41,337 28 April 1940 scrapped 1948
Warspite  Royal Navy Queen Elizabeth battleship 31,000 8 March 1915 scrapped 1950
Washington  United States Navy North Carolina battleship 35,000 15 May 1941 Decommissioned 27 June 1947, scrapped 1960
West Virginia  United States Navy Colorado battleship 31,500 1 December 1923 Decommissioned 9 January 1947, scrapped 1959
Wisconsin  United States Navy Iowa battleship 45,000 16 April 1944 decommissioned 30 September 1991; museum ship
Yamashiro  Imperial Japanese Navy Fusō dreadnought 34,700 31 March 1917 sunk 25 October 1944
Yamato  Imperial Japanese Navy Yamato battleship 74,170 16 December 1941 sunk 7 April 1945

References

  1. ^ Sondhaus
  2. ^ Gardiner
  3. ^ Parks
  4. ^ Stilwell
  5. ^ Naval Vessel Register Index Archived 2007-06-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Archives, The National. "Royal Navy operations in the Second World War - The National Archives". The National Archives. Retrieved 2016-03-29. 
  7. ^ "US Navy Inactive Classification Symbols". Naval Vessel Register. NAVSEA Shipbuilding Support Office. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  8. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships Index

Bibliography

  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. 
  • navy.mil: List of homeports and their ships
  • NavSource Naval History
  • Sondhaus, Lawrence (2001). Naval Warfare, 1815–1914. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-21478-0. 
  • "Allied warships". uboat.net. Guðmundur Helgason. 1995–2007. 
  • "Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk". Cranston Fine Arts. 2001–2007. 
  • Burr, Lawrence (2006). British Battlecruisers 1914–18. New Vanguard No. 126. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84603-008-0. 
  • Gardiner, Robert (Ed.) and Gray, Randal (Author) (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906–1921. Naval Institute Press. p. 439. ISBN 978-0-87021-907-8. 
  • Gardiner, Robert (Ed.) (1980). Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships, 1922–1946. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Gibbons, Tony (1983). The Complete Encyclopedia of Battleships and Battlecruisers - A Technical Directory of all the World's Capital Ships from 1860 to the Present Day. London, UK: Salamander Books Ltd. p. 272. ISBN 0-517-37810-8. 
  • Ireland, Bernard and Grove, Eric (1997). Jane's War At Sea 1897–1997. London: Harper Collins Publishers. p. 256. ISBN 0-00-472065-2. 
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1960). Victory in the Pacific. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Volume Fourteen. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-07065-8. 
  • O'Connell, Robert L. (1991). Sacred Vessels: the Cult of the Battleship and the Rise of the U.S. Navy. Boulder: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-1116-0. 
  • Parkes, Oscar (1990). British Battleships. first published Seeley Service & Co, 1957, published United States Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-075-4. 
  • Preston, Anthony (Foreword) (1989). Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. London, UK: Random House Ltd. p. 320. ISBN 1-85170-494-9. 
  • Russel, Scott J. (1861). The Fleet of the Future. London. 
  • Stilwell, Paul (2001). Battleships. New Your, USA: MetroBooks. p. 160. ISBN 1-58663-044-X. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_battleships_of_World_War_II&oldid=831718465"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battleships_of_the_Second_World_War
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "List of battleships of World War II"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA