List of art media

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Art media is the material used by an artist, composer or designer to create a work of art. This is a list of types of art and the materials used within those types.





Traditional drawing media

Indigenous materials for painting

Common bases for drawing




A chef's tools and equipment, including ovens, stoves, grills, and griddles. Specialty equipment may be used, including salamanders, French tops, woks, tandoors, and induction burners.


Glassblowing, colouring and marking methods


Installation art is a site-specific form of sculpture that can be created with any material. An installation can occupy a large amount of space, create an ambience, transform/disrupt the space, exist in the space. One way to distinguish an installation from a sculpture (this may not apply to every installation) is to try to imagine it in a different space. If the objects present difficulties in a different space than the original, it is probably an installation.



Traditional writing media

Common bases for writing

Natural world


Traditional paint media

Supports for painting

Traditional tools and methods

Mural techniques

Muralists use many of the same media as panel painters, but due to the scale of their works, use different techniques. Some such techniques include:

Graphic narrative media

Comics creators use many of the same media as traditional painters.

Performing arts

The performing arts is a form of entertainment that is created by the artist's own body, face and presence as a medium. There are many skills and genres of performance, dance, theatre and re-enactment being examples. Performance art is a performance that may not present a conventional formal linear narrative.


In photography a photosensitive surface is used to capture an optical still image, usually utilizing a lens to focus light. Some media include:


In the art of printmaking, "media" tends to refer to the technique used to create a print. Common media include:


In sculpting, a solid structure and textured surface is shaped or combined using substances and components, to form a three-dimensional object. The size of a sculptured work can be built very big and could be considered as architecture, although more commonly a large statue or bust, and can be crafted very small and intricate as jewellery, ornaments and decorative reliefs.


Carving media

Casting media

Modeling media

Assembled media

Finishing materials



The art of sound can be singular or a combination of speech or objects and crafted instruments, to create sounds, rhythms and music for a range of sonic hearing purposes. See also music and sound art.

Technical products

The use of technical products as an art medium is a merging of applied art and science, that may involve aesthetics, efficiency and ergonomics using various materials.


In the art of textiles a soft and flexible material of fibers or yarn is formed by spinning wool, flax, cotton, or other material on a spinning wheel and crocheting, knitting, macramé (knotting), weaving, or pressing fibres together (felt) to create a work.

See also


External links

  • Media (artists' materials)definition from the Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus.
  • Artistic Medium, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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