List of World Heritage Sites in Slovenia

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Location of World Heritage Sites in Slovenia.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Slovenia, following the declaration of independence from Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991, succeeded the convention on 5 November 1992.[2]

Currently, there are three sites in Slovenia inscribed on the list and six sites on the tentative list. The first site in Slovenia to be added to the list was the Škocjan Caves, inscribed at the 10th UNESCO session in 1986.[3] In the 2010s, two more sites were inscribed, both of them transnational entries: pile dwellings at Ig, part of the Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps transnational site, in 2011,[4] and Idrija, as part of the transnational site Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija, in 2012.[5] Of these three sites, Škocjan Caves is a natural site while the other two are cultural sites, as determined by the organization's selection criteria.[2]

World Heritage Sites

In the following table, the UNESCO data includes the site's reference number, the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List, and the criteria it was listed under: criteria i through vi are cultural, whereas vii through x are natural.

Site Image Location UNESCO data Description Shared with Ref(s)
Škocjan Caves Škocjan Caves Škocjan (Municipality of Divača) 390; 1986; vii, viii (natural) Cave system and surroundings that represent some of the most significant Karst topography phenomena, including one of the world's largest known underground river canyons. The Karst area is of special importance in the history of earth sciences. N/A [6]
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps The site of the remains of pile-dwellings near Ig Municipality of Ig 1363; 2011; iv, v (cultural) Prehistoric pile-dwellings settlements. Excavations in these sites have provided insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and the Bronze Age in Alpine Europe. Two sites in Slovenia are listed: the pile dwellings in Ig, northern group (kolišča na Igu, severna skupina), and the pile dwellings in Ig, southern group (kolišča na Igu, južna skupina). Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland [7]
Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija Antonijev rov, Idrija Idrija 1313; 2012; ii, iv (cultural) Idrija has one of the two largest mercury mines in the world, with mercury being first discovered there in 1490. The site features the infrastructure and technology related to mining and mercury production and bears testimony to the intercontinental trade in mercury, which generated important exchanges between Europe and America over the centuries. Almadén, Spain [5]

Tentative list

In addition to the sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[8] As of 2016, Slovenia recorded 6 sites on its tentative list.[9] The sites, along with the year they were included on the tentative list, are listed below. Here, "UNESCO data" refers to the year of inscription on the tentative list and the criteria it was listed under.

Site Image Location UNESCO data Description Shared with Ref(s)
Classic Karst Štanjel Karst Plateau 1994; ii, v, vi (cultural) Karst Plateau is the region where Karst phenomena were scientifically described for the first time. Continuous human settlement for over 2000 years has created a cultural landscape with a unique identity. N/A [10]
Fužina hills in Bohinj Fužina hills Stara Fužina and Studor v Bohinju (Municipality of Bohinj) 1994; ii, v (cultural) The area that was developed for the particular needs of alpine pasture cattle-raising, with herdsmen gradually moving the cattle up to the highlands in the summer months. Mountainous settlements developed specific farm structures, especially hayracks. N/A [11]
Franja Partisan Hospital Franja Partisan Hospital Dolenji Novaki (Municipality of Cerkno) 2000; i, iii, iv (cultural) A clandestine partisan hospital complex, set up during World War II. It had a capacity of up to 120 patients and provided treatment to soldiers of various nationalities. It was never discovered by the enemy forces. N/A [12]
Extension to the Joint World Heritage Property Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany Snežnik Municipalities of Kočevje, Ilirska Bistrica, Loška Dolina 2015; ix (natural) The two forest reserves, Krokar and Snežnik – Ždrocle Virgin Forests represent an outstanding example of undisturbed, complex temperate forests. They demonstrate the postglacial expansion process of such forests and exhibit the most complete and comprehensive ecological patterns and processes of pure and mixed stands of European Beech across a variety of environmental conditions. extension to the site currently inscribed in Slovakia, Ukraine, and Germany [13]
The timeless, humanistic architecture of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana and Prague Tromostovje Črna Vas, Ljubljana 2015; i, ii, iv (cultural) The site encompasses the most prominent works of Jože Plečnik. Sites in Slovenia include St. Michael's Church in Črna Vas, and the following sites in Ljubljana: the promenade along the embankments of the Ljubljanica River and the bridges crossing it, Vega Street (Vegova ulica), the National and University Library building, the All Saints Garden in Žale Cemetery, St. Francis's Church in Zgornja Šiška. the Czech Republic [14]
The Walk of Peace from the Alps to the Adriatic – Heritage of the First World War Solkan bridge Upper Carniola and Slovene Littoral 2016; ii, vi (cultural) The site encompases the area where the Isonzo front took place during the First World War. Sites include the Russian Chapel on the Vršič Pass, military cemeteries in Log pod Mangartom, Solkan, Štanjel, Gorjansko, and Črniče, Charnel houses in Tolmin and Kobarid, Memorial Church of the Holy Spirit in Javorca, historical areas at Zaprikaj, Mengore, and Sabotin, military chapel in Ladra, and Bohinj Railway. N/A [15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - The World Heritage Convention". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Slovenia". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Škocjan Caves". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Škocjan Caves". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Tentative Lists". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Tentative Lists". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Classic Karst". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Fuzina Hills in Bohinj". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Franja Partisan Hospital". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Extension to the Joint World Heritage Property "Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians (Slovak Republic and Ukraine) and Ancient Beech Forest of Germany"". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "The timeless, humanistic architecture of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana and Prague". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 25 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "The Walk of Peace from the Alps to the Adriatic – Heritage of the First World War". unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 12 February 2016. 

External links

  • UNESCO site
  • UNESCO World Heritage Centre The States Parties - Slovenia.
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