List of United Nations Security Council resolutions concerning North Korea

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U.S. Ambassador to the UN Warren Austin demonstrates a Soviet-made submachine gun to the Security Council during the Korean War.
United Nations North Korea
UN Security Council Resolutions
1 to 100 (1946–1953)
101 to 200 (1953–1965)
201 to 300 (1965–1971)
301 to 400 (1971–1976)
401 to 500 (1976–1982)
501 to 600 (1982–1987)
601 to 700 (1987–1991)
701 to 800 (1991–1993)
801 to 900 (1993–1994)
901 to 1000 (1994–1995)
1001 to 1100 (1995–1997)
1101 to 1200 (1997–1998)
1201 to 1300 (1998–2000)
1301 to 1400 (2000–2002)
1401 to 1500 (2002–2003)
1501 to 1600 (2003–2005)
1601 to 1700 (2005–2006)
1701 to 1800 (2006–2008)
1801 to 1900 (2008–2009)
1901 to 2000 (2009–2011)
2001 to 2100 (2011–2013)
2101 to 2200 (2013–2015)
2201 to 2300 (2015–2016)
2301 to 2400 (2016–present)

The Security Council of the United Nations (UNSC) has adopted 21 resolutions concerning North Korea. Five resolutions were adopted during the Korean War in the 1950s.

In 1991, a single resolution was adopted regarding North Korea's accession to membership in the UN. Since then, many resolutions have been adopted in relation to the North Korean missile and nuclear program.

The UN Security Council toughens the sanctions in response to North Korea's nuclear and missile tests. [1] The sanctions on North Korea are mainly economic sanctions which regulate North Korea's economic activities such as trade with China. The resolutions' sanction is mainly about 'demands North Korea refrain from further nuclear or missile tests and return to the NPT'. Moreover, the sanctions resolutions try to regulate ban the exports of North Korea's natural resources such as coal and iron ore, and prohibit member states' export to North Korea which may contribute to North Korea's further nuclear and missile tests.[2] The UN Security Council tries to urge North Korea for denuclearisation but it has been ineffective to prevent further nuclear and missile tests. [3] Meanwhile, the most sever sanction of the UNSC is found to be a ban on crude oil exports to North Korea but it has not been done yet. In order to proceed the sanctions, the consensus between member states and international society is the first step to be made. [4]

List

  Related to the Korean War
  Related to UN membership
  Related to non-proliferation
Resolution Content Date Ref(s)
S/RES/82 Held that North Korea's invasion of South Korea in the Korean War constituted a "breach of peace" and demanded immediate cessation of hostilities. The demand was to end North Korea's invasion of South Korea. 25 June 1950 [5][6]
S/RES/83 Recommended UN member states to provide assistance to South Korea in the Korean War to repel the attack by North Korea and restore peace and security.

North Korea did not comply with Security Council Resolution 82. The council required North Korea to withdraw the armed forces at 38th parallel.

27 June 1950 [7][5]
S/RES/84 Established a unified command led by the United States to coordinate the war effort of allies of South Korea in the Korean War.

North Korea's invasion of the Republic of Korea was the threat to international security and peace.

7 July 1950 [7]
S/RES/85 Coordinated relief for victims of the Korean War. Held that North Korea's invasion of South Korea in the war constituted an "unlawful attack". 31 July 1950 [6][7]
S/RES/90 Unanimously removed the Korean War from the agenda of the Security Council. 31 January 1951 [6][7]
S/RES/702 Recommended both North Korea and South Korea for UN membership. 8 August 1991 [8]
S/RES/825 Urged North Korea to reconsider its withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and abide by its international obligations. 11 May 1993 [8]
S/RES/1695 Condemned North Korea's 2006 launch of ballistic missiles and imposed sanctions. 15 July 2006 [8]
S/RES/1718 Expressed concern over North Korea's 2006 nuclear test, imposed sanctions and set up the UN Security Council Sanctions Committee on North Korea. A Panel of Experts was established to support the Committee. 14 October 2006 [8][9][10][11][12]
S/RES/1874 Expressed concern over North Korea's 2009 nuclear test. Extended sanctions to concern all arms material and related financial transactions, technical training, advice, services or assistance, manufacture and maintenance. 12 June 2009 [8][12]
S/RES/1887 Called for implementing the UNSC Resolution 1540 for nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. 24 September 2009 [8][12]
S/RES/1928 Extended the mandate of the Panel of Experts until 12 June 2011. 7 June 2010 [8]
S/RES/1985 Extended the mandate of the Panel of Experts until 12 June 2012 and asked it to submit its midterm and final reports to the Sanctions Committee for discussion one month before they are submitted to the Security Council. 10 June 2011 [8]
S/RES/2050 Extended the mandate of the Panel of Experts until 12 June 2013. 12 June 2012 [8]
S/RES/2087 Condemned North Korea's 2012 satellite launch and added to sanctions. 22 January 2013 [8][12]
S/RES/2094 Imposed sanctions after North Korea's 2013 nuclear test.

Enforcing sanctions on North Korea to condemn the third nuclear test.

7 March 2013 [8][12]
S/RES/2141 Extended the mandate of the Panel of Experts until 5 April 2015. 5 March 2014 [8]
S/RES/2207 Extended the mandate of the Panel of Experts until 5 April 2016. 4 March 2015 [8]
S/RES/2270 Imposed sanctions after North Korea's 2016 nuclear and missile test. Sanctions include inspection of all passing cargo to and from North Korea, prohibition of all weapons trade with the country, additional restrictions on North Korean imports of luxury goods, and expulsion of certain North Korean diplomats suspected of illicit activities. 2 March 2016 [8][13][12]
S/RES/2276 Extends the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the DPRK Sanctions Committee established in UNSC Res 1718 24 March 2016 [14]
S/RES/2321 The UNSC unanimously strengthened its sanctions regime against the DPRK, in response to that country’s 9 September nuclear test. 30 November 2016 [15]
S/RES/2345 The UNSC extended the mandate of the Panel of Experts into 2018. 23 March 2017 [8]
S/RES/2371 The UNSC unanimously strengthened its sanctions regime against the DPRK, in response to that country's 28 July 2017 missile test. 5 August 2017 [16][17][18]
S/RES/2375 The UNSC unanimously strengthened its oil sanctions regime against the DPRK, in response to that country's sixth nuclear test. 'At the current annual level of 4 million barrels and limits exports of refined petroleum products to the country to 2 million barrels annually. They together slash North Korea's oil supplies from outside by 30 percent. It also bans overseas sales of North Korean textiles and further restricts the country's exports of its workers.' [19] 11 September 2017 [20][21][22]

See also

References

  1. ^ Adams, Benson D., Ballistic Missile Defense, American Elsevier Publishing Company, 1971.
  2. ^ Allison, Graham T. 2004. Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe. New York: Henry Holt.
  3. ^ Carter, Ashton B. and Schwartz, Ashton B. (editors), Ballistic Missile Defense, Brookings Institution/Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1984.
  4. ^ https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/UN-Security-Council-Resolutions-on-North-Korea
  5. ^ a b Schrijver, Nico (2015). "The Ban on the Use of Force in the UN Charter". In Weller, Marc. The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law (1 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 478. ISBN 978-0-19-165391-9. 
  6. ^ a b c Klabbers, Jan (2015). "Intervention, Armed Intervention, Armed Attack, Threat to Peace, Act of Aggression, and Threat or Use of Force: What's the Difference?". In Weller, Marc. The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law (1 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 494. ISBN 978-0-19-165391-9. 
  7. ^ a b c d Wellens, Karel C., ed. (1990). Resolutions and Statements of the United Nations Security Council: (1946–1989) ; a Thematic Guide. Dordrecht: BRILL. p. 251. ISBN 0-7923-0796-8. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "UN Documents for DPRK (North Korea): Security Council Resolutions [View All Security Council Resolutions]". securitycouncilreport.org. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "UN Security Council Committee Established Pursuant to Resolution 1718 (2006) - Work and mandate". New York, USA: United Nations Security Council. Archived from the original on 8 April 2017. Retrieved April 8, 2017. 
  10. ^ Salomon, Salem (March 22, 2017). "Sanctioned and Shunned, North Korea Finds Arms Deals in Africa". Voice of America. USA. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved April 2, 2017. 
  11. ^ Berger, Andrea (March 16, 2017). "A Familiar Story: The New UN Report on North Korean Sanctions Implementation". 38 North, U.S.-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins University's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. USA. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017. Retrieved April 8, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Davenport, Kelsey (March 1, 2016). "UN Security Council Resolutions on North Korea". Washington, D.C., USA: Arms Control Association. Archived from the original on 15 April 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 
  13. ^ Sengupta, Somini; Sang-Hun, Choe (2 March 2016). "U.N. Toughens Sanctions on North Korea in Response to Its Nuclear Program". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2016. 
  14. ^ UN Security Council (24 March 2016). "Security Council Grants Mandate Extension for Expert Panel Helping Sanctions Committee on Democratic People's Republic of Korea". United Nations. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  15. ^ UN Security Council (30 November 2016). "Security Council Strengthens Sanctions on Democratic Republic of Korea, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2321 (2016) - With Secretary-General Hailing Measures as 'Toughest Ever', Some Warn against Military Build-up on Peninsula". United Nations. Archived from the original on 12 December 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  16. ^ http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/2371(2017)
  17. ^ Gladstone, Rick (August 5, 2017). "U.N. Security Council imposes punishing new sanctions on North Korea". The New York Times. USA. Retrieved August 8, 2017. 
  18. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 2371. 8019. Resolution 2371 (2017) - Adopted by the Security Council at its 8019th meeting, on 5 August 2017 S/RES/2371 5 August 2017.
  19. ^ http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2017/09/12/0301000000AEN20170912003600315.html
  20. ^ United States Mission to the United Nations (September 11, 2017). "FACT SHEET: Resolution 2375 (2017) Strengthening Sanctions on North Korea". U.S.A.: United States Department of State. Archived from the original on 2017-09-12. Retrieved September 12, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Security Council Imposes Fresh Sanctions on Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Including Bans on Natural Gas Sales, Work Authorization for Its Nationals - Resolution 2375 (2017) Also Takes Humanitarian Situation into Account as Members Urge Resumed Talks on Denuclearizing Korean Peninsula". New York, USA: United Nations Security Council. September 11, 2017. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  22. ^ Sengupta, Somini (September 11, 2017). "After U.S. Compromise, Security Council Strengthens North Korea Sanctions". The New York Times. USA. Archived from the original on 2017-09-11. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 

External links

  • UN Security Council Resolutions on North Korea at Arms Control Association
  • United Nations Documents for DPRK (North Korea) at Security Council Report
  • UN Security Council Committee Established Pursuant to Resolution 1718 (2006) (Reports issued by the UN Panel of Experts, established to support of the Sanctions Committee in carrying out its mandate as specified in paragraph 12 of resolution 1718)
  • Nuclear weapons UNODA[1]
  • North Korea tech [2]
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