List of Spanish-language television networks in the United States

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The following is a list of Spanish-language television networks in the United States. As of 2016 the largest Hispanic/Latino television audiences in the U.S. are in California (Los Angeles, San Francisco area), New York, Florida (Miami area), Texas (Houston, Dallas, Ft. Worth, San Antonio), Illinois (Chicago), and Arizona (Phoenix).[1]

Major networks

TV network Founded Owner % of U.S. households reached # of households viewable # of Full-power affiliates # of Low-power/Class-A affiliates and transmitters
Univision 1986[2] Univision Communications 49% 94,100,000[3] 62 26
Estrella TV 2009 Liberman Broadcasting 46% 64,232,000 38 29
Telemundo 1954[4] NBCUniversal 61.6% 192,476,422 54 46
UniMás 2002[5] Univision Communications 43% 59,600,000[6] 35 24
Azteca 2001 HC2 Holdings 32% 37,248,000 14 28

Specialty networks

Title Year est. Owner Notes
3ABN Latino 2003 Three Angels Broadcasting Network
América Tevé
CNN en Español Time Warner
Esperanza TV 2003 Hope Channel
Galavisión 1979 Univision Communications
HITN 1983
HispanicTV 1995 Time Warner
Inmigrante TV 2010
LATV 2007[7] Bilingual English/Spanish
Mega TV 2006 Spanish Broadcasting System
Cine Mexicano 2005 Olympusat Inc.
Tele N 2014
Sorpresa 2003
Gran Cine 2008
Ultra HD Plex 2012[8] 12 Spanish-language premium channels
MiCasa Network
Mira TV
Multimedios Grupo Multimedios
NBC Universo 2015 Comcast[9] Began as GEMS Television in 1993
TBN Enlace USA 2002 Trinity Broadcasting Network
TeleXitos 2012 Comcast[9]
TeLe-Romántica 2012
Teveo
MTV Tres 1998 Viacom
Univision Noticias
V-me 2007
WAPA America 2004[7]
Telefe 2000 Viacom[10]

Defunct networks

Title Year est. Year ceased Notes
América CV 2007 2015
GEMS Television 1993 2001 Currently NBC Universo
Hispanic Television Network 2000 2003
LAT TV 2006 2008
La Familia 1994 2015
La Familia Cosmovision 1979 2014
MundoFox 2012 2015 Became MundoMax in 2015
MundoMax 2015 2016
NuvoTV 2004 2015
NetSpan 1984 1987 Became Telemundo circa 1987
Spanish International Network 1962 1986 became Univision on January 1, 1987
Soi TV
TeleFutura 2002 2013 became UniMás on January 7, 2013
TuVisión 2007 2009
VasalloVision 2009 2012

See also

References

  1. ^ Nielsen Company (September 2016). "Local Television Market Universe Estimates: Hispanic or Latino TV Homes" – via Television Bureau of Advertising, Inc.
  2. ^ Date at which the Spanish International Network (founded in 1962) was reorganized and became Univision.
  3. ^ Univision. "Univision Network". Univision Corporate. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
  4. ^ NetSpan (founded in 1984) was reorganized and became Telemundo continental U.S. network.
  5. ^ UniMás was originally launched as Telefutura in January 2002, before rebranding under its current name in January 2013.
  6. ^ Univision. "UniMás Network". Univision Corporate. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Guide to Hispanic Networks", Broadcasting & Cable, 144, pp. 14–20, October 2, 2014, ISSN 1068-6827, (Subscription required (help)), Special Report in Multichannel News and Broadcasting & Cable
  8. ^ "Los canales Ultra HD Plex de Olympusat celebran su quinto aniversario". Olympusat. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Comcast Corporation". Philadelphia. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  10. ^ "News". New York: Viacom, Inc. Retrieved April 6, 2017.

Bibliography

  • "Spanish-Language TV Undergoing Growth Spurt", New York Times, September 10, 1986
  • Steve Beale (December 1986), "New Ownership Transforms Spanish-language TV", Hispanic Business, ISSN 0199-0349
  • "Media Business: Spanish-Language TV Grows Up", New York Times, July 7, 1988
  • Federico A. Subervi-Velez (1994). "Mass Communication and Hispanics: Television". Handbook of Hispanic Cultures in the United States: Sociology. Houston, Texas: Arte Público Press. pp. 334+. ISBN 1558851011 – via Google Books.
  • America Rodriguez (1997). "Creating an Audience and Remapping a Nation: A Brief History of U.S. Spanish Language Broadcasting, 1930—1980". Quarterly Review of Film and Video. 16. doi:10.1080/10509209709361470.
  • Margaret A. Blanchard, ed. (2013) [1998]. "Hispanic Media". History of the Mass Media in the United States: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-91749-4.
  • America Rodriguez (1999). Making Latino News: Race, Language, Class. Sage. ISBN 978-0-7619-1552-2. (Includes discussion of Spanish language TV)
  • Alan Albarran, ed. (2009). Handbook of Spanish Language Media. Routledge.
  • Rocío Rivadeneyra (2011). "Gender and Race Portrayals on Spanish-Language Television". Sex Roles. 65.
  • "Guide to Hispanic Networks" (PDF), Broadcasting & Cable, October 1, 2012, ISSN 1068-6827, Special Report in Multichannel News and Broadcasting & Cable
  • "Spate of Rebranding for Spanish-Language TV", New York Times, December 2, 2012
  • Dale Kunkel; et al. (2013). "Food Marketing to Children on U.S. Spanish-Language Television". Journal of Health Communication. 18.
  • Matthew Eshbaugh-Soha; Christine Balarezo (2014). "The President on Spanish-Language Television News". Social Science Quarterly. 95.
  • Charles M. Tatum, ed. (2014). "Spanish-Language Television". Encyclopedia of Latino Culture. ABC-CLIO. pp. 835–848. ISBN 978-1-4408-0099-3.
  • Dana Mastro; et al. (2015). "Latinos' Perceptions of Intergroup Relations in the United States: The Cultivation of Group-Based Attitudes and Beliefs from English- and Spanish-Language Television". Journal of Social Issues. 71.
  • Kenton T. Wilkinson (2016). Spanish-Language Television in the United States: Fifty Years of Development. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-68859-4.

External links

  • Hispanic Television Summit, annual industry conference in USA
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