List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in the West Midlands

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A map of West Midlands, and its location within the United Kingdom also shown

There are twenty-three Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in the county of the West Midlands, England. As of 2008, of the twenty-three designated sites, eleven have been designated due to their biological interest, nine due to their geological interest and three for both.[1] In England, the body responsible for designating SSSIs is Natural England, which chooses sites because of their flora, fauna, geological or physiographical features.[2] Natural England took over the role of designating and managing SSSIs from English Nature in October 2006 when it was formed from the amalgamation of English Nature, parts of the Countryside Agency and the Rural Development Service. Natural England, like its predecessor, uses the 1974-1996 county system with each area being called an Area of Search. In the West Midlands case, the Area of Search matches the county boundary.[3]

The West Midlands is the second largest conurbation, after Greater London, with a population of over 2.6 million inhabitants. Consisting of three large cities: Wolverhampton, Birmingham and Coventry, the county of the West Midlands is also one of the most densely populated areas in the United Kingdom. The result of this large human population is that every part of the area has been influenced by humans—often negatively—for example, the clearance of woodland to make room for agriculture.[4] The West Midlands is an area of relatively high ground, ranging from around 500 to 1,000 feet (152–305 m) above sea level, forming the Birmingham Plateau. It is crossed by Britain's main north-south watershed between the basins of the Rivers Severn and Trent. The main habitat types in the area are heathland, woodland and grassland, all of which are found in both urban and rural contexts.[4]

Between the West Midlands conurbation and Coventry is a stretch of green belt land roughly 15 miles (24 km) across known as the "Meriden Gap", which retains a strongly rural character, and is the site of a number of SSSIs including Berkswell Marsh. A smaller green belt is located between Birmingham, Walsall and West Bromwich which includes Sutton Park in Sutton Coldfield. Sutton Park, an SSSI and national nature reserve, has an area of 9.001 square kilometres (3.475 sq mi)[5] making it one of the largest urban parks in Europe and the largest European park outside a capital city.[6][7]

Sites

Site name Reason for designation Area[A] Grid reference[B][C] Year in which notified[D] Map[E]
Biological interest Geological interest Hectares Acres
Berkswell Marsh Green tickY   7.5 18.5 SP228798 1991 Map
Bickenhill Meadows Green tickY   7.2 17.8 SP182822 & SP188816 1991 Map
Brewin's Canal Section   Green tickY 1.34 3.3 SO936876 1990 Map
Bromsgrove Road Cutting   Green tickY 0.2 0.5 SO971835 1990 Map
Clayhanger Green tickY   23.8 58.8 SK034045 1986 Map
Daw End Railway Cutting Green tickY 8.1 20.9 SK035002 1986 Map
Doulton's Claypit Green tickY 3.3 8.2 SO936870 1986 Map
Edgbaston Pool Green tickY 15.6 38.5 SP054841 1986 Map
Fens Pools Green tickY 37.6 92.9 SO920886 1989 Map
Hay Head Quarry Green tickY 5.8 14.3 SP048987 1986 Map
Herald Way Marsh Green tickY Green tickY 10.6 26.2 SP380769 1988 Map
Illey Pastures Green tickY 3.5 8.6 SO977812 1989 Map
Jockey Fields Green tickY 18.05 44.5 SK041030 1994 Map
Ketley Claypit Green tickY 13.7 33.9 SO898888 1990 Map
Monkspath Meadow Green tickY 1.2 3.0 SP145763 1986 Map
River Blythe[F] Green tickY Green tickY 102.2 252.5 SP109729SP212916 1989 Map
Stubbers Green Bog Green tickY 3.0 7.4 SK046016 1986 Map
Sutton Park Green tickY 866.1 2,140.1 SP098974 1987 Map
Swan Pool & The Swag Green tickY 5.7 14.0 SK040019 1986 Map
Tile Hill Wood Green tickY Green tickY 29.4 72.6 SP279790 1986 Map
Turner's Hill Green tickY 1.5 3.7 SO909918 1989 Map
Webster's Claypit Green tickY 0.3 0.8 SP340805 1986 Map
Wren's Nest Green tickY 34.1 84.3 SO937920 1990 Map

See also

Notes

A Data rounded to one decimal place.
B Grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system, also known as OSGB36, and is the system used by the Ordnance Survey.[8]
C Those SSSIs with more than one OS grid reference are composed of multiple sections, separated by non-SSSI land.[8]
D Site notification consists of designating a site as an SSSI and consulting with the owner(s). This list uses the date notified under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
E Link to maps using the Nature on the Map service provided by Natural England.
F The River Blythe site extends into the county of Warwickshire and so can be found on the list of SSSIs in Warwickshire.[7]

References

  1. ^ "SSSIs in the West Midlands". Natural England. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  2. ^ "Notification of SSSIs". English Nature. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  3. ^ "County search of SSSIs". Natural England. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  4. ^ a b "Midlands Plateau Natural Area" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  5. ^ "Sutton Park Management Plan" (PDF). Birmingham City Council. 2002. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  6. ^ "Written answer to the House of Commons". from the Head of the Royal Parks Service, 7 February 2002. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  7. ^ a b Natural England citation sheets for each SSSI. Retrieved on 2007-12-06. (PDF files).
    • "Berkswell Marsh" (PDF). 
    • "Bickenhill Meadows" (PDF). 
    • "Brewin's Canal Section" (PDF). 
    • "Bromsgrove Road Cutting, Tenterfields" (PDF). 
    • "Clayhanger" (PDF). 
    • "Daw End Railway Cutting" (PDF). 
    • "Doulton's Claypit" (PDF). 
    • "Edgbaston Pool" (PDF). 
    • "Fens Pools" (PDF). 
    • "Hay Head Quarry" (PDF). 
    • "Herald Way Marsh" (PDF). 
    • "Illey Pastures" (PDF). 
    • "Jockey Fields" (PDF). 
    • "Ketley Claypit" (PDF). 
    • "Monkspath Meadow" (PDF). 
    • "River Blythe" (PDF). 
    • "Stubbers Green Bog" (PDF). 
    • "Sutton Park" (PDF). 
    • "Swan Pool & The Swag" (PDF). 
    • "Tile Hill Wood" (PDF). 
    • "Turner's Hill" (PDF). 
    • "Webster's Claypit" (PDF). 
    • "Wren's Nest" (PDF). 
  8. ^ a b "Guide to National Grid". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
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