List of Ryder Cup matches

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List of Ryder Cup matches
A gold cup set against a background of a lake and fields
Tournament information
Established 1927
Tour(s) PGA Tour, European Tour
Format Match play
Current champion
United States United States (in 2016)

The Ryder Cup is a golf competition contested by teams from Europe and the United States. The competition was originally contested between Great Britain and the United States, Republic of Ireland golfers first played in the British team in 1953 and this was extended to golfers elsewhere in Europe in 1979.[1] Established in 1927, the competition is jointly administered by the Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA of America) and Ryder Cup Europe, a venture in which the PGA European Tour is the primary partner. The competition takes place every two years, with the exception of 2001 when the match was played a year later due to the 11 September attacks; the venue alternates between courses in Europe and the United States. The winners of the first match were the United States, who defeated Great Britain at Worcester Country Club 9½–2½. The most recent match, held at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Minnesota, was won by United States, who beat Europe by a score of 17–11.[2] The next match will be at Le Golf National in Paris, France in September 2018.[3]

The Ryder Cup is contested in a match play format, which involves different methods of the format. A foursomes match is contested with two members from each team playing alternate shots. A fourball match consists of two players from either team, who each play their own shot throughout the round. The player that completes the hole in the lowest number of shots wins the hole. Singles matches are also played, with players from each team contesting a one-on-one match.[4] The winner of each match scores a point for their team, if a match is tied after 18 holes then each team is awarded a ½ point. The format of the competition has changed throughout its history. Originally, foursome matches were played one day, with singles matches over 36 holes the next.[5] Since 1979, the format has consisted of 28 matches held over three days, with each match worth a point. The first two days consist of eight matches; four foursomes and four fourball matches. The final day sees all 12 members of each team competing in singles matches.[6]

The United States are the most successful team in the history of the competition; they have won 26 of the 41 matches that have been contested, 18 of which were before 1979, when the competition was contested between Great Britain and Ireland and the United States. In the 19 matches since the inclusion of European golfers, Europe has won ten, the United States eight, with one match tied.[7]

History

The first Ryder Cup match was contested in June 1927. The competition held at Worcester Country Club was won 9½–2½ by the United States. British captain Ted Ray cited the Americans' "superior putting" as the reason for their victory.[8] Great Britain improved for the 1929 competition, winning 7–5 at Moortown Golf Club.[9] However, they were unable to replicate this performance in 1931. In 100 degree heat and missing a number of their best players, they were unable to match the Americans at the Scioto Country Club and lost 9–3.[10] The 1933 contest at the Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club was a closer affair than previous matches. It came down to the final match between Syd Easterbrook and Denny Shute. The American Shute had a putt to win the competition, but missed two in succession leaving Easterbrook with a putt to win the contest, which he made to secure a 6½–5½ victory for the British team.[11] The United States regained the Cup in 1935, when they beat Great Britain 9–3 at Ridgewood Country Club.[12] They became the first team to win the competition outside of their own country in 1937 when they beat the British team 8–4 at Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club.[13]

The advent of the Second World War meant the Ryder Cup was not contested again until 1947 at Portland Golf Club. The United States dominated the match in wet conditions, as Great Britain scored one point in an 11–1 defeat.[14] The 1949 match was closer than the previous contest. Great Britain went into the final day with a 3–1 lead, but they were unable to secure the three and a half points they needed to win and lost 7–5.[15] The 1951 contest at Pinehurst Resort, was again won by the United States. Such was the dominance in their 9½–2½ victory, that only two of the twelve matches reached the 18th hole.[16] Before the 1953 contest Great Britain were given a boost when American Ben Hogan decided not to participate. He had won three of the four men's major golf championships during the year and his absence gave them optimism. However, they were unable to beat the United States; mistakes at the end of their singles matches by Peter Alliss and Bernard Hunt cost Great Britain as they lost 6½–5½.[17] Despite recording their best points total in matches held in the United States, Great Britain were again defeated in 1955. The United States won 8–4 to extend their winning streak to 21 years.[18]

The 1957 contest saw Great Britain regain the Cup for the first time since 1933. They were 3–1 down after the first round of matches, but victory in five out of the seven singles matches made the difference as they won 7½–4½.[19] The United States regained the Ryder Cup in 1959 beating Great Britain 8½–3½. The match was the last to be contested over 36 holes of foursomes and singles matches. The format changed to two 18 hole sets of foursomes and singles in 1961, doubling the number of points available from 12 to 24.[20][21] The change in format did not affect the trend of American dominance as they won 14½–9½ at Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club.[22] Two sets of four balls were introduced in 1963, increasing the number of points available to 32.[23] Again, the changes made little difference to the outcome as the United States won 23–9 at East Lake Golf Club. British player Henry Cotton summed up the display from the Americans, stating: "We have been outclassed."[24] The 1965 match at Royal Birkdale Golf Club started well for Great Britain, as they were trailing the United States 9–7 going into the singles matches. But the Americans proved too strong, winning the majority of the matches to win the contest 19½–12½.[25]

The 1967 match continued the trend of American victories, as the United States won 23½–8½ at Champions Golf Club.[26] Unlike in previous years, the 1969 match was much closer. The match came down to the last hole of the final singles match between American Jack Nicklaus and British golfer Tony Jacklin. Nicklaus made his putt, which left Jacklin with a putt to tie the match. Despite this, Nicklaus conceded the putt, picking up Jacklin's ball marker. As a result their match was tied, as was the contest at 16–16.[27] The United States won again in 1971, beating Great Britain 18½–13½.[28] The 1973 match was the first held in Scotland at Muirfield.[29] The outcome remained the same as Great Britain lost 19–13.[30] The 1975 match at Laurel Valley Golf Club was similar with the United States winning 21–11.[31] The format changed again in 1977, as matches were reduced by nearly a third leaving 20 points available. The changed requested by Great Britain & Ireland did little to change the outcome, as the United States won 12½–7½.[32] Golfers from continental Europe were allowed to compete for the first time in 1979. There was another change to the format, the first two days now consisted of eight foursomes and fourballs, with twelve singles matches on the final day. Again, the changes had little effect on the outcome as the United States won 17–11.[33]

The 1981 match was originally scheduled to take place at The Belfry, but construction of the course was not completed on time and Walton Heath Golf Club was used instead. The United States, containing a team that had won 36 major championships between them, dominated the match winning 18½–9½.[34] The 1983 match at PGA National Golf Club was the closest in recent years. After the first two days the match was tied at 8–8. Europe fell short in the singles match, winning four out of the twelve matches and lost the contest 14½–13½.[35] The 1985 match held at the now completed Belfry, saw Europe win the trophy for the first time in 28 years. Leading 9–7 going into the final day, they won six singles matches to secure a 16½–11½ victory.[36] Europe retained the Ryder Cup in 1987, beating the United States 15–13 at Muirfield Village, to win in the United States for the first time.[37] The 1989 match was only the second time the contest ended in a tie. Europe were in commanding position when José Maria Cañizares won his singles match, but defeat in the last four matches meant the match finished 14–14.[38] The 1991 match at Kiawah Island Golf Resort, known as the "War on the Shore", saw the United States regain the Cup. The scores were tied at 8–8 going into the final day and the match came down to the last singles match between Europe's Bernhard Langer and American golfer Hale Irwin. Langer missed a 6 feet (1.8 m) putt at the last hole, which meant the United States won 14½–13½.[39] The United States retained the Cup in 1993, winning 15–13 at The Belfry.[40] Europe regained the trophy in 1995, defeating the United States 14½–13½ at Oak Hill Country Club.[41]

The Ryder Cup was played outside of the British Isles for the first time in 1997, as Valderrama Golf Club in Spain hosted the contest. Despite taking a five-point lead into the final day, Europe needed the half point Colin Montgomerie secured in his tied singles match with Scott Hoch to win 14½–13½.[42] The 1999 match was the third time in succession the contest had been won by a single point, but this time it was the United States who won 14½–13½.[43] This was not without controversy, as Europe were unhappy with the celebrations by the American team after a putt by Justin Leonard, while European golfer José María Olazábal still had a chance of holing his putt.[44] The Ryder Cup was scheduled to be played in 2001, but two weeks before the competition was scheduled to take place the September 11 attacks occurred. The United States fearing for their safety requested the match be played a year later in 2002.[45] When the match was played, Europe won 15½–12½ to regain the Cup.[46] They retained the Cup in 2004 when they won 18½–9½ at Oakland Hills Country Club, in what was the United States' heaviest defeat in the competition.[47] The result was repeated in 2006 at the K Club. Europe's 18½–9½ victory marked the first time they had won three matches in succession.[48] The United States regained the Ryder Cup in 2008, winning for the first time since 1999. They won the match when Jim Furyk beat Miguel Ángel Jiménez with four singles matches still ongoing, to win 16½–11½.[49] A tight contest in 2010 came down to the final singles match between European Graeme McDowell and American golfer Hunter Mahan. McDowell won his match with a hole to spare, to give Europe a 14½–13½ victory.[50] Europe recovered a 10–6 deficit on the last day in 2012, as they won eight of the twelve singles matches to win 14½–13½.[51]

United States vs Great Britain/Great Britain & Ireland (1927–77)

Key
Match was tied Match was tied
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the match was held, and wikilinks to the article about that match.
Ryder Cup matches
Year Winners Score Runners-up Host country Venue GBI captain United States captain
1927  United States 9½–2½  Great Britain United States Worcester Country Club, Massachusetts Jersey Ray, TedTed Ray Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1929  Great Britain 7–5  United States England Moortown Golf Club, Yorkshire Scotland Duncan, GeorgeGeorge Duncan Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1931  United States 9–3  Great Britain United States Scioto Country Club, Columbus, Ohio England Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1933  Great Britain 6½–5½  United States England Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club, Lancashire England Taylor, John HenryJohn Henry Taylor Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1935  United States 9–3  Great Britain United States Ridgewood Country Club, Paramus, New Jersey England Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1937  United States 8–4  Great Britain England Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club, Lancashire England Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1947  United States 11–1  Great Britain United States Portland Golf Club, Portland, Oregon England Cotton, HenryHenry Cotton Hogan, BenBen Hogan
1949  United States 7–5  Great Britain England Ganton Golf Club, Scarborough, Yorkshire England Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hogan, BenBen Hogan
1951  United States 9½–2½  Great Britain United States Pinehurst Resort Course No. 2, North Carolina England Lacey, ArthurArthur Lacey Snead, SamSam Snead
1953  United States 6½–5½  Great Britain England Wentworth Club, Virginia Water, Surrey England Cotton, HenryHenry Cotton Mangrum, LloydLloyd Mangrum
1955  United States 8–4  Great Britain United States Thunderbird Country Club, Rancho Mirage, California Wales Rees, DaiDai Rees Harbert, ChickChick Harbert
1957  Great Britain 7½–4½  United States England Lindrick Golf Club, West Riding of Yorkshire Wales Rees, DaiDai Rees Burke, Jr., JackJack Burke, Jr.
1959  United States 8½–3½  Great Britain United States Eldorado Golf Club, Indian Wells, California Wales Rees, DaiDai Rees Snead, SamSam Snead
1961  United States 14½–9½  Great Britain England Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club, Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire Wales Rees, DaiDai Rees Barber, JerryJerry Barber
1963  United States 23–9  Great Britain United States Atlanta Athletic Club, Atlanta, Georgia[a] Scotland Fallon, JohnJohn Fallon Palmer, ArnoldArnold Palmer
1965  United States 19½–12½  Great Britain England Royal Birkdale Golf Club, Southport, Lancashire England Weetman, HarryHarry Weetman Nelson, ByronByron Nelson
1967  United States 23½–8½  Great Britain United States Champions Golf Club, Houston, Texas Wales Rees, DaiDai Rees Hogan, BenBen Hogan
1969  United States [A] 16–16Match was tied  Great Britain England Royal Birkdale Golf Club, Southport, Lancashire Scotland Brown, EricEric Brown Snead, SamSam Snead
1971  United States 18½–13½  Great Britain United States Old Warson Country Club, St. Louis, Missouri Scotland Brown, EricEric Brown Hebert, JayJay Hebert
1973  United States 19–13 United Kingdom Republic of Ireland Great Britain & Ireland Scotland Muirfield, Gullane, East Lothian England Hunt, BernardBernard Hunt Burke, Jr., JackJack Burke, Jr.
1975  United States 21–11 United Kingdom Republic of Ireland Great Britain & Ireland United States Laurel Valley Golf Club, Ligonier, Pennsylvania England Hunt, BernardBernard Hunt Palmer, ArnoldArnold Palmer
1977  United States 12½–7½ United Kingdom Republic of Ireland Great Britain & Ireland England Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club, Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire Wales Huggett, BrianBrian Huggett Finsterwald, DowDow Finsterwald
Notes
  1. ^ This is not the current Atlanta Athletic Club site in the Atlanta suburb of Johns Creek, Georgia, but is instead the original AAC course that is now known as East Lake Golf Club.

United States vs Europe (1979–present)

Key
Match was tied Match was tied
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the match was held, and wikilinks to the article about that match.
Ryder Cup matches
Year Winners Score Runners-up Host country Venue Europe captain United States captain
1979  United States 17–11  Europe United States The Greenbrier, The Greenbrier Course, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia England Jacobs, JohnJohn Jacobs Casper, BillyBilly Casper
1981  United States 18½–9½  Europe England Walton Heath Golf Club, Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey England Jacobs, JohnJohn Jacobs Marr, DaveDave Marr
1983  United States 14½–13½  Europe United States PGA National Golf Club, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida England Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Nicklaus, JackJack Nicklaus
1985  Europe 16½–11½  United States England The Belfry, Brabazon Course, Wishaw, Warwickshire England Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Trevino, LeeLee Trevino
1987  Europe 15–13  United States United States Muirfield Village, Dublin, Ohio England Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Nicklaus, JackJack Nicklaus
1989  Europe[A] 14–14Match was tied  United States England The Belfry, Brabazon Course, Wishaw, Warwickshire England Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Floyd, RaymondRaymond Floyd
1991  United States 14½–13½  Europe United States Kiawah Island Golf Resort, Ocean Course, Kiawah Island, South Carolina Scotland Gallacher, BernardBernard Gallacher Stockton, DaveDave Stockton
1993  United States 15–13  Europe England The Belfry, Brabazon Course, Wishaw, Warwickshire Scotland Gallacher, BernardBernard Gallacher Watson, TomTom Watson
1995  Europe 14½–13½  United States United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course, Rochester, New York Scotland Gallacher, BernardBernard Gallacher Wadkins, LannyLanny Wadkins
1997  Europe 14½–13½  United States Spain Valderrama Golf Club, Sotogrande, Andalusia Spain Ballesteros, SeveSeve Ballesteros Kite, TomTom Kite
1999  United States 14½–13½  Europe United States The Country Club, Composite Course, Brookline, Massachusetts England James, MarkMark James Crenshaw, BenBen Crenshaw
2002  Europe 15½–12½  United States England The Belfry, Brabazon Course, Wishaw, Warwickshire Scotland Torrance, SamSam Torrance Strange, CurtisCurtis Strange
2004  Europe 18½–9½  United States United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan Germany Langer, BernhardBernhard Langer Sutton, HalHal Sutton
2006  Europe 18½–9½  United States Republic of Ireland K Club, Palmer Course, Straffan, County Kildare Wales Woosnam, IanIan Woosnam Lehman, TomTom Lehman
2008  United States 16½–11½  Europe United States Valhalla Golf Club, Louisville, Kentucky England Faldo, NickNick Faldo Azinger, PaulPaul Azinger
2010  Europe 14½–13½  United States Wales Celtic Manor Resort, Twenty Ten Course, Newport Scotland Montgomerie, ColinColin Montgomerie Pavin, CoreyCorey Pavin
2012  Europe 14½–13½  United States United States Medinah Country Club, Course 3, Medinah, Illinois Spain Olazábal, José MaríaJosé María Olazábal Love III, DavisDavis Love III
2014  Europe 16½–11½  United States Scotland Gleneagles, PGA Centenary Course, Perth & Kinross Republic of Ireland McGinley, PaulPaul McGinley Watson, TomTom Watson
2016  United States 17–11  Europe United States Hazeltine National Golf Club, Chaska, Minnesota Northern Ireland Clarke, DarrenDarren Clarke Love III, DavisDavis Love III
2018 France Le Golf National, Albatros Course, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Denmark Bjørn, ThomasThomas Bjørn Furyk, JimJim Furyk
2020 United States Whistling Straits, Straits Course, Haven, Wisconsin
2022 Italy Marco Simone Golf and Country Club, Rome
2024 United States Bethpage Black Course, Farmingdale, New York

Results by team

Team From To Matches Wins Losses Ties
 United States 1927 2016 41 26 13 2
 Great Britain/
 Great Britain &  Ireland
1927 1977 22 3 18 1
 Europe 1979 2016 19 10 8 1

Venues

Maps of Ryder Cup venues.

List of Ryder Cup matches is located in the United Kingdom
1929
1929
1933,1937
1933,1937
1949
1949
1953
1953
1957
1957
1961,1977
1961,1977
1965,1969
1965,1969
1973
1973
1981
1981
1985,1989,1993,2002
1985,1989,1993,2002
2006
2006
2010
2010
2014
2014
Ryder Cups held in Great Britain and Ireland
List of Ryder Cup matches is located in the US
1927
1927
1931
1931
1935
1935
1947
1947
1951
1951
1955
1955
1959
1959
1963
1963
1967
1967
1971
1971
1975
1975
1979
1979
1983
1983
1987
1987
1991
1991
1995
1995
1999
1999
2004
2004
2008
2008
2012
2012
2016
2016
2020
2020
2024
2024
Ryder Cups held in the USA
List of Ryder Cup matches is located in Europe
1997
1997
2018
2018
2022
2022
Ryder Cups held on the European mainland

Notes

A.   a b In the event of a match ending in a tie, the team who last won the Ryder Cup retains the Cup.[52]

References

General

  • "Past results of the Ryder Cup". Ryder Cup. Archived from the original on 15 August 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 

Specific

  1. ^ "1979: The Greenbrier, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Bagchi, Rob. "Ryder Cup 2014 day three, Europe 16.5 USA 11.5: live". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Dates announced for 2016 Ryder Cup at Hazeltine". rydercup.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Scoring". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ryder Cup Media Guide" (PDF). PGA of America. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Ryan, Kevin (24 September 1999). "Ryder Cup format". USA Today. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Ryder Cup – History". European Tour. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1927". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1929". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1931". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1933". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1935". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1937". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  14. ^ "1947: Portland Golf Club, Portland, Oregon". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  15. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1949". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1951". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  17. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1953". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1955". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1957". Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "1959 Eldorado Country Club, Palm Desert, California". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "1961 Royal Lytham & St Annes, St Annes, England". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  22. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1961". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "1963 East Lake Country Club, Atlanta, Georgia". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1963". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  25. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1965". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  26. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1967". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1969". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  28. ^ "1971 Old Warson Country Club, St Louis, Missouri". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  29. ^ "1973 Muirfield, Muirfield, Scotland". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  30. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1973". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1975". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  32. ^ "1977 Royal Lytham & St Annes, St Annes, England". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  33. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1979". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  34. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1981". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  35. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1983". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  36. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1985". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  37. ^ "1987 Muirfield Village, Columbus, Ohio". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  38. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1989". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  39. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1991". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  40. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1993". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  41. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1995". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  42. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1997". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  43. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1999". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  44. ^ Davies, David (18 November 2004). "Casey opens war with America". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  45. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 2001". BBC Sport. 13 September 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  46. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 2002". BBC Sport. 13 September 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  47. ^ "Europe win Ryder Cup". BBC Sport. 19 September 2004. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  48. ^ "Cheers and tears (2006)". Sky Sports. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  49. ^ Orlovac, Mark (21 September 2008). "US secure emphatic Ryder Cup win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  50. ^ "McDowell seals dramatic win as Europe regain Ryder Cup". BBC Sport. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  51. ^ "Ryder Cup 2012: Europe beat USA after record comeback". BBC Sport. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  52. ^ "About the matches". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 

External links

  • Official website
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