List of Royal Flying Corps generals

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The following is a list of senior Royal Flying Corps generals. While officially general officers are not considered to belong to any regiment or corps (simply being "late" of their erstwhile regiment), in practice almost all the general officers to hold a Royal Flying Corps-related appointment gained their promotion to the general officer ranks in that appointment and remained in such appointments until the creation of the Royal Air Force on 1 April 1918. Royal Flying Corps generals then became Royal Air Force generals.

Two officers took up Royal Flying Corps related appointments while holding general officer rank: David Henderson was already a brigadier-general when the Royal Flying Corps was established, and Edward Ellington was promoted to brigadier-general while serving on the General Staff of the British VIII Corps in France, prior to taking up appointment as Deputy Director-General of Military Aeronautics. Conversely, Duncan MacInnes gained his promotion to brigadier-general while serving at the Military Aeronautics Directorate but subsequently served with the Royal Engineers.

Senior generals

Ranks indicated are the highest rank the officer obtained while in the RFC.

Portrait General Highest rank Promoted Brig-Gen Promoted Maj-Gen Promoted Lt-Gen Notes
Lt Gen Sir David Henderson.jpg Sir David Henderson Lieutenant-General 4 April 1908 26 October 1914 24 March 1916 Promoted to Brig-Gen before creation of Royal Flying Corps. Temporary promotion to Lt-Gen 24 March 1916, substantive promotion 1 January 1917[1]
Trenchard at GHQ.jpg Sir Hugh Trenchard Major-General 25 August 1915 24 March 1916 N/A Temporary promotion to Maj-Gen 24 March 1916, substantive promotion 1 January 1917[2]
William Sefton Brancker.jpg W S Brancker Major-General 18 December 1915 22 June 1917 N/A Temporary promotion to Maj-Gen 22 June 1917, rank made substantive in the RAF on 3 January 1918.[3]
Major-General John Maitland Salmond.png J M Salmond Major-General 1 February 1916 22 June 1917 N/A Temporary promotion to Maj-Gen 22 June 1917, rank made substantive in the RAF on 1 April 1918.[4]
Splash Ashmore pen and ink.jpg E B Ashmore Major-General 30 January 1916 30 July 1917 N/A Temporary promotion to Maj-Gen 30 July 1917, later regraded to air vice marshal in the RAF before being substantively promoted to major-general in the British Army on 1 January 1924.[5]
C A H Longcroft Major-General 28 August 1916 18 October 1917 N/A Temporary promotion to major-general on 18 October 1917, reverted to temporary brigadier-general on 29 April 1918, substantively promoted to air-vice marshal 1 July 1925.[6]
W G H Salmond Major-General 1 July 1916 3 January 1918 N/A Temporary promotion to maj-gen 3 January 1918[7][8]
T I Webb-Bowen Brigadier-General 1 February 1916 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen. Promotion to acting maj-gen in the RAF on 1 February 1919, substantively promoted to air vice-marshal 1 July 1925.[9]
Brigadier-General H R M Brooke-Popham (crop).jpg H R M Brooke-Popham Brigadier-General 12 March 1916 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen. Later promoted to air chief marshal.[10]
D S MacInnes Brigadier-General 27 March 1916 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 27 March 1916.[11] Departed Royal Flying Corps duties in early 1917. Killed on the Western Front while holding the rank of brig-gen on 23 May 1918.
Duncan le Geyt Pitcher (crop).png D le G Pitcher Brigadier-General 1 April 1916 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen. Permanent promotion to air commodore on 5 August 1919.[12]
J F A Higgins Brigadier-General 25 August 1916 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen followed by temporary promotion to Maj-Gen on 29 April 1918 in the RAF. Permanent promotion to air vice-marshal on 1 August 1919.[13]
P W Game Brigadier-General 16 October 1916 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen followed by temporary promotion to Maj-Gen on 14 October 1918 in the RAF. Permanent promotion to air vice-marshal on 1 January 1922.[14]
Brigadier-General J H W Beckep.png J H W Becke Brigadier-General 20 December 1916 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen. Retired on 29 February 1920 with the honorary rank of Brigadier-General in the RAF.[15]
E L Ellington Brigadier-General 14 January 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 14 January 1917 but not appointed to Royal Flying Corps duties until 20 November 1917. Temporary promotion to Maj-Gen in the RAF on 10 April 1918. Permanent promotion to air-vice marshal the following year.[16]
G S Shephard Brigadier-General 8 February 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 8 February 1917. Killed in a flying accident 19 January 1918.[17]
Brig Gen L E O Charlton.jpg L E O Charlton Brigadier-General 28 February 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 28 February 1917. Permanent promotion to air commodore on 5 August 1919.[18]
W B Caddell Brigadier-General 4 April 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 4 April 1917. Retired from the RAF on 28 May 1919 with the honorary rank of brig-gen.[19]
H C T Dowding Brigadier-General 23 June 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 23 June 1917. Later promoted to air chief marshal.[20]
C G Hoare Brigadier-General 1 August 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 1 August 1917. Relinquished his commission on 24 May 1919 when hold the rank of brig-gen.[21]
P L W Herbert Brigadier-General 5 August 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 5 August 1917. Retired from the RAF on 3 December 1929 as an honorary air commodore.[22]
R E T Hogg Brigadier-General 5 August 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 5 August 1917. Retired from the RAF on 1 September 1919 as an honorary brigadier-general.[23]
Brig-Gen Guy Livingston.png G Livingston Brigadier-General 9 August 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 9 August 1917. Retired from the RAF on 14 February 1919 as an honorary brigadier-general.[24]
T C R Higgins Brigadier-General 1 September 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 1 September 1917. Substantive promotion to air commodore on 30 June 1922 and retired from the RAF on 1 November 1929 in that rank.[25]
F L Festing Brigadier-General 10 October 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 10 October 1917. Retired from the RAF after the war.
E R Ludlow-Hewitt Brigadier-General 17 October 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 17 October 1917. Substantive promotion to air commodore on 30 June 1923. Later promoted to air chief marshal.[26]
J G Hearson Brigadier-General 28 October 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 28 October 1917. Substantive promotion to air commodore on 30 June 1923.[27]
A E Borton.jpg A E Borton Brigadier-General 14 December 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 14 December 1917. Substantive promotion to air commodore on 1 October 1922. Later promoted to air vice-marshal.[28]
A Huggins Brigadier-General 22 December 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 22 December 1917. Retired from the RAF, retaining the rank, on 20 March 1919.[29]
C L N Newall Brigadier-General 28 December 1917 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 28 December 1917. Substantive promotion to air commodore on 1 January 1925. Later promoted to marshal of the RAF.[30]
Brig-Gen Alfred Critchley.png A C Critchley Brigadier-General 4 March 1918 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 4 March 1918. Retired from the RAF after the war. Rejoined during World War II and was promoted to air commodore on 1 June 1943.[31]
C F De S Murphy Brigadier-General 6 March 1918 N/A N/A Temporary promotion to brig-gen on 6 March 1918. Retired from the RAF after the war.[32]

General officer appointments and incumbents

War Office

Commands

  • General Officer Commanding, London Air Defence Area
  • E B Ashmore (1917-1918)

Staff Officers

  • Brigadier General General Staff, Royal Flying Corps in the Field
  • Deputy Adjutant and Quartermaster General, Royal Flying Corps in the Field
  • Deputy Adjutant General, Royal Flying Corps in the Field
  • F L Festing (1917-1918)

Brigades

In late 1915 brigades started to be established in the RFC and so brigadier-generals were created.

  • Brigadier-General Commanding, III Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, VII Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, VIII Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, IX Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Middle East Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Palestine Brigade
    • Direct command of GOC, RFC Middle East
    • A E Borton (1917-1918)
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Training Brigade (Middle East)
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Training Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Home Defence Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Eastern Training Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Northern Training Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Commanding, Southern Training Brigade

References

  1. ^ "Lieutenant General Sir David Henderson". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "Marshal of the RAF The Viscount Trenchard of Wolfeton". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Air Vice-Marshal Sir Sefton Brancker". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Marshal of the RAF Sir John Salmond". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Major-General E. B. Ashmore". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "No. 30375". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 November 1917. p. 11640. 
  7. ^ Baker, Anne (2003). From Biplane to Spitfire: the life of Air Chief Marshal Sir Geoffrey Salmond KCB KCMG DSO. Barnsley: Leo Cooper. p. 120. ISBN 9780850529807. 
  8. ^ "Air Chief Marshal Sir Geoffrey Salmond". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Air Vice-Marshal Sir Tom Webb-Bowen". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "No. 29543". The London Gazette. 11 April 1916. p. 3804. 
  12. ^ "Air Commodore D. le G. Pitcher". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Air Marshal Sir John Higgins". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Air Vice-Marshal Sir Philip Game". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Brigadier-General J. H. W. Becke". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Marshal of the RAF Sir Edward Ellington". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Brigadier-General G. S. Shephard". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Air Commodore L. E. O. Charlton". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Brigadier-General W. B. Caddell". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding of Bentley Priory". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Brigadier-General C G Hoare". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  22. ^ "Air Commodore P. L. W. Herbert". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "Brigadier-General R. E. T. Hogg". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  24. ^ "Brigadier-General G. Livingston". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "Air Commodore T. C. R. Higgins". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "Air Chief Marshal Sir Edgar Ludlow-Hewitt". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  27. ^ "Air Commodore J. G. Hearson". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  28. ^ "Air Vice-Marshal A. E. Borton". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  29. ^ "Brigadier-General A. Huggins". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  30. ^ "Marshal of the RAF The Lord Newall of Clifton upon Dunsmoor". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  31. ^ "Air Commodore A. C. Critchley". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  32. ^ "Brigadier-General C. F. De S. Murphy". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
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