List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom

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  • Top left: Walpole became the first Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1721.
  • Top right: Pitt the Younger became the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801.
  • Bottom left: Lloyd George was the last Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1922.
  • Bottom right: Baldwin was Prime Minister when the country was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1927.

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the Government of the United Kingdom, and chairs Cabinet meetings. There is no specific date when the office of Prime Minister first appeared, as the role was not created but rather evolved over a period of time.[1] The term was used in the House of Commons in 1805[2] and it was certainly in parliamentary use by the 1880s,[3][4] and in 1905 the post of Prime Minister was officially given recognition in the order of precedence.[5] Modern historians generally consider Sir Robert Walpole, who led the government of Great Britain from 1721 to 1742,[6][7] as the first Prime Minister. Walpole is also the longest-serving Prime Minister by this definition.[8] However, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was the first Prime Minister and Margaret Thatcher the longest-serving Prime Minister to have been officially referred to as such.[5][9]

Strictly, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (of Great Britain and Ireland) was William Pitt the Younger.[10] The first Prime Minister of the current United Kingdom (the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) was David Lloyd George,[11] although the country was not renamed officially until 1927 when Stanley Baldwin was serving as Prime Minister.[12]

Due to the gradual evolution of the post of Prime Minister, the title is applied to early Prime Ministers only retrospectively;[13] this has sometimes given rise to academic dispute. Lord Bath and Lord Waldegrave are both sometimes listed as prime ministers.[14] Bath was invited to form a ministry by King George II when Henry Pelham resigned in 1746,[15] as was Waldegrave in 1757 after the dismissal of William Pitt the Elder,[16] who dominated the government during the Seven Years' War. Neither was able to command sufficient parliamentary support to form a government; Bath stepped down after two days,[14] and Waldegrave after three.[16] Modern academic consensus does not consider either man to have held office as Prime Minister,[17] and they are not listed.

Before 1721

Before the Georgian era, the Treasury of England was led by the Lord High Treasurer.[18] By the late Tudor period, the Lord High Treasurer was regarded as one of the Great Officers of State[18] and tended to be the dominant figure of the government: the Duke of Somerset, Lord High Treasurer (1547–1549),[19] served as Lord Protector to his nephew King Edward VI;[19] Lord Burghley, Lord High Treasurer (1572–1598),[20] was the dominant minister among Queen Elizabeth I's ministers;[20] Burghley's son Lord Salisbury,[21] succeeded his father as chief minister to Elizabeth I (1598–1603) and later served James I as Lord High Treasurer (1608–1612).[21]

By the late Stuart period, the Treasury was often run not by a single individual such as a Lord High Treasurer but by a committee of Lords of the Treasury,[22] led by the First Lord of the Treasury. The last Lords High Treasurer, Lord Godolphin (1702–1710)[23] and Lord Oxford (1711–1714),[24] ran the government of Queen Anne.

After the succession of King George I in 1714, the arrangement of a commission of Lords of the Treasury as opposed to a single Lord High Treasurer became permanent.[25] For the next three years, the government was headed by Lord Townshend, who was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department.[26] Subsequently, Lord Stanhope and Lord Sunderland ran the government jointly,[27][28] with Stanhope managing foreign affairs and Sunderland managing domestic affairs.[27][28] Stanhope died in February 1721[27] and Sunderland resigned two months later;[28] Townshend and Robert Walpole were then invited to form the next government.[29][26] From that point, the holder of the office of First Lord also unofficially held the status of Prime Minister. It was not until the Edwardian era that the title Prime Minister was constitutionally recognised.[13] The Prime Minister still holds the title of First Lord of the Treasury by constitutional convention.[30]

Since 1721

By century and sovereign
 18th to 19th century 
 20th to 21st century 
  Whig (17)       Tory (11)       Conservative (17)       Peelite (1)       Liberal (7)       Labour (6)       National Labour (1)
Portrait Name[I]
(Birth–Death)
Term of office
Electoral mandates
Ministerial portfolios held during tenure Party[II] Ministry[III] Sovereign
(Rule)
Ref.
Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford by Arthur Pond.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Walpole
1st Earl of Orford
KGKBPC

MP for King's Lynn[IV]
(1676–1745)
4 April
1721
15 May
1730
Whig Walpole–Townshend
(I–III)
George I
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1714–1727)
[32]
1722 George II
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1727–1760)
15 May
1730
11 February
1742
Walpole
(IV–VI)
Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Spencer Compton
1st Earl of Wilmington
KGKBPC

(1673–1743)
16 February
1742
2 July
1743
Whig Carteret [33]
Henry Pelham, Parliamentary Art Collection crop.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Pelham
FRS

MP for Sussex
(1694–1754)
27 August
1743
10 February
1746
Whig Carteret [34]
Broad Bottom
(I–III)
12 February
1746
6 March
1754
1747
ThomasPelham-Holles.jpg His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles
1st Duke of Newcastle
KGPCFRS

(1693–1768)
16 March
1754
16 November
1756
Whig Newcastle
(I & II)

(Parliament)
[35]
1754
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire cropped.JPG His Grace
William Cavendish
4th Duke of Devonshire
KGPC

(1720–1764)
16 November
1756
25 June
1757
Whig Pitt–Devonshire [36]
1757 Caretaker
ThomasPelham-Holles.jpg His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles
1st Duke of Newcastle
KGPCFRS

(1693–1768)
2 July
1757
26 May
1762
Whig Pitt–Newcastle
(I & II)
[35]
1761 George III
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg
(1760–1811)
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
John Stuart
3rd Earl of Bute
KGPC

(1713–1792)
26 May
1762
8 April
1763
Tory Bute [37]
George Grenville (1712–1770) by William Hoare (1707-1792) Cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
George Grenville

MP for Buckingham
(1712–1770)
16 April
1763
13 July
1765
Whig
(Grenvillite)
Grenville [38]
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
KGPCFRS

(1730–1782)
13 July
1765
30 July
1766
Whig
(Rockingham)
Rockingham I [39]
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham by Richard Brompton cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Pitt
1st Earl of Chatham
PCFRS

MP for Bath[V]
(1708–1778)
30 July
1766
14 October
1768
Whig
(Chathamite)
Chatham
(I & II)
[40]
1768
Grafton3 cropped.JPG His Grace
Augustus FitzRoy
3rd Duke of Grafton
KGPC

(1735–1811)
14 October
1768
28 January
1770
Whig
(Chathamite)
Grafton [41]
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Frederick North
Lord North
KG

MP for Banbury
(1732–1792)
28 January
1770
22 March
1782
Tory North
(I–III)
[42]
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
KGPCFRS

(1730–1782)
27 March
1782
1 July
1782
Whig
(Rockingham)
Rockingham II [39]
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne by JL Mosnier crop.jpg The Right Honourable
William Petty
2nd Earl of Shelburne
KGPC

(1737–1805)
4 July
1782
2 April
1783
Whig
(Chathamite)
Shelburne [43]
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped.jpg His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
PCFRS

(1738–1809)
2 April
1783
19 December
1783
Whig Fox–North [44]
William Pitt the Younger.jpg The Right Honourable
William Pitt the Younger

MP for Appleby – Cambridge University[VI]
(1759–1806)
19 December
1783
14 March
1801
Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt
(I–IV)
[45]
Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Addington

MP for Devizes
(1757–1844)
17 March
1801
10 May
1804
Tory
(Pittite)
Addington
(I & II)
[46]
William Pitt the Younger.jpg The Right Honourable
William Pitt the Younger

MP for Cambridge University
(1759–1806)
10 May
1804
23 January
1806
Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt V [45]
1st Baron Grenville-cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Grenville
1st Baron Grenville
PCPC (Ire)

(1759–1834)
11 February
1806
31 March
1807
Whig All the Talents
(I & II)
[47]
1806
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped.jpg His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
KGPCFRS

(1738–1809)
31 March
1807
4 October
1809
Tory
(nom. Whig)
Portland
(II & III)
[44]
1807
Spencerperceval.jpg The Right Honourable
Spencer Perceval
KC

MP for Northampton
(1762–1812)
4 October
1809
11 May
1812
Tory Perceval [48]
Regency
Coat of Arms of George, Prince of Wales and Prince Regent (1762-1820).svg
(1811–1820)
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool
KGPCFRS

(1770–1828)
8 June
1812
9 April
1827
Tory Liverpool
(I–V)
[49]
George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820–1830)
George Canning by Richard Evans - detail.jpg The Right Honourable
George Canning
FRS

MP for Seaford
(1770–1827)
10 April
1827
8 August
1827
Tory
(Canningite)
Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
[50]
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Frederick John Robinson
1st Viscount Goderich
PC

(1782–1859)
31 August
1827
21 January
1828
Tory
(Canningite)
Goderich
(CanningiteWhig)
[51]
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC

(1769–1852)
22 January
1828
16 November
1830
Tory Wellington [52]
1830 William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830–1837)
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey by Sir Thomas Lawrence copy.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Grey
2nd Earl Grey
KGPC

(1764–1845)
22 November
1830
9 July
1834
Whig Grey
(I–III)
[53]
2nd V Melbourne.jpg The Right Honourable
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PC

(1779–1848)
16 July
1834
14 November
1834
Whig Melbourne I [54]
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC

(1769–1852)
14 November
1834
10 December
1834
Tory Wellington Caretaker [52]
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS

MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
10 December
1834
8 April
1835
Conservative Peel I [55]
2nd V Melbourne.jpg The Right Honourable
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PCFRS

(1779–1848)
18 April
1835
30 August
1841
Whig Melbourne
(II & III)
[54]
Victoria
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837–1901)
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS

MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
30 August
1841
29 June
1846
Conservative Peel II [55]
1841
Lord John Russell.jpg The Right Honourable
Lord John Russell
FRS

MP for the City of London
(1792–1878)
30 June
1846
21 February
1852
Whig Russell
(I & II)
[56]
1847
14th Earl of Derby (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
PC

(1799–1869)
23 February
1852
17 December
1852
Conservative Who? Who?
(I & II)
[57]
1852
Earlofaberdeen.jpg The Right Honourable
George Hamilton-Gordon
4th Earl of Aberdeen
KTFRSEFRSPCFSA Scot

(1784–1860)
19 December
1852
30 January
1855
Peelite Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)
[58]
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
KGGCBPCFRS

MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
6 February
1855
19 February
1858
Whig Palmerston
(I & II)
[59]
1857
14th Earl of Derby (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
PC

(1799–1869)
20 February
1858
11 June
1859
Conservative Derby III [57]
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
KGGCBPCFRS

MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
12 June
1859
18 October
1865
Liberal Palmerston
(III & IV)
[59]
Lord John Russell.jpg The Right Honourable
John Russell
1st Earl Russell
KGPCFRS

(1792–1878)
29 October
1865
26 June
1866
Liberal Russell III [56]
14th Earl of Derby (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
KGPC

(1799–1869)
28 June
1866
25 February
1868
Conservative Derby IV [57]
Disraeli.jpg The Right Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli

MP for Buckinghamshire
(1804–1881)
Premiership Conservative Disraeli I [60]
27 February
1868
1 December
1868
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FSS

MP for Greenwich
(1809–1898)
Premiership Liberal Gladstone I [61]
3 December
1868
17 February
1874
1868
Disraeli.jpg The Right Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli
1st Earl of Beaconsfield
KGPCFRS

MP for Buckinghamshire[VIII]
(1804–1881)
Premiership Conservative Disraeli II [60]
20 February
1874
21 April
1880
1874
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS

MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
Premiership Liberal Gladstone II [61]
23 April
1880
9 June
1885
1880
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL

(1830–1903)
23 June
1885
28 January
1886
Conservative Salisbury I [62]
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS

MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
Premiership Liberal Gladstone III [61]
1 February
1886
20 July
1886
1885§
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL

(1830–1903)
25 July
1886
11 August
1892
Conservative Salisbury II [62]
1886
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS

MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
Premiership Liberal Gladstone IV [61]
15 August
1892
2 March
1894
1892§
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery - 1890s.jpg The Right Honourable
Archibald Primrose
5th Earl of Rosebery
KGPCFRS

(1847–1929)
5 March
1894
22 June
1895
Liberal Rosebery [63]
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL

(1830–1903)
25 June
1895
11 July
1902
Conservative Salisbury
(III–V)

(Con.Lib.U.)
[62]
Edward VII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1901–1910)
Arthur Balfour, photo portrait facing left.jpg The Right Honourable
Arthur Balfour
FRSDL

MP for Manchester East
(1848–1930)
11 July
1902
5 December
1905
Conservative Balfour
(Con.Lib.U.)
[64]
Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
GCB

MP for Stirling Burghs
(1836–1908)
5 December
1905
7 April
1908
Liberal Campbell-Bannerman
(I & II)
[65]
1906
H H Asquith 1908.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Henry Asquith
KCFRS

MP for East Fife
(1852–1928)
7 April
1908
25 May
1915
Liberal Asquith
(I–III)
[66]
George V
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1910–1936)
25 May
1915
6 December
1916
Asquith IV
(Lib.Con.Lab.)
The Right Hon. David Lloyd George.jpg The Right Honourable
David Lloyd George
OM

MP for Caernarvon Boroughs
(1863–1945)
6 December
1916
19 October
1922
Liberal Lloyd George
(I & II)

(Lib.Con.Lab.)
[67]
1918
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg The Right Honourable
Bonar Law

MP for Glasgow Central
(1858–1923)
23 October
1922
20 May
1923
Conservative Law
(I & II)
[68]
1922
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JP

MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
23 May
1923
16 January
1924
Conservative Baldwin I [69]
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain 35734.jpg The Right Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald

MP for Aberavon
(1866–1937)
22 January
1924
4 November
1924
Labour MacDonald I [70]
1923§
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JPFRS

MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
4 November
1924
5 June
1929
Conservative Baldwin II [69]
1924
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain 35734.jpg The Right Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald
FRS

MP for Seaham
(1866–1937)
5 June
1929
24 August
1931
Labour MacDonald II [70]
1929§
24 August
1931
28 October
1931
National Labour 1st National
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
28 October
1931
7 June
1935
2nd National[XIX]
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
1931
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JPFRS

MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
7 June
1935
28 May
1937
Conservative 3rd National
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
[69]
Edward VIII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936)
1935 George VI
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936–1952)
Neville chamberlain1921.jpg The Right Honourable
Neville Chamberlain
FRS

MP for Birmingham Edgbaston
(1869–1940)
28 May
1937
3 September
1939
Conservative 4th National
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
[72]
3 September
1939
10 May
1940
Chamberlain War
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
Churchill HU 90973.jpg The Right Honourable
Winston Churchill
CHTDPCcFRS

MP for Epping
(1874–1965)
Timeline of premiership Conservative Churchill War
(All parties)
[73]
10 May
1940
23 May
1945
23 May
1945
26 July
1945
Churchill Caretaker
(Con.Lib.N.)
Attlee BW cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Clement Attlee
CHFRS

MP for Limehouse – Walthamstow West[XXI]
(1883–1967)
26 July
1945
26 October
1951
Labour Attlee
(I & II)
[74]
Churchill HU 90973.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Winston Churchill
KGOMCHTDPCcDLFRSRA

MP for Woodford
(1874–1965)
26 October
1951
6 April
1955
Conservative Churchill III [73]
1951 Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952–present)
Sir Anthony-Eden number 10 Official.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Anthony Eden
KGMC

MP for Warwick & Leamington
(1897–1977)
6 April
1955
10 January
1957
Conservative Eden
(I & II)
[75]
1955
Harold Macmillan number 10 official.jpg The Right Honourable
Harold Macmillan
FRS

MP for Bromley
(1894–1986)
10 January
1957
19 October
1963
Conservative Macmillan
(I & II)
[76]
1959
Alec Douglas-Home (c1963).jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
KT

MP for Kinross & Western Perthshire[XXIV]
(1903–1995)
19 October
1963
16 October
1964
Conservative Douglas-Home [77]
Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg The Right Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBEFRS

MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
16 October
1964
19 June
1970
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
[78]
Heathdod.JPG The Right Honourable
Edward Heath
MBE

MP for Bexley
(1916–2005)
19 June
1970
4 March
1974
Conservative Heath [79]
1970
Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg The Right Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBEFRS

MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
4 March
1974
5 April
1976
Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
[78]
James Callaghan.JPG The Right Honourable
James Callaghan

MP for Cardiff South East
(1912–2005)
5 April
1976
4 May
1979
Labour Callaghan [80]
Margaret Thatcher cropped2.png The Right Honourable
Margaret Thatcher
FRSFRIC

MP for Finchley
(1925–2013)
Premiership Conservative Thatcher I [81]
4 May
1979
10 June
1983
1979
10 June
1983
12 June
1987
Thatcher II
1983
12 June
1987
28 November
1990
Thatcher III
1987
Major PM full.jpg The Right Honourable
John Major

MP for Huntingdon
(born 1943)
28 November
1990
10 April
1992
Conservative Major I [82]
10 April
1992
2 May
1997
Major II
1992
Tony Blair.jpg The Right Honourable
Tony Blair

MP for Sedgefield
(born 1953)
Premiership Labour Blair
(I–III)
[83]
2 May
1997
27 June
2007
GordonBrown1234 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Gordon Brown

MP for Kirkcaldy & Cowdenbeath
(born 1951)
Premiership Labour Brown [84]
27 June
2007
11 May
2010
Official-photo-cameron.png The Right Honourable
David Cameron

MP for Witney
(born 1966)
Premiership Conservative Cameron–Clegg
(Con.L.D.)
[85]
11 May
2010
8 May
2015
2010§
8 May
2015
13 July
2016
Cameron II
2015
Theresa May (cropped).png The Right Honourable
Theresa May

MP for Maidenhead
(born 1956)
Premiership Conservative May I [86]
13 July
2016
11 June
2017
11 June
2017
Incumbent May II
2017§

See also

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Notes

^† Died in office / ^‡ assassinated.
Hung parliament.
  1. ^ Including honorifics and constituencies for elected MPs.
  2. ^ Including political factions for early Whig and Tory prime ministers.
  3. ^ Defined as a period of government under one or two predominant ministers.[31]
  4. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain on 6 February 1742.
  5. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain on 4 August 1766.
  6. ^ Elected to a new constituency in the 1784 general election.
  7. ^ Served as Chancellor from 11 August 1873.
  8. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom on 12 August 1876.
  9. ^ Served as Commons Leader until 21 August 1876.
  10. ^ Served as Lord Keeper from 12 August 1876 to 4 February 1878.
  11. ^ Served as Lords Leader from 21 August 1876.
  12. ^ Served as Chancellor from 16 December 1882.
  13. ^ Served as First Lord from 14 January 1887.
  14. ^ Served as Foreign Secretary from 14 January 1887.
  15. ^ Served as Foreign Secretary until 12 November 1900.
  16. ^ Served as Lord Privy Seal from 12 November 1900.
  17. ^ Served as Secretary of State from 30 March to 5 August 1914.
  18. ^ Served as Chancellor until 27 August 1923.
  19. ^ The Liberal Party withdrew on 28 September 1932.[71]
  20. ^ Served as Commons Leader until 19 February 1942.
  21. ^ Elected to a new constituency in the 1950 general election.
  22. ^ Served as Minister until 20 December 1946.
  23. ^ Served as Minister until 1 March 1952.
  24. ^ Earl of Home until 23 October 1963. Elected MP on 7 November.
  25. ^ Served as Minister from 1 November 1968.

Citations

  1. ^ Hennessy (2001), pp. 39–40.
  2. ^ Viscount CastlereaghPresident of the Board of Control (29 April 1805). "Military Commissioners' Bill". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 4. House of Commons. col. 496. 
  3. ^ Sir John Eardley-Wilmot (20 March 1885). "Boroughs to Lose One Member". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 296. House of Commons. col. 156–157. 
  4. ^ Sir Donald Horne Macfarlane (14 April 1885). "Central Asia – Russia and Afghanistan – the Russo–Afghan Frontier – Russian Advances". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 296. House of Commons. col. 1634–1635. 
  5. ^ a b Marriott (1923), p. 83.
  6. ^ Clarke (1999), p. 266.
  7. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 39.
  8. ^ "Parties and Prime Ministers". BBC News. 19 May 1998. Archived from the original on 18 March 2004. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  9. ^ Mackay, Robert (28 December 1987). "Thatcher longest serving British prime minister". United Press International. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  10. ^ Burt (1874), p. 106.
  11. ^ Seaman (2003).
  12. ^ chpt. 4, Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927, 12 April 1927. Retrieved on 3 September 2017.
  13. ^ a b Leonard (2010), p. 1.
  14. ^ a b Carpenter (1992), p. 37.
  15. ^ Leonard (2010), p. 47.
  16. ^ a b Leonard (2010), p. 65.
  17. ^ "Prime ministers of the United Kingdom (1730–2011)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  18. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Treasury". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  19. ^ a b Pollard, Albert (1904). "Wikisource link to Chapter XIV". The Cambridge Modern History. 2. Wikisource. 
  20. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Burghley, William Cecil, Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  21. ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Salisbury, Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  22. ^ Chapman (2002).
  23. ^  Stephen, Leslie (1890). "Godolphin, Sidney (1645-1712)". In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  24. ^  Fisher Russell Barker, George (1890). "Harley, Robert (1661-1724)". In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 24. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  25. ^ Chapman (2002), p. 15.
  26. ^ a b  McMullen Rigg, James (1899). "Townshend, Charles (1674-1738)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 57. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  27. ^ a b c  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Stanhope, Earls". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  28. ^ a b c  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  29. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Orford, Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  30. ^ "First Lord of the Treasury". gov.uk. Government of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  31. ^ "Ministry". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  32. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 1.
  33. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 14.
  34. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 17.
  35. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 28.
  36. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 34.
  37. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 36.
  38. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 42.
  39. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 46.
  40. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 54.
  41. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 61.
  42. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 64.
  43. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 73.
  44. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 77.
  45. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 85.
  46. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 94.
  47. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 98.
  48. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 101.
  49. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 106.
  50. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 116.
  51. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 120.
  52. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 123.
  53. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 128.
  54. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 136.
  55. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 142.
  56. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 151.
  57. ^ a b c Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 161.
  58. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 167.
  59. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 174.
  60. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 183.
  61. ^ a b c d Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 196.
  62. ^ a b c Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 213.
  63. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 222.
  64. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 231.
  65. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 239.
  66. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 244.
  67. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 252.
  68. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 262.
  69. ^ a b c Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 273.
  70. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 281.
  71. ^ "Resignation letter by Liberal ministers to Ramsay MacDonald" (Letter). Letter to Ramsay MacDonald. Samuel papers. 28 September 1932. SAM/A/89/84. 
  72. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 289.
  73. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 295.
  74. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 305.
  75. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 315.
  76. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 320.
  77. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 329.
  78. ^ a b Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 333.
  79. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 343.
  80. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 350.
  81. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 358.
  82. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 384.
  83. ^ Eccleshall & Walker (2002), p. 392.
  84. ^ "Brown is UK's new prime minister". BBC News. 27 June 2007. Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  85. ^ "David Cameron is UK's new prime minister". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Archived from the original on 13 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 
  86. ^ "Theresa May vows to be 'one nation' prime minister". BBC News. 13 July 2016. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016. 

Bibliography

  • Burt, Llewellyn C. (1874). A synoptical history of England (2nd ed.). London: Lockwood. 
  • Carpenter, Clive, ed. (1992). The Guinness UK Data Book. Guinness. ISBN 978-0-85112-522-0. 
  • Chapman, Richard A. (31 January 2002). "History: from earliest times to the present day". The Treasury in Public Policy-Making. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-86426-3. 
  • Clarke, John (1999). "House of Hanover". In Fraser, Antonia. The Lives of the Kings & Queens of England. University of California Press (published February 2000). ISBN 978-0-520-22460-5. 
  • Eccleshall, Robert; Walker, Graham, eds. (1 June 2002). Biographical Dictionary of British Prime Ministers. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-66230-2. 
  • Hennessy, Peter (5 October 2001). "The Platonic Idea and the Constitutional Deal". The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders Since 1945. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-29313-0. 
  • Leonard, Dick (15 December 2010). Eighteenth-Century British Premiers: Walpole to the Younger Pitt. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-230-30463-5. 
  • Marriott, John (1923). English Political Institutions: An Introductory Study (2nd ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. OL 17361473WFreely accessible. 
  • Seaman, L.C.B. (2 September 2003). "The Downfall of Lloyd George, 1922". Post-Victorian Britain 1902–1951. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-95491-9. 

Further reading

  • Bogdanor, Vernon, ed. (2010). From New Jerusalem to New Labour: British Prime Ministers from Attlee to Blair. Palgrave Macmillan UK (published 20 October 2016). ISBN 978-0-230-29700-5. 
  • Browne, J. Houston (1858). Lives of the Prime Ministers of England: From the Restoration to the Present Time. 1. London: Thomas Cautley Newby. 
  • Davidson, Jonathan (30 November 2010). Downing Street Blues: A History of Depression and Other Mental Afflictions in British Prime Ministers. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-5793-9. 
  • Grube, Dennis (11 October 2013). Prime Ministers and Rhetorical Governance. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-1-137-31836-7. 
  • King, Anthony Stephen, ed. (1985). The British Prime Minister (2nd ed.). Duke University Press. ISBN 0-8223-0635-2. 
  • Leonard, Dick (10 July 2008). Nineteenth Century Premiers: Pitt to Rosebery. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-230-22725-5. 
  • Parker, Robert J. (15 March 2011). British Prime Ministers. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-4456-1242-3. 
  • Quinault, Roland (17 March 2011). British Prime Ministers and Democracy: From Disraeli to Blair. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4411-1105-0. 

External links

  • "Past Prime Ministers". gov.uk. Government of the United Kingdom. 
  • "Prime Ministers and Politics Timeline". BBC History. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. 
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