List of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands

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Mark Rutte has been Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 14 October 2010

The following is a list of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands since the inception of that office as a result of a revision of the Constitution of the Netherlands in 1848. The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the Council of Ministers; since 1945 he has held the Dutch title of minister-president van Nederland, also referred to as premier.

Mark Rutte is currently serving as the 50th and current Prime Minister of the Netherlands, having been appointed to the office for the first time on 14 October 2010.

List of Prime Ministers (since 1848)

Political parties:

  Independent

Christian democratic

  ARP   RKSP/KVP   CHU   CDA

Liberal

  LU/VVD   VDB

Social democratic

  PvdA

Portrait Name
(born and died)
Term of office Political party Election Cabinet Monarch
(reign)
Took office Left office Days Name Composition
Gerrit Schimmelpenninck Count
Gerrit Schimmelpenninck
(1794–1863)
25 March 1848 17 May 1848 53 Independent
(Liberal)
Schimmelpenninck Conservative Willem II
Koning Willem II portret.jpg
(1840–1849)
Jacob de Kempenaer Jacob de Kempenaer
(1793–1870)
21 November 1848 1 November 1849 345 Independent
(Liberal)
1848 De Kempenaer—Donker Curtius Liberal
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Dr.
Johan Rudolph
Thorbecke

(1798–1872)
1 November 1849 19 April 1853 1265 Independent
(Liberal)
1850
1852
Thorbecke I Liberal Willem III
Willem III der Nederlanden door Pieneman crop 1849.jpg
(1849–1890)
Floris Adriaan van Hall Baron
Floris Adriaan
van Hall

(1791–1866)
19 April 1853 1 July 1856 1169 Independent
(Liberal)
1853 Van Hall—Donker Curtius Conservative
Justinus van der Brugghen Justinus van
der Brugghen

(1804–1863)
1 July 1856 18 March 1858 625 Independent
(Christian)
1856 Van der Brugghen Conservative
Jan Jacob Rochussen Jan Jacob Rochussen
(1797–1871)
18 March 1858 23 February 1860 707 Independent
(Conservative)
1858 Rochussen Liberal–
Conservative
Floris Adriaan van Hall Baron
Floris Adriaan
van Hall

(1791–1866)
23 February 1860 14 March 1861 385 Independent
(Liberal)
1860 Van Hall—Van Heemstra Liberal–
Conservative
Jacob van Zuylen van Nijevelt Baron
Jacob van Zuylen
van Nijevelt

(1816–1890)
14 March 1861 10 November 1861 241 Independent
(Liberal)
Van Zuylen van Nijevelt—Van Heemstra Liberal–
Conservative
Schelto van Heemstra Baron
Schelto van Heemstra
(1807–1864)
10 November 1861 1 February 1862 83 Independent
(Liberal)
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Dr.
Johan Rudolph
Thorbecke

(1798–1872)
1 February 1862 10 February 1866 1470 Independent
(Liberal)
1862 Thorbecke II Liberal
Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte Isaäc Dignus Fransen
van de Putte

(1822–1902)
10 February 1866 1 June 1866 111 Independent
(Liberal)
Fransen van de Putte Liberal
Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt Count
Julius van Zuylen
van Nijevelt

(1819–1894)
1 June 1866 4 June 1868 734 Independent
(Conservative)
1866
1866
Van Zuylen van Nijevelt Conservative
Pieter Philip van Bosse Pieter Philip
van Bosse

(1809–1879)
4 June 1868 4 January 1871 944 Independent
(Liberal)
1868
1869
Van Bosse—Fock Liberal
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Dr.
Johan Rudolph
Thorbecke

(1798–1872)
4 January 1871 4 June 1872 (died) 517 Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
1871 Thorbecke III Liberal
Gerrit de Vries Dr.
Gerrit de Vries
(1818–1900)
4 June 1872 27 August 1874 814 Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
1873 De Vries—Fransen van de Putte Liberal
Jan Heemskerk Dr.
Jan Heemskerk
(1818–1897)
27 August 1874 3 November 1877 1164 Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
1875 Heemskerk—Van Lynden van Sandenburg Conservative
Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello Jan Kappeyne van
de Coppello

(1822–1895)
3 November 1877 20 August 1879 655 Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
1877 Kappeyne van de Coppello Liberal
Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg Count
Theo van Lynden
van Sandenburg

(1826–1885)
20 August 1879 23 April 1883 1342 Independent
Christian Democrat

(Protestant)
1879 Van Lynden van Sandenburg Liberal
Jan Heemskerk Dr.
Jan Heemskerk
(1818–1897)
23 April 1883 20 April 1888 1824 Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
1883
1884
1886
1887
J. Heemskerk Liberal
Aeneas Mackay Baron
Aeneas Mackay
(1838–1909)
20 April 1888 21 August 1891 1218 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) 1888 Mackay Christian
Gijsbert van Tienhoven Gijsbert van Tienhoven
(1841–1914)
21 August 1891 9 May 1894 992 Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
1891 Van Tienhoven Liberal Wilhelmina
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.jpg
(1890–1948)
Joan Röell Jonkheer
Joan Röell
(1844–1914)
9 May 1894 27 July 1897 1175 Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
1894 Röell Liberal
Nicolaas Pierson Nicolaas Pierson
(1839–1909)
27 July 1897 1 August 1901 1465 Liberal Union 1897 Pierson Liberal
Abraham Kuyper Dr.
Abraham Kuyper
(1837–1920)
1 August 1901 17 August 1905 1477 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) 1901 Kuyper Christian
Theo de Meester Theo de Meester
(1851–1919)
17 August 1905 12 February 1908 909 Liberal Union 1905 De Meester Liberal
Theo Heemskerk Theo Heemskerk
(1852–1932)
12 February 1908 29 August 1913 2025 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) 1909 T. Heemskerk Christian
Pieter Cort van der Linden Dr.
Pieter Cort van
der Linden

(1846–1935)
29 August 1913 9 September 1918 1837 Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
1913
1917
Cort van der Linden Liberal
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Jonkheer
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(1873–1936)
9 September 1918 18 September 1922 2521 Roman Catholic (RKSP) 1918 Ruijs de B. I RKSPARPCHU
18 September 1922 4 August 1925 1922 Ruijs de B. II
Hendrikus Colijn Hendrikus Colijn
(1869–1944)
4 August 1925 8 March 1926 216 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) 1925 Colijn I RKSPARPCHU
Dirk Jan de Geer Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
8 March 1926 10 August 1929 1251 Christian Historical (CHU) De Geer I RKSPARPCHU
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Jonkheer
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(1873–1936)
10 August 1929 26 May 1933 1385 Roman Catholic (RKSP) 1929 Ruijs de B. III RKSPARPCHU
Hendrikus Colijn Dr.
Hendrikus Colijn
(1869–1944)
26 May 1933 31 July 1935 2267 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) 1933 Colijn II RKSPARPCHULSPVDB
31 July 1935 24 June 1937 Colijn III
24 June 1937 25 July 1939 1937 Colijn IV RKSPARPCHU
25 July 1939 10 August 1939 Colijn V ARPCHULSP
Dirk Jan de Geer Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
10 August 1939 3 September 1940 390 Christian Historical (CHU) De Geer II RKSPSDAPARPCHUVDB
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy Dr.
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(1885–1961)
3 September 1940 28 July 1941 1756 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) Gerbrandy I RKSPSDAPARPCHUVDB
28 July 1941 23 February 1945 Gerbrandy II RKSPSDAPARPCHULSPVDB
23 February 1945 25 June 1945 Gerbrandy III RKSPARPVDB
Willem Schermerhorn Dr.
Willem Schermerhorn
(1894–1977)
25 June 1945 3 July 1946 373 Free-thinking Democratic (VDB)
until 1946
Schermerhorn—
Drees
VDBSDAPKVPARP
Labour (PvdA)
from 1946
Louis Beel Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
3 July 1946 7 August 1948 766 Catholic People's (KVP) 1946 Beel I KVPPvdA
Willem Drees Dr.
Willem Drees
(1886–1988)
7 August 1948 15 March 1951 3789 Labour (PvdA) 1948 Drees—
Van Schaik
PvdAKVPCHUVVD Juliana
Juliana 1959.jpg
(1948–1980)
15 March 1951 2 September 1952 Drees I (II) PvdAKVPARPCHU
2 September 1952 13 October 1956 1952 Drees II (III)
13 October 1956 22 December 1958 1956 Drees III (IV)
Louis Beel Dr.
Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
22 December 1958 19 May 1959 148 Catholic People's (KVP) Beel II KVPARPCHU
Jan de Quay Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
19 May 1959 24 July 1963 1527 Catholic People's (KVP) 1959 De Quay KVPARPCHUVVD
Victor Marijnen Victor Marijnen
(1917–1975)
24 July 1963 14 April 1965 630 Catholic People's (KVP) 1963 Marijnen KVPARPCHUVVD
Jo Cals Jo Cals
(1914–1971)
14 April 1965 22 November 1966 587 Catholic People's (KVP) Cals KVPARPPvdA
Jelle Zijlstra Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
(1918–2001)
22 November 1966 5 April 1967 134 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) Zijlstra ARPKVP
Piet de Jong Piet de Jong
(1915–2016)
5 April 1967 6 July 1971 1553 Catholic People's (KVP) 1967 De Jong KVPARPCHUVVD
Barend Biesheuvel Barend Biesheuvel
(1920–2001)
6 July 1971 9 August 1972 675 Anti-Revolutionary (ARP) 1971 Biesheuvel I ARPKVPCHUVVDDS70
9 August 1972 11 May 1973 Biesheuvel II ARPKVPCHUVVD
Joop den Uyl Joop den Uyl
(1919–1987)
11 May 1973 19 December 1977 1683 Labour (PvdA) 1972 Den Uyl PvdAKVPARPD66PPR
Dries van Agt Dries van Agt
(born 1931)
19 December 1977 11 September 1981 1781 Catholic People's (KVP)
until 1980;
Christian Democratic (CDA)
1977 Van Agt I CDAVVD
11 September 1981 29 May 1982 1981 Van Agt II CDAPvdAD66 Beatrix
Beatrix in April 2013.jpg
(1980–2013)
29 May 1982 4 November 1982 Van Agt III CDAD66
Ruud Lubbers Ruud Lubbers
(1939–2018)
4 November 1982 14 July 1986 4309 Christian Democratic (CDA) 1982 Lubbers I CDAVVD
14 July 1986 7 November 1989 1986 Lubbers II
7 November 1989 22 August 1994 1989 Lubbers III CDAPvdA
Wim Kok Wim Kok
(1938–2018)
22 August 1994 3 August 1998 2891 Labour (PvdA) 1994 Kok I PvdAVVDD66
3 August 1998 22 July 2002 1998 Kok II
Jan Peter Balkenende Dr.
Jan Peter Balkenende
(born 1956)
22 July 2002 27 May 2003 3006 Christian Democratic (CDA) 2002 Balkenende I CDALPFVVD
27 May 2003 7 July 2006 2003 Balkenende II CDAVVDD66
7 July 2006 22 February 2007 Balkenende III CDAVVD
22 February 2007 14 October 2010 2006 Balkenende IV CDAPvdACU
Mark Rutte Mark Rutte
(born 1967)
14 October 2010 5 November 2012 2952 People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
(VVD)
2010 Rutte I VVDCDA
5 November 2012 26 October 2017 2012 Rutte II VVDPvdA Willem-Alexander
Koning-willem-alexander-okt-15-s.jpg
(2013–present)
26 October 2017 Incumbent 2017 Rutte III VVDCDAD66CU

Graphical timeline

Mark Rutte Jan Peter Balkenende Wim Kok Ruud Lubbers Dries van Agt Joop den Uyl Barend Biesheuvel Piet de Jong Jelle Zijlstra Jo Cals Victor Marijnen Jan de Quay Willem Drees Louis Beel Willem Schermerhorn Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy Dirk Jan de Geer Hendrikus Colijn Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Pieter Cort van der Linden Theo Heemskerk Theo de Meester Abraham Kuyper Nicolaas Pierson Joan Röell Gijsbert van Tienhoven Aeneas Mackay (1839-1909) Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello Jan Heemskerk Gerrit de Vries Pieter Philip van Bosse Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte Schelto van Heemstra Jacob van Zuylen van Nijevelt Jan Jacob Rochussen Justinus van der Brugghen Floris Adriaan van Hall Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Jacob de Kempenaer Gerrit Schimmelpenninck

See also

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