List of Prime Ministers of New Zealand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand, and the leader of the Cabinet of New Zealand, with various powers and responsibilities defined by convention. Officially, the prime minister is appointed by the Governor-General of New Zealand, but by convention, the prime minister must have the confidence of the elected New Zealand House of Representatives. The prime minister is always a member of parliament, and is usually the leader of the largest political party in the House.

This list includes individuals who held the titles of colonial secretary and premier, the direct predecessors to the modern office. The title of the office was formally changed to "premier" in 1869, and then to "prime minister" in 1907 when New Zealand was granted the dominion status in the British Empire. Thirty-nine individuals have so far held the premiership, not including Hugh Watt, who was briefly the acting Prime Minister in 1974. Henry Sewell is regarded as New Zealand's first premier. Nine prime ministers have held the position more than one discrete term in office. The longest single term in office was that of Richard Seddon, who held the position for thirteen years between 1893 and 1906. The incumbent Prime Minister is Bill English, who took office on 12 December 2016, after the resignation of John Key.

List

The parties shown are those to which the Prime Ministers belonged at the time they held office and the electoral districts shown are those they represented while in office. Several Prime Ministers belonged to parties other than those given and represented other electorates before and after their time in office.

Colour key
(for political parties)
  Liberal
  Reform
  United
  Labour
  National
No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Portrait Term of office Elected
(Parliament)
Party Government
Colonial Secretaries (1856–1869)
1 Henry Sewell
(1807–1879)
MP for Christchurch
Henry Sewell, 1860 cropped.jpg 7 May 1856 20 May 1856 1855 (2nd) Independent Sewell
2 William Fox
(1812–1893)
MP for Wanganui
Sir William Fox, ca 1890.jpg 20 May 1856 2 June 1856 — (2nd) Independent Fox I
3 Edward Stafford
(1819–1901)
MP for Nelson
Edward Stafford.jpg 2 June 1856 12 July 1861 — (2nd) Independent Stafford I
(2) William Fox
(1812–1893)
MP for Rangitikei
Sir William Fox, ca 1890.jpg 12 July 1861 6 August 1862 1860–61 (3rd) Independent Fox II
4 Alfred Domett
(1811–1887)
MP for Nelson
Alfred Domett c1870-1887.jpg 6 August 1862 30 October 1863 — (3rd) Independent Domett
5 Frederick Whitaker
(1812–1891)
Councillor
Frederick Whitaker.jpg 30 October 1863 24 November 1864 — (3rd) Independent Whitaker–Fox
6 Frederick Weld
(1823–1891)
MP for Cheviot
Sir Frederick Aloysius Weld.jpg 24 November 1864 16 October 1865 — (3rd) Independent Weld
(3) Edward Stafford
(1819–1901)
MP for Nelson until 1868
MP for Timaru from 1868
Edward Stafford.jpg 16 October 1865 28 June 1869 — (3rd)
1866 (4th)
Independent Stafford II
Premiers (1869–1907)
(2) William Fox
(1812–1893)
MP for Rangitikei
Sir William Fox, ca 1890.jpg 28 June 1869 10 September 1872 — (4th)
1871 (5th)
Independent Fox III
(3) Edward Stafford
(1819–1901)
MP for Timaru
Edward Stafford.jpg 10 September 1872 11 October 1872 — (5th) Independent Stafford III
7 George Waterhouse
(1824–1906)
Councillor
George Marsden Waterhouse.jpg 11 October 1872 3 March 1873 — (5th) Independent Waterhouse
(2) William Fox
(1812–1893)
MP for Rangitikei
Sir William Fox, ca 1890.jpg 3 March 1873 8 April 1873 — (5th) Independent Fox IV
8 Julius Vogel
(1835–1899)
MP for Auckland East
Julius Vogel, ca 1870s.jpg 8 April 1873 6 July 1875 — (5th) Independent Vogel I
9 Daniel Pollen
(1813–1896)
Councillor
Daniel Pollen, ca 1873.jpg 6 July 1875 15 February 1876 — (5th) Independent Pollen
(8) Julius Vogel
(1835–1899)
MP for Wanganui
Julius Vogel, ca 1870s.jpg 15 February 1876 1 September 1876 1875–76 (6th) Independent Vogel II
10 Harry Atkinson
(1831–1892)
MP for Egmont
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg 1 September 1876 13 October 1877 — (6th) Independent Atkinson I • II
"Continuous Ministry"
11 George Grey
(1812–1898)
MP for Thames
George Grey, 1885.jpg 13 October 1877 8 October 1879 — (6th) Independent Grey
12 John Hall
(1824–1907)
MP for Selwyn
Sir John Hall, ca 1880.jpg 8 October 1879 21 April 1882 1879 (7th)
1881 (8th)
Independent Hall
"Continuous Ministry"
(5) Frederick Whitaker
(1812–1891)
Councillor
Frederick Whitaker.jpg 21 April 1882 25 September 1883 — (8th) Independent Whitaker
"Continuous Ministry"
(10) Harry Atkinson
(1831–1892)
MP for Egmont
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg 25 September 1883 16 August 1884 — (8th) Independent Atkinson III
"Continuous Ministry"
13 Robert Stout
(1844–1930)
MP for Dunedin East
Robert Stout, 1885.jpg 16 August 1884 28 August 1884 1884 (9th) Independent Stout–Vogel
(10) Harry Atkinson
(1831–1892)
MP for Egmont
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg 28 August 1884 3 September 1884 — (9th) Independent Atkinson IV
"Continuous Ministry"
(13) Robert Stout
(1844–1930)
MP for Dunedin East
Robert Stout, 1885.jpg 3 September 1884 8 October 1887 — (9th) Independent Stout–Vogel
(10) Harry Atkinson
(1831–1892)
MP for Egmont
Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg 8 October 1887 24 January 1891 1887 (10th) Independent Atkinson V
"Scarecrow Ministry"
14 John Ballance
(1839–1893)
MP for Wanganui
John Ballance 1880.jpg 24 January 1891 27 April 1893 1890 (11th) Liberal Liberal
15 Richard Seddon
(1845–1906)
MP for Westland
Richard Seddon, 1906.jpg 1 May 1893 10 June 1906 — (11th)
1893 (12th)
1896 (13th)
1899 (14th)
1902 (15th)
1905 (16th)
Liberal
16 William Hall-Jones
(1851–1936)
MP for Timaru
William Hall-Jones 2.jpg 21 June 1906 6 August 1906 — (16th) Liberal
Prime Ministers (1907–present)
17 Joseph Ward
(1856–1930)
MP for Awarua
Joseph George Ward.jpg 6 August 1906 12 March 1912 — (16th)
1908 (17th)
1911 (18th)
Liberal
18 Thomas Mackenzie
(1853–1930)
MP for Egmont
Thomas Mackenzie.jpg 28 March 1912 10 July 1912 — (18th) Liberal
19 William Massey
(1856–1925)
MP for Franklin
William Ferguson Massey 1919.jpg 10 July 1912 10 May 1925 — (18th)
1914 (19th)
1919 (20th)
1922 (21st)
Reform Reform
20 Francis Bell
(1851–1936)
Councillor
Sir Francis Henry Dillon Bell, ca 1924.jpg 14 May 1925 30 May 1925 — (21st) Reform
21 Gordon Coates
(1878–1943)
MP for Kaipara
Joseph Gordon Coates, 1931.jpg 30 May 1925 10 December 1928 — (21st)
1925 (22nd)
Reform
(17) Joseph Ward
(1856–1930)
MP for Invercargill
Joseph George Ward.jpg 10 December 1928 28 May 1930 1928 (23rd) United United
22 George Forbes
(1869–1947)
MP for Hurunui
George William Forbes.jpg 28 May 1930 6 December 1935 — (23rd) United
1931 (24th) United-Reform Coalition
23 Michael Joseph Savage
(1872–1940)
MP for Auckland West
Michael Joseph Savage Portrait.jpg 6 December 1935 27 March 1940 1935 (25th)
1938 (26th)
Labour First Labour
24 Peter Fraser
(1884–1950)
MP for Wellington Central until 1946
MP for Brooklyn from 1946
Peter Fraser.jpg 1 April 1940 13 December 1949 — (26th)
1943 (27th)
1946 (28th)
Labour
25 Sidney Holland
(1893–1961)
MP for Fendalton
Sidney George Holland (1951).jpg 13 December 1949 20 September 1957 1949 (29th)
1951 (30th)
1954 (31st)
National First National
26 Keith Holyoake
(1904–1983)
MP for Pahiatua
Keith Holyoake.jpg 20 September 1957 12 December 1957 — (31st) National
27 Walter Nash
(1882–1968)
MP for Hutt
Walter Nash (ca 1940s).jpg 12 December 1957 12 December 1960 1957 (32nd) Labour Second Labour
(26) Keith Holyoake
(1904–1983)
MP for Pahiatua
Keith Holyoake.jpg 12 December 1960 7 February 1972 1960 (33rd)
1963 (34th)
1966 (35th)
1969 (36th)
National Second National
28 Jack Marshall
(1912–1988)
MP for Karori
Jack Marshall Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F011973-0020 cropped.jpg 7 February 1972 8 December 1972 — (36th) National
29 Norman Kirk
(1923–1974)
MP for Sydenham
Norman Kirk Portrait.jpg 8 December 1972 31 August 1974 1972 (37th) Labour Third Labour
Hugh Watt
(1912–1980)
MP for Onehunga
Acting Prime Minister
Hugh Watt.jpg 31 August 1974 6 September 1974 — (37th) Labour
30 Bill Rowling
(1927–1995)
MP for Tasman
Bill Rowling, 1962.jpg 6 September 1974 12 December 1975 — (37th) Labour
31 Robert Muldoon
(1921–1992)
MP for Tamaki
Muldoon 1978.jpg 12 December 1975 26 July 1984 1975 (38th)
1978 (39th)
1981 (40th)
National Third National
32 David Lange
(1942–2005)
MP for Mangere
David Lange (cropped).jpg 26 July 1984 8 August 1989 1984 (41st)
1987 (42nd)
Labour Fourth Labour
33 Geoffrey Palmer
(born 1942)
MP for Christchurch Central
SirGeoffreyPalmer.jpg 8 August 1989 4 September 1990 — (42nd) Labour
34 Mike Moore
(born 1949)
MP for Christchurch North
Mike Moore.jpg 4 September 1990 2 November 1990 — (42nd) Labour
35 Jim Bolger
(born 1935)
MP for King Country
Jim Bolger at press conference retouched.jpg 2 November 1990 8 December 1997 1990 (43rd)
1993 (44th)
1996 (45th)
National Fourth National
with New Zealand First 1996–98;
with Mauri Pacific 1998–99.
36 Jenny Shipley
(born 1952)
MP for Rakaia
Jenny Shipley 2013 (crop).jpg 8 December 1997 5 December 1999 — (45th) National
37 Helen Clark
(born 1950)
MP for Mount Albert
Helen Clark UNDP 2010.jpg 5 December 1999 19 November 2008 1999 (46th)
2002 (47th)
2005 (48th)
Labour Fifth Labour
with Alliance, Progressives;
C&S with Greens, New Zealand First, United Future.
38 John Key
(born 1961)
MP for Helensville
John Key February 2015.jpg 19 November 2008 12 December 2016 2008 (49th)
2011 (50th)
2014 (51st)
National Fifth National
C&S with ACT, United Future, Māori Party.
39 Bill English
(born 1961)
List MP
Prime Minister Bill English.jpg 12 December 2016 Incumbent — (51st) National

Timeline

Bill English John Key Helen Clark Jenny Shipley Jim Bolger Mike Moore (New Zealand politician) Geoffrey Palmer (politician) David Lange Robert Muldoon Bill Rowling Norman Kirk Jack Marshall Keith Holyoake Walter Nash Keith Holyoake Sidney Holland Peter Fraser (New Zealand politician) Michael Joseph Savage George William Forbes Joseph Ward Gordon Coates Francis Bell (New Zealand Prime Minister) William Massey Thomas Mackenzie Joseph Ward William Hall-Jones Richard Seddon John Ballance Harry Atkinson Robert Stout Harry Atkinson Robert Stout Harry Atkinson Frederick Whitaker John Hall (New Zealand politician) George Grey Harry Atkinson Julius Vogel Daniel Pollen Julius Vogel William Fox (New Zealand) George Marsden Waterhouse Edward Stafford (politician) William Fox (New Zealand) Edward Stafford (politician) Frederick Weld Frederick Whitaker Alfred Domett William Fox (New Zealand) Edward Stafford (politician) William Fox (New Zealand) Henry Sewell


See also

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