List of Prime Ministers of India

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Narendra Modi is the current (14th) Prime Minister of India, since 26 May 2014.

The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of the Government of India. In India's parliamentary system, the Constitution names the President as head of state de jure, but his or her de facto executive powers are vested in the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers. Appointed and sworn-in by the President, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the party or alliance that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India's Parliament.[1]

Since 1947, India has had fourteen Prime Ministers, fifteen including Gulzarilal Nanda who twice acted in the role. The first was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party,[2] who was sworn-in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British. Serving until his death in May 1964, Nehru remains India's longest-serving prime minister. He was succeeded by fellow Congressman Lal Bahadur Shastri, whose 19-month term also ended in death. Indira Gandhi, Nehru's daughter, succeeded Shastri in 1966 to become the country's first woman premier. Eleven years later, she was voted out of power in favour of the Janata Party, whose leader Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress prime minister. After he resigned in 1979, his former deputy Charan Singh briefly held office until Indira Gandhi was voted back six months later. Indira Gandhi's second stint as Prime Minister ended five years later on the morning of 31 October 1984, when she was gunned down by her own bodyguards. That evening, her son Rajiv Gandhi was sworn-in as India's youngest premier, and the third from his family. Thus far, members of Nehru–Gandhi dynasty have been Prime Minister for a total of 37 years and 303 days.[3]

Rajiv's five-year term ended with his former cabinet colleague, V. P. Singh of the Janata Dal, forming the year-long National Front coalition government in 1989. A six-month interlude under Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar followed, after which the Congress party returned to power, forming the government under P. V. Narasimha Rao in June 1991. Rao's five-year term was succeeded by four short-lived governments—the Bharatiya Janata Party's Atal Bihari Vajpayee for 13 days in 1996, a year each under United Front prime ministers H. D. Deve Gowda and I. K. Gujral, and Vajpayee again for 19 months in 1998–99. After Vajpayee was sworn-in for the third time, in 1999, he managed to lead his National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government to a full five-year term, the first non-Congressman to do so. Vajpayee was succeeded by Congressman Manmohan Singh, the first Sikh premier, whose United Progressive Alliance government was in office for 10 years between 2004 and 2014.

The incumbent Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi who has headed the BJP-led NDA government since 26 May 2014 which is India's first non-Congress single party majority government.[4]


Prime Ministers of India

Portrait Prior Office Party
Elected constituency Term of office[6] Appointed by
1 Jawaharlal Nehru
Jnehru.jpg Indian freedom fighter Indian National Congress Phulpur, Uttar Pradesh 15 August
27 May
16 years, 286 days Lord Mountbatten

Rajendra Prasad

Gulzarilal Nanda (acting)
Minister of Labour and Employment Indian National Congress Sabarkantha, Gujarat 27 May
9 June
13 days Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
2 Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri (cropped).jpg Minister of Home Affairs Indian National Congress Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 9 June
11 January
1 year, 216 days Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Gulzarilal Nanda (acting)
Minister of Home Affairs Indian National Congress Sabarkantha, Gujarat 11 January
24 January
13 days Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
3 Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg Minister of Information and Broadcasting

Prime Minister (Re-elected)

Indian National Congress Rajya Sabha MP for Uttar Pradesh 24 January
24 March
11 years, 59 days V. V. Giri
4 Morarji Desai
Morarji Desai (portrait).png Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister of India before he resigned in 1969 Janata Party Surat, Gujarat 24 March
28 July
2 years, 126 days B. D. Jatti

(acting President)

5 Charan Singh
Charan Singh (cropped).jpg Minister of Finance Janata Party (Secular)
with INC
Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh 28 July
14 January
170 days Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
6 Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg Former Prime Minister Indian National Congress (I) Medak, Andhra Pradesh 14 January
31 October
4 years, 291 days Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
7 Rajiv Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg MP for Amethi Indian National Congress (I) Amethi, Uttar Pradesh 31 October
2 December
5 years, 32 days Zail Singh
8 Vishwanath Pratap Singh
V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg Minister of Defence Janata Dal
(National Front)
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh 2 December
10 November
343 days R. Venkataraman
9 Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekhar (cropped).jpg MP for Ballia Samajwadi Janata Party
with INC
Ballia, Uttar Pradesh 10 November
21 June
223 days R. Venkataraman
10 Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao
P V Narasimha Rao.png Minister of External Affairs Indian National Congress (I) Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh 21 June
16 May
4 years, 330 days R. Venkataraman
11 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(born 1924)
Ab vajpayee.jpg Minister of External Affairs Bharatiya Janata Party Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 16 May
1 June
16 days Shankar Dayal Sharma
12 Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda
(born 1933)
Deve Gowda BNC.jpg Chief Minister of Karnataka Janata Dal
(United Front)
Rajya Sabha MP for Karnataka 1 June
21 April
324 days Shankar Dayal Sharma
13 Inder Kumar Gujral
Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg Minister of External Affairs Janata Dal
(United Front)
Rajya Sabha MP for Bihar 21 April
19 March
332 days Shankar Dayal Sharma
14 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(born 1924)
Ab vajpayee.jpg Former Prime Minister Bharatiya Janata Party
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 19 March
22 May
6 years, 64 days K. R. Narayanan
15 Manmohan Singh
(born 1932)
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in WEF ,2009 (cropped).jpg Minister of Finance Indian National Congress
Rajya Sabha MP for Assam 22 May
26 May
10 years, 4 days A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Pratibha Patil

16 Narendra Modi
(born 1950)
PM Modi Portrait(cropped).jpg Chief Minister of Gujarat Bharatiya Janata Party
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 26 May
Incumbent 3 years, 241 days Pranab Mukherjee
  1. ^ Chandra Shekhar officially resigned as Prime Minister on 13 March 1991, but he and his ministers continued in office until Rao succeeded him.
Narendra Modi Manmohan Singh Atal Bihari Vajpayee Inder Kumar Gujral H. D. Deve Gowda Atal Bihari Vajpayee P. V. Narasimha Rao Chandra Shekhar Vishwanath Pratap Singh Rajiv Gandhi Indira Gandhi Charan Singh Moraji Desai Indira Gandhi Gulzarilal Nanda Lal Bahadur Shastri Gulzarilal Nanda Jawaharlal Nehru

See also



  • "Former Prime Minister's of India". Prime Minister's Office (PMO). Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  • "Gallery of Prime Ministers". Press Information Burea. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  • Guha, Ramachandra (2011). India After Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy. Pan Macmillan. ISBN 9780330540209. 
  • Brass, Paul R. (1994). The Politics of India Since Independence. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521459709. 


  1. ^ Constitutional Government in India. S. Chand Publishing. 2003. ISBN 9788121922036. 
  2. ^ "Former Prime Ministers | Prime Minister of India". Retrieved 2018-01-03. 
  3. ^ "In India, next generation of Gandhi dynasty". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-12-27. 
  4. ^ Diplomat, Ankit Panda, The. "BJP, Modi Win Landslide Victory in Indian Elections". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2016-12-27. 
  5. ^ "Indian National Congress". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Former Prime Ministers". PM India. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Narendra Modi appointed Prime Minister, swearing in on May 26". The Times of India. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
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