President of the National Council (Austria)

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President of the Austrian National Council
Präsident des Österreischischen Nationalrates
Coat of arms of Austria.svg
Wolfgang Sobotka 23-05-2013 01 (cropped).JPG
Incumbent
Wolfgang Sobotka

since 20 December 2017
Austrian National Council
Legislative branch in Austrian Politics
Style Mr. President
(within the National Council)
Status Presiding officer of one chamber in a bicameral legislature
Member of National Council
Residence Redoute Wing, Hofburg Imperial Palace (provisionally)
Austrian Parliament Building (standard)
Seat Innere Stadt, Vienna
Nominator Political parties
Appointer National Council
Constituting instrument Austrian Federal Constitution
First holder Karl Seitz
Deputy Doris Bures
Second President
Anneliese Kitzmüller
Third President
Website parlament.gv.at

The President of the National Council is the presiding officer of the National Council, the first chamber of the Austrian Parliament.

Since December 2017 Wolfgang Sobotka (ÖVP) serves as the current President of the National Council. Doris Bures (SPÖ) as the Second President and Anneliese Kitzmüller (FPÖ) as the Third. All three Presidents together form the Presidium of the National Council.

In the Austrian order of precedence the President of the National Council places after the President and before the Chancellor.

Election

The President, the second and the third President are elected by the majority of the National Council at the beginning of each legislative session.

The Presidium even remains active after the dissolution of the National Council, until the Council obtains its new elected leadership. This also applies if the President of the former legislative session has no mandate in the new session.

In the second republic it became a political practice, that the most powerful party receives the President and the second and third most powerful party the second and third president.

Tasks and duties

The exact tasks of the President and his deputies are determined in the Nationalratsgeschäftsordnung. He is in charge of the administrative affairs of the National Council and creates a budget concept for the Council with the second and third President. The President is the representative of national council for the public and has to ensure moderation and balanced rights. He handles the Geschäftsordnung and has to guarantee for its observance (especially for the maintenance silence and order and the meeting hall), he exercises the Hausrecht in the Austrian Parliament Building and heads the parliamentary directorate.

The three Presidents and the parliamentary leaders together form the Präsidialkonferenz, a communicative organisation responsible for amiable cooperation under the parties within the Council.

The Presidium assumes the tasks of the Federal President in case of a longer during prevention or permanent suspension, for example because of death, a resignation or a deposition. This should ensure that overseeing tasks towards the Government and other duties are not lost.


Termination

List of officeholders

List of presidents

Presidents of the National Assembly in the first Republic:

Name Entered office Left office Party
Karl Seitz, President of the Provisional National Assembly 21 October 1918 4 March 1919 SDAP
Jodok Fink/Johann Nepomuk Hauser, President 21 October 1918 30 October 1918 CS
Franz Dinghofer, President 21 October 1918 16 February 1919 GDVP
Karl Seitz, President of the Constituted National Assembly 21 October 1918 4 March 1919 SDAP

Presidents of the National Council in the First Austrian Republic:

Name Entered office Left office Party
Richard Weiskirchner 10 November 1920 20 November 1923 CS
Wilhelm Miklas 1923 November 20 6 December 1928 CS
Alfred Gürtler 1928 December 13 1930 December 4 CS
Matthias Eldersch 1930 December 4 1931 April 20 SDAP
Karl Renner 1931 April 29 1933 March 4 SDAP

Presidents of the National Council in the Second Republic:

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Leopold Kunschak 1945 December 19 1953 March 13 ÖVP
Felix Hurdes 1953 March 18 1959 June 9 ÖVP
Leopold Figl 1959 June 9 1962 February 5 ÖVP
Alfred Maleta 1962 February 14 1970 March 31 ÖVP
Karl Waldbrunner 1970 March 31 1971 November 4 SPÖ
Anton Benya 1971 November 4 1986 December 17 SPÖ
Leopold Gratz 1986 December 17 1989 February 23 SPÖ
Rudolf Pöder 1989 February 28 1990 November 5 SPÖ
Heinz Fischer 1990 November 5 2002 December 20 SPÖ
Andreas Khol 2002 December 20 2006 October 30 ÖVP
Barbara Prammer 2006 October 30 2014 August 2 SPÖ
Doris Bures 2014 September 2 2017 November 8 SPÖ
Elisabeth Köstinger 2017 November 9 2017 December 15 ÖVP
Wolfgang Sobotka 2017 December 15 present ÖVP

List of second presidents

Doris Bures, Second President of the National Council

First Austrian Republic:

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Matthias Eldersch 10. November 1920 14. Dezember 1920 SDAP
Karl Seitz 1920 1923 SDAP
Matthias Eldersch 1923 1930 SDAP
Rudolf Ramek 1930 1933 CS

Second Republic:

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Johann Böhm 1945 1959 SPÖ
Franz Olah 1959 1961 SPÖ
Friedrich Hillegeist 1961 1962 SPÖ
Karl Waldbrunner 1962 1970 SPÖ
Alfred Maleta 1970 1975 ÖVP
Roland Minkowitsch 1975 1986 ÖVP
Marga Hubinek 1986 1990 ÖVP
Robert Lichal 1990 1994 ÖVP
Heinrich Neisser 1994 1999 ÖVP
Thomas Prinzhorn 1999 2002 FPÖ
Heinz Fischer 2002 2004 SPÖ
Barbara Prammer 2004 2006 SPÖ
Michael Spindelegger 2006 2008 ÖVP
Fritz Neugebauer 2008– 2013 ÖVP
Karlheinz Kopf 2013 2017 ÖVP
Doris Bures 2017 present SPÖ

List of third presidents

Anneliese Kitzmüller, Third President of the National Council

First Austrian Republic:

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Franz Dinghofer 1920 1926 GDVP
Leopold Waber 1926 1930 GDVP
Sepp Straffner 1930 1931 GDVP
Stephan Tauschitz 1931 1932 LBd
Sepp Straffner 1932 1933 GDVP

Second Republic:

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Alfons Gorbach 1945 1953 ÖVP
Karl Hartleb 1953 1956 WdU
Alfons Gorbach 1956 1961 ÖVP
Alfred Maleta 1961 1962 ÖVP
Josef Wallner 1962 1970 ÖVP
Otto Probst 1970 1978 SPÖ
Herbert Pansi 1978 1979 SPÖ
Rudolf Thalhammer 1979 1983 SPÖ
Gerulf Stix 1983 1990 FPÖ
Siegfried Dillersberger 15 March 1990 4 November 1990 FPÖ
Heide Schmidt 1990 1994 FPÖ
Herbert Haupt 1994 1996 FPÖ
Willi Brauneder 1996 1999 FPÖ
Andreas Khol 1999 2000 ÖVP
Werner Fasslabend 2000 2002 ÖVP
Thomas Prinzhorn 2002 2006 FPÖ
Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek 2006 2008 Grüne
Martin Graf 2008 2013 FPÖ
Norbert Hofer 2013 2017 FPÖ
Anneliese Kitzmüller 2017 present FPÖ

See also

Sources

  • [1]
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