List of Presidents of Madagascar

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President of the
Republic of Madagascar
Presidential Standard of Madagascar.svg
Presidential Standard
Incumbent
Rivo Rakotovao
Acting

since 7 September 2018
Residence Iavoloha Palace
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Philibert Tsiranana
Formation 1 May 1959
Seal of Madagascar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Madagascar

This is a list of Presidents of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of President in 1959, during the Malagasy Republic.

Key

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting President

List

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Malagasy Republic (within the French Community)
1 Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 1 May 1959 26 June 1960 1 year, 56 days PSD Position abolished
Malagasy Republic (independent country)
(1) Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 26 June 1960 11 October 1972
(resigned.)[a]
12 years, 107 days 1965
1972
PSD Ramanantsoa
Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)[b]
Gabriel Ramanantsoa 1961.jpg 11 October 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
2 years, 117 days 1972
(referendum)
Military Himself
Richard Ratsimandrava
(1931–1975)[b]
No image.png 5 February 1975 11 February 1975
(assassinated.)
6 days Military Position abolished
Gilles Andriamahazo
(1919–1989)[c]
No image.png 12 February 1975 15 June 1975 123 days Military
Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[d]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 15 June 1975 30 December 1975 198 days Military
Democratic Republic of Madagascar
2 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[e]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 30 December 1975 12 September 1992 16 years, 257 days 1982
1989
Military /
AREMA
Rakotomalala
Rakotoniaina
Rakotoarijaona
Ramahatra
Razanamasy
Third Republic of Madagascar
(2) Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 12 September 1992 27 March 1993 196 days AREMA Razanamasy
3 Albert Zafy
(1927–2017)
President Albert Zafy.jpg 27 March 1993 5 September 1996
(resigned.)
3 years, 162 days 1992–93 UNDD Razanamasy
Ravony
Rakotovahiny
Ratsirahonana
Norbert Ratsirahonana
(1938–)
No image.png 5 September 1996 9 February 1997 157 days AVI Himself
(2) Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 9 February 1997 (25 February 2002)[f]
5 July 2002
5 years, 146 days 1996 AREMA Ratsirahonana
Rakotomavo
Andrianarivo
Rasolondraibe
4 Marc Ravalomanana
(1949–)
Marc Ravalomanana 2005-04-19.jpg (22 February 2002)[g]
5 July 2002
17 March 2009
(deposed.)
6 years, 255 days 2001
2006
TIM Sylla
Rabemananjara
Hyppolite Ramaroson
(1951–)[h]
No image.png 17 March 2009
(several hours.)
0 days Military Position vacant
High Transitional Authority
Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg (7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
25 January 2014 4 years, 314 days TVG Roindefo
Mangalaza
Manorohanta
Vital
Beriziky
Fourth Republic of Madagascar
5 Hery Rajaonarimampianina
(1958–)
Hery Rajaonarimampianina 2014.jpg 25 January 2014 7 September 2018 4 years, 225 days 2013 HVM Beriziky
Kolo
Ranelonarivo
Solonandrasana
Ntsay
Rivo Rakotovao
(1960–)
No image.png 7 September 2018 Incumbent 63 days HVM Ntsay

Notes

  1. ^ Stepped down amidst massive political protests, and handed over power to the military (after the referendum on military rule).
  2. ^ a b Styled as Head of State.
  3. ^ Styled as Chairman of the National Military Leadership Committee.
  4. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council.
  5. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council until 4 January 1976.
  6. ^ Based in Toamasina.
  7. ^ Based in Antananarivo.
  8. ^ Styled as Head of Military Directorate.

Latest election

Candidate Party Votes % Votes %
Hery Rajaonarimampianina Hery Vaovao ho an'i Madagasikara 721,206 15.93 2,060,124 53.49
Jean Louis Robinson AVANA 955,534 21.10 1,791,336 46.51
Hajo Herivelona Andrianainarivelo Malagasy Miara Miainga 476,153 10.51
Roland Ratsiraka MTS 407,732 9.00
Albert Camille Vital Hiaraka Isika 310,253 6.85
Saraha Georget Rabeharisoa Antoko Maitso 203,699 4.50
Edgard Razafindravahy Edgard Razafindravahy 197,081 4.35
Pierrot Rajaonarivelo MDM 121,999 2.69
Joseph Martin Randriamampionona RTM (Dadafara) 105,184 2.32
Benjamin Radavidson Andriamparany FFF 100,890 2.23
William Ratrema GAM/PATRAM 96,715 2.14
Jean Eugène Voninahitsy LES AS 96,547 2.13
Julien Razafinmanazato ESD 72,875 1.61
Monja Zafitsimivalo Roindefo MONIMA 68,563 1.51
Brigitte Ihantanirina Rabemananantsoa AMP 62,652 1.38
Willy Sylvain Rabetsaroana PNJ Mazava Sylvain 57,829 1.28
Clément Zafisolo Ravalisaona AME 52,083 1.15
Rakoto Andrianirina Fetison RDS 49,599 1.10
Tabera Randriamanantsoa KINTANA 40,253 0.89
Laza Razafiarison Avotra Ho An'ny Firenena 39,952 0.88
Jean Lahiniriko KML 39,648 0.88
Patrick Rajaonary Vonjeo Madagasikara 38,934 0.86
Rakotomaharo Rajemison MAMAFISOA 38,827 0.86
Roland Dieudonne Rabeharison FAMA 32,157 0.71
Djacoba Alain Tehindrazanarivelo ENNA 25,974 0.57
Faharo Ratsimbalson Independent 24,536 0.54
Patrick Raharimanana Vitatsika Io 19,684 0.43
Mickaël Brechard Dofo MIM 15,538 0.34
William Noelson MITM 14,096 0.31
Lezava Fleury Rabarison HARENA 11,347 0.25
Guy Ratrimoarivony HOP 10,913 0.24
Jean Pierre Rakoto RJP 9,965 0.22
Freddy Tinasoa OBAMA 9,971 0.22
Invalid/blank votes 303,277 191,786
Total 4,831,666 100.00 4,043,246 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 7,823,305 61.76 7,971,790 50.72
Source: CENIT, HCC

See also

External links

  • World Statesmen – Madagascar
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