List of New Jersey hurricanes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hurricane Sandy approaching the New Jersey coastline on October 29, 2012.

There have been 114 hurricane or tropical storms that affected the U.S. state of New Jersey. Due to its location, few hurricanes have hit the state directly, though numerous hurricanes have passed near or through New Jersey in its history. About every 10 years, hurricanes approach the coastline close enough to send waves over barrier islands' dunes and into back bays. According to an estimate by meteorologist George Prouflis, the chances for a direct hit by a hurricane on the Jersey shore each year is 1 in 200.[1]

New Jersey has seen the remnants of several once-powerful hurricanes, some resulting in heavy damage. Nine storms dropped over 10 in (250 mm) of rainfall in the state, including a hurricane in 1940 that interacted with a cold front and dropped 24 in (610 mm) of rainfall in Ewan. Numerous hurricanes that remained offshore have each drowned small numbers of swimmers.

List of tropical cyclones

Most of the following are tropical cyclones that passed through the state after weakening from their peak.

Pre–1900

In the 19th century, two hurricanes struck the coastline, each in 1804 and in 1821; both caused minor damage. The most significant storm of the century was the Gale of 1878, which produced hurricane-force winds across western New Jersey. The hurricane caused severe damage and 11 deaths.

  • 1278–1438 – Sedimentary layers indicate a powerful hurricane hit the state's coastline during this time period.[2]
  • October 9, 1804 – The Storm of October 1804 struck near Atlantic City as a strong Category 2 or weak Category 3 hurricane, sinking or beaching many ships in the Mid–Atlantic. The hurricane later produces a snow storm in New England.[3]
  • August 23, 1806 – A ship off Barnegat Island sunk during the 1806 Great Coastal hurricane, killing 21 people.[4]
  • September 22, 1815 – The Great September Gale of 1815 caused heavy damage along the New Jersey coastline while remaining offshore, though exact totals are unknown.[5]
  • August 9, 1817 – A tropical storm moved through the western portion of the state.[6]
  • September 3, 1821 – An estimated Category 4 hurricane hits near Cape May. Accompanied by a five-foot storm surge, damage is great in the small town, though is only moderate along the coastline due to the sparse population. No known deaths are associated with the hurricane in the state.[7]
  • August 30, 1839 – An offshore hurricane forced the floating light in Sandy Hook to break loose and set adrift.[8]
  • October 3, 1841 – An offshore hurricane dropped rain and snow in New Brunswick.[9]
  • October 13, 1846 – The Great Havana Hurricane of 1846 passed near or over the state, destroying many houses, downing many trees, and drowning several livestock.[10]
  • July 18, 1850 – A tropical storm passed to the west of the state, causing heavy rain and crop damage in Burlington.[11]
  • August 25, 1850 – A hurricane passing south of Cape May dropped over 3 inches (8 cm) of rain in New Brunswick.[12]
  • September 8, 1850 – An offshore hurricane produced high winds and 2.6 inches (6.6 cm) of rain in Newark.[13]
  • September 28, 1861 – A strong tropical storm passed over the state.[14]
  • September 19, 1863 – A moderate tropical storm crossed the state.[14]
  • October 30, 1866 – A moderate tropical storm brushed the northeastern portion of the state before entering New York.[14]
  • October 26, 1872 – A tropical storm moves across New Jersey with winds of 45 mph (75 km/h).[14]
  • August, 1873 – Though it never made landfall on the United States, the Great Nova Scotia Cyclone approached the state, prompting the U.S. Army Signal Corps to issue a hurricane warning from Cape May to New Haven, Connecticut.[15]
  • September 29, 1874 – A tropical storm moved through the state.[14]
  • October 23, 1878 – The Gale of 1878 struck North Carolina and moved into the Mid-Atlantic, producing winds of up to 84 mph (136 km/h) in Cape May. The hurricane causes high tides and strong flooding, destroying several houses along the coastline, and washing out several railroad lines. Strong winds destroyed around 150 houses in Camden. The hurricane killed eight people in the state.[16]
  • September 12, 1882 – A tropical storm passing south of the state caused strong winds and damage along the coastline.[17]
  • September 24, 1882 – A weak tropical storm paralleled the coastline.[14]
  • June 23, 1886 – A tropical depression crossed the state.[14]
  • September 10, 1889 – A hurricane stalled offshore the state and lashed the coastline with high winds, beach erosion, and severe storm tides.
  • August 24, 1893 – A hurricane passed just east of the state before making landfall near New York City. The hurricane produced strong winds and rainfall along the coastline.[18]

1900–1949

Hurricane activity was above average during this time period. A hurricane in 1903 hit near Atlantic City, causing heavy damage near the shore. The most severe hurricane in the time period was the 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane. Though it did not make landfall, it brought strong winds and waves to the coastline, destroying hundreds of homes.

  • September 16, 1903 – A hurricane made landfall on Atlantic City with winds of 80 mph (129 km/h) hurricane, making it the most recent hurricane to directly strike the state. Dubbed by the Atlantic City Press as the Vagabond hurricane, the storm gathered media interest from Philadelphia and New York, with one newspaper offering $200,000 (1903 USD) to aid the survivors. When the reporters arrived at the coast, they are disappointed at the lack of damage, which was confined to loose boards along the boardwalk. The storm's strong surf destroyed several boats along the coastline, including 34 in Waretown.[1]
  • August 4, 1915 – A tropical depression crossed the northern portion of the state, though damage totals are unknown.[14]
  • August 23, 1933 – A hurricane made landfall in the Outer Banks and moved through Pennsylvania. Its large circulation produced heavy rainfall and hurricane-force wind gusts in Atlantic City, where damage reached $3 million (1933 USD). High waves killed two people.[19][20]
  • September 19, 1936 – An offshore Category 2 hurricane flood much of Long Beach Island and caused severe beach erosion along the coast. About 200 feet (60 m) of sand near the Barnegat Lighthouse was lost, threatening the foundation of the lighthouse.[1]
  • September 21, 1938 – The New England Hurricane of 1938 passed to the east of the state, causing strong winds of up to 100 mph (160 km) and powerful waves along the coastline. The bridge to Brigantine collapsed, leaving the city marooned. The Fall tomato crop was ruined, and half of the apple harvest was destroyed.[1]
  • August 20, 1939 – Tuckerton received 14.8 inches (376 mm) of precipitation from a former hurricane. The storm caused major flooding in the Pine Barrens, washing away a historic village and derailing a train in Chatsworth.[21]
  • September 1, 1940 – A hurricane interacting with a cold front dropped 24 in (610 mm) of rainfall in Ewan, making it the wettest tropical cyclone in state history. Flooding damage totaled $4 million (1940 USD), and there were four deaths.[22][23][24][25]
  • August 1, 1944 – A tropical storm hit Cape May after passing through the Delmarva Peninsula, causing severe beach erosion and high tides.[1]
  • September 13–September 14, 1944 – The "Great Atlantic hurricane" paralleled the coastline, causing severe flooding, a storm surge of up to 9.6 feet (2.9 m), and intense waves of up to 40 feet (12 m) in height. Along the entire coastline, strong winds gusting to 125 mph (201 km/h) destroyed hundreds of homes and damaged thousands, while the ferocious waves washed away fishing piers and boardwalks.[1] Rainfall from the storm reached 11.98 in (304 mm) near New Brunswick.[26] The hurricane caused $25 million (1944 USD) in damage[27] and nine deaths in the state.[28]

1950–1979

Several tropical cyclones affected the state during the time period, though Hurricane Donna was the most severe. Paralleling the coastline offshore, the hurricane caused heavy damage near the coastline from high waves and winds. In addition, Hurricane Belle was predicted to strike the state, though it passed to the east with only minor effects.

  • August 20, 1950 – Offshore Hurricane Able dropped 3.85 in (98 mm) in Marlboro Township.[26]
  • September 1, 1952 – Tropical Depression Able moved across the northern portion of the state, dropping 6.14 in (156 mm) of rainfall in Oak Ridge.[1]
  • August 14, 1953 – Offshore Hurricane Barbara dropped 8.18 in (208 mm) of rainfall near Cape May.[26] Slick roads caused a deadly traffic accident on the New Jersey Turnpike.[29]
  • August 31, 1954 – Hurricane Carol caused gusty winds along the coastline and moderate damage.[1]
  • September 10, 1954 – Hurricane Edna skirted the coastline, producing tropical storm force winds of up to 65 mph and dropping 4 inches of rain in Long Branch.
  • October 15, 1954 – Hurricane Hazel passed well to the west of New Jersey, producing very high winds but only sporadic rainfall. Wind gusts peak at 86 mph in Millville.
  • August 12–13, 1955 – Hurricane Connie threatened the state, prompting coastal evacuations, but instead passed inland to the state's west. The storm dropped heavy rainfall, reaching 11.48 in (292 mm) in Vernon Township. Connie caused power outages and killed six people.[26][30][31][32]
  • August 19–20, 1955 – Hurricane Diane moved across Center Jersey only a week after Connie deluged the area, triggering heavy rains that reached 8.10 in (206 mm) of rainfall in Sussex. The rains caused severe flooding along the major Delaware, Passaic, and Raritan rivers. Three people drowned along the Millstone River. About 200 homes were damaged or destroyed in Lambertville. Statewide damage was estimated at $27.5 million (1955 USD).[26][33][34][35][1]
  • September 19, 1955 – Hurricane Ione passed southeast of the state, dropping over 3 inches (75 mm) of rainfall in South Jersey.[36]
  • September 28, 1956 – The remnants of Hurricane Flossy dropped 2.04 in (52 mm) of rain in Belmar.[26]
  • June 29, 1957 – The remnants of Hurricane Audrey moved through Pennsylvania and New York. The storm dropped 1.59 in (40 mm) of rainfall in Ringwood.[26]
  • June 2, 1959 – Remnant moisture from Tropical Storm Arlene dropped 3.04 in (77 mm) of rain near Swedesboro.[26]
  • July 10, 1959 – Offshore Tropical Storm Cindy produced 8.43 in (214 mm) of rain in Belleplain State Forest.[26]
  • October 1, 1959 – The extratropical remnants of Hurricane Gracie produced light precipitation in the state.[26]
  • July 30, 1960 – Tropical Storm Brenda moved across the state, dropping 5.40 in (137 mm) of rainfall in Jersey City.[26]
  • September 12, 1960 – Hurricane Donna moved up the East Coast of the United States and passed offshore New Jersey, causing heavy damage along the coast, but less than other states struck directly by Donna. The hurricane produced 105 mph (169 km/h) wind gusts and a storm surge of 6 feet (2 m) near Atlantic City, and 8.99 in (228 mm) of rainfall near Hammonton,.[26][37] One person died related to a heart attack during the storm.[1]
  • September 15, 1961 – A tropical storm crosses the state, dropping light rainfall.[14][26]
Hurricane Belle to the south of New Jersey
  • September 20, 1961 – Offshore Hurricane Esther caused high surf and 70 mph (113 km/h) winds at beaches in New Jersey.[38]
  • August 28, 1962 – The outer rainbands of Hurricane Alma dropped 0.97 in (25 mm) of rainfall in Bass River State Forest.[26]
  • October 29, 1963 – The outer rainbands of Hurricane Ginny dropped 0.61 in (15 mm) in Mahwah.[26]
  • September 14, 1964 – Hurricane Dora caused high tides of up to 4 feet (1 m) and rainfall peaking at 2.5 inches (6.35 cm).[39]
  • June 13, 1966 – Hurricane Alma approached the coast before turning northeastward and becoming extratropical. The storm caused a high tide of 4.5 feet (1.4 m) in Atlantic City.[40]
  • September 16, 1967 – Hurricane Doria sank a boat offshore Ocean City, killing three people. The storm produced light rainfall, reaching 1.19 in (30 mm) in Freehold. The storm caused minor damage along the coast.[41]
  • June 26, 1968 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Candy dropped 3.31 in (84 mm) of rainfall near Layton.[26]
  • August 20, 1969 – Passing south of the state as a re-intensifying storm, Tropical Storm Camille dropped 1.62 in (41 mm) of rainfall near Cape May.[26]
  • September 7, 1969 – Offshore Hurricane Gerda dropped 2.58 in (66 mm) of rainfall in Cape May.[26]
  • August 28, 1971 – Tropical Storm Doria moved through the entire state, dropping 10.29 in (261 mm) of rainfall in Little Falls. The heavy rainfall caused record flooding on streams and rivers. Doria killed three people and left $138 million in damage in New Jersey.[26][42][43][44]
  • October 1, 1971 – Hurricane Ginger struck North Carolina, and dropped 1.64 in (42 mm) of rainfall in Seabrook Farms.[26]
  • June 23, 1972 – Tropical Storm Agnes made landfall on extreme western Long Island, New York, and during the storm's passage, Canton reported 6.34 inches (16.1 cm) of rainfall. There was little statewide damage.[26][45]
  • September 3, 1972 – Tropical Storm Carrie produced 2.32 in (59 mm) of rainfall in Belleplain State Forest.[26]
  • September 25, 1975 – The remnants of Hurricane Eloise caused flooding in the state after dropping 10.51 in (267 mm) of rainfall near New Brunswick.[46][26]
  • August 10, 1976 – Prior to the arrival of Hurricane Belle from the south, 250,000 people evacuated from the shore during the peak of the tourist season. The hurricane caused winds of 65 mph (105 km/h) and gusts of up to 90 mph (145 km/h). In addition, the hurricane caused a storm surge of 8.85 feet (2.70 m) in Atlantic City, and 5.66 in (144 mm) of rainfall in Sandy Hook. Damage was less than expected.[47][26]
  • September 17, 1976 – The remnants of a subtropical storm dropped light rainfall in the state.[26]
  • August 29, 1978 – A cold front absorbed Tropical Storm Debra and later dropped 2.89 in (73 mm) of rainfall near Tuckerton.[26]
  • September 6, 1979 – Hurricane David passed to the west of the state, causing 58 mph (93 km/h) wind gusts, light rainfall, and at least one tornado.[48] The wind gusts left people without power after the storm.[1]

1980s

The 1980s were a relatively active decade, with 11 tropical cyclones affecting the state. The most notable storm of the decade was Hurricane Gloria in 1985, which was originally predicted to strike the state. The hurricane caused minor damage throughout the state.

Flooding from Hurricane Gloria in Cape May
  • September 30, 1983 – Tropical Storm Dean moved ashore the Delmarva Peninsula. Newark Liberty International Airport recorded 2.85 in (72 mm) of rainfall.[26]
  • October 14, 1984 – High surf from Hurricane Josephine caused minor damage and coastal flooding.[49]
  • October 29, 1984 – A tropical depression crossed the state, bringing light rainfall throughout the state.[50]
  • July 26, 1985 – The remnants of Hurricane Bob dropped 3.52 in (89 mm) of rainfall in Vernon Township.[26]
  • August 25, 1985 – The remnants of Hurricane Danny dropped 3.31 in (84 mm) of rainfall in Cape May.[26]
  • September 24, 1985 – Tropical Storm Henri passed to the east of the state, causing light rainfall.[51]
  • September 27, 1985 – Hurricane Gloria paralleled the New Jersey coastline just offshore as a Category 2 hurricane, forcing 95,000 people to evacuate. In Atlantic City, 11 casinos were closed, resulting in a loss of $7 million (1985 USD). Dubbed by some as the storm of the century, the hurricane was expected to become the first hurricane to hit the New Jersey coastline since the hurricane in 1903, though a last minute turn spareed the state.[1] While passing by the state, Gloria caused a storm surge of 4.6 feet (1.4 m) in Ventnor City and a wind gust of 80 mph (129 km) in Ocean City.[52] Strong winds down trees and power lines, leaving 237,000 without power after the storm.[53] Overall, damage is minor, and some were even disappointed at the lack of damage from the proclaimed storm of the century.[1] One person was killed in Long Branch after touching a downed power line.[54]
  • August 18, 1986 – Hurricane Charley came within 100 miles (160 km) of the state, but turns out to sea. The hurricane dropped 1.3 inches (3.3 cm) of rain, as well as a 1.6 foot (0.5 m) storm surge in Atlantic City.[55]
  • August 30, 1988 – Tropical Depression Chris moved across the northern portion, producing 2.19 in (56 mm) of rainfall at High Point State Park.[56]
  • July 1989 – Moisture from Tropical Storm Allison dropped 5.11 in (130 mm) in Audubon, New Jersey.[26]
  • September, 1989 – Offshore Hurricane Gabrielle produced strong waves of up to 16 feet (5 m) in height, killing one person.[57]
  • September 22, 1989 – Hurricane Hugo passed to the west of the state, causing over 5 inches (13 cm) of rain in North Jersey.[58]

1990s

Thirteen tropical cyclones affected New Jersey during the 1990s. The 1991 Perfect Storm eroded beaches severely along the coast, while Hurricane Floyd in 1999 produced severe flooding in northern New Jersey, killing six.

The "Perfect Storm" to the east of New Jersey
  • October, 1990 – The combined remnants of Hurricane Klaus and Tropical Storm Marco caused around 3 inches (8 cm) of rain in the northern portion of the state.[59]
  • August 19, 1991 – Offshore Hurricane Bob dropped 4.98 in (126 mm) of rainfall at the Millville Executive Airport.[26]
  • October 31, 1991 – The 1991 Halloween Nor'easter, also known as the Perfect Storm, caused strong waves of up to 30 feet (9 m) in height. High tides along the shore were only surpassed by the 1944 hurricane, while significant bay flooding occurred. Strong waves and persistent intense winds caused extreme beach erosion, amounting to 13.5 million cubic feet (383,000 m3) of sand lost in one location. In all, damage amounted to $90 million (1991 USD), though no deaths occurred in the state.[1]
  • August 28, 1992 – The Essex Fells Service Building recorded 1.60 in (41 mm) of rainfall from the remnants of Hurricane Andrew.[26]
  • September 26, 1992 – Tropical Storm Danielle moved inland over the Delmarva Peninsula, causing beach erosion and tidal flooding during a 7.2 ft (2.2 m) high tide in Atlantic City. Strong waves off the coast of New Jersey sank a sailboat, causing one death.[60]
  • August 18, 1994 – Tropical Depression Beryl crossed over the extreme northern portion of the state, dropping 3.82 in (97 mm) rainfall.[61]
  • November 22, 1994 – Offshore Hurricane Gordon produced 2.11 in (54 mm) of rainfall in Ringwood.[26]
  • June 6, 1995 – During the passage of the extratropical remnants of Hurricane Allison, Canoe Brook Country Club in Union County recorded 2.06 in (52 mm) of rainfall.[26]
  • August 7, 1995 – The remnants of Hurricane Erin dropped 3.92 in (100 mm) of rainfall in Belleplain State Forest.[62]
  • Mid–August, 1995 – Strong rip currents from Hurricane Felix killed five people, while persistent cyclonic winds caused extensive beach erosion.[63]
  • October 5, 1995 – As an extratropical storm, Hurricane Opal produced up to 5 inches (13 cm) of rainfall in the northern portion of the state.[64]
  • July 13, 1996 – Tropical Storm Bertha crossed the entire state, causing heavy rainfall peaking at 6.59 inches (16.74 cm) in Estell Manor. Bertha also caused a storm surge of 2.27 feet (69 cm) in Atlantic City, while rough waves killed one surfer.[65]
  • Late August, 1996 – Offshore Hurricane Edouard produced strong swells to the coastline, causing two deaths from drowning.[66]
  • September 8, 1996 - Hurricane Fran passed to the west of the state through central Pennsylvania and western New York and sparks an intense line of severe thunderstorms that crosses New Jersey and is most notable for causing an hour-long lightning delay of an NFL game between the New York Jets and Indianapolis Colts at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford. This marked the first time a regular season NFL contest had been suspended due to weather conditions.
  • July 25, 1997 – Passing southeast of the state, Tropical Storm Danny dropped 7.81 in (19.8 cm) of rainfall near New Brunswick.[26]
  • August 23, 1998 – Tracking offshore after striking North Carolina, Hurricane Bonnie produced rough waves and rip currents, resulting in hundreds of water rescues and eight injuries.[67]
  • September 6, 1999 – Tropical Depression Dennis moved northward through central Pennsylvania, and dropped 5.59 in (142 mm) of rainfall at Greenwood Lake along the New Jersey/New York border.[68][26]
  • September 16, 1999 – Tropical Storm Floyd crossed the entire state, unleashing torrential rainfall reaching 14.13 in (359 mm) in Little Falls. Cape May reported a storm surge of 2.6 feet (.79 m).[26][69] Five rivers, including the Raritan River, withhold too much water and exceed flood stages.[70] Strong wind gusts leave over 650,000 citizens without power during the storm's passage.[71] Across New Jersey, Floyd caused about $250 million in damage (1999 USD) and six casualties.[72]

2000s

Waves from Hurricane Bill in New Jersey
  • September 19, 2000 – The extratropical remnants of Hurricane Gordon passed over the state, dropping 2.11 in (54 mm) of rainfall near Somerville.[26]
  • June 17, 2001 – Subtropical Depression Allison passed just east of the state, causing gusty winds and up to 4.86 inches (12.34 cm) of rain.[73]
  • July 3, 2003 – A narrow F0 tornado briefly touched down in a marsh near Goshen, associated with the remnants of Tropical Storm Bill.[74][75]
  • September 13, 2003 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Henri dropped up to 3 inches (8 cm) of rain across the state.[76]
  • September 19, 2003 – Although Hurricane Isabel passed well to the southwest of the state, the hurricane's large windfield caused a storm surges of 10.6 feet (3.2 m) in Burlington. Outer bands of the storm resulted in light rainfall amounting to 1.3 inches (3.3 cm) in Wildwood, and wind gusts reached 61 mph (68 km) in nearby Cape May. Persistent strong waves severely erode beaches along the coast. Isabel caused 1 direct death and 1 indirect death, with damage amounting to $50 million (2003 USD).[77]
  • August 3, 2004 – Offshore Hurricane Alex dropped 3.81 in (97 mm) of rainfall in West Deptford.[26]
  • August 13, 2004 – Dissipating Tropical Depression Bonnie produced 0.65 in (17 mm) of rainfall in Folsom.[26]
  • August 14, 2004 – Shortly after the previous storm, former Hurricane Charley passed offshore the state, dropping 2.74 in (70 mm) of rainfall near Hewitt.[26]
  • August 31, 2004 – While Tropical Storm Gaston passed east of the state, New Lisbon recorded 3.94 in (100 mm).[26]
  • September 8, 2004 – As an extratropical cyclone, former Hurricane Frances dropped 5.25 in (133 mm) of rain in Trenton.[26]
  • September 17, 2004 – Former Hurricane Ivan dropped 5.5 inches (14.0 cm) of rain in Maplewood.[78]
  • September 28, 2004 – As an extratropical storm, former Hurricane Jeanne dropped 5 inches (13 cm) of rainfall across New Jersey.[79]
  • July 8, 2005 – The remnants of Hurricane Cindy knocked down a few trees and flooded roads, with a statewide rainfall maxima of 2.45 in (62 mm) near Pottersville.[80][26]
  • August 11–16, 2005 – Offshore Hurricane Irene caused rip currents and strong waves.[81]
  • August 30, 2005 — The remnants of Hurricane Katrina produced heavy rainfall and high winds, causing power outages and downed trees.[82]
  • September 7–8, 2005 – Rip currents from Hurricane Maria and Hurricane Nate killed one person and seriously injured another.[83]
  • June 15, 2006 – Tropical Storm Alberto passed to the southeast of the state, dropping 1.42 in (36 mm) of rainfall in Somerville.[26]
  • September 3, 2006 – The interaction between the remnants of Tropical Storm Ernesto and a strong high pressure system produced intense wind gusts of up to 81 mph in Strathmere. The storm also dropped heavy rainfall reaching 5.05 in (128 mm) in Marlboro Township. The winds and rain downed trees and power lines, resulting in power outages.[84]
  • June 4, 2007 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Barry dropped 3.75 in (95 mm) of rainfall in Absecon.[26]
  • July 2008 – Offshore Hurricane Bertha produced rip currents that killed three surfers.[85]
  • September 6, 2008 – Tropical Storm Hanna passed through New Jersey, producing heavy rainfall and causing minor flooding.[86]
  • August 22, 2009 – Offshore Hurricane Bill lashed the coast with 10 ft (3.0 m) waves, causing beach erosion and several injuries.[87]
  • August 29, 2009 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Danny produced high waves, beach erosion, and rip currents that injured a surfer.[88]

2010s

Hurricane Sandy damage to the Casino Pier in Seaside Heights

Hurricane Sandy was the most destructive hurricane ever recorded in New Jersey. The fourth-costliest hurricane in U.S. history caused widespread, devastating damage and left millions of New Jersey residents without electricity, some lasting as long as three weeks.

  • September 3, 2010 – Rip currents from offshore Hurricane Earl killed two swimmers.[89]
  • September 20, 2010 - Offshore Hurricane Igor produced high waves and rip currents along the coast.[90]
  • September 30, 2010 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Nicole causing flooding rains from 4.79 in (122 mm) of precipitation in Parsippany.[91]
  • August 27–28, 2011 – Tropical Storm Irene made landfall in Brigantine as a strong tropical storm. The storm caused beach erosion, flooding, and sustained winds of 59 mph (94 km/h) in Cape May, where hurricane-force gusts were also recorded.[92] Numerous reports of major flooding, downed trees, and power outages were reported. The storm caused just the third ever shutdown of Atlantic City casinos and also prompted residents of coastal communities to evacuate in advance of the storm. The storm kills a total of ten people in the state.
  • September 7–9, 2011 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Lee causes heavy rain across all of the state. In Phillipsburg, 9.55 Inches of rain fell. Moderate to severe flooding occurred in Western portions of the state.
  • October 29–30, 2012 – Hurricane Sandy reaches within 50 miles of the coastline before moving ashore in Brigantine as an extratropical cyclone. The storm brings hurricane-force winds, record low pressure, and a momentous storm surge along areas of the coast. The storm becomes the worst hurricane to affect the state on record, killing 37 and causing nearly $30 billion in damages. Widespread devastation is noted, particularly on Long Beach Island and the Barnegat Peninsula, where the Seaside Heights boardwalk collapses into the ocean. Further north, storm surge flooding causes massive destruction along the Raritan Bay and traps thousands in Hoboken. All of New Jersey Transit's commuter rail operations are affected, with some lines out of service for over a month, and inundation of rolling stock stored in NJ Transit's Meadowlands yard. Sandy also causes the worst power outage in state history, blacking out over 2 million households.
  • June 7, 2013 – Tropical Storm Andrea passes through New Jersey as a post-tropical storm, causing heavy rainfall throughout the state and forcing an emergency plane landing at Newark Airport. Rainfall peaks at 5 inches in Oceanport.
  • October 6, 2013 – Moisture associated with the remnants of Tropical Storm Karen drops locally heavy rains across New Jersey, causing minor street flooding.
  • July 4, 2014 – Hurricane Arthur passes to the east of New Jersey. The storm produces moderate rainfall along the coast, though winds remain generally below tropical storm force. Strong waves buffet the coastline, and some holiday celebrations in the state were cancelled or postponed.
  • August 28, 2014 – Hurricane Cristobal passes well offshore of the state but generates strong waves and rip currents that kill 2 in Sandy Hook.
  • June 21, 2015 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Bill pass through the state, dropping heavy rain but causing no damage.
  • October 1, 2015 – Hurricane Joaquin briefly threatens to approach or strike New Jersey, forcing the state to begin storm preparations. Officials in Atlantic City discuss the possibility of evacuations, though an order never materializes. Joaquin instead turns away long before affecting the shoreline.
  • October 28, 2015 – The remnants of Hurricane Patricia pass through the Northeast. Inches of heavy rain and gusty winds cause downed tree limbs, power outages, and flooding throughout the state.
  • September 5, 2016 – Hurricane Hermine meanders off the coast as a powerful post-tropical cyclone. The state thoroughly prepares for the storm's arrival during the busy holiday weekend. Hermine moves further east than forecasted and impacts are much less than expected. Strong waves and minor coastal flooding occur along the coastline.
  • October 8, 2016 – Hurricane Matthew interacts with a frontal system, bringing light rain to the state.
  • June 24, 2017 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Cindy bought strong winds to portions of New Jersey. Numerous powerlines and trees were downed in parts of southern and central parts of New Jersey. Two EF-0 tornadoes related to the system touched down in Howell Township, the first one touching down in the Fort Plains area damaging a Home Depot, Chase Bank, a strip mall, an ice cream parlor and downing trees and powerlines. The second one hit a park in the Oak Glen area.
  • September 3, 2017 – The remnants of Hurricane Harvey hit New Jersey on Labor Day weekend, causing minimal damage.
  • September 19, 2017 – Large waves from Hurricane Jose cause beach erosion along the Jersey Shore. Moderate rainfall and winds of 25-40 mph also occur across the state.[93]
  • September 27, 2017 – Hurricane Maria brings showers and some gusty winds to the shore.
  • October 29, 2017 – A post-tropical system that was once Tropical Storm Philippe (2017) passes east of the shore and brings 1-4 inches of rain.[94] The winds occasionally gusted over 40 mph and sustained winds were 15-30 mph.
  • September 8–10, 2018 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Gordon (2018) affect the state for 3 days, dropping amounts of up to 3-6 inches in parts of the state, along with wind gusts reaching up to 40 mph.

Listed by month

Tropical cyclones affect New Jersey the most during the month of September, though the state has experienced tropical cyclones throughout the hurricane season, excluding November. Storms affect the state most in September due to peak warmth in water temperatures. No recorded storm has affected the state between November and May.[1]

Number of recorded storms affecting New Jersey
Month Number of storms
June
9
July
9
August
37
September
44
October
14
November
1

Deadliest storms

Most tropical cyclones that impact New Jersey only cause rainfall or strong waves, though a few have caused deaths in the state, including the following:

Name Year Number of deaths
Sandy 2012 37 [95]
Unnamed 1806 21
Irene 2011 10
Unnamed 1944 9
Unnamed 1878 8
Connie 1955 6
Floyd 1999 6
Felix 1995 5
Unnamed 1940 4
Diane 1955 3
Doria 1967 3
Doria 1971 3
Bertha 2008 3
Unnamed 1933 2
Edouard 1996 2
Earl 2010 2
Cristobal 2014 2
Barbara 1953 1
Gloria 1985 1
Gabrielle 1989 1
Danielle 1992 1
Bertha 1996 1
Maria and Nate 2005 1
Isabel 2003 1 (1 indirect)
Donna 1960 0 (1 indirect)

Strongest storms

The following storms have caused hurricane-force winds in New Jersey:

Name Saffir–Simpson
Category
Date of closest approach Year
Gale of 1878 1 October 23 1878
1903 New Jersey hurricane 1 September 16 1903
Unnamed 1 September 8 1934
1944 Great Atlantic hurricane 1 September 14 1944
Sandy 1 October 29 2012

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Buchholz, Margaret; Larry Savadove (1993). Great Storms of the Jersey Shore. Down the Shore Publishing. ISBN 0-945582-51-X.
  2. ^ Donnelly J. P.; S. Roll; M. Wengren; J. Butler; R. Lederer; T. Webb III (July 2001). "Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey". Geology. 29 (7): 615–618. Bibcode:2001Geo....29..615D. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0615:SEOIHS>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0091-7613. Abstract Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. and "full article" (PDF). (2.15 MiB) available online from Brown University. URLs accessed on May 27, 2006.
  3. ^ Brian H. Bossak & James B. Elsner. "1804 Atlantic hurricane season". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  4. ^ Ludlum. "Great Coastal Hurricane of 1806" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  5. ^ Dunn and Miller. "Great September Gale of 1815" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  6. ^ "Storm of 1817" (PDF). 2004. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  7. ^ Various (1963). "1821 Atlantic hurricane season". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  8. ^ Ludlum (1963). "Atlantic Coast Hurricane of 1839" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  9. ^ Ludlum (1963). "October Gale of 1841" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  10. ^ Ludlum (1963). "Great Hurricane of 1846" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  11. ^ Ludlum (1963). "July Storm of 1850" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  12. ^ Ludlum (1963). "Severe Storm at Apalachicola" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  13. ^ Ludlum (1963). "September Storm of 1950" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)". Hurricane Research Division (Database). National Hurricane Center. May 1, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  15. ^ Robert Sheets (1990). "The National Hurricane Center: Past, Present, and Future" (PDF). p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2009. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
  16. ^ David M. Roth & Hugh D. Cobb (2000). "Re-analysis of the Gale of '78". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  17. ^ National Weather Service (1882). "1882 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  18. ^ National Weather Service (1893). "1893 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  19. ^ Chris Landsea; et al. (May 2012). Documentation of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Changes in HURDAT (1933) (Report). Hurricane Research Division. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  20. ^ "9 Die as Gale Hits U.S. Coast". The Leader-Post. Associated Press. August 22, 1933. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  21. ^ I.R. Tannehill (1939). "Tropical Disturbance of August 1939" (PDF). U.S. Weather Bureau. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
  22. ^ Schoner, R.W.; Molansky, S.; Hydrologic Services Division (July 1956). "Rainfall Associated With Hurricanes (And Other Tropical Disturbances)" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: National Hurricane Research Project. pp. 262–263. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  23. ^ "Hurricanes and New Jersey". Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States. Archived from the original on 2013-07-06. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  24. ^ "Floods Inundate New Jersey Area". Ellensburg Daily Record. Camden, New Jersey. Associated Press. September 2, 1940. p. 1. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  25. ^ Souder, Mary O. (September 1, 1940). "Severe Local Storms" (PDF). Monthly Weather Review. American Meteorological Society. 68 (9): 268. Bibcode:1940MWRv...68..268.. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1940)068<0268:SLS>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at Roth, David M; Weather Prediction Center (2012). "Tropical Cyclone Rainfall in the Mid-Atlantic United States". Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Point Maxima. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
  27. ^ "Historic Hurricanes--Some of the Most Powerful Storms on Record". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  28. ^ H.C. Sumner (1944). "Hurricanes and Tropical Disturbances of 1944" (PDF). U.S. Weather Bureau. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
  29. ^ "East Coast is Hit Hard by Storm". The Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. August 15, 1953. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  30. ^ "Connie Loses Punch After Taking 28 Lives, Causing Millions in Damage". The Times Daily. Associated Press. August 13, 1955. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  31. ^ "Hurricane Connie Now Medium-Sized". Lewiston Morning-Tribune. Associated Press. August 14, 1955. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  32. ^ "Waning Hurricane Connie Poses Threat to Ontario". The Vancouver Sun. Associated Press. August 13, 1955. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  33. ^ Floods of August – October 1955: New England to North Carolina. Washington, D.C.: United States Geological Survey. 1960. pp. 15, 27. Retrieved 2013-01-23.
  34. ^ Rick Schwartz (2007). Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States. United States: Blue Diamond Books. pp. 215–220. ISBN 0-9786280-0-4.
  35. ^ Howard Frederick Matthai (1955). Floods of August 1955 in the Northeastern States (Report). United States Geological Survey. pp. 1–10. Retrieved 2013-02-09.
  36. ^ David Roth (2006). "Rainfall information for Hurricane Ione". wpc. Retrieved 2006-09-11.
  37. ^ Gordon E. Dunn (1961). "1960 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Weather Bureau Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  38. ^ Gordon E. Dunn and Staff (1962). "1961 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Weather Bureau Office. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  39. ^ Gordon E. Dunn and Staff (1965). "1961 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). U.S. Weather Bureau Office. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  40. ^ Arnold L. Sugg (1967). "1966 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Weather Bureau Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  41. ^ Arnold L. Sugg & Joseph M. Pellisier (1967). "1967 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Weather Bureau Office. Retrieved 2006-04-04.
  42. ^ United States Geological Survey Kansas Weather Science Center (2005). "Summary of Significant Floods; 1971". Archived from the original on September 25, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-24.
  43. ^ Steven Gilbert (2005). "Building Bridges Dangerous Discussions". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2006-11-24.
  44. ^ R. H. Simpson & John Hope (1971). "1971 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Weather Bureau Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-23. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  45. ^ R.H. Simpson & Paul J. Hebert (1962). "1972 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Weather National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2006-04-04.
  46. ^ Paul J. Hebert (1976). "1975 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2006-04-04.
  47. ^ Miles B. Lawrence (1977). "1976 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2006-04-04.
  48. ^ Paul J. Hebert (1980). "1979 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  49. ^ Associated Press (1984-10-14). "Domestic News: Hurricane Josephine".
  50. ^ David Roth (2008). "Rainfall Summary for 1984 Tropical Depression". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Retrieved 2008-05-11.
  51. ^ Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (2006). "Henri Rainfall Information". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  52. ^ Robert A. Case (1985). "1985 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  53. ^ Michael A. Grammatico (2002). "HURRICANE GLORIA — September 27, 1985". Geocities.com. Archived from the original on 2006-04-29. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  54. ^ "September 1985". Storm Data. National Climatic Data Center. 27 (9): 23, 30, 33, 37, 38, 41, 43, 44. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  55. ^ Miles B. Lawrence (1987). "1986 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  56. ^ Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (2006). "Chris Rainfall Information". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  57. ^ National Hurricane Center (1989). "NHC Gabrielle Report". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  58. ^ Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (2006). "Hugo Rainfall Information". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  59. ^ "wpc Report on Marco and Klaus". Hydrometeorlogical Prediction Center. 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  60. ^ Mayfield, Max, Avila, Lixion, and Rappaport, Edward N. (March 1994). "1992 Monthly Weather Review" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 18, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  61. ^ "wpc Report on Beryl". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  62. ^ "wpc Report on Erin". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  63. ^ Max Mayfield & Jack Beven (1995). "Hurricane Felix Preliminary Report". National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
  64. ^ "wpc Report on Opal". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  65. ^ Lawrence, Miles B (November 9, 1996). "NHC Bertha report". NHC. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  66. ^ Richard A. Pasch (1996). "NHC Edouard Report". National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original on 2013-07-14. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  67. ^ National Climatic Data Center (1998). "Hurricane Bonnie Event Report". Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
  68. ^ "wpc Report on Dennis". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  69. ^ Richard J. Pasch, Todd B. Kimberlain and Stacy R. Stewart (1999). "NHC Floyd Report". NHC. Archived from the original on 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  70. ^ "Hurricaneville Floyd Page". Retrieved 2006-04-03.
  71. ^ September climate extremes accessed April 3, 2006
  72. ^ "Risk Assessment". State of New Jersey 2014 Hazard Mitigation Plan (PDF) (Report). State of New Jersey. Page 5.8-2. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  73. ^ Stewart, Stacy R. (February 8, 2002). "NHC Allison report". Archived from the original on September 16, 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  74. ^ Tom Grazulis and Bill McCaul (2006). "Every Hurricane that has Spawned a Tornado". The Tornado Project. Retrieved October 22, 2006.
  75. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2003). "Event Report for Tornado". Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  76. ^ "wpc Henri report". Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  77. ^ Beven, Jack & Cobb, Hugh. (January 16, 2004). "NHC Isabel report". Archived from the original on November 14, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  78. ^ Stewart, Stacy R. (May 27, 2005). "NHC Ivan report". Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
  79. ^ "NHC Jeanne report". Retrieved May 25, 2006.
  80. ^ "Heavy Rain Event". National Climatic Data Center. Archived from the original on 2018-09-26. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
  81. ^ "Hurricane Irene Affecting Jersey Shore". Associated Press. August 16, 2005. Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2006.
  82. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2005). "Event Report for Hurricane Katrina". Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
  83. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2005). "Event Record Details for New Jersey". Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2006-05-31.
  84. ^ Gorse/JJM (2006). "The Remnants of Tropical Storm Ernesto". Mount Holly, NJ National Weather Service. Retrieved 2006-09-11.
  85. ^ "Three Swimmers Drown at Jersey Shore over the Weekend". The Reporter. 2008-07-14. Archived from the original on 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  86. ^ "National Climatic Data Center: Heavy Rain Report, New Jersey". National Climatic Data Center. 2008. Archived from the original on August 30, 2010. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  87. ^ "Rip Current Event". National Climatic Data Center. Archived from the original on 2018-09-24. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  88. ^ "High Surf Event". National Climatic Data Center. Archived from the original on 2018-09-24. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  89. ^ Joseph De Avila (September 4, 2010). "Earl Weakens, Claims Victim". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 9, 2010. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  90. ^ "Far-away Hurricane Igor causes rip currents along Jersey Shore". New Jersey On-Line. Associated Press. September 20, 2010. Archived from the original on October 10, 2010. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  91. ^ Flood Event Report (Report). National Climatic Data Center. Archived from the original on 2018-09-26. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
  92. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Report - Hurricane Irene" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. December 14, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  93. ^ Pradelli, Chad (September 19, 2017). "Hurricane Jose sends waves crashing over sea wall". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  94. ^ Oliphant, Vickiie (2017-10-30). "Tropical Storm Philippe: Storm spawns 2 tornados as it brings wind and rain to New York". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
  95. ^ Osterman, Cynthia (November 16, 2012). "Factbox: Storm Sandy blamed for at least 132 deaths in U.S., Canada". Reuters.

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_New_Jersey_hurricanes&oldid=863295643"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_New_Jersey_hurricanes
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "List of New Jersey hurricanes"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA