List of Ministers of Defence of the Netherlands

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Minister of Defence of the Netherlands
Minister van Defensie
Logo ministerie van defensie.svg
Ministry of Defence
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Minister of Defence Ank Bijleveld
Incumbent
Ank Bijleveld

since 26 October 2017
Ministry of Defence
Style His/Her Excellency
Member of Council of Ministers
Appointer Mark Rutte
as Prime Minister of the Netherlands
Formation 16 February 1798; 220 years ago (1798-02-16)
First holder Gerrit Jan Pijman
(as Agent of War)
Deputy Barbara Visser
as State Secretary for Defence
Salary 157,287 (As of 2017)
(including 4,193 of expenses)
Website (in English) Minister of Defence
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

The Minister of Defence (Dutch: Minister van Defensie) is the head of the Ministry of Defence and a member of the Cabinet of the Netherlands. The current Minister of Defence is Ank Bijleveld, who has been in office since 26 October 2017.[1]

List of Ministers of Defence

For full list, see List of Ministers of Defence of the Netherlands. (in Dutch)

Minister of War Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Minister of Navy Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Jannes van Dijk Captain
Jannes van Dijk
(1871–1954)
28 July 1921 –
4 August 1925
Anti-Revolutionary Party Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III)
[2][3]
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Lieutenant commander
Evert Pieter Westerveld
(1873–1964)
18 September 1922 –
4 August 1925
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck II)
[3]
Johan Lambooij Major
Johan Lambooij
(1874–1942)
4 August 1925 –
8 March 1926
Roman Catholic
State Party
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn I)
[4]
Johan Lambooij Major
Johan Lambooij
(1874–1942)
4 August 1925 –
8 March 1926
Roman Catholic
State Party
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn I)
[4]
Louis van Royen Captain
Louis van Royen
(1865–1946)
8 March 1926 –
24 April 1926
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer I)
Louis van Royen Captain
Louis van Royen
(1865–1946)
8 March 1926 –
24 April 1926
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer I)
Johan Lambooij Major
Johan Lambooij
(1874–1942)
24 April 1926 –
1 September 1928
Roman Catholic
State Party
Johan Lambooij Major
Johan Lambooij
(1874–1942)
24 April 1926 –
1 September 1928
Roman Catholic
State Party
Minister of Defence Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
JMJH-Lambooy-persoonlijkheden.jpg Major
Johan Lambooij
(1874–1942)
1 September 1928 –
10 August 1929
Roman Catholic
State Party
Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer I)
Laurentius Nicolaas Deckers Dr.
Laurentius Nicolaas
Deckers

(1883–1978)
10 August 1929 –
2 September 1935
[Appt]
Roman Catholic
State Party
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(De Beerenbrouck III)
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn II)
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn III)
Hendrikus Colijn Major
Dr.
Hendrikus Colijn
(Prime Minister)
(1869–1944)
2 September 1935 –
24 June 1937
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Jannes van Dijk Captain
Dr.
Jannes van Dijk
(1871–1954)
24 June 1937 –
10 August 1939
Anti-Revolutionary Party Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IVV)
Adriaan Dijxhoorn Major general
Adriaan Dijxhoorn
(1889–1953)
10 August 1939 –
12 June 1941
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer II)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy I)
Hendrik van Boeijen Hendrik van Boeijen
(also Minister of the Interior)
(1889–1947)
12 June 1941 –
27 July 1941
[Ad interim]
Christian Historical Union
Minister
of War
Minister
of the Navy
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Hendrik van Boeijen
Van Boeijen
Johan Furstner
Furstner
Otto van Lidth de Jeude
v.L.d. Jeude
Jan de Quay
De Quay
Hendrik van Boeijen
(1889–1947)
Lieutenant admiral
Johan Furstner
(1887–1970)
27 July 1941 –
15 September 1942
Christian Historical Union
(v.Boeijen)
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
(Furstner)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy II)
Jonkheer
Otto van Lidth
de Jeude

(1881–1952)
15 September 1942 –
23 February 1945
Liberal State Party
(v.L.d.Jeude)
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
(Furstner)
Jim de Booy
(1885–1969)
23 February 1945 –
4 April 1945
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy III)
Major
Dr.
Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
Lieutenant commander
Jim de Booy
(1885–1969)
4 April 1945 –
25 June 1945
Catholic People's Party
(De Quay)
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
(De Booy)
Major
Jo Meynen
(1901–1980)
25 June 1945 –
3 July 1946
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(Meynen)
Independent
(De Booy)
Willem Schermerhorn
(Schermerhorn–Drees)
[5]
Alexander Fiévez
Fiévez
Lieutenant colonel
Alexander Fiévez
(1902–1949)
Lieutenant colonel
Alexander Fiévez
[Ad interim]
(1902–1949)
3 July 1946 –
7 August 1946
Catholic People's Party
(Fiévez)
Independent
Conservative

(Social Conservative)
(S.v.Leeuwen)
Louis Beel
(Beel I)
[6]
Rear admiral
Jules Schagen van Leeuwen
(1896–1976)
7 August 1946 –
24 November 1947
[Res]
Colonel
Alexander Fiévez
[Ad interim]
(1902–1949)
25 November 1947 –
7 August 1948
Minister of War and the Navy Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Wim Schokking Captain
Wim Schokking
(1900–1960)
7 August 1948 –
16 October 1950
[Res]
Christian Historical Union Willem Drees
(Drees–Van Schaik)
[7]
Hans s'Jacob Captain
Hans s'Jacob
(1906–1967)
16 October 1950 –
15 March 1951
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Protestant)
Kees Staf Sergeant
Kees Staf
(1905–1973)
15 March 1951 –
13 October 1956
Christian Historical Union Willem Drees
(Drees III)
[8][9]
Minister of Defence Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Kees Staf Sergeant
Kees Staf
(also Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food
Supplies
1958–1959)

(1905–1973)
13 October 1956 –
19 May 1959
Christian Historical Union Willem Drees
(Drees III)
[10]
Louis Beel
(Beel II)
[11]
Sidney J. van den Bergh Major general
Sidney J. van den Bergh
(1898–1977)
19 May 1959 –
1 August 1959
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
[12]
Jan de Quay Major
Dr.
Jan de Quay
(Prime Minister)
(1901–1985)
1 August 1959 –
4 September 1959
[Ad interim]
Catholic People's Party
Sim Visser Sergeant
Sim Visser
(1908–1983)
4 September 1959 –
24 July 1963
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Piet de Jong Captain
Piet de Jong
(1915–2016)
24 July 1963 –
5 April 1967
Catholic People's Party Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[13]
Jo Cals
(Cals)
[14]
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
[15]
Willem den Toom Lieutenant general
Willem den Toom
(1911–1998)
5 April 1967 –
6 July 1971
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[16]
Hans de Koster Hans de Koster
(1914–1992)
6 July 1971 –
11 May 1973
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
[17]
Henk Vredeling Henk Vredeling
(1924–2007)
11 May 1973 –
1 January 1977
[Appt]
Labour Party Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[18]
Bram Stemerdink Captain
Bram Stemerdink
(born 1936)
1 January 1977 –
19 December 1977
Labour Party
Roelof Kruisinga Dr.
Roelof Kruisinga
(1922–2012)
19 December 1977 –
4 March 1978
[Res]
Christian Historical Union Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[19]
Jan de Koning Corporal
Jan de Koning
(Minister for Development
Cooperation
)

(1926–1994)
4 March 1978 –
8 March 1978
[Ad interim]
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Willem Scholten Willem Scholten
(1927–2005)
8 March 1978 –
25 August 1980
[Appt]
Christian Historical Union
Pieter de Geus Captain
Pieter de Geus
(1929–2004)
25 August 1980 –
11 September 1981
Christian Historical Union
Christian Democratic Appeal
Hans van Mierlo Sergeant
Hans van Mierlo
(1931–2010)
11 September 1981 –
4 November 1982
Democrats 66 Dries van Agt
(Van Agt IIIII)
[20][21]
Job de Ruiter Dr.
Job de Ruiter
(1930–2015)
4 November 1982 –
14 July 1986
Christian Democratic Appeal Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers I)
[22]
Wim van Eekelen Dr.
Wim van Eekelen
(born 1931)
14 July 1986 –
6 September 1988
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers II)
[23]
Piet Bukman Piet Bukman
(Minister for Development
Cooperation
)

(born 1934)
6 September 1988 –
24 September 1988
[Ad interim]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Frits Bolkestein Frits Bolkestein
(born 1933)
24 September 1988 –
7 November 1989
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Relus ter Beek Relus ter Beek
(1944–2008)
7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[24]
Joris Voorhoeve Dr.
Joris Voorhoeve
(also Minister for Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba Affairs
)

(born 1945)
22 August 1994 –
3 August 1998
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok I)
[25]
Frank de Grave Frank de Grave
(born 1955)
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok II)
[26]
Benk Korthals Benk Korthals
(born 1944)
22 July 2002 –
12 December 2002
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende I)
[27]
Henk Kamp Henk Kamp
(also Minister of Housing,
Spatial Planning and the
Environment
2002–2003)

(born 1952)
12 December 2002 –
22 February 2007
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IIIII)
[28][29]
Eimert van Middelkoop Eimert van Middelkoop
(also Minister for Housing,
Communities and
Integration
2010)

(born 1949)
22 February 2007 –
14 October 2010
Christian Union Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
[30]
Hans Hillen Hans Hillen
(born 1947)
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
[31]
Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert Commander
Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert
(born 1973)
5 November 2012 –
4 October 2017
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
[32]
Klaas Dijkhoff Dr.
Klaas Dijkhoff
(born 1981)
4 October 2017 –
26 October 2017
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Ank Bijleveld Ank Bijleveld
(born 1962)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
Christian Democratic Appeal Mark Rutte
(Rutte III)
[33]
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinetten 1945-heden Parlement & Politiek
Res Resigned.
Ad interim Served ad interim.
Appt Appointment: Laurentius Nicolaas Deckers appointed Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries; Henk Vredeling appointed European Commissioner; Willem Scholten appointed Vice President of the Council of State.

Living former Ministers of Defence

Minister of Defence Term Age
Bram Stemerdink 1977 (1936-03-06) 6 March 1936 (age 82)
Wim van Eekelen 1986–1988 (1931-02-05) 5 February 1931 (age 87)
Piet Bukman 1988 (1934-02-07) 7 February 1934 (age 84)
Frits Bolkestein 1988–1989 (1933-04-04) 4 April 1933 (age 85)
Joris Voorhoeve 1994–1998 (1945-12-22) 22 December 1945 (age 72)
Frank de Grave 1998–2002 (1955-06-27) 27 June 1955 (age 63)
Benk Korthals 2002 (1944-10-05) 5 October 1944 (age 73)
Henk Kamp 2002–2007 (1952-07-23) 23 July 1952 (age 65)
Eimert van Middelkoop 2007–2010 (1949-02-14) 14 February 1949 (age 69)
Hans Hillen 2010–2012 (1947-06-17) 17 June 1947 (age 71)
Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert 2012–2017 (1973-04-07) 7 April 1973 (age 45)
Klaas Dijkhoff 2017 (1981-01-13) 13 January 1981 (age 37)

List of State Secretaries for Defence

State Secretary for Defence Portfolio Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Harry Moorman Vice admiral
Harry Moorman
(1899–1971)
• Navy 1 May 1949 –
27 November 1950
Catholic People's Party Willem Drees
(Drees–Van SchaikDrees I)
[7][8]
• Army
• Navy
• Air Force
27 November 1950 –
1 June 1951
• Navy 1 June 1951 –
19 May 1959
Willem Drees
(Drees IIIII)
[9][10]
Louis Beel
(Beel II)
[11]
Wim Fockema Andreae Wim Fockema Andreae
(1909–1996)
• Army
• Air Force
1 May 1949 –
27 November 1950
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Willem Drees
(Drees–Van Schaik)
[7]
Ferdinand Kranenburg Ferdinand Kranenburg
(1911–1994)
• Army
• Air Force
1 June 1951 –
1 June 1958
[Res]
Labour Party Willem Drees
(Drees III)
[8][9]
Willem Drees
(Drees III)
[10]
Meine van Veen Meine van Veen
(1893–1970)
25 October 1958 –
22 December 1958
Labour Party
Michael Calmeyer Lieutenant general
Michael Calmeyer
(1895–1990)
• Army
• Air Force
19 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Christian Historical Union Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
[12]
Piet de Jong Captain
Piet de Jong
(1915–2016)
• Navy 25 June 1959 –
24 July 1963
Catholic People's Party
Adri van Es Vice admiral
Adri van Es
(1913–1994)
• Navy 14 August 1963 –
6 July 1971
Anti-Revolutionary Party Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[13]
Jo Cals
(Cals)
[14]
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
[15]
Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[16]
• Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
• Veteran Affairs
6 July 1971 –
16 September 1972
[Res]
Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
[17]
Joop Haex Major general
Joop Haex
(1911–2002)
• Army 14 August 1963 –
14 April 1965
Christian Historical Union Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[13]
Wim van Eekelen Major general
Willem den Toom
(1911–1998)
• Air Force 25 November 1963 –
14 April 1965
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Gerard Peijnenburg Lieutenant
Gerard Peijnenburg
(1919–2000)
• Army 13 May 1965 –
5 April 1967
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Catholic)
Jo Cals
(Cals)
[14]
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
[15]
Jan Borghouts Colonel
Jan Borghouts
(1910–1966)
• Air Force 12 July 1965 –
5 February 1966
[Died]
Catholic People's Party Jo Cals
(Cals)
[14]
Heije Schaper Lieutenant general
Heije Schaper
(1906–1996)
22 June 1966 –
5 April 1967
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
[15]
Joop Haex Major general
Joop Haex
(1911–2002)
• Army 18 April 1967 –
6 July 1971
Christian Historical Union Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[16]
Bob Duynstee Sergeant
Bob Duynstee
(1920–2014)
• Air Force 28 April 1967 –
6 July 1971
Catholic People's Party
Joep Mommersteeg Joep Mommersteeg
(1917–1991)
• Personnel Affairs 11 May 1973 –
1 March 1974
[Res]
Catholic People's Party Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[18]
Cees van Lent Brigadier general
Cees van Lent
(1922–2000)
11 March 1974 –
11 September 1981
Catholic People's Party
Christian Democratic Appeal Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[19]
Bram Stemerdink Captain
Bram Stemerdink
(born 1936)
• Equipment Policy
• Military Justice
11 May 1973 –
1 January 1977
[Appt]
Labour Party Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[18]
Wim van Eekelen Dr.
Wim van Eekelen
(born 1931)
• Equipment Policy
• Military Justice
20 January 1978 –
11 September 1981
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[19]
Bram Stemerdink Captain
Bram Stemerdink
(born 1936)
• Equipment Policy
• Military Justice
11 September 1981 –
29 May 1982
[Res]
Labour Party Dries van Agt
(Van Agt II)
[20]
Jan van Houwelingen Second lieutenant
Jan van Houwelingen
(1939–2013)
• Personnel Affairs
• Veteran Affairs
14 September 1981 –
7 November 1989
Christian Democratic Appeal
• Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
• Veteran Affairs
Dries van Agt
(Van Agt III)
[21]
• Equipment Policy Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers I)
[22]
• Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
• Veteran Affairs
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers II)
[23]
Charl Schwietert Charl Schwietert
(born 1943)
• Personnel Affairs 8 November 1982 –
11 November 1982
[Res]
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers I)
[22]
Willem Hoekzema Willem Hoekzema
(born 1939)
19 November 1982 –
14 July 1986
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Berend-Jan van Voorst tot Voorst Baron
Berend-Jan van
Voorst tot Voorst

(born 1944)
• Equipment Policy
• Military Justice
• Veteran Affairs
7 November 1989 –
1 June 1993
[Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[24]
Ton Frinking Lieutenant colonel
Ton Frinking
(born 1931)
1 June 1993 –
22 August 1994
Christian Democratic Appeal
Jan Gmelich Meijling Lieutenant commander
Jan Gmelich Meijling
(1936–2012)
• Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
• Organizational Restructuring
• Veteran Affairs
22 August 1994 –
3 August 1998
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok I)
[25]
Henk van Hoof Lieutenant commander
Henk van Hoof
(born 1947)
• Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
• Inter-Branch Cooperation
• Veteran Affairs
3 August 1998 –
22 July 2002
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok II)
[26]
Cees van der Knaap Sergeant
Cees van der Knaap
(born 1951)
• Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
22 July 2002 –
18 December 2007
[Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IIIIII)
[27][28][29]
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
[30]
Jack de Vries Jack de Vries
(born 1968)
18 December 2007 –
18 May 2010
[Res]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Vacant
Barbara Visser Barbara Visser
(born 1977)
• Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
• Special Ops Policy
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Mark Rutte
(Rutte III)
[33]
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinetten 1945-heden Parlement & Politiek
Res Resigned.
Died Died in office.
Appt Appointment: Bram Stemerdink appointed Minister of Defence; Berend-Jan van Voorst tot Voorst appointed Queen's Commissioners of Limburg; Cees van der Knaap appointed Mayor of Ede.

Living former State Secretaries for Defence

State Secretary
for Defence
Term Age
Bram Stemerdink 1973–1977
1981–1982
(1936-03-06) 6 March 1936 (age 82)
Wim van Eekelen 1978–1981 (1931-02-05) 5 February 1931 (age 87)
Charl Schwietert 1982 (1943-01-01) 1 January 1943 (age 75)
Willem Hoekzema 1982–1986 (1939-07-21) 21 July 1939 (age 78)
Berend-Jan van
Voorst tot Voorst
1989–1993 (1944-02-07) 7 February 1944 (age 74)
Ton Frinking 1993–1994 (1931-02-01) 1 February 1931 (age 87)
Henk van Hoof 1998–2002 (1947-11-09) 9 November 1947 (age 70)
Cees van der Knaap 2002–2007 (1951-01-27) 27 January 1951 (age 67)
Jack de Vries 2007–2010 (1968-07-25) 25 July 1968 (age 49)

See also

References

  1. ^ (in Dutch) "Defensieminister Ank Bijleveld (CDA) kent Den Haag op haar duimpje". NOS. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2018. 
  2. ^ "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck I". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckI. Parlement & Politiek. 
  3. ^ a b "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck II". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckII. Parlement & Politiek. 
  4. ^ a b "Kabinet-Colijn I". ColijnI. Parlement & Politiek. 
  5. ^ "Kabinet-Schermerhorn-Drees". SchermerhornDrees. Rijksoverheid. 
  6. ^ "Kabinet-Beel I". BeelI. Rijksoverheid. 
  7. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Drees-Van Schaik". DreesVanSchaik. Rijksoverheid. 
  8. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Drees I". DreesI. Rijksoverheid. 
  9. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Drees II". DreesII. Rijksoverheid. 
  10. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Drees III". DreeslII. Rijksoverheid. 
  11. ^ a b "Kabinet-Beel II". BeelII. Rijksoverheid. 
  12. ^ a b "Kabinet-De Quay". DeQuay. Rijksoverheid. 
  13. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Marijnen". Marijnen. Rijksoverheid. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Kabinet-Cals". Cals. Rijksoverheid. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Kabinet-Zijlstra". Zijlstra. Rijksoverheid. 
  16. ^ a b c "Kabinet-De Jong". DeJong. Rijksoverheid. 
  17. ^ a b "Kabinet-Biesheuvel". Biesheuvel. Rijksoverheid. 
  18. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Den Uyl". DenUyl. Rijksoverheid. 
  19. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Van Agt I". VanAgtI. Rijksoverheid. 
  20. ^ a b "Kabinet-Van Agt II". VanAgtII. Rijksoverheid. 
  21. ^ a b "Kabinet-Van Agt III". VanAgtIII. Rijksoverheid. 
  22. ^ a b c "Kabinet-Lubbers I". LubbersI. Rijksoverheid. 
  23. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers II". LubbersII. Rijksoverheid. 
  24. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers III". LubbersIII. Rijksoverheid. 
  25. ^ a b "Kabinet-Kok I". KokI. Rijksoverheid. 
  26. ^ a b "Kabinet-Kok II". KokII. Rijksoverheid. 
  27. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende I". BalkenendeI. Rijksoverheid. 
  28. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende II". BalkenendeII. Rijksoverheid. 
  29. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende III". BalkenendeIII. Rijksoverheid. 
  30. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende IV". BalkenendeIV. Rijksoverheid. 
  31. ^ "Kabinet-Rutte-Verhagen". RutteI. Rijksoverheid. 
  32. ^ "Kabinet-Rutte-Asscher". RutteII. Rijksoverheid. 
  33. ^ a b "Kabinet-Rutte III". RutteIII. Rijksoverheid. 
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