List of Manipuri kings

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Kingdom of Manipur
Part of History of Manipur
Kings of Manipur
Charairongba 1697-1709
Pamheiba 1720–1751
Gaurisiam 1752–1754
Chitsai 1754–1756
Ching-Thang Khomba 1769–1798
Rohinchandra 1798–1801
Maduchandra Singh 1801–1806
Chourjit Singh 1806–1812
Marjit Singh 1812–1819
Gambhir Singh 1825–1834
Raja Nara Singh 1844–1850
Debindro Singh 1850
Chandrakirti Singh 1850–1886
Raja Surchandra 1886–1890
Kulachandra Singh 1890–1891
Churachandra Singh 1891–1941
Bodhchandra Singh 1941–1949
Manipur monarchy data
Ningthouja dynasty (Royal family)
Pakhangba (Symbol of the kingdom)
Cheitharol Kumbaba (Royal chronicle)
Imphal (Capital of the kingdom)
Kangla Palace (Royal residence)

List of Monarchs that ruled the Kingdom of Manipur (present state of Manipur in northeast India) have been recorded in Court Chronicles of the Kings of Manipur (Cheitharol Kumbaba)[1].

The Kingdom of Kangleipak was established in 1110 by Loiyumba, who a local tribal ruler who incorporated most neighboring principalities.[2] The Kangleipak kings expanded their territory, reaching their zenith under king Khagemba (1597–1652). In 1714, a king named Pamheiba adopted Hinduism. He adopted the name Gharib Nawaz, and in 1724 renamed the kingdom as Manipur (Sanskrit for "abode of jewels"). Manipur was conquered by Burma in 1819, and became a princely state within the British Raj in 1821. Manipur was incorporated as a state of the Republic of India in October 1949.

Legendary kings

A number of legendary kings are mentioned in the Royal Chronicle, written down in the 19th century.[3]


  • Nongda Lairen Pakhangba 33 - 154 CE
  • Khuiyoi Tompok (154-264 CE) 154 - 264 CE
  • Taothingmang (264-364 CE)
  • Khui Ningonba (364-379 CE)
  • Pengsiba (379-394 CE)
  • Kaokhangba (394-411 CE)
  • Naokhamba (411-428 CE)
  • Naophangba (428-518 CE)
  • Sameirang (518-568 CE)
  • Urakonthouba (568-658 CE)
  • Naothingkhon (663-763 CE)
  • Khongtekcha (763-773 CE)
  • Keirencha (784-799 CE)
  • Yaraba (799-821 CE)
  • Ayangba (821-910 CE)
  • Ningthoucheng (910-949 CE)
  • Chenglie-Ipan-Lanthaba (949-969 CE)
  • Keiphaba Yanglon (969-984 CE)
  • Irengba (984-1074 CE)

Kangleipak State

  1. Loiumba (1074-1112)
  2. Loitongba (1112-1150)
  3. Atom Yoiremba (1150-1163)
  4. Iyanthaba (1163-1195)
  5. Thayanthaba (1195-1231)
  6. Chingthang Lanthaba (1231-1242)
  7. Thingbai Shelhongba (1242-1247)
  8. Puranthaba (1247-1263)
  9. Khumomba (1263-1278)
  10. Moiramba (1278-1302)
  11. Thangbi Lanthaba (1302-1324)
  12. Kongyamba (1324-1335)
  13. Telheiba (1335-1355)
  14. Tonaba (1355-1359)
  15. Tabungba (1359-1394)
  16. Lairenba (1394-1399)
  17. Punsiba (1404-1432)
  18. Ningthoukhomba (1432-1467)
  19. Senbi Kiyamba (1467-1508)
  20. Koiremba (1508-1512)
  21. Lamkhyamba (1512-1523)
  22. Nonginphaba (1523-1524)
  23. Kabomba (1524-1542)
  24. Tangjamba (1542-1545)
  25. Chalamba (1545-1562)
  26. Mugyamba (1562-1597)
  27. Khagemba (1597-1652)
  28. Khunjaoba (1652-1666)
  29. Paikhomba (1666-1697)
  30. Charairongba (1697-1709)
  31. Gharib Nawaz (Pamheiba) (1709-1754), adoption of the name Manipur
  32. Chit Sain (1754-1756)
  33. Gaurisiam (1756-1763)
  34. Ching-Thang Khomba (Bhagya Chandra) (1764-1798)
  35. Rohinchandra (Harshachandra Singh) (1798-1801)
  36. Maduchandra Singh (1801-1806)
  37. Charajit Singh (1806-1812)
  38. Marjit Singh (1812-1819), brother of Charajit, came to power with Burmese support

Burmese rule

There were two feudatory kings during the time of the Burmese invasions, Herachandra (1819) and Yumjaotaba (1820).

Gambhir Singh ascended in April 1821 and was forced into exile in October of the same year. The Burmese forces placed a son-in-law of Gharib Niwaz, one Jai Singh, on the throne of Manipur. Jai Singh was shortly replaced by Shoobal Singh, a brother of Kara Singh.[4]

British Raj

Regency for Chandrakirti Singh (1834-1850)

Sovereign State of Manipur

Republic of India

After the death of Bodhchandra Singh in 1955, there have been two titular kings of Manipur:

  • Pareihanba Okendro (1955 - 1976)
  • Leishemba Sanajaoba (1996 to present)[9]

References

  1. ^ The court chronicle of the kings of Manipur : the Cheitharon kumpapa : original text, translation, and notes. Parratt, Saroj Nalini. London: Routledge. 2005-. ISBN 0-203-44427-2. OCLC 252763470. Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ Phanjoubam Tarapot, Bleeding Manipur, Har Anand Publications (30 July 2007) ISBN 978-8124109021
  3. ^ "The manuscripts collected by W. Yumjao Singh consist of literary, historical, astronomical, astrological and miscellaneous other works of which mention may be made of Cheitharon Kumbaba, the Ningthourol Shingkak, the Poireiton Khunthokpa, Dharani Samhita, Srimat Bhagabat. "The Cheitharol Kumbaba or the royal chronicle has been the most valuable for historical investigations, as it professes to record all the important daily transactions and occurrences of the State... By orders of Jai Singh this book was rewritten as the former copy was no more available then". "The Nigthourol Shingkak is a work written in the way of prediction. It professes to predict all important events that would happen from the time of Khagemba downward. It, therefore, professes to be a work of the early 17th century. It is an anonymous work, and in this book, we see for the first time Gharib Niwaz's having had some Naga connection in his childhood." Jyotirmoy Roy, History Of Manipur, 1958, p. 8.
  4. ^ Jyotirmoy Roy, History Of Manipur (1958),p. 61.
  5. ^ "Biography of His Highness Maharaja Bodhachandra Last King of Manipur Part 1". e-pao.net. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Biography of His Highness Maharaja Bodhachandra Last King of Manipur Part 2". e-pao.net. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Biography of His Highness Maharaja Bodhachandra Last King of Manipur Part 3". e-pao.net. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  8. ^ "Manipur Merger Agreement, 1949". www.satp.org. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  9. ^ 'Royal' gamble by RSS pays off in Imphal valley, Times of India, 14 March 2014 ("The RSS's move to involve the titular 'king' of Manipur, Meidingu Leishemba Sanajaoba, in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's poll campaign").

External links

  • nigombam, macks. "A Brief history of the Meiteis of Manipur". themanipurpage.tripod.com.
  • "Titular king Leishemba Sanajaoba Archives - The Sangai Express". The Sangai Express. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  • History of Manipur:The Medieval Period - IIT Guwahati
  • Manipur and the mainstream by N. Tombi Singh
  • The court chronicles of the kings of Manipur - Cheitharol Kumpapa
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