List of Jewish mathematicians

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This list of Jewish mathematicians includes mathematicians and statisticians who are or were verifiably Jewish or of Jewish descent. In 1933, when the Nazis rose to power in Germany, one-third of all mathematics professors in the country were Jewish, while Jews constituted less than one percent of the population.[1] Jewish mathematicians made major contributions throughout the 20th century and into the 21st, as is evidenced by their high representation among the winners of major mathematics awards: 27% for the Fields Medal, 30% for the Abel Prize, and 40% for the Wolf Prize.[2][3]:V13:678

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P–Q

R

S

T–U

V

W

X–Z

See also

References

  • Hundert, Gershon D., ed. (2008). The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11903-9.
  • O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F. MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. University of St Andrews.

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Aderet, Ofer (November 25, 2011). "Setting the Record Straight About Jewish Mathematicians in Nazi Germany". Haaretz. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  2. ^ "Jews in Mathematics". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Skolnik, Fred, ed. (2007). Encyclopaedia Judaica (2 ed.). Detroit: Thomson Gale. ISBN 978-0-02-865928-2.
  4. ^ Glasner, Ruth (2013). "Hebrew Translations in Medieval Christian Spain: Alfonso of Valladolid Translating Archimedes?". Aleph. 13 (2): 185–199. JSTOR 10.2979/aleph.13.2.185.
  5. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Abigdor, Abraham (called also Bonet ben Meshullam ben Solomon)". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl "Jewish Mathematicians". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Samson Abramsky". Jewish Lives Project. Jewish Museum London. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  8. ^ Parr, Molly (January 26, 2015). "Four Questions with Amir Aczel, Mathematician and Author". Jewish Boston.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Kromberg, Lazar. "Jewish Mathematicians". JewProm. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  10. ^ Doll, Richard (2004). "Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/74126. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  11. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Afendopolo, Caleb b. Elijah b. Judah". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  12. ^ Gutwirth, Eleazar (2009). "Jewish Bodies and Renaissance Melancholy: Culture and the City in Italy and the Ottoman Empire". In Diemling, Maria; Veltri, Giuseppe. The Jewish Body: Corporeality, Society, and Identity in the Renaissance and Early Modern Period. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. pp. 57–92. ISBN 978-90-04-16718-6.
  13. ^ Koren, Nathan (1973). Jewish Physicians: A Biographical Index. Jerusalem: Israel Universities Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-7065-1269-3.
  14. ^ Ferre, Lola (2010). "Albalia, Isaac ben Barukh". In Stillman, Norman A. Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World. Brill Publishers.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Jewish Recipients of the Frank Nelson Cole Prizes in Algebra and Number Theory". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  16. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Alcan, Félix". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  17. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Abbas, Samuel Abu Naṣr". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  18. ^ a b c d e Siegmund-Schultze, Reinhard (2009). Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany: Individual Fates and Global Impact. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691140414.
  19. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Shimshon Avraham Amitsur.
  20. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Anatolio, Jacob ben Abba Mari ben Simson". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  21. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Aldo Andreotti.
  22. ^ Chang, Kenneth (11 June 2010). "Vladimir Arnold Dies at 72; Pioneering Mathematician". The New York Times.
  23. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Siegfried Heinrich Aronhold.
  24. ^ Wahid, Abu N. M. (2002). Frontiers of Economics: Nobel Laureates of the Twentieth Century. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing. p. 5. ISBN 0-313-32073-X.
  25. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Michael Artin.
  26. ^ Sarfatti, Michele (2006). The Jews in Mussolini's Italy: From Equality to Persecution. Translated by Tedeschi, John and Anne C. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-299-21730-3.
  27. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Ascoli, Giulio". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  28. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Guido Ascoli.
  29. ^ "Notes". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 51 (11): 868–873. 1945. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1945-08465-1.
  30. ^ Badge, Peter. "Prof. Dr. Robert J. Aumann". Nobels: Nobel Laureates photographed by Peter Badge. ISBN 978-3-527-40816-0.
  31. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Louis Auslander.
  32. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Maurice Auslander.
  33. ^ Hirsch, Pam (1 March 2009). "Hertha Ayrton". Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Brookline, Massachusetts: Jewish Women's Archive.
  34. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Reinhold Baer.
  35. ^ Balas, Edith (2010). Bird in Flight: Memoir of a Survivor and Scholar. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press. ISBN 978-0887485381.
  36. ^ Strazny, Philip, ed. (2005). "Bar-Hillel, Yehoshua" (PDF). Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 1. New York: Fitzroy Dearborn. pp. 124–126.
  37. ^ a b c Katz, Victor (2016). "The Mathematical Cultures of Medieval Europe". History and Pedagogy of Mathematics. Montpellier.
  38. ^ "Ruth Barcan Marcus: Professor of Logic and Metaphysics, 1921–2012". Jewish Women's Archive. 2012.
  39. ^ "Valentine Bargmann". Biographical Memoirs, Vol. 76. National Academy Press. 1999. pp. 37–50. ISBN 0-309-06434-1.
  40. ^  Gottheil, Richard (1902). "Bashyazi, Moses ben Elijah". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. 2. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company. p. 575.
  41. ^ Bass, Hyman (1999). "A Professional Autobiography". In Lam, Tsit-Yuan; Magid, Andy R. Algebra, K-Theory, Groups, and Education: On the Occasion of Hyma Bass's 65th Birthday. Contemporary Mathematics. 243. Providence, Rhode Island: American Mathematical Society. p. 3. ISBN 0-8218-1087-1.
  42. ^ "Laurence Baxter". Jewish Lives Project. Jewish Museum London. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  43. ^ Stonehill, Charles Archibald (1940). The Jewish Contribution to Civilization. p. 23.
  44. ^ a b c d "Jewish Recipients of the Wolf Prize in Mathematics". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  45. ^ Robert S. Roth, ed. (1986). The Bellman Continuum: A Collection of the Works of Richard E. Bellman. World Scientific. ISBN 9789971500900.
  46. ^  Gottheil, Richard; Broydé, Isaac (1901–1906). "Kalonymus ben Kalonymus ben Meïr". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  47. ^  Singer, Isidore; Schloessinger, Max (1901–1906). "Isaac ben Moses Eli (ha-Sefaradi)". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  48. ^ a b c d e  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Mathematics". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  49. ^ Langermann, Y. Tzvi (2000). Harvey, Steven, ed. "Some Remarks on Judah ben Solomon ha‐Cohen and His Encyclopedia, Midrash ha‐Ḥokhmah". The Medieval Hebrew Encyclopedias of Science and Philosophy. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers: 371–389.
  50. ^ Moseley, Caroline (November 23, 1998). "'Whatever I am now, it happened here'". Princeton Weekly Bulletin. Princeton University. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  51. ^ Sven-Erik., Rose,. Jewish philosophical politics in Germany, 1789/1848. Waltham, Massachusetts. ISBN 9781611685787. OCLC 890067750.
  52. ^ Mikhail Shifman, ed. (2007). Felix Berezin, The Life and Death of the Mastermind of Supermathematics. Singapore: World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-270-532-7.
  53. ^ Goldman, Marshall I. (2007). Gitelman, Zvi Y.; Ro'i, Yaacov, eds. "Putin and the Jewish Oligarchs: Prejudice or Politics?". Revolution, Repression, and Revival: The Soviet Jewish Experience. Rowman & Littlefield: 274.
  54. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Stefan Bergman.
  55. ^ Moore, G. N. (1970–1990). "Bernays, Paul Isaac". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York. Bernays came from a distinguished German-Jewish family of scholars and businessmen. His great-grandfather, Isaac ben Jacob Bernays, chief rabbi of Hamburg, was known for both strict Orthodox views and modern educational ideas. His grandfather, Louis Bernays, a merchant, traveled widely before helping to found the Jewish community in Zurich, while his great-uncle, Jacob Bernays, was a Privatdozent at the University of Bonn.
  56. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Runes, Dagobert D. (1951). The Hebrew Impact on Western Civilization. New York: Philosophical Library. ISBN 978-1-5040-1296-6.
  57. ^ Fasanelli, F. D. (1987). "Dorothy Lewis Bernstein". In Grinstein, Louise S.; Campbell, Paul J. Women of Mathematics: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press. pp. 17–20. ISBN 978-0-313-24849-8.
  58. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Felix Bernstein; "Felix Bernstein came from a Jewish family of academics who strongly influenced the direction which his interests took."
  59. ^ "A Refugee at Harvard — Harvard's Scientific Minds: Soviet Researcher Joins the Math Department". The Harvard Crimson. February 25, 1983.
  60. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Sergei Natanovich Bernstein.
  61. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Lipman Bers.
  62. ^ Pinl, Max (1964). "In Memory of Ludwig Berwald" (PDF). Scripta Mathematica. 27 (3): 193–203. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m James, Ioan M. (2009). Driven to Innovate: A Century of Jewish Mathematicians and Physicists. Peter Lang. ISBN 978-1-906165-22-2.
  64. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Joan Sylvia Lyttle Birman.
  65. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Zygmunt Wilhelm Birnbaum.
  66. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Max Black.
  67. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, André Bloch.
  68. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Block, Maurice". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  69. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Lenore Blum.
  70. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Ludwig Otto Blumenthal.
  71. ^ Mayer, Paul Yogi (2004). Jews and the Olympic Games: Sport—A Springboard for Minorities. London: Vallentine Mitchell. ISBN 0-85303-451-6.
  72. ^ Pontryagin, L. C. (1998). Жизнеописание [Memoirs] (in Russian). Moscow. p. 214.
  73. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Carl Wilhelm Borchardt.
  74. ^ Born, G. V. R. (2002). "The wide-ranging family history of Max Born". Notes and Records of the Royal Society. 56 (2): 219–262. doi:10.1098/rsnr.2002.0180.
  75. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Moses Botarel Farissol". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  76. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Salomon Bochner.
  77. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Hermann Bondi.
  78. ^ Ben-Menahem, Ari (2009). Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences. Springer Verlag
  79. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Valentina Mikhailovna Borok.
  80. ^ a b c Rogovoy, Seth (13 March 2015). "The Secret Jewish History of Pi". The Forward.
  81. ^ Atiyah, Michael (2007). "Raoul Harry Bott (24 September 1923 — 20 December 2005)" (PDF). Biographical Memoirs of the Royal Society. 53: 63–76. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2007.0006.
  82. ^ "Soviet dissidents: Another taken" (PDF). Nature. 288. 20 November 1980.
  83. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Nikolai Dmetrievich Brashman.
  84. ^ Carmichael, Richard D. (1986). "Alfred Brauer: Teacher, mathematician, and developer of libraries". Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 102 (3): 88–106.
  85. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Richard Dagobert Brauer.
  86. ^ Karpel, Dalia (2002-04-18). "Oh my love, comely as Jerusalem". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  87. ^ Lord Fisher of Camden (1976). Brodetsky: Leader of the Anglo-Jewish Community. Leeds: Leeds University Press.
  88. ^ Garson, Sue. "Rita Bronowski: godmother to the avant garde". San Diego Jewish Journal.
  89. ^ Lin, Thomas (20 December 2016). "Remembering Felix Browder, A Nonlinear Genius in a Nonlinear World". The New Yorker. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  90. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, William Browder.
  91. ^ Hill, Ted (2017). Pushing Limits: From West Point to Berkeley & Beyond. Providence: American Mathematical Society. p. 242. ISBN 9781470435844. LCCN 2016050916. Leonid was barred from teaching at a regular university in the Soviet Union because of his Jewish ancestry.
  92. ^ a b c d e Morrow, Charlene; Perl, Teri, eds. (1998). Notable Women in Mathematics, a Biographical Dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-29131-4.
  93. ^ Yandell, Benjamin H. (2001). The Honors Class: Hilbert's Problems and Their Solvers. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-5688-1216-8.
  94. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Hersh, Reuben (2010). "Under-Represented Then Over-Represented: A Memoir of Jews in American Mathematics" (PDF). The College Mathematics Journal. 41 (1): 2–9. JSTOR 10.4169/074683410x475065/.
  95. ^ a b c d e f g h "Jewish Recipients of the Leroy P. Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  96. ^ Tannery, Paul (1934). Mémoires Scientifique 13, Correspondance. Paris: Gauthier-Villars. p. 306. Er ist aber in Kopenhagen geboren, von israelitischen Eltern, die der dortigen portugisischen Judengemeinde. ([His father] was born in Copenhagen of Jewish parents from the local Portuguese-Jewish community.)
  97. ^  Singer, Isodore; Chessin, Alexander S. (1901–1906). "Cantor, Moritz". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  98. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Leonard Carlitz.
  99. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Moshe (Ehezkel) Carmeli.
  100. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Emma Castelnuovo.
  101. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Guido Castelnuovo.
  102. ^ Cauer, Emil; Mathis, Wolfgang; Pauli, Rainer (June 2000). Life and Work of Wilhelm Cauer (1900–1945) (PDF). Fourteenth International Symposium of Mathematical Theory of Networks and Systems. Perpignan.
  103. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Herman Chernoff.
  104. ^ a b Richard, Preston (2 March 1992). "The Mountains of Pi". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  105. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Paul Joseph Cohen; "Paul Cohen's parents, Abraham and Minnie Cohen, were Jewish immigrants to the United States from their native land of Poland."
  106. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Jacob Willem Cohen.
  107. ^ "Professor Paul Cohn: Mathematician who devoted himself to algebra". The Times. 29 June 2006. p. 64. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  108. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Comtino, Mordecai ben Eliezer". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  109. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Jacob Lionel Bakst Cooper.
  110. ^ Sadosky, Cora, ed. (1990). "Mischa Cotlar: A Biography". Analysis and Partial Differential Equations: A Collection of Papers Dedicated to Mischa Cotlar. Lecture Notes in Pure and Applied Mathematics. 122. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. xv. ISBN 978-1-138-44182-8.
  111. ^ Poulett Harris, C. (1842). "Alexander Crescenzi". The Biographical Dictionary of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. 1. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. p. 835.
  112. ^ Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (May 23, 2010). "Mixing Torah and flour". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  113. ^ Cox, D. R. (2004). "Daniels, Henry Ellis". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/74126. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  114. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, David van Dantzig.
  115. ^ Albers, Donald J.; Alexanderson, Gerald L.; Reid, Constance, eds. (1990). "George B. Dantzig". More Mathematical People. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. pp. 60–79. ISBN 978-0-15-158175-7.
  116. ^ Jackson, Allyn (September 2007). "Interview with Martin Davis" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society (published May 2008). 55 (5): 560–571. ISSN 0002-9920. OCLC 1480366.
  117. ^ "Alexander Philip Dawid". Jewish Lives Project. Jewish Museum London. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  118. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Bergmann, Birgit; Epple, Moritz; Ungar, Ruti, eds. (2012). Transcending Tradition: Jewish Mathematicians in German Speaking Academic Culture. Translated by Bernhart, Susanne; von Boeckmann, Staci; Grentz, Nicole; Ross, Stefani. Springer Verlag. ISBN 978-3-642-22463-8.
  119. ^ Assaf, David (2010). Untold Tales of the Hasidim: Crisis & Discontent in the History of Hasidism. Translated by Ordan, Dena. Waltham: Brandeis University Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-58465-861-0.
  120. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Delmedigo, Joseph Solomon (YaShaR = Joseph Solomon Rofe)". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  121. ^ a b c d e f g h Rubinstein, William D.; Jolles, Michael; Rubinstein, Hilary L., eds. (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Palgrave Macmillan.
  122. ^ de Bruyn, Dieter; van Heuckelom, Kris (2009). (Un)masking Bruno Schulz: New Combinations, Further Fragmentations, Ultimate Reintegrations. p. 423.
  123. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Nathan Joseph Harry Divinsky.
  124. ^ Eugene, Dynkin (2 June 1989). "Interview with Roland L'vovich Dobrushin" (PDF) (Interview). Ithaca, NY.
  125. ^ Handwerk, Agnes; Willems, Harrie (2007). Wolfgang Doeblin: A mathematician rediscovered. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-540-71960-1.
  126. ^ Bulmer-Thomas, Ivor (1970–1990). "Domninus of Larissa". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York.
  127. ^ a b c d e f "Jewish Recipients of the Fields Medal in Mathematics". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  128. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Vladimir Gershonovich Drinfeld.
  129. ^ Ramsden, Edmund (December 2003). "Social Demography and Eugenics in the Interwar United States". Population and Development Review. 29 (4): 554. JSTOR 1519699.
  130. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Aryeh Dvoretzky.
  131. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Eugene Borisovich Dynkin.
  132. ^  Gottheil, Richard; Seligsohn, M. (1901–1906). "Eberlen, Abraham ben Judah". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  133. ^ Erbahar, Aksel (2010). "Ishak Efendi, Hoca". In Stillman, Norman A. Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World.
  134. ^ "Efron to Speak on Baseball, Shakespeare, and Modern Statistical Theory". Joint Mathematics Meetings 2007. American Mathematical Society. 2007.
  135. ^ Sharp, Byron (2014). "Ehrenberg, Andrew Samuel Christopher". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/102699. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  136. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Tatiana Ehrenfest-Afanassjewa.
  137. ^ Naedele, Walter F. (September 5, 2010). "Eliezer 'Leon' Ehrenpreis, 80, rabbi, Temple mathematician". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  138. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Eichenbaum, Jacob". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  139. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Samuel Eilenberg.
  140. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Ferdinand Gotthold Max Eisenstein.
  141. ^ Jaffe, Kenneth (2011). Solo Vocal Works on Jewish Themes: A Bibliography of Jewish Composers. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8108-6135-0.
  142. ^ "Emanuël Lodewijk Elte". Joods Monument. Amsterdam: Joods Cultureel Kwartier.
  143. ^ Stoilow, Simion (1955). David Emmanuel, 1854–1941. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne.
  144. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Federigo Enriques.
  145. ^ "Dr. Bernard Epstein (Obituary)". The Washington Post. April 3, 2005.
  146. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Paul Epstein.
  147. ^ DuMond, Jesse W. M. (1974). "Paul Sophus Epstein" (PDF). Biographical Memoirs. 45. Washington D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. pp. 127–152. ISBN 978-0-309-02239-2.
  148. ^ "Arthur Erdélyi". Jewish Lives Project. Jewish Museum London. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  149. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Paul Erdős.
  150. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Farkas, Gyula (Julius)". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  151. ^ "Jewish Recipients of the Wolf Prize in Physics". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  152. ^ Scott, Leonard; Solomon, Ronald; Thompson, John; Walter, John; Zelmanov, Efim. "Walter Feit (1930–2004)" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 52 (7): 728–735.
  153. ^ Mikolás, Miklós (1970–80). "Fejér, Lipót". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 561–2. ISBN 978-0-684-10114-9.
  154. ^ Rogosinski, W. W. (1958). "Obituary: Michael Fekete". Journal of the London Mathematical Society. Second Series. 33: 496–500. doi:10.1112/jlms/s1-33.4.496. ISSN 0024-6107. MR 0100535.
  155. ^ Audin, Michèle (2007). "Publier sous l'Occupation I. Autour du cas de Jacques Feldbau et de l'Académie des sciences" (in French). arXiv:0711.0447 [math.HO].
  156. ^ Zubrinic, Darko (2006). "William Feller (1906–1970)". Croatianhistory.net. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  157. ^ Riddle, Larry (2016). "Kate Sperling Fenchel". Biographies of Women Mathematicians. Agnes Scott College.
  158. ^ Kiselman, Christer (2016). "Werner Fenchel: A pioneer in convexity theory" (PDF). p. 13.
  159. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Finzi". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  160. ^ "Dr. Irene Nekhama Fischer". Geni.com. 2018.
  161. ^ a b c Fraenkel, Abraham A. (2016). Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska, ed. Recollections of a Jewish Mathematician in Germany. Translated by Brown, Allison. Birkhäuser. ISBN 978-3-319-30845-6.
  162. ^ Henderson, Andrea K., ed. (2004). "Abraham Adolf Fraenkel" (PDF). Encyclopedia of World Biography Supplement. 23. Detroit: Thomson Gale. ISBN 0-7876-5285-7. The son of Sigmund and Charlotte (Neuberger) Fraenkel, he was strongly influenced by his orthodox Jewish heritage.
  163. ^ Fraenkel, Shaula (2001). "Aviezri Fraenkel: A Brief Biography". The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics. 8 (2).
  164. ^ "在日ユダヤ人論序説-ピーター・フランクルを通して考える「日本」-". Livedoor Blog (in Japanese). 31 January 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  165. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Franklin, Fabian". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  166. ^ Kolata, GB (1978). "Anti-Semitism Alleged in Soviet Mathematics". Science. 202 (4373): 1167&ndash, 1170. doi:10.1126/science.202.4373.1167. PMID 17735390.
  167. ^ Saul, Mark (1999). "Kerosinka: An Episode in the History of Soviet Mathematics" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 46 (10): 1217–1220. MR 1715582.
  168. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Hans Freudenthal.
  169. ^ The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, Friesenhausen, David.
  170. ^ Frisch, Hélène. "The Frisch Home Page". JewishGen.
  171. ^ Birch, Bryan J.; Taylor, Martin J. (2005). "Albrecht Fröhlich (22 May 1916 — 8 November 2001)" (PDF). Biographical Memoirs of the Royal Society. 51: 149–168. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2005.0010.
  172. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Lazarus Immanuel Fuchs.
  173. ^ "Kühler Abschied von Europa – Wien 1938 und der Exodus der Mathematik" (PDF) (in German). Österreichische Mathematische Gesellschaft. 2001: 72.
  174. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Hillel Furstenberg.
  175. ^ Kurrer, Karl-Eugen. The History of the Theory of Structures. p. 1999. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  176. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Gans, David ben Solomon ben Seligman". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  177. ^ Richards, Joan L. (1987). "Hilda Geiringer von Mises (1893–1973)". Women of mathematics. Westport, CT: Greenwood. pp. 41–46. MR 0911490.
  178. ^ "Science Obituaries: Israel Gelfand". The Telegraph. London. 26 Oct 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  179. ^ The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, Gel’fond, Aleksandr Osipovich.
  180. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Semyon Aranovich Gershgorin.
  181. ^ Simonson, Shai (1999). "The Mathematics of Levi ben Gershon, the Ralbag" (PDF). Bekhol Derakhekha Daehu. Bar-Ilan University Press. 10.
  182. ^ Agencias (10 September 2014). "Dr. Samuel Gitler Z"L, Multigalardonado matemático miembro del Colegio Nacional". Diario Judío (in Spanish).
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  369. ^ Yardley, William (6 October 2013). "Abraham Nemeth, Creator of a Braille Code for Math, Is Dead at 94". New York Times.
  370. ^ Zalcman, Lawrence (December 1993). "In memoriam Elisha Netanyahu 1912–1986". Journal d'Analyse Mathématique. 60 (1): 1–10.
  371. ^ Praeger, C. E. (2010). "Bernhard Hermann Neumann AC. 15 October 1909 – 21 October 2002". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 56: 285. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2010.0002.
  372. ^ Myhrvold, Nathan (March 21, 1999). "John von Neumann". Time.
  373. ^ Fowler, Kenneth F. "Neumann, Hanna (1914–1971)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. MUP. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  374. ^ Withman, Sarah (June 16, 2017). "Meet the Computer Scientist You Should Thank for Your Smartphone's Weather App". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  375. ^ Rowe, David E. (2018). A Richer Picture of Mathematics: The Göttingen Tradition and Beyond. Springer. p. 345. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67819-1. ISBN 978-3-319-67819-1.
  376. ^ Wylie, Shaun (2004). "Newman , Maxwell Herman Alexander". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31494. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  377. ^ Heller, Marvin J. (2011). The Seventeenth Century Hebrew Book: An Abridged Thesaurus. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. p. 231. ISBN 978-90-04-18638-5.
  378. ^ Noether, CWP at physics.UCLA.edu, Archived 2006-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  379. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Max Noether.
  380. ^ Martins, Jorge, Portugal e os Judeus (3 vol.), Nova Vega, Lisboa, 2006, ISBN 972-699-847-6
  381. ^ Riley, Marianna (3 November 2009). "Nussbaum was Shoah survivor, accomplished mathematician". Saint Louis Jewish Light. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  382. ^  Seligsohn, M. (1901–1906). "Oppenheim, David ben Abraham (or Oppenheimer)". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  383. ^ Gaige, Jeremy (1987). Chess Personalia: A Biobibliography. McFarland. p. 312. ISBN 0-7864-2353-6.
  384. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Mollie Orshansky.
  385. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Steven Alan Orszag.
  386. ^ Cheng, S. Y.; Shu, C.-W.; Tang, T., eds. (2003). Recent Advances in Scientific Computing and Partial Differential Equations (PDF). AMS Contemporary Mathematics. 330. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. p. vii.
  387. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Jacques Ozanam.
  388. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Alessandro Padoa.
  389. ^ Schlimm, Dirk (May 2013). "The correspondence between Moritz Pasch and Felix Klein". Historia Mathematica. 40 (2): 186. doi:10.1016/j.hm.2013.02.001.
  390. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Daniel Pedoe.
  391. ^ Dalitz, Richard (2008) [2004]. "Peierls, Rudolf Ernst". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/60076. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  392. ^ Osborn, Andrew (March 27, 2010). "Russian maths genius may turn down $1m prize". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on March 30, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. He has suffered anti-Semitism (he is Jewish) [...] Grigory is pure Jewish and I never minded that but my bosses did.
  393. ^ "Osip "Yosif" Perelman Dymov". Find a Grave. 30 August 2014.
  394. ^ Piper, Alan (2013). "Leo Perutz and the Mystery of St Peter's Snow". Time and Mind: The Journal of Archaeology, Consciousness and Culture. 6 (2): 176.
  395. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Rózsa Péter.
  396. ^ "Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro, In Memoriam" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 57 (10): 1260–1275. 2010.
  397. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Georg Alexander Pick.
  398. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Abraham Ezechiel Plessner.
  399. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Leo Félix Pollaczek.
  400. ^ Hunt, David (March 2011). "Obituary: Alfred Jacobus (Alf) van der Poorten" (PDF). Gazette of the Australian Mathematical Society. 38 (1): 33–36.
  401. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Emil Leon Post.
  402. ^ Zygmunt, Jan (1991). "Mojżesz Presburger: Life and Work". History and Philosophy of Logic. 12: 211–223. doi:10.1080/014453409108837186.
  403. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Vera Pless.
  404. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Alfred Pringsheim.
  405. ^ Behnke, H.; Köthe, G. (1935). "Heinz Prüfer". Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung. XLV: 32–40.
  406. ^ King, Peter J. (2004). One Hundred Philosophers: The Life and Work of the World's Greatest Thinkers. Barron's. p. 170. ISBN 978-0764127915.
  407. ^ "An Interview with Michael Rabin" (PDF) (Interview). Interviewed by David Harel. Jerusalem: ACM A.M. Turing Award. November 12, 2015.
  408. ^ Rogers, C. Ambrose. "Rado, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  409. ^ Zygmund, Antoni (1987). "Aleksander Rajchman (1890–1940)". Roczniki Polskiego Towarzystwa Matematycznego. Seria II. Wiadomości Matematyczne (in Polish). 27 (2): 219–231. ISSN 0373-8302. MR 0908884.
  410. ^ "Rose Rand, Prof. Dr.", University of Vienna.
  411. ^ Thomas, David J. (2004). "Raphson, Joseph". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/40493. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  412. ^ Clark, Carmen (Fall 2002). "Mathematical Certainties and Operational Doubts: Autobiography of a Renaissance Man". ETC: A Review of General Semantics. 59 (3): 279–286. ISSN 0014-164X. JSTOR 42578220.
  413. ^ Hartsock, John (1987-12-03). "Soviet refusenik to be released". UPI.
  414. ^  Rosenthal, Herman; Warsaw, Isidor (1901–1906). "Ratner, Isaac". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  415. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Reggio, Isaac Samuel (YaSHaR)". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  416. ^ Emmer, Emmer (2004). Mathematics and culture I. Axel Springer AG. p. 59. ISBN 978-3-540-01770-7.
  417. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Alfréd Rényi; "Both of Alfréd's parents were Jewish, a fact which, sadly, was highly significant for those living in Hungary through this period of anti-Semitic fervour."
  418. ^ "A Memória Judaica em Pernambuco" (PDF). Arquivo Histórico Judaico de Pernambuco. 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  419. ^ Tibor, Frank (1997). "George Pólya and the Heuristic Tradition: Fascination with Genius in Central Europe". Polanyiana. 6 (2).
  420. ^ Tomsone, Lolita (23 May 2016). "Sērkociņš Ripss" (in Latvian). Satori. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  421. ^ Dauben, Joseph W. (2004). "Robinson, Abraham". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/51661. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  422. ^ Altmann, Simon; Ortiz, Eduardo L., eds. (2005). Mathematics and Social Utopias in France: Olinde Rodrigues and His Times. American Mathematical Society. ISBN 978-0-8218-4253-9.
  423. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin.
  424. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Werner Romberg.
  425. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Rosanes, Jacob". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  426. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Johann Georg Rosenhain.
  427. ^ Wilson, Richard (6 May 2001). "Re: Only the Guilty Are Guilty, Not Their Sons" (Letter). Letter to Elie Wiesel. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  428. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Leonard Roth.
  429. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Uriel George Rothblum.
  430. ^ Ziff, Deborah (May 21, 2010). "Noted UW-Madison mathematician Rudin dies at 89". Wisconsin State Journal. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  431. ^ Pessin, Sarah (6 May 2003). "Saadya [Saadiah]". In Zalta, Edward N. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  432. ^  Singer, Isidore (1901–1906). "Saalschütz, Louis". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  433. ^ a b Moledo, Leonardo (19 June 2005). "Ciudadano Ilustre de la ciencia: Fallecio Manuel Sadosky a los 92 años de edad". Página/12 (in Spanish).
  434. ^ Moffatt, H. K. "Saffman, Philip Geoffrey (1931–2008)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  435. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Stanisław Saks.
  436. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Raphaël Salem.
  437. ^ "Torchlighters 2008" (PDF). Yad Vashem Magazine. Vol. 49. Jerusalem. April 2008. p. 12. ISSN 0793-7199. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  438. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Leonard Jimmie Savage.
  439. ^ Bitton-Jackson, Livia (November 29, 2013). "Professor Malka Schaps: Ultra-Orthodox Dean". The Jewish Press.
  440. ^ "Michelle Schatzman, 1949–2010" (PDF). Institut de Mathématiques de Bordeaux.
  441. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Elliott Ward Cheney.
  442. ^ Ingarden, Roman (1993). "Juliusz Schauder: Personal Reminiscences". Topological Methods in Nonlinear Analysis. 2 (1): 1–14. Zbl 0795.01027.
  443. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Menahem Max Schiffer.
  444. ^ The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, Schnirelmann, Lev.
  445. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Isaac Jacob Schoenberg.
  446. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Arthur Moritz Schönflies.
  447. ^ Gregory, Howard (2015). Language and Logics: An Introduction to the Logical Foundations of Language. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-7486-9162-3.
  448. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Otto Schreier.
  449. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Issai Schur.
  450. ^ "Arthur Schuster". Jewish Lives Project. Jewish Museum London. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  451. ^ Hassani, Sadri (1999). Mathematical Physics: A Modern Introduction to Its Foundations. New York: Springer. p. 919. ISBN 0-387-98579-4.
  452. ^ Kosmann-Schwarzbach, Yvette (2015). "Women mathematicians in France in the mid-twentieth century". BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics. 30 (3): 227–242. doi:10.1080/17498430.2014.976804. ISSN 1749-8430.
  453. ^ Klein Leichman, Abigail (12 January 2017). "Aliya Stories: Making Social Activism Spiritual". The Jerusalem Post.
  454. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Irving Ezra Segal.
  455. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Beniamino Segre.
  456. ^ Nadis, Steven J.; Yau, Shing-Tung (2013). A History in Sum: 150 Years of Mathematics at Harvard (1825–1975). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-674-72500-3.
  457. ^ Gilliland, Dennis (November 15, 2015). "Obituary: Esther Seiden, 1908–2014". IMS Bulletin.
  458. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Reinhard Selten.
  459. ^ "Noted Soviet Mathematician Granted an Exit Visa". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. New York. October 13, 1982.
  460. ^ "About Joseph Shallit". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  461. ^ a b c "Jews in Computer & Information Science". Jinfo.org. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  462. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Samuil Osipovich Shatunovsky.
  463. ^ Scanlan, Michael (2000). "The Known and Unknown H. M. Sheffer". The Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society. 36: 193–224. JSTOR 27795017.
  464. ^ Blitz, Matt (6 December 2013). "A Genius Among Us: The Sad Story of William J. Sidis". Today I Found Out. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  465. ^ "The Jewish Billionaires of Forbes". Jspace.com. March 14, 2012. Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  466. ^ "Legendary Russian academic Yakov Sinai awarded 'math Nobel'". RT. March 27, 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
  467. ^ Zinberg, Israel (1978). The Haskalah Movement in Russia. Translated by Martin, Bernard. Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press. p. 180. ISBN 978-0870684920.
  468. ^ Berkman, Seth (15 October 2012). "The Top 10 Jewish Literary Scandals". The Forward.
  469. ^ Sheskin, Ira M.; Dashefsky, Arnold, eds. (2017). American Jewish Year Book 2016: The Annual Record of North American Jewish Communities. Springer. p. 777. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-46122-9. ISBN 978-3-319-46121-2.
  470. ^ Kesten, Harry (1996). "Frank Ludvig Spitzer". Biographical Memoirs V.70. National Academy of the Sciences. p. 389. ISBN 0-309-58935-5.
  471. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Guido Stampacchia.
  472. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Elias Menachem Stein.
  473. ^ Kac, Mark (1987). Enigmas of chance: an autobiography. University of California Press. pp. 49–53. ISBN 978-0-520-05986-3.
  474. ^ Manekin, Charles H. (2000). "Steinschneider's Die hebraeischen Übersetzungen des Mittelalters: From Reference Work to Digitalized Database". Jewish Studies Quarterly. 7 (2): 141. ISSN 0944-5706. JSTOR 40753260.
  475. ^ Madea, Burkhard (2017). History of Forensic Medicine. Lehmanns Media. p. 148.
  476. ^ Cantor, David, Gordon, Basil, Hales, Alfred, and Schacher, Murray (1985). "Biography — Ernst G. Straus 1922–1983". Pacific Journal of Mathematics. 118 (2): i–xx (Special issue in memory of Ernst G. Straus). doi:10.2140/pjm.1985.118.i.
  477. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Bella Subbotovskaya.
  478. ^ Parshall, Karen Hunger. "To Belong: The Role of Community in the Life and Work of J. J. Sylvester". Mathematical Intelligencer. 20 (3): 35–39. ISSN 0343-6993.
  479. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Otto Szász.
  480. ^ Cowling, Michael (7 November 2005). "A world of teaching and numbers - times two". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  481. ^ Cowling, M. (2005). "Obituary: George and Esther Szekeres". Gazette of the Australian Mathematical Society. 32 (4): 221–224.
  482. ^ Feferman, Anita Burdman; Feferman, Solomon (2004). Alfred Tarski: Life and Logic. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-80240-6. OCLC 54691904.
  483. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Alfred Tauber.
  484. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Olga Taussky-Todd.
  485. ^  Singer, Isodore (1901–1906). "Terquem, Olry". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  486. ^ Born, Max (1940). "Obituary: Prof. Otto Toeplitz". Nature. 145: 617. doi:10.1038/145617a0. MR 0002797., reprinted in Born, Max (1981). "Professor Otto Toeplitz". Integral Equations Operator Theory. 4 (2): 278–280. doi:10.1007/BF01702386. MR 0606137.
  487. ^ Trachtenberg, Jakow (1960). Cutler, Ann; McShane, Rudolph, eds. The Trachtenberg Speed System of Basic Mathematics (PDF). Garden City, NY: Doubleday. LCCN 60-13513. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  488. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Avraham Naumovich Trahtman.
  489. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Boris Avraamovich Trakhtenbrot.
  490. ^ Tsirelson, Boris. "There Is "Tsirelson Street" in Tel Aviv..." Tel Aviv University.
  491. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Paul Turán.
  492. ^ Ulam, Stanisław (1983). Adventures of a Mathematician. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 978-0-684-14391-0. OCLC 1528346.
  493. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Fritz Joseph Ursell.
  494. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Pavel Samuilovich Urysohn.
  495. ^ Gass, Saul I. (February 2004). "In Memoriam Andrew (Andy) Vazsonyi: 1916–2003. Operations research/management science pioneer, educator, researcher, illustrator and author helped shape profession". OR/MS Today.
  496. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Elijah ben Solomon (also called Elijah Wilna, Elijah Gaon, and Der Wilner Gaon)". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  497. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Giulio Benedetto Isacco Vivanti.
  498. ^ Ingbar, Omri, ed. (2010). "Aizik Isaakovich Volpert (1923–2006)". Outstanding Immigrant Scientists 1990–2010: Honoring Outstanding Immigrant Scientists for their Contribution to the State of Israel. Jerusalem: Ministry of Immigrant Absorption of the State of Israel. pp. 80–81.
  499. ^ Goodstein, Judith R. (2007). The Volterra Chronicles: The Life and Times of an Extraordinary Mathematician 1860–1940. History of Mathematics. 31. Providence, RI-London: American Mathematical Society/London Mathematical Society. ISBN 0-8218-3969-1. MR 2287463. Zbl 1123.01016.
  500. ^ Knežević, Snješka; Laslo, Aleksander (2011). Židovski Zagreb. Zagreb: AGM, Židovska općina Zagreb. p. 79. ISBN 978-953-174-393-8.
  501. ^ McGuiness, Brian, ed. (1977). Friedrich Waismann: Philosophical Papers. D. Reidel Publishing Company. p. ix.
  502. ^ Morgenstern, Oskar (1951). "Abraham Wald, 1902–1950". Econometrica. Econometrica, Vol. 19, No. 4. 19 (4): 361–367. doi:10.2307/1907462. JSTOR 1907462.
  503. ^ The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, Wald, Henri.
  504. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Arnold Walfisz.
  505. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Stefan E. Warschawski.
  506. ^ Wasow, Wolfgang Richard (1986). Memories of Seventy Years: 1909 to 1979. Madison, Wisconsin. OCLC 670439513.
  507. ^ Weil, André (1992). The Apprenticeship of a Mathematician. Translated by Gage, Jennifer. Birkhäuser. p. 42. ISBN 0-8176-2650-6.
  508. ^ Brackman, Yossi. "Prof. Weinberger, Study Kabbalah and Shabbat". Rohr Chabad Center at the University of Chicago and Hyde Park.
  509. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Alexander Weinstein.
  510. ^ Rohter, Larry (19 May 2002). "Hints of Cruel Fate for American Lost in Chile". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  511. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Eléna Wexler-Kreindler.
  512. ^ "Norbert Wiener". NNDB. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  513. ^ Szanton, Andrew (1992). The Recollections of Eugene P. Wigner. Plenum. ISBN 0-306-44326-0.
  514. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Wilczynski, Ernest Julius". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  515. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Herbert Saul Wilf.
  516. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Edward Witten.
  517. ^ Drury, Maurice O'Connor (1984). "Conversations with Wittgenstein". In Rhees, R. Recollections of Wittgenstein (2 ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 161.
  518. ^ Edixhoven, Bas (12 August 2014), "Who was the mathematician Julius Wolff?" (PDF), Cleveringa Lecture, Leiden University.
  519. ^ Barner, Klaus. "Paul Wolfskehl and the Wolfskehl Prize" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 44 (10): 1294–1303.
  520. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Jaffe (Joffe)". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
  521. ^ a b Bradshaw, Peter (March 2008). "Prof. A. M. Yaglom". Flow, Turbulence and Combustion. Springer Netherlands. 80 (3): 287–289. doi:10.1007/s10494-008-9141-7. ISSN 1573-1987.
  522. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Sof'ja Aleksandrovna Janovskaja.
  523. ^ Bashmakova, Isabella; Bogolyubov, A. N.; Demidov, S. S.; Gnedenko, B. V.; Knobloch, E.; Matvievskaya, Galina; Rowe, D. E.; Rozenfeld, B. A.; Sheynin, O. B. & Tikhomirov, V. M. (1995). "In Memoriam: Adolph Andrei Pavlovich Yushkevich (1906–1993)" (PDF). Historia Mathematica. 22 (2): 113&ndash, 118. doi:10.1006/hmat.1995.1012.
  524. ^ Levinsky, Roxana (2005). Herencias de la inmigración judía en la Argentina: cincuenta figuras de la creación (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Prometeo Libros. ISBN 978-987-574-009-9.
  525. ^ Heller, Marvin J. (2007). Studies in the Making of the Early Hebrew Book. Leiden: Brill. p. 83.
  526. ^ Przeniosło, Małgorzata (2011). "Powstanie i rozwój warszawskiej szkoły matematycznej w dwudziestoleciu międzywojennym" [The Origins and Development of the Warsaw School of Mathematics During the Interwar Period]. Przegląd Historyczny (in Polish). 102 (2).
  527. ^ "Life Begins at 80". Weizmann Wonder Wander. Weizmann Institute of Science. 27 September 2012.
  528. ^ Freudenthal, Gad (2007). "Hebrew Medieval Science in Zamość ca. 1730: The Early Years of Rabbi Israel ben Moses Halevy of Zamość". In Fontaine, Resianne; Schatz, Andrea; Zwiep, Irene. Sepharad in Ashkenaz: Medieval Learning and Eighteenth-Century Enlightened Jewish Discourse. Amsterdam. pp. 25–67.
  529. ^ Parikh, Carol (2014). The Unreal Life of Oscar Zariski. Academic Press. p. 1. ASIN B01DUEBQSC.
  530. ^ Kimberling, Clark (1998). "Edouard Zeckendorf" (PDF). Fibonacci Quarterly. 36 (5): 416–418.
  531. ^ O'Connor & Robertson, Leo Zippin.
  532. ^  Seligsohn, M. (1901–1906). "Zuriel, Moses ben Samuel". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.

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