List of Indonesian monarchies

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This is a list of monarchies, past and present, in Indonesia.

A

  • Aceh: In the northern region of Sumatra, the Sultanate of Achin or Atjeh was founded at the end of the 15th century. A powerful Islamic state in the 16th and 17th centuries, Achin ...
  • Adonara: A state on the volcanic island of the same name ...
  • Aga Nonsin
  • Amabi: A state in West Timor (Timor Loro Manu) which formed in 1917 the larger Kupang state ...
  • Amanatun: A state in West Timor (Timor Loro Manu). The sovereignty was altered in 1962. The palace of the Raja moved from Nunkolo to SoE in 1952 ...
  • Amanuban: A state in West Timor (Timor Loro Manu). The palace of the Raja is called Sonaf Naik (Big Palace) ...
  • Amarasi: A state in West Timor (Timor Loro Manu) ...
  • Ambeno, Ambenu, Ambeno Mosu Talip: A state in West Timor ...
  • Arun: A state more or less vassal of the Sultanate of Aceh, in the Meureudu area of Sumatra. The state was part of the Federation of the XII Hulubalangs ...
  • Asahan: Asahan, in east Sumatra, was founded as a state at the end of the 17th century by a son of the Sultan of Aceh. The state represented ...

B

  • Badung: A state created as the result of the fall of the Mojopahit empire, after Dewa Agung Ketut, ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom into several states.
  • Bangli: A state founded after the fall of the Mojopahit empire, after Dewa Agung Ketut, ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom into several states.
  • Banten Sultanate: Founded in the early 16th century on the collapse of the Majapahit Empire by the son of the King-Priester of Cirebon, the Sultanate of Banten, in western Java.
  • Bima: A state existing in the 17th century on Sumbawa island.
  • Bone (also spelled Boni): In the Bugi region of the southwestern Celebes (Sulawesi Selatan). The state was founded in 1634, suppressed in 1905, restored in 1931.
  • Buleleng: A state created as the result of the fall of the Mojopahit empire, after Dewa Agung Ketut, ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom into several states.

C

  • Cirebon: A state founded in 1478 as a result of the fall of the Mojopahit Empire, split into 4 lineages in 1662 with their own land and palace (Kraton) in Cirebon.

D

  • Deli: A 1,820 km² state in east Sumatra founded in 1630. A Rajadom from 1630 until 1814, the state became a sultanate in 1814 when acquiring independence from Siak.

G

  • Gianyar: A state created as the result of the fall of the Mojopahit empire, after Dewa Agung Ketut, ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom into several states.
  • Gorontalo: A state and town in the Northern Celebes (Sulawesi Utara), founded in 1667 and suppressed in 1889.
  • Gowa: A state founded in the Makassar region of southwestern Celebes before 1300.

I

  • Iha: Formerly an Islamic kingdom located in Saparua land, Maluku.

J

  • Jambi: A 53,206 km² state in the south of Sumatra, founded in 1690 and suspended by the Dutch in 1901.
  • Jembrana

K

  • Karangasem: A state founded after the fall of the Mojopahit empire, after Dewa Agung Ketut, ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom into several states among 9 of his chiefs among ...
  • Kisar: An island-state on the north of East Timor, locally named Yotowawa and sometime spelled also Kisser ...
  • Kluang: A state more or less vassal of the Sultanate of Aceh, in the region of Sumatra ...
  • Klungkung: A premier state born in 1352 after the fall of the Mojopahit empire, after Dewa Agung Ketut, ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom into several states among 9 of his ...
  • Kubu: A state founded in 1772 in West Borneo ...
  • Kupang: A federation created in 1917 composed of the principalities of Amabi, Amaabi OEfeto, Foenay, Kupang Helong, Sonbai Kecil and TaEbenu with an elected monarch ...
  • Kutai: Initially called Katanegara, the state was called Ku Tei or Big Kingdom by the Chinese. The rulers converted to Islam in the 18th century. The state was abolished.

L

  • Lala
  • Langsa, Langsar: A state more or less vassal of the Sultanate of Aceh, in the region of Sumatra
  • Larantuka: A 3,300 km² state in the Flores islands, founded c1400 ...
  • Laura: A state on the island of Sumba ...
  • Limboto: A state and town in the Northern Celebes (Sulawesi Utara), founded in 1667 and suppressed in 1895
  • Lio: A state in the Flores islands ...
  • Lise: A state in the Flores islands ...
  • Lombok: A state-island in Bali that became independent after the fall of the Mojopahit empire, after Dewa Agung Ketut, ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom into several states ...
  • Lore
  • Luwu: A state founded before 1600 in the Bugis region of the Southern Celebes ...

M

  • Majene: A state in the Mandar region in the Southern Celebes ...
  • Makassar
  • Mamuju: A state in the Mandar region in the Southern Celebes ...
  • Manggarai: A state in the Flores islands, founded in 1759. From 1762 until 1815 and from 1851 until 1907, Manggarai was part of the Sultanate of Bima ...
  • Mangkunegaran: A 2,579.98 km² state founded on 17 March 1757 in the Sultanate of Surakarta ...
  • Mappa: A state in the Toraja region of the Southern Celebes ...
  • Marang: A state and town in the Makassar region in the Southern Celebes ...
  • Minangkabau: The most powerful sultanate in Sumatra between the 12th century and the 17th century

N

  • Napu (Celebes): A state in the Middle Celebes.
  • Napu (Sumba): A state on the island of Sumba.
  • Nita: A state in the Flores islands.

P

  • Pakualaman: A 417.62 km² state founded on 22 June 1812 or 17 March 1813 in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta in Java.
  • Pineueng & Peukan Baro-Beukan Shot: A state more or less vassal of the Sultanate of Aceh, in the Sigli area of Sumatra.
  • Pontianak: The state of Pontianak was created in Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat) in 1771, but was elevated as a sultanate only in 1778 by the Raja of Riau.

R

S

  • Sambas: A state in West Borneo ...
  • Serdang: A state in East Sumatra (Sumatera Timur), independent from Siak on 16/8/1862.
  • Siak: A small state in East Sumatra found in 1723, split from Johor Empire.
  • Sonbai: A dynasty in West Timor which was divided in Sonbai Besar and Sonbai Kecil.
  • Sonbai Kecil: A state in West Timor which formed the larger Kupang state along with the states of TaEbenu, Foenay, Amabi, Amaabi OEfeto and Kupang Helong. Kupang was a remnant.
  • Surakarta: A 3,635 km² state in Java founded in 1755 after the state of Mataram split into two states.

T

  • Tabanan: is a kingdom in central Bali, built by "Shri Arya Kenceng" the chief of the Majapahit Army who attacked the "Bali Kuna" kingdom in the 14th century. Then for 21 generation his descendant ruled Tabanan.
  • Ternate: A 65 km² state in the Moluccas founded in the 13th century by people from Djaïlolo (today Jailolo). Ternate became the premier state of the Moluccas in 1380 over Djailolo.
  • Tidore

U

  • Ubud: A Raja family in the principality of Gianyar in southeast Bali.
  • Unu, a constituent (with Bambi) of the Sultanate of Aceh in Sigli

W

  • Wajo Kingdom: A state founded c1450 by refugees by Luwu in the Bugi region of the Southwestern Celebes (Sulawesi Selatan). A kind of aristocratic republic governed by a council.
  • Wehali: A kingdom in the southern part of Central Timor, regarded by the Timorese as the centre of their political culture.

Y

  • Yogyakarta: In 1755, the Sultanate of Mataram in Java split into two states: Yogyakarta and Surakarta. Both states were subject to the indirect rule of the Dutch until 1949 when Indonesia.

See also

External lists

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