List of IIHF World Championship medalists

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The gold medal-winning Winnipeg Falcons (representing Canada), pictured en route to the 1920 Olympics, which were counted as the first ice hockey World Championships

The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual event held by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It was preceded by the European Championship which was held from 1910 to 1932. The first World Championship tournament was decided at the 1920 Summer Olympics. Subsequently, ice hockey was featured at the Winter Olympic Games, where the World Championship was decided when the two events occurred concurrently, until the 1968 Winter Olympics. The first three championships were contested at the Olympics, while the first World Championships that were an individual event were held in 1930.[1]

The modern format for the World Championship features 16 teams in the championship group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III. The teams in the championship play a preliminary and qualifying round, then the top eight teams play in the playoff medal round and the winning team is crowned World Champion. From the 1920 Olympics until the 1976 World Championships, only athletes designated as "amateur" were allowed to compete in the tournament. Because of this, players from the National Hockey League and its senior minor-league teams were not allowed to compete, while the Soviet Union was allowed to use permanent full-time players who were positioned as regular workers of an aircraft industry or tractor industry employer that sponsored what would be presented as an after-hours amateur social sports society team for their workers. In 1970, after an agreement to allow just a small number of its professionals to participate was rescinded by the IIHF, Canada withdrew from the tournament.[2] Starting in 1977, professional athletes were allowed to compete in the tournament and Canada re-entered, using some NHL players from those teams that were not good enough to reach the Stanley Cup playoffs.[3]

As of 2016, 81 tournaments have been staged. From 1920 to 1930, the Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournaments held counted as the World Championships and no tournaments in between were held. No championships were held from 1940 to 1946 due to World War II, nor during the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988.[4] Ten nations have won a gold medal at the World Championships and a total of fourteen have won medals. Canada has won 48 medals, the most of any nation. The Soviet Union, which began competing in 1954 and last competed in 1991, captured a medal in every tournament they entered.[1] In winning the 2006 World Championships, Sweden became the first nation in sports history to win an Olympic gold as well as a separate World Championship in the same season.[5]

Champions

Key
  dagger   The Summer Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
  *   The Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
(#) Number of tournaments won at the time. Second number indicates total while country was part of the Soviet Union or Czechoslovakia.
Year 1st, gold medalist(s) Gold 2nd, silver medalist(s) Silver 3rd, bronze medalist(s) Bronze Host city / cities Host country / countries
1920 dagger  Canada (1)  United States (1)  Czechoslovakia (1) Antwerp  Belgium (1)
1924 *  Canada (2)  United States (2)  Great Britain (1) Chamonix  France (1)
1928 *  Canada (3)  Sweden (1)   Switzerland (1) St. Moritz   Switzerland (1)
1930  Canada (4)  Germany (1)   Switzerland (2) Chamonix
Berlin
Vienna
 France
 Germany
 Austria (2), (1), (1)
1931  Canada (5)  United States (3)  Austria (1) Krynica  Poland (1)
1932 *  Canada (6)  United States (4)  Germany (1) Lake Placid  United States (1)
1933  United States (1)  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (2) Prague  Czechoslovakia (1)
1934  Canada (7)  United States (5)  Germany (2) Milan  Italy (1)
1935  Canada (8)   Switzerland (1)  Great Britain (2) Davos   Switzerland (2)
1936 *  Great Britain (1)  Canada (2)  United States (1) Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany (2)
1937  Canada (9)  Great Britain (1)   Switzerland (3) London  United Kingdom (1)
1938  Canada (10)  Great Britain (2)  Czechoslovakia (3) Prague  Czechoslovakia (2)
1939  Canada (11)  United States (6)   Switzerland (4) Zurich and Basel   Switzerland (3)
1947  Czechoslovakia (1)  Sweden (2)  Austria (2) Prague  Czechoslovakia (3)
1948 *  Canada (12)  Czechoslovakia (1)   Switzerland (5) St. Moritz   Switzerland (4)
1949  Czechoslovakia (2)  Canada (3)  United States (2) Stockholm  Sweden (1)
1950  Canada (13)  United States (7)   Switzerland (6) London  United Kingdom (2)
1951  Canada (14)  Sweden (3)   Switzerland (7) Paris  France (3)
1952 *  Canada (15)  United States (8)  Sweden (1) Oslo and Drammen  Norway (1)
1953  Sweden (1)  West Germany (2)   Switzerland (8) Zurich and Basel   Switzerland (5)
1954  Soviet Union (1)  Canada (4)  Sweden (2) Stockholm  Sweden (2)
1955  Canada (16)  Soviet Union (1)  Czechoslovakia (4) Krefeld, Dortmund and Cologne  West Germany (3)
1956 *  Soviet Union (2)  United States (9)  Canada (1) Cortina  Italy (2)
1957  Sweden (2)  Soviet Union (2)  Czechoslovakia (5) Moscow  Soviet Union (1)
1958  Canada (17)  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (3) Oslo  Norway (2)
1959  Canada (18)  Soviet Union (4)  Czechoslovakia (6) Prague, Bratislava and Ostrava  Czechoslovakia (4)
1960 *  United States (2)  Canada (5)  Soviet Union (1) Squaw Valley  United States (2)
1961  Canada (19)  Czechoslovakia (2)  Soviet Union (2) Geneva and Lausanne   Switzerland (6)
1962  Sweden (3)  Canada (6)  United States (3) Colorado Springs and Denver  United States (3)
1963  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (4)  Czechoslovakia (7) Stockholm  Sweden (3)
1964 *  Soviet Union (4)  Sweden (5)  Czechoslovakia (8) Innsbruck  Austria (2)
1965  Soviet Union (5)  Czechoslovakia (3)  Sweden (4) Tampere  Finland (1)
1966  Soviet Union (6)  Czechoslovakia (4)  Canada (2) Ljubljana  Yugoslavia (1)
1967  Soviet Union (7)  Sweden (6)  Canada (3) Vienna  Austria (3)
1968 *  Soviet Union (8)  Czechoslovakia (5)  Canada (4) Grenoble  France (4)
1969  Soviet Union (9)  Sweden (7)  Czechoslovakia (9) Stockholm  Sweden (4), (5)
1970  Soviet Union (10)  Sweden (8)  Czechoslovakia (10)
1971  Soviet Union (11)  Czechoslovakia (6)  Sweden (5) Bern and Geneva   Switzerland (7)
1972  Czechoslovakia (3)  Soviet Union (5)  Sweden (6) Prague  Czechoslovakia (5)
1973  Soviet Union (12)  Sweden (9)  Czechoslovakia (11) Moscow  Soviet Union (2)
1974  Soviet Union (13)  Czechoslovakia (7)  Sweden (7) Helsinki  Finland (2)
1975  Soviet Union (14)  Czechoslovakia (8)  Sweden (8) Munich and Düsseldorf  West Germany (3)
1976  Czechoslovakia (4)  Soviet Union (6)  Sweden (9) Katowice  Poland (2)
1977  Czechoslovakia (5)  Sweden (10)  Soviet Union (3) Vienna  Austria (4)
1978  Soviet Union (15)  Czechoslovakia (9)  Canada (5) Prague  Czechoslovakia (6)
1979  Soviet Union (16)  Czechoslovakia (10)  Sweden (10) Moscow  Soviet Union (3)
1981  Soviet Union (17)  Sweden (11)  Czechoslovakia (12) Gothenburg and Stockholm  Sweden (6)
1982  Soviet Union (18)  Czechoslovakia (11)  Canada (6) Helsinki and Tampere  Finland (3)
1983  Soviet Union (19)  Czechoslovakia (12)  Canada (7) Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Munich  West Germany (4)
1985  Czechoslovakia (6)  Canada (7)  Soviet Union (4) Prague  Czechoslovakia (7)
1986  Soviet Union (20)  Sweden (12)  Canada (8) Moscow  Soviet Union (4)
1987  Sweden (4)  Soviet Union (7)  Czechoslovakia (13) Vienna  Austria (5)
1989  Soviet Union (21)  Canada (8)  Czechoslovakia (14) Stockholm and Södertälje  Sweden (7)
1990  Soviet Union (22)  Sweden (13)  Czechoslovakia (15) Bern and Fribourg   Switzerland (8)
1991  Sweden (5)  Canada (9)  Soviet Union (5) Turku, Helsinki and Tampere  Finland (4)
1992  Sweden (6)  Finland (1)  Czechoslovakia (16) Prague and Bratislava  Czechoslovakia (8)
1993  Russia (1/23)  Sweden (14)  Czech Republic (1/17) Dortmund and Munich  Germany (5)
1994  Canada (20)  Finland (2)  Sweden (11) Bolzano, Canazei and Milan  Italy (3)
1995  Finland (1)  Sweden (15)  Canada (9) Stockholm and Gävle  Sweden (8)
1996  Czech Republic (1/7)  Canada (10)  United States (4) Vienna  Austria (6)
1997  Canada (21)  Sweden (16)  Czech Republic (2/18) Helsinki, Turku and Tampere  Finland (5)
1998  Sweden (7)  Finland (3)  Czech Republic (3/19) Zurich and Basel   Switzerland (9)
1999  Czech Republic (2/8)  Finland (4)  Sweden (12) Oslo, Lillehammer and Hamar  Norway (3)
2000  Czech Republic (3/9)  Slovakia (1)  Finland (1) St. Petersburg  Russia (1)
2001  Czech Republic (4/10)  Finland (5)  Sweden (13) Cologne, Hanover and Nuremberg  Germany (6)
2002  Slovakia (1)  Russia (1/8)  Sweden (14) Gothenburg, Karlstad and Jönköping  Sweden (9)
2003  Canada (22)  Sweden (17)  Slovakia (1) Helsinki, Tampere and Turku  Finland (6)
2004  Canada (23)  Sweden (18)  United States (5) Prague and Ostrava  Czech Republic (1)
2005  Czech Republic (5/11)  Canada (11)  Russia (1/6) Innsbruck and Vienna  Austria (7)
2006  Sweden (8)  Czech Republic (1/13)  Finland (2) Riga  Latvia (1)
2007  Canada (24)  Finland (6)  Russia (2/7) Moscow and Mytishchi  Russia (2)
2008  Russia (2/24)  Canada (12)  Finland (3) Halifax and Quebec City  Canada (1)
2009  Russia (3/25)  Canada (13)  Sweden (15) Kloten and Bern   Switzerland (10)
2010  Czech Republic (6/12)  Russia (2/9)  Sweden (16) Cologne, Mannheim, and Gelsenkirchen  Germany (7)
2011  Finland (2)  Sweden (19)  Czech Republic (4/20) Bratislava and Košice  Slovakia (1)
2012  Russia (4/26)  Slovakia (2)  Czech Republic (5/21) Helsinki and Stockholm  Finland
 Sweden (7)/(10), (11)/(8)
2013  Sweden (9)   Switzerland (2)  United States (6)
2014  Russia (5/27)  Finland (7)  Sweden (17) Minsk  Belarus (1)
2015  Canada (25)  Russia (3/10)  United States (7) Prague and Ostrava  Czech Republic (2)
2016  Canada (26)  Finland (8)  Russia (3/8) Moscow and Saint Petersburg  Russia (3)
2017[6]  Sweden (10)  Canada (14)  Russia (4/9) Cologne and Paris  Germany
 France (8)/(5)
2018 Copenhagen and Herning  Denmark (1)
2019[7] Bratislava and Košice  Slovakia (2)
2020 Zürich and Lausanne   Switzerland (11)
2021 Minsk and Riga  Belarus
 Latvia (2)/(2)
2022 Helsinki and Tampere  Finland (9)

Medal table

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Participations Gold Silver Bronze Medals
 Russia
 Soviet Union
Total 
26
34
60
5
22
27
3
7
10
4
5
9
12
34
46
 Canada 71 26 14 09 49
 Czech Republic
 Czechoslovakia
Total 
25
52
77
6
6
12
1
12
13
5
16
21
12
34
46
 Sweden 76 10 19 017 46
 United States 069 02 09 07 18
 Finland 064 02 08 03 13
 Great Britain 015 01 02 02 05
 Slovakia 022 01 02 01 04
  Switzerland 052 00 02 08 010
 Germany
 West Germany
Total 
38
25
63
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
0
2
3
1
4
 Austria 033 00 00 02 02

Finals

Since the introduction of play-off rounds in 1992, the following national teams have made the finals.

Country Finals Gold Silver
 Canada 12 7 5
 Sweden 11 5 6
 Finland 10 2 8
 Russia 8 5 3
 Czech Republic 7 6 1
 Slovakia 3 1 2
  Switzerland 1 0 1

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "International hockey timeline". IIHF. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  2. ^ MacSkimming 1996, p. 8.
  3. ^ "IIHF World Men's Championship". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  4. ^ "All Medalists: Men: IIHF World Championships". IIHF. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  5. ^ Associated Press (2006-05-21). "Sweden Completes 'Double' at IIHF Worlds". The Sports Network. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  6. ^ "To Cologne & Paris in 2017". IIHF. 2013-04-17. Archived from the original on 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  7. ^ "Back to Slovakia, Switzerland". iihfworlds2015.com. 15 May 2015. 

General

  • "Past medalists". IIHF.com. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  • "World Men's History". TSN.ca. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  • MacSkimming, Roy (1996). Cold War. Vancouver, British Columbia: Greystone Books. ISBN 1-55054-473-X. 

External links

  • International Ice Hockey Federation
  • Medal table and alternative medal table
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