List of Governors of West Virginia

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Governor of West Virginia
Seal of the Governor of West Virginia.svg
Governor Jim Justice 2017.jpg
Incumbent
Jim Justice

since January 16, 2017
Style His Excellency
Residence West Virginia Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Arthur I. Boreman
Formation June 20, 1863
Deputy None
Salary $150,000 (2013)[1]
Website www.governor.wv.gov

The Governor of West Virginia is the head of the executive branch of West Virginia's state government[2] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[3] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[2] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the West Virginia Legislature,[4] to convene the legislature at any time,[5] and, except when prosecution has been carried out by the House of Delegates, to grant pardons and reprieves.[6]

Since West Virginia became a state, it has had 35 governors; 33 different men have held the office (Arch A. Moore, Jr. and Cecil H. Underwood each served two nonconsecutive governorships). Six governors in the state's history have served multiple terms. The longest-serving governor was Moore, who served for three terms over twelve years. The state's first governor, Arthur I. Boreman, served the most consecutive terms, resigning a week before the end of his third term. Daniel D.T. Farnsworth was Senate President at the time; he filled the last seven days of Boreman's term and remains the shortest-serving governor. Underwood has the unusual distinction of being both the youngest person to be elected as governor (age 34 upon his first term in 1957) and the oldest to both be elected and serve (age 74 upon his second term in 1997; age 78 at the end of his second term in 2001).

The current governor is Republican Jim Justice, who assumed office on January 16, 2017, as a Democrat, switching to the Republican Party on August 4 of that year.[7]

West Virginia was originally part of the state of Virginia, one of the original Thirteen Colonies. The northwestern counties of Virginia broke away during the American Civil War and formed the state, which was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863 by President Abraham Lincoln. Two more Virginia counties, Berkeley and Jefferson, joined the state on March 10, 1866.

To be elected governor, a person must be at least 30 years old, and must have been a citizen of West Virginia for at least five years at the time of inauguration.[8] The Constitution of West Virginia, ratified in 1872, calls for a four-year term for the governor, commencing on the Monday after the second Wednesday in the January following an election.[8] The original constitution of 1863 had only a two-year term for governor.[9]

The constitution makes no mention of a lieutenant governor; if the governorship becomes vacant, the Senate President acts as governor. If more than one year remains in the governor's term at the time of vacancy, a new election is held; otherwise, the Senate President serves the remainder of the term.[10] A bill passed in 2000 grants the Senate President the honorary title of Lieutenant Governor,[11] but this title is rarely used in practice and the terms of the Senate President do not correspond with governorships. The same bill states that the line of succession after the Senate President will be the Speaker of the House of Delegates, followed by the state attorney general, the state auditor and former governors, in inverse order of term, that are in residence in the state at the time of the vacancy.[11]

List of Governors

Parties

  Democratic (19)   People's Independent (1)   Republican (16)

# Governor Term start Term end Party Terms
[note 1]
1   Arthur I. Boreman - Brady-Handy.jpg Arthur I. Boreman June 20, 1863 February 26, 1869 Republican 2 12
[note 2]
2 Daniel D.T. Farnsworth.png Daniel D. T. Farnsworth February 26, 1869 March 4, 1869 Republican 12
[note 3]
3 GovernorStevenson.gif William E. Stevenson March 4, 1869 March 4, 1871 Republican 2
4 Governor J. J. Jacob.jpg John J. Jacob March 4, 1871 March 4, 1877 Democratic 2
[note 4]
[note 5]
Independent
5 Henry M. Mathews - Brady-Handy.jpg Henry M. Mathews March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Democratic 1
6 Jacob Beeson Jackson.gif Jacob B. Jackson March 4, 1881 March 4, 1885 Democratic 1
7 GovernorWilson.gif Emanuel Willis Wilson March 4, 1885 February 6, 1890 Democratic 1
[note 6]
8 ABFleming.gif Aretas B. Fleming[17] February 6, 1890 March 4, 1893 Democratic 1
9 GovernorMaccorkle.gif William A. MacCorkle March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic 1
10 George W. Atkinson.gif George W. Atkinson March 4, 1897 March 4, 1901 Republican 1
11 Albert Blakeslee White wmm.jpg Albert B. White March 4, 1901 March 4, 1905 Republican 1
12 William Dawson.gif William M. O. Dawson March 4, 1905 March 4, 1909 Republican 1
13 GovernorGlasscock.gif William E. Glasscock March 4, 1909 March 14, 1913 Republican 1
14 Henry Hatfield.jpg Henry D. Hatfield March 14, 1913 March 5, 1917 Republican 1
15 John J. Cornwell.jpg John J. Cornwell March 5, 1917 March 4, 1921 Democratic 1
16 Ephraim F. Morgan.jpg Ephraim F. Morgan March 4, 1921 March 4, 1925 Republican 1
17 Howard Mason Gore.jpg Howard M. Gore March 4, 1925 March 4, 1929 Republican 1
18 WilliamGConley.jpg William G. Conley March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Republican 1
19 H. Guy Kump (West Virginia Governor).jpg H. Guy Kump March 4, 1933 January 18, 1937 Democratic 1
20 Homer A. Holt.jpg Homer A. Holt January 18, 1937 January 13, 1941 Democratic 1
21 Matthewneely.jpg Matthew M. Neely January 13, 1941 January 15, 1945 Democratic 1
22 Clarence W. Meadows.jpg Clarence W. Meadows January 15, 1945 January 17, 1949 Democratic 1
23 Okey Patteson.jpg Okey L. Patteson January 17, 1949 January 19, 1953 Democratic 1
24 William C. Marland.jpg William C. Marland January 19, 1953 January 14, 1957 Democratic 1
25 Cecil H. Underwood.jpg Cecil H. Underwood January 14, 1957 January 16, 1961 Republican 1
26 William Wallace Barron.jpg William Wallace Barron January 16, 1961 January 18, 1965 Democratic 1
27 Hulett C. Smith.jpg Hulett C. Smith January 18, 1965 January 13, 1969 Democratic 1
28 Arch A. Moore, Jr..jpg Arch A. Moore, Jr. January 13, 1969 January 17, 1977 Republican 2
29 Jay Rockefeller giving a speech aboard the USS Stump, July 2, 1984.JPEG Jay Rockefeller January 17, 1977 January 14, 1985 Democratic 2
30 Arch A. Moore, Jr..jpg Arch A. Moore, Jr. January 14, 1985 January 16, 1989 Republican 1
31 Gaston Caperton 1996.jpg Gaston Caperton January 16, 1989 January 13, 1997 Democratic 2
32   Cecil Underwood 1998.jpg Cecil H. Underwood January 13, 1997 January 15, 2001 Republican 1
33 Bob Wise.jpg Bob Wise January 15, 2001 January 17, 2005 Democratic 1
34 Joe Manchin, Official Senate Portrait.jpg Joe Manchin January 17, 2005 November 15, 2010 Democratic 1 12
[note 7]
35 Earl Ray Tomblin 2.jpg Earl Ray Tomblin November 15, 2010 November 13, 2011[18] Democratic 1 12
[note 8]
November 13, 2011 January 16, 2017
36 Governor Jim Justice 2017.jpg Jim Justice January 16, 2017 Incumbent Democratic 1
[note 9]
[note 10]
Republican

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional offices held by governors. All representatives and senators listed represented West Virginia. No governor of West Virginia has held any other federal office.

Denotes those offices that the governor resigned to take.
† Denotes those offices that the governor resigned to be governor.
Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. House U.S. Senate Source
Arthur I. Boreman 1863–1869 S* [12]
George W. Atkinson 1897–1901 H [20]
Henry D. Hatfield 1913–1917 S [21]
Matthew M. Neely 1941–1945 H S† [22]
Arch A. Moore, Jr. 1969–1977
1985–1989
H [23]
Jay Rockefeller 1977–1985 S [24]
Bob Wise 2001–2005 H [25]
Joe Manchin 2005–2010 S* [26]

Living former governors of West Virginia

As of January 2017, there are five former governors of West Virginia who are currently living at this time, the oldest of whom is Jay Rockefeller (served 1977-1985, born 1937). The most recent governor to die was Arch A. Moore, Jr. (served 1969-1977 and 1985-1989, born 1923), who died on January 7, 2015. The most recently serving governor to die was Cecil H. Underwood (served 1957–1961 and 1997–2001, born 1922), who died on November 24, 2008.[27]

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Jay Rockefeller 1977–1985 (1937-06-18) June 18, 1937 (age 80)
Gaston Caperton 1989–1997 (1940-02-21) February 21, 1940 (age 77)
Bob Wise 2001–2005 (1948-01-06) January 6, 1948 (age 69)
Joe Manchin 2005–2010 (1947-08-24) August 24, 1947 (age 70)
Earl Ray Tomblin 2010–2011(acting),
2011–2017
(1952-03-15) March 15, 1952 (age 65)

Notes

  1. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  2. ^ Resigned to run for the United States Senate, winning election.[12][13]
  3. ^ As president of the state senate, filled unexpired term.[14]
  4. ^ Jacob's second term was under the 1872 constitution, which increased term lengths from two to four years.
  5. ^ Jacob was elected as a Democrat for his first term, and as an independent for his second.
  6. ^ Did not run for re-election in 1888, but due to the election being disputed, remained in office until the investigation was completed.[15][16]
  7. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the U.S. Senate.
  8. ^ As president of the state senate, acted as governor from November 15, 2010 until November 13, 2011 when he was inaugurated as governor after the special election held on October 4, 2011.[10][19] Tomblin was term limited.
  9. ^ Justice was elected as a member of the West Virginia Democratic Party in the West Virginia gubernatorial election, 2016. He switched to the Republican Party six months into his term, on August 4, 2017.[7]
  10. ^ Governor Justice's first term expires on January 18, 2021; he is not yet term limited.

References

Specific
  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b WV Constitution article VII, § 5.
  3. ^ WV Constitution article VII, § 12.
  4. ^ WV Constitution article VII, § 14.
  5. ^ WV Constitution article VI, § 18–19.
  6. ^ WV Constitution article VII, § 11.
  7. ^ a b "West Virginia Governor to Switch from Democrat to Republican". New York Times. August 3, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b WV Constitution article VII, § 1.
  9. ^ WV 1863 Constitution article V, § 1.
  10. ^ a b WV Constitution article VII, § 16.
  11. ^ a b "H.B. 4781 (Enrolled March 11, 2009)". West Virginia Legislature, 2000 Sessions. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "Boreman, Arthur Ingram". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Arthur Ingram Boreman". Charleston, West Virginia: West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2013. 
  14. ^ "West Virginia Governor Daniel Duane Tompkins Farnsworth". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on 2011-01-09. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  15. ^ "West Virginia Governor Emanuel Willis Wilson". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on 2009-10-20. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Emanuel Willis Wilson". Charleston, West Virginia: West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Aretas Brooks Fleming". Charleston, West Virginia: West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2013. 
  18. ^ Acting from November 15, 2010 to November 13, 2011
  19. ^ "Tomblin succeeds Manchin as West Virginia governor". Washington Post. November 15, 2010. Retrieved November 17, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Atkinson, George Wesley". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Hatfield, Henry Drury – Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Neely, Matthew Mansfield". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  23. ^ "Moore, Arch Alfred, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  24. ^ "Rockefeller, John Davison IV (Jay)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  25. ^ "Wise, Robert Ellsworth, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  26. ^ "Dems keep key Senate seat with Manchin win in WV". Houston Chronicle. November 2, 2010. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Former Gov. Cecil Underwood has died at 86". Charleston Daily Mail. November 24, 2008. Archived from the original on April 7, 2010. Retrieved August 12, 2009. 
General
  • "Governors of West Virginia". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on August 14, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  • Richard E. Fast. The history and government of West Virginia (1901) to 1900 online edition
Constitutions
  • "Constitution of West Virginia (1872)". West Virginia Legislature. Archived from the original on October 5, 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2009. 
  • West Virginia. Constitution of West Virginia (1863). Wheeling. Retrieved August 19, 2009. 

External links

  • Office of the Governor of West Virginia
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