List of Governors of Indiana

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The Indiana Statehouse in Indianapolis, which houses the office of the governor

The Governor of Indiana is the head of the executive branch of Indiana's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Indiana General Assembly, to convene that body, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason or impeachment.[1]

While a territory, Indiana had two President-appointed governors.[2] Since statehood in 1816, it has had 47 governors, serving 49 distinct terms; Isaac P. Gray and Henry F. Schricker are the only governors to have served non-consecutive terms. The longest-serving state governors are Otis R. Bowen, Evan Bayh and Mitch Daniels at 8 years, 4 days; territorial governor William Henry Harrison served for over 12 years. The shortest-serving governor is Henry Smith Lane, who served two days before resigning to become a U.S. Senator.[3] The current governor is Eric Holcomb who took office on January 9, 2017 succeeding Mike Pence who later became Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2017.

Governors

The United States acquired the land that became Indiana after the American Revolutionary War. The region was originally organized as the Northwest Territory, consisting of all of the land in the United States north and west of the Ohio River. The Indiana Territory was split from the Northwest Territory in 1800.

For the period before the Indiana Territory was formed, see the list of Governors of Northwest Territory.

Governors of the Indiana Territory

Indiana Territory was formed on July 4, 1800, and consisted of present-day Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Michigan and Minnesota. Michigan Territory was split from the territory on June 30, 1805, and Illinois Territory followed on March 1, 1809, leaving Indiana Territory with its final borders.[4] From October 1, 1804, to July 4, 1805, the District of Louisiana was under the jurisdiction of Indiana Territory.[5]

# Governor Term in office Appointed by
1 Rembrandt Peale - William Henry Harrison - Google Art Project.jpg William Henry Harrison January 10, 1801

December 28, 1812
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
No image.svg John Gibson December 28, 1812

March 3, 1813
acting[a]
2 Thomas Posey Portrait.jpg Thomas Posey March 3, 1813

November 7, 1816
James Madison

Governors of the state of Indiana

Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816.[7] The original 1816 Constitution of Indiana provided for the election of a governor and a lieutenant governor every three years.[8] The second and current constitution of 1851 lengthened terms to four years and set the commencement of the governor's term on the second Monday in the January following the election.[9] Governors were allowed to serve for four years in any eight-year period,[9] but this was extended by a 1972 amendment permitting governors to serve for eight years in any twelve-year period.[10] Should the office of governor become vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes governor.[11] Nine lieutenant governors have succeeded to the governorship. If the office of lieutenant governor is vacant, the president pro tempore of the Indiana Senate becomes governor;[11] this has happened once, when James B. Ray succeeded William Hendricks.[12]

Parties

  Democratic (21)   Democratic-Republican (3)   Independent (1)
  Republican (23)   Whig (3)

# Governor Prior office Took office Left office Party Lt. Governor[b] Terms[c]
1   JonathanJennings.jpg Jonathan Jennings Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana Territory
(1809-1816)
November 7, 1816 September 12, 1822 Democratic-Republican Christopher Harrison[d] 1 12[e]
Ratliff Boon
2   Ratliffboonindiana.jpg Ratliff Boon 2nd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1819-1822)
September 12, 1822 December 5, 1822 Democratic-Republican Vacant 12[f]
3   William hendricks sr.jpg William Hendricks Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's at-large congressional district
(1816-1822)
December 5, 1822 February 12, 1825 Democratic-Republican Ratliff Boon 12[g]
4 Indiana Governor James B. Ray.jpg James B. Ray Indiana State Senator
(1822-1825)

President pro tempore of the Indiana Senate
(1824-1825)

February 12, 1825 December 7, 1831 Independent John H. Thompson 2 12[h][i]
Milton Stapp
5   Noah Noble Portrait.jpg Noah Noble Member of the Indiana House of Representatives from Franklin County
(1823-1824)
December 7, 1831 December 6, 1837 Whig David Wallace 2
6   Gov David Wallace Portrait.jpg David Wallace 6th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1831-1837)
December 6, 1837 December 9, 1840 Whig David Hillis 1
7   Samuel Bigger Portrait.jpg Samuel Bigger Judge of the Indiana Circuit Court
(1835-1840)
December 9, 1840 December 6, 1843 Whig Samuel Hall 1
8   Whitcombj.gif James Whitcomb Commissioner of the General Land Office
(1836-1841)
December 6, 1843 December 26, 1848 Democratic Jesse D. Bright 12[g]
Paris C. Dunning
9   Governor of indiana paris c dunning.gif Dunning, Paris C.Paris C. Dunning 10th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1846-1848)
December 26, 1848 December 5, 1849 Democratic Vacant 12[f]
10   Joseph A Wright Portrait.jpg Wright, Joseph A.Joseph A. Wright Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 7th district
(1843-1845)
December 5, 1849 January 12, 1857 Democratic James H. Lane 2
Ashbel P. Willard
11   Ashbel Parsons Willard.jpg Ashbel P. Willard 12th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1853-1857)
January 12, 1857 October 4, 1860 Democratic Abram A. Hammond 12[j]
12   Govabramhammond.gif Abram A. Hammond 13th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1857-1860)
October 4, 1860 January 14, 1861 Democratic Vacant 12[f]
13   Sen Henry Smith Lane.jpg Henry Smith Lane Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 7th district
(1840-1843)
January 14, 1861 January 16, 1861 Republican Oliver P. Morton 12[g]
14   Oliver Hazard Perry Morton - Brady-Handy.jpg Oliver P. Morton 14th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1861)
January 16, 1861 January 23, 1867 Republican Conrad Baker 3[f][g]
15   Conradbakerindiana.jpg Conrad Baker 15th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1865-1867)
January 23, 1867 January 13, 1873 Republican Will Cumback 12[f][N 1]
16   Thomas Andrews Hendricks.jpg Thomas A. Hendricks United States Senator from Indiana
(1863-1869)
January 13, 1873 January 8, 1877 Democratic Leonidas Sexton 1
17   James D. Williams - Brady-Handy.jpg James D. Williams Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 2nd district
(1875-1876)
January 8, 1877 November 20, 1880 Democratic Isaac P. Gray 12[k]
18   IsaacPGray.png Isaac P. Gray 18th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1877-1880)
November 20, 1880 January 10, 1881 Democratic Vacant 12[f]
19   Albert-G-Porter.jpeg Albert G. Porter Comptroller of the United States Treasury
(1878-1880)
January 10, 1881 January 12, 1885 Republican Thomas Hanna 1
20   IsaacPGray.png Isaac P. Gray 18th Governor of Indiana
(1880-1881)
January 12, 1885 January 14, 1889 Democratic Mahlon Dickerson Manson 1
21   Gen Alvin P Hovey 06985r.jpg Alvin P. Hovey Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 1st district
(1887-1889)
January 14, 1889 November 23, 1891 Republican Ira Joy Chase 12[k]
22   Gov ira chase of indiana.gif Ira J. Chase 20th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1889-1891)
November 23, 1891 January 9, 1893 Republican Vacant 12[f]
23   Claudematthewsindiana.jpg Claude Matthews 25th Secretary of State of Indiana
(1891-1893)
January 9, 1893 January 11, 1897 Democratic Mortimer Nye 1
24   Indiana Governor James A. Mount.gif James A. Mount Indiana State Senator
(1888-1892)
January 11, 1897 January 14, 1901 Republican William S. Haggard 1
25   Indiana Governor Winfield T. Durbin.gif Winfield T. Durbin No prior elected office January 14, 1901 January 9, 1905 Republican Newton W. Gilbert 1
26   J. Frank Hanly, 1908.jpg J. Frank Hanly Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 9th district
(1895-1897)
January 9, 1905 January 11, 1909 Republican Hugh Thomas Miller 1
27   Thomas Riley Marshall headshot.jpg Thomas R. Marshall No prior elected office January 11, 1909 January 13, 1913 Democratic Frank J. Hall 1
28   Samuel Moffett Ralston.jpg Samuel M. Ralston President of the Lebanon School Board
(1908-1911)
January 13, 1913 January 8, 1917 Democratic William P. O'Neill 1
29   Indiana Governor James P. Goodrich.gif James P. Goodrich No prior elected office January 8, 1917 January 10, 1921 Republican Edgar D. Bush 1
30   No image.svg Warren T. McCray No prior elected office January 10, 1921 April 30, 1924 Republican Emmett Forrest Branch 12[l]
31   No image.svg Emmett Forrest Branch 30th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1921-1924)
April 30, 1924 January 12, 1925 Republican Vacant 12[f]
32   Ed Jackson 1a.jpg Edward L. Jackson 36th Secretary of State of Indiana
(1920-1924)
January 12, 1925 January 14, 1929 Republican F. Harold Van Orman 1
33   No image.svg Harry G. Leslie Member of the Indiana House of Representatives
(1923-1929)
January 14, 1929 January 9, 1933 Republican Edgar D. Bush 1
34   Paul V McNutt Oct 1941.jpg Paul V. McNutt National Commander of the American Legion
(1928-1929)
January 9, 1933 January 11, 1937 Democratic M. Clifford Townsend 1
35   No image.svg M. Clifford Townsend 33rd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1933-1937)
January 11, 1937 January 13, 1941 Democratic Henry F. Schricker 1
36   No image.svg Henry F. Schricker 34th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1937-1941)
January 13, 1941 January 8, 1945 Democratic Charles M. Dawson 1
37   No image.svg Ralph F. Gates No prior elected office January 8, 1945 January 10, 1949 Republican Richard T. James 1
38   No image.svg Henry F. Schricker 36th Governor of Indiana
(1941-1945)
January 10, 1949 January 12, 1953 Democratic John A. Watkins 1
Rue J. Alexander
39   No image.svg George N. Craig National Commander of the American Legion
(1949-1950)
January 12, 1953 January 14, 1957 Republican Harold W. Handley 1
40   No image.svg Harold W. Handley 39th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1953-1957)
January 14, 1957 January 9, 1961 Republican Crawford F. Parker 1
41   No image.svg Matthew E. Welsh Indiana State Senator
(1952-1960)
January 9, 1961 January 11, 1965 Democratic Richard O. Ristine 1
42   Gov roger d branigin of indiana.gif Roger D. Branigin No prior elected office January 11, 1965 January 13, 1969 Democratic Robert L. Rock 1
43   Edgar Doud Whitcomb (cropped).jpg Edgar Whitcomb 52nd Indiana Secretary of State
(1966-1968)
January 13, 1969 January 8, 1973 Republican Richard E. Folz 1
44   Otis R. Bowen.jpg Otis R. Bowen Member of the Indiana House of Representatives
(1960-1972)

Speaker of the Indiana House of Representatives
(1967-1972)

January 8, 1973 January 12, 1981 Republican Robert D. Orr 2
45   Robert D. Orr.jpg Robert D. Orr 44th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1973-1981)
January 12, 1981 January 9, 1989 Republican John Mutz 2
46   Evan Bayh official portrait.jpg Evan Bayh 56th Secretary of State of Indiana
(1986-1989)
January 9, 1989 January 13, 1997 Democratic Frank O'Bannon 2
47   Frank O'Bannon 46th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1989-1997)
January 13, 1997 September 13, 2003 Democratic Joe Kernan 1 12[k]
48   Joe Kernan.jpg Joe Kernan 47th Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(1997-2003)
September 13, 2003 January 10, 2005 Democratic Kathy Davis 12[f]
49   Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels.jpg Mitch Daniels Director of the Office of Management and Budget
(2001-2003)
January 10, 2005 January 14, 2013 Republican Becky Skillman 2
50   Mike Pence by Gage Skidmore 6.jpg Mike Pence Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 6th district
(2003-2013)
January 14, 2013 January 9, 2017 Republican Sue Ellspermann 1[m]
Eric Holcomb
51 Eric Holcomb Grissom.jpg Eric Holcomb 51st Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
(2016-2017)
January 9, 2017 Incumbent Republican Suzanne Crouch 1

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional seats and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Indiana except where noted.

* Denotes those offices for which the governor resigned the governorship.
† Denotes those offices from which the governor resigned to take the governorship.
Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held Sources
U.S. House U.S. Senate
William Henry Harrison 1800–1812 Delegate from Northwest Territory†,
U.S. Representative and Senator from Ohio, Minister to Gran Colombia,
President of the United States
[15][16]
Thomas Posey 1813–1816 U.S. Senator from Louisiana [17][18]
Jonathan Jennings 1816–1822 H* Delegate from Indiana Territory [19][20]
Ratliff Boon 1822 H [21]
William Hendricks 1822–1825 H† S* [22]
David Wallace 1837–1840 H [23]
James Whitcomb 1843–1848 S* [24]
Joseph A. Wright 1849–1857 H S Minister to Prussia [25][26]
Henry Smith Lane 1861 H S* [27]
Oliver P. Morton 1861–1867 S* [28]
Thomas A. Hendricks 1873–1877 H S Vice President of the United States [29]
James D. Williams 1877–1880 H† [30]
Albert G. Porter 1881–1885 H Minister to Italy [31]
Alvin P. Hovey 1888–1891 H† Minister to Peru [32]
J. Frank Hanly 1905–1909 H [33]
Thomas R. Marshall 1909–1913 Vice President of the United States [34]
Samuel M. Ralston 1913–1917 S [35]
Paul V. McNutt 1933–1937 High Commissioner to the Philippines, Ambassador to the Philippines [36]
Otis R. Bowen 1973–1981 U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services [37]
Robert D. Orr 1981–1989 Ambassador to Singapore [38]
Evan Bayh 1989–1997 S [39]
Mitch Daniels 2005–2013 Director of the Office of Management and Budget [40]
Mike Pence 2013–2017 H Vice President of the United States [41]

Living former U.S. governors of Indiana

As of January 2017, there are four former governors of Indiana who are currently living at this time, the oldest being Joe Kernan (served 2003–2005, born 1946). The most recent governor to die was Edgar Whitcomb (served 1969–1973, born 1917), on February 4, 2016. The most recently serving governor to die was Frank O'Bannon (served 1997–2003, born 1930), in office on September 13, 2003. Mike Pence is the incumbent Vice President of the United States, serving under President Donald Trump

Notes

  1. ^ Conrad Baker also acted as governor for five months during Governor Morton's term, as he was lieutenant governor when Morton suffered a stroke and handed over executive powers.[13]
  1. ^ John Gibson is sometimes known as Indiana's second territorial governor. He actually only served as acting governor of the Indiana Territory during the absences of Governor William Henry Harrison.[6]
  2. ^ Does not include acting lieutenant governors. All lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor.
  3. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served due to resignations and deaths. Note that before 1851 the gubernatorial term was three years, and it was four years after 1851.
  4. ^ Christopher Harrison served as acting governor for three months in 1819 while Jennings conducting negotiations with native tribes
  5. ^ Resigned to take elected seat in the United States House of Representatives.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  7. ^ a b c d Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate.
  8. ^ As president pro tempore of the Indiana Senate, filled unexpired term.
  9. ^ Taking office one week before his 31st birthday, Governor Ray is the youngest person to serve as governor.
  10. ^ Died in office.
  11. ^ a b c Died in office.
  12. ^ Resigned following his conviction for mail fraud, and served three years in prison until he was pardoned by President Herbert Hoover in 1927.[14]
  13. ^ Term expired on January 9, 2017. Did not run for re-election.

References

General
  • Funk, Arville L (1983) [1969]. A Sketchbook of Indiana History. Rochester, Indiana: Christian Book Press. 
  • Indiana Historical Bureau. "Lieutenant Governors". State of Indiana. Retrieved May 27, 2008. 
  • "Indiana Governors". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2008. 
  • McLauchlan, William P. (1996). The Indiana State Constitution. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-29208-6. 
  • "Previous Governors". State of Indiana. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008. 
  • Woollen, William Wesley (1975). Biographical and Historical Sketches of Early Indiana. Ayer Publishing. ISBN 0-405-06896-4. 
Constitutions
  • "Constitution of the State of Indiana". Indiana Legislature. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  • "1816 Constitution of the State of Indiana". State of Indian. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  • "1851 Constitution of the State of Indiana". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
Specific
  1. ^ IN Const. art V
  2. ^ Funk, p. 204
  3. ^ "Henry Smith Lane". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2008. 
  4. ^ Funk, p. 188
  5. ^ Shoemaker, Floyd Calvin (1916). Missouri's Struggle for Statehood, 1804-1821. Jefferson City: The Hugh Stephens Printing Co. pp. 15–24. OCLC 4014912. Retrieved December 23, 2008. 
  6. ^ "John Gibson Letters". Indiana State Library. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008. 
  7. ^ Funk, p. 36
  8. ^ 1816 Const. art. IV, § 3
  9. ^ a b IN Const. art. V, § 1
  10. ^ McLauchlan p. 94
  11. ^ a b IN Const. art. V, § 10
  12. ^ Woollen, p. 56
  13. ^ "Indiana Governor Conrad Baker". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on January 4, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Warren Terry McCray". Indiana Historical Bureau. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008. 
  15. ^ Woollen, pp. 1–5
  16. ^ "Harrison, William Henry". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  17. ^ Woollen, p. 28
  18. ^ "Posey, Thomas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  19. ^ Woollen, pp. 29–31
  20. ^ "Jennings, Jonathan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  21. ^ "Boon, Ratliff". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Hendricks, William". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  23. ^ "Wallace, David". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  24. ^ "Whitcomb, James". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  25. ^ Woollen, p. 96
  26. ^ "Wright, Joseph Albert". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  27. ^ "Lane, Henry Smith". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  28. ^ "Morton, Oliver Hazard Perry Throck". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  29. ^ "Hendricks, Thomas Andrew". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Williams, James Douglas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Porter, Albert Gallatin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  32. ^ "Hovery, Alvin Peterson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  33. ^ "Hanly, James Franklin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  34. ^ "Marshall, Thomas Riley". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  35. ^ "Ralston, Samuel Moffett". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  36. ^ "Indiana Governor Paul Vories McNutt". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on February 16, 2009. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  37. ^ "Indiana Governor Otis Ray Bowen". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  38. ^ "Robert D. Orr (1917–2004". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved February 25, 2009. 
  39. ^ "Bayh, Evan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  40. ^ "Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on September 12, 2008. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  41. ^ "Pence, Mike". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved April 22, 2017. 
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