List of Governors of Alaska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Governor of Alaska
Alaska-StateSeal.svg
Bill Walker.jpg
Incumbent
Bill Walker

since December 1, 2014
Residence Alaska Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder William Allen Egan
Formation January 3, 1959
Deputy Byron Mallott
Salary $145,000 (2013)[1]
Website gov.alaska.gov

The Governor of Alaska is the chief executive of the State of Alaska. The governor is the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces (including the Alaska National Guard and Alaska State Defense Force), The governor is also the head of the executive branch of Alaska's state government and has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Alaska Legislature,[2] to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of impeachment.[3]

Eleven people have served as governor of the State of Alaska over 13 distinct terms, though Alaska had over 30 civilian and military governors during its long history as a United States territory. Only two governors, William Allen Egan and Bill Walker, were born in Alaska. Two people, Egan and Wally Hickel, have been elected to multiple non-consecutive terms as governor. Hickel is also noted for a rare third party win in American politics, having been elected to a term in 1990 representing the Alaskan Independence Party. The longest-serving governor of the state was Egan, who was elected three times and served nearly 12 years. The longest-serving territorial governor was Ernest Gruening, who served 13½ years.

The current governor is Bill Walker, who took office on December 1, 2014.

Governors before statehood

Alaska was purchased by the United States from the Russian Empire in 1867, with formal transfer occurring on October 18, 1867, which is now celebrated as Alaska Day.[4] Prior to then, it was known as Russian America or Russian Alaska, controlled by the governors and general managers of the Russian-American Company.

Commanders of the Department of Alaska

The vast region was initially designated the Department of Alaska, under the jurisdiction of the Department of War and administered by the U.S. Army officers until 1877, when the Army was withdrawn from Alaska. The Department of the Treasury then took control, with the Collector of Customs as the highest ranking federal official in the territory. In 1879, the U.S. Navy was given jurisdiction over the department.[5]

Some believe the first American administrator of Alaska was Polish immigrant Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski. However, the Anchorage Daily News was unable to find any conclusive information to support this claim.[6]

# Portrait Commander Term in office
United States Army
1 Jefferson C. Davis.jpg Col. Jefferson C. Davis October 18, 1867 – August 31, 1870
2 George Keyports Brady.jpg Capt. George K. Brady September 1, 1870 – September 22, 1870
3 Tidball BVT BG John C 1865.jpg Maj. John C. Tidball September 23, 1870 – September 19, 1871
4 No image.svg Maj. Harvey A. Allen September 20, 1871 – January 3, 1873
5 Capt. Joseph Stewart.jpg Maj. Joseph Stewart January 4, 1873 – April 20, 1874
6 No image.svg Capt. George B. Rodney, Jr. April 21, 1874 – August 16, 1874
7 No image.svg Capt. Joseph B. Campbell August 17, 1874 – June 14, 1876
8 No image.svg Maj. John Mendenhall June 15, 1876 – March 4, 1877
9 No image.svg Capt. Arthur Morris March 5, 1877 – June 14, 1877
United States Department of the Treasury
10 No image.svg Montgomery P. Berry June 14, 1877 – August 13, 1877
11 No image.svg H.C. DeAhna August 14, 1877 – March 26, 1878
12 No image.svg M. D. Ball March 27, 1878 – June 13, 1879
United States Navy
13 Lester A Beardslee.jpg Capt. Lester A. Beardslee June 14, 1879 – September 12, 1880
14 Henry Glass.jpg Cmdr. Henry Glass September 13, 1880 – August 9, 1881
15 No image.svg Cmdr. Edward P. Lull August 10, 1881 – October 18, 1881
16 Henry Glass.jpg Cmdr. Henry Glass October 19, 1881 – March 12, 1882
17 No image.svg Cmdr. Frederick Pearson March 13, 1882 – October 3, 1882
18 No image.svg Cmdr. Edgar C. Merriman October 4, 1882 – September 13, 1883
19 RADM Joseph Coghlan.JPG Cmdr. Joseph Coghlan September 15, 1883 – September 13, 1884
20 No image.svg Lt. Cmdr. Henry E. Nichols September 14, 1884 – September 15, 1884

Governors of the District of Alaska

On May 17, 1884, the Department of Alaska was redesignated the District of Alaska, an incorporated but unorganized territory with a civil government. The governor was appointed by the President of the United States.

# Portrait Governor Term in office Appointed by
1 John Henry Kinkead.gif John Henry Kinkead July 4, 1884 – May 7, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
2 Alfred P. Swineford.jpg Alfred P. Swineford May 7, 1885 – April 20, 1889 Grover Cleveland
3 Lyman Enos Knapp.jpg Lyman Enos Knapp April 20, 1889 – June 18, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
4 McLaurin(1902) pic.109 Governor SHEAKLEY.jpg James Sheakley June 18, 1893 – June 23, 1897 Grover Cleveland
5 John G Brady.jpg John Green Brady June 23, 1897 – March 2, 1906[a] William McKinley
6 Wilford B Hoggatt.jpg Wilford Bacon Hoggatt March 10, 1906[8] – May 20, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
7 Portrait of Walter Eli Clark.jpg Walter Eli Clark May 20, 1909 – August 24, 1912 William Howard Taft

Governors of the Territory of Alaska

The District of Alaska was organized into Alaska Territory on August 24, 1912. Governors continued to be appointed by the President of the United States.

# Portrait Governor Term in office Appointed by
1 Portrait of Walter Eli Clark.jpg Walter Eli Clark August 24, 1912 – April 18, 1913 William Howard Taft
2 John Franklin Alexander Strong.jpg John Franklin Alexander Strong April 18, 1913 – April 12, 1918[b] Woodrow Wilson
3 Thomas Christmas Riggs, Jr.jpg Thomas Riggs, Jr. April 12, 1918 – June 16, 1921
4 Scott Cordelle Bone.jpg Scott Cordelle Bone June 16, 1921 – August 16, 1925 Warren G. Harding
5 George Alexander Parks.jpg George Alexander Parks August 16, 1925 – April 19, 1933 Calvin Coolidge
6 No image.svg John Weir Troy April 19, 1933 – December 6, 1939 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
7 Ernest Gruening (D-AK).jpg Ernest Gruening[c] December 6, 1939 – April 10, 1953
8 B. Frank Heintzleman April 10, 1953 – January 3, 1957[d] Dwight D. Eisenhower
Waino Hendrickson.png Waino Hendrickson January 3, 1957 – April 8, 1957 Acting[e]
9 Mike Stepovich.png Mike Stepovich April 8, 1957 – August 9, 1958[f] Dwight D. Eisenhower
Waino Hendrickson.png Waino Hendrickson August 9, 1958 – January 3, 1959 Acting[e]

Governors of the State of Alaska

Alaska was admitted to the Union on January 3, 1959.

The state constitution provides for the election of a governor and lieutenant governor every four years on the same ticket, with their terms commencing on the first Monday in the December following the election.[13] Governors are allowed to succeed themselves once, having to wait four years after their second term in a row before being allowed to run again.[14] Should the office of governor become vacant, the lieutenant governor assumes the title of governor.[15] The original constitution of 1956 created the office of secretary of state, which was functionally identical to a lieutenant governor, and was renamed to "lieutenant governor" in 1970.[16]

Portrait Governor Term in office Party Election Lieutenant Governor[g]
1 William A. Egan.jpg   William Allen Egan January 3, 1959

December 5, 1966
Democratic 1958   Hugh Wade
1962
2 Hickel.gif Wally Hickel December 5, 1966

January 29, 1969
Republican 1966
[h]
Keith Harvey Miller
3 Keith H. Miller.jpg Keith Harvey Miller January 29, 1969

December 7, 1970
Republican Robert W. Ward
4 William A. Egan.jpg William Allen Egan December 7, 1970

December 2, 1974
Democratic 1970 H. A. Boucher
5 Jay Hammond 1975.jpg Jay Hammond December 2, 1974

December 6, 1982
Republican 1974 Lowell Thomas, Jr.
1978 Terry Miller
6 Bill Sheffield 1989.jpg Bill Sheffield December 6, 1982

December 1, 1986
Democratic 1982 Stephen McAlpine
7 Steve Cowper 1990.jpg Steve Cowper December 1, 1986

December 3, 1990
Democratic 1986
8 Hickel.gif Wally Hickel December 3, 1990

December 5, 1994
Alaskan Independence 1990
[i]
Jack Coghill[j]
Republican
9 GovTonyKnowles.jpg Tony Knowles December 5, 1994

December 2, 2002
Democratic 1994 Fran Ulmer
1998
10 Frank Murkowski, 105th Congress photo.jpg Frank Murkowski December 2, 2002

December 4, 2006
Republican 2002 Loren Leman
11 Sarah Palin Germany 3 Cropped Lightened.JPG Sarah Palin December 4, 2006

July 26, 2009
Republican 2006
[k]
Sean Parnell
12 Former Governor of Alaska Sean Parnell.jpg Sean Parnell July 26, 2009

December 1, 2014
Republican Vacant
Craig Campbell
(took office August 10, 2009)[l]
2010 Mead Treadwell
13 Bill Walker.jpg Bill Walker December 1, 2014

Incumbent
Independent 2014
[m]
Byron Mallott[n]

Living former governors

As of January 2017 there are seven living former governors of Alaska, the oldest being Keith Harvey Miller (served 1969-1970, born 1925). The most recent death of a former governor was that of Mike Stepovich (served 1957-1958, born 1919) on February 14, 2014. The most recently serving governor to die was Wally Hickel (served 1966-1969 and 1990-1994, born 1919) on May 7, 2010.

Governor Years in office Date of birth (and age)
Keith Harvey Miller 1969–1970 (1925-03-01) March 1, 1925 (age 92)
Bill Sheffield 1982–1986 (1928-06-26) June 26, 1928 (age 89)
Steve Cowper 1986–1990 (1938-08-21) August 21, 1938 (age 78)
Tony Knowles 1994–2002 (1943-01-01) January 1, 1943 (age 74)
Frank Murkowski 2002–2006 (1933-03-28) March 28, 1933 (age 84)
Sarah Palin 2006–2009 (1964-02-11) February 11, 1964 (age 53)
Sean Parnell 2009–2014 (1962-11-19) November 19, 1962 (age 54)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Forced to resign due to his involvement with the fraudulent Reynolds–Alaska Development Company.[7]
  2. ^ Resigned on request after it was discovered he was still a Canadian citizen.[9]
  3. ^ During most of World War II, Lt. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., was the military commander of Alaska, and held much executive power over the territory.[10]
  4. ^ Resigned; was reportedly unhappy with the job, and did not expect to be reappointed.[11]
  5. ^ a b As secretary of Alaska, acted as governor for remainder of term.[12]
  6. ^ Resigned to run for United States Senate, losing that election.[12]
  7. ^ The office of lieutenant governor was named secretary of state until 1970.[16]
  8. ^ Hickel resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior. As secretary of state, Miller became governor.
  9. ^ Hickel was elected as a member of the Alaskan Independence Party, and switched to the Republican party in April 1994.[17]
  10. ^ Represented the Alaskan Independence Party.
  11. ^ Palin resigned, citing the costs of ethics investigations.[18] As lieutenant governor, Parnell became governor.
  12. ^ Campbell's position was termed "Temporary Substitute Lieutenant Governor[19] until he was confirmed by the Alaska Legislature on August 10, 2009.[20]
  13. ^ Governor Walker's first term expires December 3, 2018; he is not yet term limited.
  14. ^ Represented the Democratic Party.

References

General
  • "Alaska: Past Governors Bios". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 3, 2015. 
  • Gates, Nancy (2007). The Alaska Almanac: Facts about Alaska (30th ed.). Graphic Arts Center Publishing Co. pp. 85–87. ISBN 0-88240-652-3. Retrieved August 3, 2010. 
Constitution
  • "Constitution of the State of Alaska". Alaska State Legislature. 1956. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
Specific
  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ AK Const. art. II, § 15
  3. ^ AK Const. art. III
  4. ^ "State Symbols". Alaska Office of Economic Development. Retrieved August 26, 2008. 
  5. ^ Gates p. 86
  6. ^ Ruskin, Liz (2002-12-20). "Barking up the wrong Pole: Hero wasn't governor". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved August 26, 2008. 
  7. ^ Janson, Lone (1975). The Copper Spike. Alaska Northwest Publishing Co. p. 44. ISBN 0-88240-045-2. 
  8. ^ "New Governor of Alaska". New York Times. March 11, 1906. p. 5. 
  9. ^ Gruening, Ernest (1973). Many Battles: The Autobiography of Ernest Gruening. Liveright. p. 216. ISBN 0-87140-565-2. 
  10. ^ Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. University of Washington Press. 1997. p. 319. ISBN 0-295-97558-X. 
  11. ^ Naske, Claus-M. (1985). A History of Alaska Statehood. University Press of America. p. 244. ISBN 0-8191-4556-4. 
  12. ^ a b Naske, Claus-M.; Herman E. Slotnick (1979). Alaska: A History of the 49th State. Eerdmans. p. 309. ISBN 0-8028-7041-4. 
  13. ^ AK Const. art. III, § 4
  14. ^ AK Const. art. III, § 5
  15. ^ AK Const. art. III, § 11
  16. ^ a b "Article 3 – The Executive". The Alaska Constitution. Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Alaska. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Alaska's Gov. Hickel Rejoins Gop Amid Speculation Over Another Term". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. April 15, 1994. Retrieved September 28, 2008. 
  18. ^ Cockerham, Sean (July 7, 2009). "Palin says ethics investigations were paralyzing". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Campbell Becomes Temporary Substitute LG". State of Alaska. July 26, 2009. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  20. ^ "House Journal, Alaska State Legislature, Twenty-Sixth Legislature, First Special Session". State of Alaska. August 10, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2009. 

External links

  • Office of the Governor of Alaska
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Governors_of_Alaska&oldid=788406081"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Governors_of_Alaska
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "List of Governors of Alaska"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA