List of FIFA World Cup penalty shoot-outs

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This is a list of all penalty shoot-outs that have occurred in the Finals tournament of the FIFA World Cup.[1] Penalty shoot-outs were introduced as tie-breakers in the 1978 World Cup but did not occur before 1982. The first time a World Cup title was won by penalty shoot-out was in 1994.[2] The only other time was in 2006.[3] By the end of the 2018 edition, 30 shoot-outs have taken place in the World Cup. Of these, only two reached the sudden death stage after still being tied at the end of "best of five kicks".

The first editions of the World Cup used the rule of replaying a knockout game ending in a tie. Replacement of the rule of deciding a winner of a drawn game via drawing of lots was first proposed in 1970 to International Football Association Board,[4] and it was adopted by FIFA for the World Cup for the first time at the 1978 tournament.[5]

Penalty shoot-outs

Key

Penalty shoot-outs in the FIFA World Cup
Winner F Loser Penalties Winning team Losing team Year Round Date R
S M T GK Takers Takers GK
1.  West Germany 3–3  France 5–4 1–2 6–6 Schumacher Kaltz Penalty scored
Breitner Penalty scored
Stielike Penalty missed
Littbarski Penalty scored
Rummenigge Penalty scored

Hrubesch Penalty scored

Penalty scored Giresse
Penalty scored Amoros
Penalty scored Rocheteau
Penalty missed Six
Penalty scored Platini

Penalty missed Bossis

Ettori 1982, Spain Semi-finals 8 July 1982 [r 1]
2.  France 1–1  Brazil 4–3 1–2 5–5 Bats Stopyra Penalty scored
Amoros Penalty scored
Bellone Penalty scored
Platini Penalty missed
Fernández Penalty scored
Penalty missed Sócrates
Penalty scored Alemão
Penalty scored Zico
Penalty scored Branco
Penalty missed Júlio César
Carlos 1986, Mexico Quarter-finals 21 June 1986 [r 2]
3.  West Germany 0–0  Mexico 4–1 0–2 4–3 Schumacher Allofs Penalty scored
Brehme Penalty scored
Matthäus Penalty scored
Littbarski Penalty scored
Penalty scored Negrete
Penalty missed Quirarte
Penalty missed Servín
Larios [r 3]
4.  Belgium 1–1  Spain 5–4 0–1 5–5 Pfaff Claesen Penalty scored
Scifo Penalty scored
Broos Penalty scored
Vervoort Penalty scored
L. Van der Elst Penalty scored
Penalty scored Señor
Penalty missed Eloy
Penalty scored Chendo
Penalty scored Butragueño
Penalty scored Víctor
Zubizarreta 22 June 1986 [r 4]
5.  Republic of Ireland 0–0  Romania 5–4 0–1 5–5 Bonner Sheedy Penalty scored
Houghton Penalty scored
Townsend Penalty scored
Cascarino Penalty scored
O'Leary Penalty scored
Penalty scored Hagi
Penalty scored Lupu
Penalty scored Rotariu
Penalty scored Lupescu
Penalty missed Timofte
Lung 1990, Italy Second round 25 June 1990 [r 5]
6.  Argentina 0–0  Yugoslavia 3–2 2–3 5–5 Goycochea Serrizuela Penalty scored
Burruchaga Penalty scored
Maradona Penalty missed
Troglio Penalty missed
Dezotti Penalty scored
Penalty missed Stojković
Penalty scored Prosinečki
Penalty scored Savićević
Penalty missed Brnović
Penalty missed Hadžibegić
Ivković Quarter-finals 30 June 1990 [r 6]
7.  Argentina 1–1  Italy 4–3 0–2 4–5 Goycochea Serrizuela Penalty scored
Burruchaga Penalty scored
Olarticoechea Penalty scored
Maradona Penalty scored
Penalty scored Baresi
Penalty scored Baggio
Penalty scored De Agostini
Penalty missed Donadoni
Penalty missed Serena
Zenga Semi-finals 3 July 1990 [r 7]
8.  West Germany 1–1  England 4–3 0–2 4–5 Illgner Brehme Penalty scored
Matthäus Penalty scored
Riedle Penalty scored
Thon Penalty scored
Penalty scored Lineker
Penalty scored Beardsley
Penalty scored Platt
Penalty missed Pearce
Penalty missed Waddle
Shilton 4 July 1990 [r 8]
9.  Bulgaria 1–1  Mexico 3–1 1–3 4–4 Mihaylov Balakov Penalty missed
Genchev Penalty scored
Borimirov Penalty scored
Lechkov Penalty scored
Penalty missed García Aspe
Penalty missed Bernal
Penalty missed Rodríguez
Penalty scored Suárez
Campos 1994, USA Second round 5 July 1994 [r 9]
10.  Sweden 2–2  Romania 5–4 1–2 6–6 Ravelli Mild Penalty missed
K. Andersson Penalty scored
Brolin Penalty scored
Ingesson Penalty scored
R. Nilsson Penalty scored

Larsson Penalty scored

Penalty scored Răducioiu
Penalty scored Hagi
Penalty scored Lupescu
Penalty missed Petrescu
Penalty scored Dumitrescu

Penalty missed Belodedici

Prunea Quarter-finals 10 July 1994 [r 10]
11.  Brazil 0–0  Italy 3–2 1–3 4–5 Taffarel Santos Penalty missed
Romário Penalty scored
Branco Penalty scored
Dunga Penalty scored
Penalty missed Baresi
Penalty scored Albertini
Penalty scored Evani
Penalty missed Massaro
Penalty missed R. Baggio
Pagliuca Final 17 July 1994 [r 11]
12.  Argentina 2–2  England 4–3 1–2 5–5 Roa Berti Penalty scored
Crespo Penalty missed
Verón Penalty scored
Gallardo Penalty scored
Ayala Penalty scored
Penalty scored Shearer
Penalty missed Ince
Penalty scored Merson
Penalty scored Owen
Penalty missed Batty
Seaman 1998, France Second round 30 June 1998 [r 12]
13.  France 0–0  Italy 4–3 1–2 5–5 Barthez Zidane Penalty scored
Lizarazu Penalty missed
Trezeguet Penalty scored
Henry Penalty scored
Blanc Penalty scored
Penalty scored R. Baggio
Penalty missed Albertini
Penalty scored Costacurta
Penalty scored Vieri
Penalty missed Di Biagio
Pagliuca Quarter-finals 3 July 1998 [r 13]
14.  Brazil 1–1  Netherlands 4–2 0–2 4–4 Taffarel Ronaldo Penalty scored
Rivaldo Penalty scored
Emerson Penalty scored
Dunga Penalty scored
Penalty scored F. de Boer
Penalty scored Bergkamp
Penalty missed Cocu
Penalty missed R. de Boer
Van der Sar Semi-finals 7 July 1998 [r 14]
15.  Spain 1–1  Republic of Ireland 3–2 2–3 5–5 Casillas Hierro Penalty scored
Baraja Penalty scored
Juanfran Penalty missed
Valerón Penalty missed
Mendieta Penalty scored
Penalty scored Robbie Keane
Penalty missed Holland
Penalty missed Connolly
Penalty missed Kilbane
Penalty scored Finnan
Given 2002, Korea/Japan Second round 16 June 2002 [r 15]
16.  South Korea 0–0  Spain 5–3 0–1 5–4 Lee Woon-jae Hwang Sun-hong Penalty scored
Park Ji-sung Penalty scored
Seol Ki-hyeon Penalty scored
Ahn Jung-hwan Penalty scored
Hong Myung-bo Penalty scored
Penalty scored Hierro
Penalty scored Baraja
Penalty scored Xavi
Penalty missed Joaquín
Casillas Quarter-finals 22 June 2002 [r 16]
17.  Ukraine 0–0   Switzerland 3–0 1–3 4–3 Shovkovskiy Shevchenko Penalty missed
Milevskiy Penalty scored
Rebrov Penalty scored
Husyev Penalty scored
Penalty missed Streller
Penalty missed Barnetta
Penalty missed Cabanas
Zuberbühler 2006, Germany Second round 26 June 2006 [r 17]
18.  Germany 1–1  Argentina 4–2 0–2 4–4 Lehmann Neuville Penalty scored
Ballack Penalty scored
Podolski Penalty scored
Borowski Penalty scored
Penalty scored Cruz
Penalty missed Ayala
Penalty scored Rodríguez
Penalty missed Cambiasso
Franco Quarter-finals 30 June 2006 [r 18]
19.  Portugal 0–0  England 3–1 2–3 5–4 Ricardo Simão Penalty scored
Viana Penalty missed
Petit Penalty missed
Postiga Penalty scored
Ronaldo Penalty scored
Penalty missed Lampard
Penalty scored Hargreaves
Penalty missed Gerrard
Penalty missed Carragher
Robinson 1 July 2006 [r 19]
20.  Italy 1–1  France 5–3 0–1 5–4 Buffon Pirlo Penalty scored
Materazzi Penalty scored
De Rossi Penalty scored
Del Piero Penalty scored
Grosso Penalty scored
Penalty scored Wiltord
Penalty missed Trezeguet
Penalty scored Abidal
Penalty scored Sagnol
Barthez Final 9 July 2006 [r 20]
21.  Paraguay 0–0  Japan 5–3 0–1 5–4 Villar Barreto Penalty scored
Barrios Penalty scored
Riveros Penalty scored
Valdez Penalty scored
Cardozo Penalty scored
Penalty scored Endō
Penalty scored Hasebe
Penalty missed Komano
Penalty scored Honda
Kawashima 2010, South Africa Second round 29 June 2010 [r 21]
22.  Uruguay 1–1  Ghana 4–2 1–2 5–4 Muslera Forlán Penalty scored
Victorino Penalty scored
Scotti Penalty scored
M. Pereira Penalty missed
Abreu Penalty scored
Penalty scored Gyan
Penalty scored Appiah
Penalty missed Mensah
Penalty missed Adiyiah
Kingson Quarter-finals 2 July 2010 [r 22]
23.  Brazil 1–1  Chile 3–2 2–3 5–5 Júlio César David Luiz Penalty scored
Willian Penalty missed
Marcelo Penalty scored
Hulk Penalty missed
Neymar Penalty scored
Penalty missed Pinilla
Penalty missed Sánchez
Penalty scored Aránguiz
Penalty scored Díaz
Penalty missed Jara
Bravo 2014, Brazil Second round 28 June 2014 [r 23]
24.  Costa Rica 1–1  Greece 5–3 0–1 5–4 Navas Borges Penalty scored
Ruiz Penalty scored
González Penalty scored
Campbell Penalty scored
Umaña Penalty scored
Penalty scored Mitroglou
Penalty scored Lazaros
Penalty scored Holebas
Penalty missed Gekas
Karnezis 29 June 2014 [r 24]
25.  Netherlands 0–0  Costa Rica 4–3 0–2 4–5 Krul Van Persie Penalty scored
Robben Penalty scored
Sneijder Penalty scored
Kuyt Penalty scored
Penalty scored Borges
Penalty missed Ruiz
Penalty scored González
Penalty scored Bolaños
Penalty missed Umaña
Navas Quarter-finals 5 July 2014 [r 25]
26.  Argentina 0–0  Netherlands 4–2 0–2 4–4 Romero Messi Penalty scored
Garay Penalty scored
Agüero Penalty scored
Rodríguez Penalty scored
Penalty missed Vlaar
Penalty scored Robben
Penalty missed Sneijder
Penalty scored Kuyt
Cillessen Semi-finals 9 July 2014 [r 26]
27.  Russia 1–1  Spain 4–3 0–2 4–5 Akinfeev Smolov Penalty scored
Ignashevich Penalty scored
Golovin Penalty scored
Cheryshev Penalty scored
Penalty scored Iniesta
Penalty scored Piqué
Penalty missed Koke
Penalty scored Ramos
Penalty missed Aspas
De Gea 2018, Russia Second round 1 July 2018 [r 27]
28.  Croatia 1–1  Denmark 3–2 2–3 5–5 Subašić Badelj Penalty missed
Kramarić Penalty scored
Modrić Penalty scored
Pivarić Penalty missed
Rakitić Penalty scored
Penalty missed Eriksen
Penalty scored Kjær
Penalty scored Krohn-Dehli
Penalty missed Schöne
Penalty missed N. Jørgensen
Schmeichel [r 28]
29.  England 1–1  Colombia 4–3 1–2 5–5 Pickford Kane Penalty scored
Rashford Penalty scored
Henderson Penalty missed
Trippier Penalty scored
Dier Penalty scored
Penalty scored Falcao
Penalty scored Ju. Cuadrado
Penalty scored Muriel
Penalty missed Uribe
Penalty missed Bacca
Ospina 3 July 2018 [r 29]
30.  Croatia 2–2  Russia 4–3 1–2 5–5 Subašić Brozović Penalty scored
Kovačić Penalty missed
Modrić Penalty scored
Vida Penalty scored
Rakitić Penalty scored
Penalty missed Smolov
Penalty scored Dzagoev
Penalty missed Fernandes
Penalty scored Ignashevich
Penalty scored Kuzyayev
Akinfeev Quarter-finals 7 July 2018 [r 30]

Statistics

Key
  • † = shoot-out in the World Cup final
  • Bold = won championship that year

Shoot-out records

Most shoot-outs in a tournament
Tournament with no shoot-outs[a]
Most penalties in a shoot-out
Fewest penalties in a shoot-out

Team records

Most played
  • 5 -  Argentina (1990, 1990, 1998, 2006, 2014)
Most played in one tournament
Most won
Most lost
  • 3 -  England (1990, 1998, 2006)
  • 3 -  Italy (1990, 1994†, 1998)
  • 3 -  Spain (1986, 2002, 2018)
Most consecutive wins
Most consecutive losses
  • 3 -  Italy (1990, 1994†, 1998)
  • 3 -  England (1990, 1998, 2006)
Most won without ever losing
Most lost without ever winning

Taker records

Most participations in shoot-outs
Most penalties scored

Goalkeeper records

Most participations in shoot-outs
Most penalties taken against
Most penalties scored against
Most penalties missed against[c]
Most penalties saved[6]
Most penalties saved in one shoot-out

By team

Team Played Win Loss % Win Win Year Loss Year
 Argentina 5 4 1 80% 1990, 1990, 1998, 2014 2006
 Germany[b] 4 4 0 100% 1982, 1986, 1990, 2006 -
 Brazil 4 3 1 75% 1994†, 1998, 2014 1986
 France 4 2 2 50% 1986, 1998 1982, 2006†
 Italy 4 1 3 25% 2006† 1990, 1994†, 1998
 Spain 4 1 3 25% 2002 1986, 2002, 2018
 England 4 1 3 25% 2018 1990, 1998, 2006
 Netherlands 3 1 2 33% 2014 1998, 2014
 Croatia 2 2 0 100% 2018, 2018 -
 Republic of Ireland 2 1 1 50% 1990 2002
 Costa Rica 2 1 1 50% 2014 2014
 Russia 2 1 1 50% 2018 2018
 Mexico 2 0 2 0% - 1986, 1994
 Romania 2 0 2 0% - 1990, 1994
Team Played Win Loss % Win Win Year Loss Year
 Belgium 1 1 0 100% 1986 -
 Bulgaria 1 1 0 100% 1994 -
 Sweden 1 1 0 100% 1994 -
 South Korea 1 1 0 100% 2002 -
 Portugal 1 1 0 100% 2006 -
 Ukraine 1 1 0 100% 2006 -
 Uruguay 1 1 0 100% 2010 -
 Paraguay 1 1 0 100% 2010 -
 Yugoslavia 1 0 1 0% - 1990
  Switzerland 1 0 1 0% - 2006
 Ghana 1 0 1 0% - 2010
 Japan 1 0 1 0% - 2010
 Chile 1 0 1 0% - 2014
 Greece 1 0 1 0% - 2014
 Colombia 1 0 1 0% - 2018
 Denmark 1 0 1 0% - 2018

By tournament

Before the introduction of penalty shoot-outs in 1978:

  • Of the 35 knock-out matches from 1930 to 1938, 31 were decided within at most 120 minutes, the remaining 4 matches – one in 1934 and three in 1938 – were decided by replays.
  • There were no knock-out matches in 1950.
  • All 42 knock-out matches from 1954 to 1974 were decided within at most 120 minutes, so no replays or drawing of lots were needed.[clarification needed]
Penalty shoot-outs by tournaments
Year Teams Knock-out
matches
Matches with
extra time
Penalty
shoot-outs
Percentage of
extra time
matches
Percentage of
matches with
penalties
Penalty
scored
Penalty
attempts
Percentage
1978 16 2 1 0 50.0% 0.0% - - -
1982 24 4 1 1 25.0% 25.0% 9 12 75.0%
1986 24 16 5 3 31.3% 18.8% 21 27 77.8%
1990 24 16 8 4 50.0% 25.0% 28 38 73.7%
1994 24 16 4 3 25.0% 18.8% 18 29 62.1%
1998 32 16 4 3 25.0% 18.8% 20 28 71.4%
2002 32 16 5 2 31.3% 12.5% 13 19 68.4%
2006 32 16 6 4 37.5% 25.0% 21 33 63.6%
2010 32 16 4 2 25.0% 12.5% 14 18 77.8%
2014 32 16 8 4 50.0% 25.0% 26 36 72.2%
2018 32 16 5 4 31.2% 25.0% 26 39 66.6%
Total 150 51 30 34.0% 20.0% 196 279 70.25%

Highest values in bold.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Since the introduction of shoot-outs as tiebreakers in 1978.
  2. ^ a b c d Includes records by  West Germany.
  3. ^ Includes saves, shots onto the bar, and shots wide.

References

  1. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  2. ^ "FIFA world cup penalty kicks continue as part of soccers history". Guardian. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  3. ^ McCarra, Kevin (2006-07-10). "Italy strike gold as Zidane sees red". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  4. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110430093219/http://ssbra.org/html/laws/IFABarc/pdf/1970/1970min.pdf
  5. ^ https://www.express.co.uk/sport/football/982221/World-Cup-penalty-shootout-rules-How-it-works-ABBA-system
  6. ^ Sen, Debayan (7 July 2018). "By the numbers: Back-to-back shootout wins for Croatia, record penalty saves for Subasic". www.espn.com. ESPN. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
Match reports
  1. ^ "1982 FIFA World Cup Spain ™ - Matches - Germany FR-France". FIFA.com. 1982-07-08. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  2. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Brazil-France". FIFA.com. 1986-06-21. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  3. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Germany FR-Mexico". FIFA.com. 1986-06-21. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  4. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Spain-Belgium". FIFA.com. 1986-06-22. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  5. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Republic of Ireland-Romania". FIFA.com. 1990-06-25. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  6. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Yugoslavia-Argentina". FIFA.com. 1990-06-30. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  7. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Italy-Argentina". FIFA.com. 1990-07-03. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  8. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Germany FR-England". FIFA.com. 1990-07-04. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  9. ^ "1994 FIFA World Cup USA ™ - Matches - Mexico-Bulgaria". FIFA.com. 1994-07-05. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  10. ^ "1994 FIFA World Cup USA ™ - Matches - Romania-Sweden". FIFA.com. 1994-07-10. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  11. ^ "1994 FIFA World Cup USA ™ - Matches - Brazil-Italy". FIFA.com. 1994-07-17. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  12. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France ™ - Matches - Argentina-England". FIFA.com. 1998-06-30. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  13. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France ™ - Matches - Italy-France". FIFA.com. 1998-07-03. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  14. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France ™ - Matches - Brazil-Netherlands". FIFA.com. 1998-07-07. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  15. ^ "2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan ™ - Matches - Spain-Republic of Ireland". FIFA.com. 2002-06-16. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  16. ^ "2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan ™ - Matches - Spain-Republic of Ireland". FIFA.com. 2002-06-16. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  17. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - Switzerland-Ukraine". FIFA.com. 2006-06-26. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  18. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - Germany-Argentina". FIFA.com. 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  19. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - England-Portugal". FIFA.com. 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  20. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - Italy-France". FIFA.com. 2006-07-09. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  21. ^ "2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™ - Matches - Paraguay-Japan". FIFA.com. 2010-06-29. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  22. ^ "2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™ - Matches - Uruguay-Ghana". FIFA.com. 2010-07-02. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  23. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Brazil-Chile". FIFA.com. 2014-06-28. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  24. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Costa Rica-Greece". FIFA.com. 2014-06-29. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  25. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Netherlands-Costa Rica". FIFA.com. 2014-07-05. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  26. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Netherlands-Argentina". FIFA.com. 2014-07-09. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  27. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Spain - Russia". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  28. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Croatia - Denmark". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  29. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Colombia - England". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2018-07-04. 
  30. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Russia - Croatia". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 

Further reading

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