List of European cities by population within city limits

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This is a list of the largest cities in Europe ranked according to population within their city limits. It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries (municipalities) as opposed to urban areas or metropolitan areas, which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

The list includes cities geographically situated in Europe, using the conventional definition of its boundaries.

It is notable that Istanbul's commercial and historical center lies on the European side, and about a third of its population lives on the Asian side.[1] 64.7% of the residents live on the European side, and 35.3% on the Asian side.[2] According to the population within city limits value listed below, the city as a whole is larger than Moscow. However, the European side is not as populous as Moscow.

Largest cities

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Population within city limits. Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries.

City Country Population
within city limits
Date 2011 Eurostat
population[3]
Image Location Ref.
1 Istanbul[a]  Turkey 14,804,116 31 December 2016 Halic.png 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.013611°N 28.955°E / 41.013611; 28.955 (1 Istanbul) [4]
2 Moscow[b]  Russia 12,330,126 1 January 2016 Moscow-City skyline.jpg 55°45′00″N 37°37′00″E / 55.75°N 37.616667°E / 55.75; 37.616667 (2 Moscow) [5]
3 London  United Kingdom 8,673,713 30 June 2015 8,173,941 London from a hot air balloon.jpg 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″W / 51.507222°N 0.1275°W / 51.507222; -0.1275 (3 London) [6]
4 Saint Petersburg  Russia 5,225,690 1 January 2016 Saray Meydanı, St. Petersburg.jpg 59°57′N 30°18′E / 59.95°N 30.3°E / 59.95; 30.3 (1 Saint Petersburg) [7][8]
5 Berlin  Germany 3,562,166 31 December 2014 3,460,725 Siegessaeule Aussicht 10-13 img4 Tiergarten.jpg 52°31′00″N 13°23′00″E / 52.516667°N 13.383333°E / 52.516667; 13.383333 (5 Berlin) [9]
6 Madrid  Spain 3,165,235 1 January 2014 3,198,645 Cuatro Torres Business Area.JPG 40°23′00″N 3°43′00″W / 40.383333°N 3.716667°W / 40.383333; -3.716667 (6 Madrid) [10]
7 Kiev  Ukraine 2,909,491 1 June 2016 Panorama of Kyiv from Saint Sophia Monastery 6.jpg 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45°N 30.523333°E / 50.45; 30.523333 (8 Kiev) [11]
8 Rome  Italy 2,874,038 30 November 2014 2,761,477 Roma dall'aereo.JPG 41°54′N 12°30′E / 41.9°N 12.5°E / 41.9; 12.5 (7 Rome) [12]
9 Paris  France 2,241,346 1 January 2014 2,249,977 Sunset over Paris 5, France August 2013.jpg 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567°N 2.3508°E / 48.8567; 2.3508 (9 Paris) [13]
10 Bucharest  Romania 2,106,144 1 January 2016 1,903,299 Bucharest-Skyline-01.jpg 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44.4325°N 26.103889°E / 44.4325; 26.103889 (11 Bucharest) [14] [15]
11 Minsk  Belarus 1,949,400 1 October 2015 Centre de Minsk.jpg 53°54′00″N 27°34′00″E / 53.9°N 27.566667°E / 53.9; 27.566667 (10 Minsk) [16]
12 Vienna  Austria 1,840,573 1 January 2016 1,598,626 Vienna Skyline.jpg 48°12′00″N 16°22′00″E / 48.2°N 16.366667°E / 48.2; 16.366667 (12 Vienna) [17]
13 Hamburg  Germany 1,758,041 31 October 2014 1,786,448 Hamburg Rathaus.jpg 53°33′55″N 10°00′05″E / 53.565278°N 10.001389°E / 53.565278; 10.001389 (13 Hamburg) [18]
14 Budapest  Hungary 1,759,407 1 January 2015 1,729,040 Budapest castle night 5.jpg 47°29′33″N 19°03′05″E / 47.4925°N 19.051389°E / 47.4925; 19.051389 (14 Budapest) [19]
15 Warsaw  Poland 1,748,916 30 June 2016 1,708,491 Lotnicza panorama Warszawy.jpg 52°14′00″N 21°01′00″E / 52.233333°N 21.016667°E / 52.233333; 21.016667 (15 Warsaw) [20]
16 Barcelona  Spain 1,602,386 1 January 2014 1,611,013 Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG 41°23′00″N 2°11′00″E / 41.383333°N 2.183333°E / 41.383333; 2.183333 (16 Barcelona) [10]
17 Munich  Germany 1,521,678 31 December 2015 1,378,176 Stadtbild München.jpg 48°08′00″N 11°34′00″E / 48.133333°N 11.566667°E / 48.133333; 11.566667 (18 Munich) [21]
18 Kharkiv  Ukraine 1,431,565 1 January 2014 Kharkov Freedom Square.jpg 50°00′16″N 36°13′53″E / 50.004444°N 36.231389°E / 50.004444; 36.231389 (17 Kharkiv) [22]
19 Milan  Italy 1,344,906 30 November 2015 1,324,110 Milano skyline.jpg 45°28′00″N 9°11′00″E / 45.466667°N 9.183333°E / 45.466667; 9.183333 (19 Milan) [12]
20 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia 1,260,000 1 January 2013 Рождественская церковь, ночной вид на Стрелку.JPG 56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E / 56.326944°N 44.0075°E / 56.326944; 44.0075 (20 Nizhny Novgorod) [23]
21 Prague  Czech Republic 1,259,079 1 January 2015 1,241,664 Prague old town square panorama.jpg 50°05′00″N 14°25′00″E / 50.083333°N 14.416667°E / 50.083333; 14.416667 (21 Prague) [24]
22 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,260,120 31 December 2014 1,202,921 Aleksandar-nevski15.jpg 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.7°N 23.33°E / 42.7; 23.33 (22 Bulgaria) [25]
23 Kazan  Russia 1,216,965 1 January 2016 Kazan skyline view.jpg 55°47′25″N 49°08′05″E / 55.790278°N 49.134722°E / 55.790278; 49.134722 (23 New York City) [26]
24 Brussels  Belgium 1,171,828 1 January 2015 1,136,778 Brussels floral carpet B.jpg 50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.85°N 4.35°E / 50.85; 4.35 (26 Brussels) [27]
25 Samara  Russia 1,170,910 1 January 2016 Samara 8-01-2009.jpg 53°12′10″N 50°08′27″E / 53.202778°N 50.140833°E / 53.202778; 50.140833 (24 Samara) [28]
26 Belgrade  Serbia 1,166,763 30 September 2011 St. Sava Temple.jpg 44°49′00″N 20°28′00″E / 44.816667°N 20.466667°E / 44.816667; 20.466667 (25 Belgrade) [29]
27 Rostov-on-Don  Russia 1,119,875 1 January 2016 Река Дон, Набережная Ростова-на-Дону.jpg 47°14′00″N 39°42′00″E / 47.233333°N 39.7°E / 47.233333; 39.7 (27 Rostov-on-Don) [30]
28 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,092,330 30 June 2013 1,073,045 Birmingham Skyline from Edgbaston Cricket Ground.jpg 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.483056°N 1.893611°W / 52.483056; -1.893611 (28 Birmingham) [6]
29 Ufa  Russia 1,121,429 1 January 2016 BashkirWhiteHouse.jpg 54°45′00″N 55°58′00″E / 54.75°N 55.966667°E / 54.75; 55.966667 (29 Ufa) [31]
30 Cologne  Germany 1,039,488 30 June 2014 1,007,119 Kölnpanorama bei Abenddämmerung (2).JPG 50°56′11″N 6°57′10″E / 50.936389°N 6.952778°E / 50.936389; 6.952778 (30 Cologne) [32]
31 Perm  Russia 1,041,876 1 January 2016 Perm Russia.jpg 58°00′00″N 56°19′00″E / 58°N 56.316667°E / 58; 56.316667 (32 Perm) [33]
32 Voronezh  Russia 1,032,382 1 January 2016 Главное здание управления ЮВЖД.jpg 51°40′18″N 39°12′38″E / 51.671667°N 39.210556°E / 51.671667; 39.210556 (33 Voronezh) [34]
33 Volgograd  Russia 1,016,137 1 January 2016 Mamaev kurgan (ОКН).JPG 48°42′00″N 44°31′00″E / 48.7°N 44.516667°E / 48.7; 44.516667 (31 New York City) [35]
34 Odessa  Ukraine 999,359 1 January 2014 Odessa Potemkin Stairs.jpg 46°28′00″N 30°44′00″E / 46.466667°N 30.733333°E / 46.466667; 30.733333 (34 Odessa) [22]
35 Naples  Italy 989,111 1 January 2014 959,574 View of Naples with Vesuvio.jpg 40°50′00″N 14°15′00″E / 40.833333°N 14.25°E / 40.833333; 14.25 (35 Naples) [12]
36 Dnipropetrovsk  Ukraine 982,969 1 January 2014 Dnipropetrowsk.jpg 48°27′00″N 34°59′00″E / 48.45°N 34.983333°E / 48.45; 34.983333 (36 Dnipropetrovsk) [22]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, with its commercial and historical centre and about two-thirds of the population lying on the European side, and about one-third living on the Asian side. The population figure refers to the entirety of Istanbul Province.
  2. ^ Moscow is the largest city entirely within Europe.

References

  1. ^ WCTR Society; Unʼyu Seisaku Kenkyū Kikō 2004, p. 281
  2. ^ "Istanbul Asian and European population details" (in Turkish). 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - cities and greater cities". Eurostat. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2016". Turkish Statistical Institute. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2017. 
  5. ^ Rosstat. [1] (Russian)
  6. ^ a b "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  7. ^ Rosstat. [2] (Russian)
  8. ^ http://www.stat-info.net/largest-cities-in-russia
  9. ^ "Amt für Statistik Berlin Brandenburg". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "List of place name: Population of the Continuous Municipal Register by Population Unit". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain). Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Population (by estimate) as of June 1, 2016.". State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "I.Stat" (in Italian). Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Population of Paris in January 2014". INSEE. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Official data for 2011 census". INSSE. INSSE. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "Official Population data for 2016" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics (Romania)|INSSE. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Belarus in figures 2015". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland". Statistik Austria. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  18. ^ "Population - Hamburg". Federal Statistical Office and the statistical Offices of the Länder. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "1.2. Népesség a település jellege szerint, január 1. (1980–)*". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "Tabl. 09 - Ludność według płci i miast" [Table 09. Population by gender and city] (in Polish). Central Statistical Office (Poland). October 2016. 
  21. ^ Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung. "Result - 12411-001: Bevölkerung: Gemeinden, Stichtage (letzten 6)" (in German). Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c РОЗПОДІЛ ПОСТІЙНОГО НАСЕЛЕННЯ УКРАЇНИ ЗА СТАТТЮ ТА ВІКОМ: Станом на 1 січня 2014 року [Resident Population of Ukraine by Sex and Age: as of 1 January 2014] (Report). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  23. ^ "5.4. Cities with population size of 1 million persons and over". Russia in figures - 2014. Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  24. ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas. "Czech Republic: Major Cities". City Population. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  25. ^ "Population by towns and sex". Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  26. ^ "Информация о численности населения Республики Татарстан" (PDF) (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. город Казань 
  27. ^ "Population par région et âge, au 1er janvier 2015-2061" [Population by region and age, on 1 January 2015-2061] (in French). Statistics Belgium. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  28. ^ "Утвержденная численность постоянного населения Самарской области" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г. Самара 
  29. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  30. ^ "Результат запроса БД ПМО Ростовской области" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  31. ^ "ОЦЕНКА ЧИСЛЕННОСТИ ПОСТОЯННОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ БАШКОРТОСТАН НА 1 ЯНВАРЯ 2016" (PDF) (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г.Уфа 
  32. ^ "Einwohnerzahlen im Regierungsbezirk Köln". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik Nordrhein-Westfalen. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  33. ^ "Численность населения Пермского края, человек" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г. Пермь 
  34. ^ "Оценка численности постоянного населения Воронежской области на I января 2016 года" (PDF) (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. Городской округ город Воронеж 
  35. ^ "БД ПМО Волгоградской области ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. населения на 1 января текущего года 
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