List of Chiefs of the Turkish General Staff

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Chief of the General Staff
Turkish: Genelkurmay Başkanı
Standard of President of Turkey as Supreme Chief of Armed Forces.svg
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Yaşar Güler (2018).jpg
Incumbent
General Yaşar Güler [tr]

since 10 July 2018
Ministry of National Defence
Member of General Staff
National Security Council
Reports to Minister of National Defence
Seat General Staff Building, Ankara
Appointer President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Formation 3 May 1920
First holder Mirliva İsmet İnönü
Deputy General Metin Gürak
Website Official website

This list includes Chiefs of the General Staff of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Genelkurmay Başkanı), who were, in their time of service, nominal heads of the Turkish Armed Forces (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri).

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
İsmet İnönü
İnönü, İsmetMirliva
İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
[a]
3 May 1920 3 August 1921 1 year, 92 days Turkish Land Forces
2
Fevzi Çakmak
Çakmak, FevziMareşal
Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
[b]
5 August 1921 12 January 1944 22 years, 160 days Turkish Land Forces
3
Kâzım Orbay
Orbay, KâzımGeneral
Kâzım Orbay
(1887–1964)
12 January 1944 30 July 1946 2 years, 199 days Turkish Land Forces
4
Salih Omurtak
Omurtak, SalihGeneral
Salih Omurtak
(1889–1954)
1 August 1946 8 June 1949 2 years, 311 days Turkish Land Forces
5
Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman
Gürman, Abdurrahman NafizGeneral
Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman
(1882–1966)
10 June 1949 5 June 1950 360 days Turkish Land Forces
6
Nuri Yamut
Yamut, NuriGeneral
Nuri Yamut
(1890–1961)
6 June 1950 10 April 1954 3 years, 308 days Turkish Land Forces
7
Nurettin Baransel [tr]
Baransel, NurettinGeneral
Nurettin Baransel [tr]
(1897–1967)
28 May 1954 25 August 1955 1 year, 89 days Turkish Land Forces
8
İsmail Hakkı Tunaboylu
Tunaboylu, İsmailGeneral
İsmail Hakkı Tunaboylu
(1895–1958)
25 August 1955 10 October 1957 2 years, 46 days Turkish Land Forces
9
Feyzi Mengüç
Mengüç, FeyziGeneral
Feyzi Mengüç
(1896–1966)
11 October 1957 22 August 1958 315 days Turkish Land Forces
10
Rüştü Erdelhun
Erdelhun, RüştüGeneral
Rüştü Erdelhun
(1894–1983)
23 August 1958 27 May 1960 1 year, 278 days Turkish Land Forces
11
Ragıp Gümüşpala
Gümüşpala, RagıpGeneral
Ragıp Gümüşpala
(1897–1964)
3 June 1960 4 August 1960 62 days Turkish Land Forces
12
Cevdet Sunay
Sunay, CevdetGeneral
Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
4 August 1960 16 March 1966 5 years, 224 days Turkish Land Forces
13
Cemal Tural
Tural, CemalGeneral
Cemal Tural
(1905–1981)
16 March 1966 16 March 1969 3 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
14
Memduh Tağmaç
Tağmaç, MemduhGeneral
Memduh Tağmaç
(1904–1978)
16 March 1969 29 August 1972 3 years, 166 days Turkish Land Forces
15
Faruk Gürler
Gürler, FarukGeneral
Faruk Gürler
(1913–1975)
29 August 1972 6 March 1973 250 days Turkish Land Forces
16
Semih Sancar
Sancar, SemihGeneral
Semih Sancar
(1911–1984)
6 March 1973 7 March 1978 5 years, 1 day Turkish Land Forces
17
Kenan Evren
Evren, KenanGeneral
Kenan Evren
(1917–2015)
7 March 1978 1 July 1983 5 years, 55 days Turkish Land Forces
18
Nurettin Ersin
Ersin, NurettinGeneral
Nurettin Ersin
(1918–2005)
1 July 1983 6 December 1983 158 days Turkish Land Forces
19
Necdet Üruğ
Üruğ, NecdetGeneral
Necdet Üruğ
(born 1921)
6 December 1983 2 July 1987 3 years, 208 days Turkish Land Forces
20
Necip Torumtay
Torumtay, NecipGeneral
Necip Torumtay
(1926–2011)
[c]
24 July 1987 3 December 1990 3 years, 132 days Turkish Land Forces
21
Doğan Güreş
Güreş, DoğanGeneral
Doğan Güreş
(1926–2014)
6 December 1990 30 August 1994 3 years, 267 days Turkish Land Forces
22
İsmail Hakkı Karadayı
Karadayı, İsmail HakkıGeneral
İsmail Hakkı Karadayı
(born 1932)
30 August 1994 30 August 1998 4 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
23
Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu
Kıvrıkoğlu, HüseyinGeneral
Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu
(born 1934)
30 August 1998 28 August 2002 3 years, 363 days Turkish Land Forces
24
Hilmi Özkök
Özkök, HilmiGeneral
Hilmi Özkök
(born 1940)
28 August 2002 30 August 2006 4 years, 2 days Turkish Land Forces
25
Yaşar Büyükanıt
Büyükanıt, YaşarGeneral
Yaşar Büyükanıt
(born 1940)
30 August 2006 30 August 2008 2 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
26
İlker Başbuğ
Başbuğ, İlkerGeneral
İlker Başbuğ
(born 1943)
30 August 2008 30 August 2010 2 years, 0 days Turkish Land Forces
27
Işık Koşaner
Koşaner, IşıkGeneral
Işık Koşaner
(born 1945)
30 August 2010 29 July 2011 333 days Turkish Land Forces
28
Necdet Özel
Özel, NecdetGeneral
Necdet Özel
(born 1950)
30 July 2011 18 August 2015 4 years, 19 days Turkish Land Forces
29
Hulusi Akar
Akar, HulusiGeneral
Hulusi Akar
(born 1952)
18 August 2015 10 July 2018 2 years, 326 days Turkish Land Forces
-
Ümit Dündar
Dündar, ÜmitGeneral
Ümit Dündar
(born 1955)
Acting
[d]
15 July 2016 16 July 2016 1 day Turkish Land Forces
30
Yaşar Güler [tr]
Güler, YaşarGeneral
Yaşar Güler [tr]
(born 1954)
10 July 2018 Incumbent 132 days Turkish Land Forces

Notes

  1. ^ Minister of General Staff.
  2. ^ Minister of General Staff until 6 March 1924.
  3. ^ Torumtay resigned due to strong opposition to President Turgut Özal's stance in favor of joining the Coalition in the Gulf War against Iraq.
  4. ^ Dündar served as Acting Chief of the General Staff during the 2016 coup d'état attempt, while Akar was being held hostage by coup forces.

See also

Sources

  • Genelkurmay Başkanları listesi (in Turkish)
  • Harp Akademileri Komutanlığı, Harp Akademilerinin 120 Yılı, İstanbul, 1968. (in Turkish)
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