List of Braathens destinations

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A medium-sized passenger jet on a tarmac with a white top and tail, and a blue bottom. There is a Norwegian flag on the tail and "Braathens" written along the side"
Boeing 737-400s were used by Braathens after 1989; this one is pictured at Oslo Airport, Gardermoen in 2006.

Braathens (until 1998 known as Braathens SAFE) was a Norwegian scheduled and charter airline that operated from 1946 to 2004. The airline used 53 airports serving 50 destinations, 23 of which were in Norway and 6 in Sweden. Braathens provided international services to 24 airports serving 22 cities in 17 countries. Seven of these cities are in Asia, the rest in Europe. In addition, Braathens served numerous destinations as both a regular and an ad-hoc charter airline. Braathens' main hubs were Oslo Airport, Fornebu (1949–98), Oslo Airport, Gardermoen (1998–2007) and Stockholm Arlanda Airport (1997–99). The main technical base was at Stavanger Airport, Sola.

The destinations in Asia were served from 1949 to 1954. Then, Braathens became a domestic airline, and did not have international scheduled services again until 1987, except during part of 1960. From 1994, the airline market was deregulated, and Braathens was free to operate domestically and within the European Economic Area. In 1997, it bought Transwede and started domestic services in Sweden, but these were terminated in 1999. The company merged with the Norwegian division of Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) in 2004 to create SAS Braathens.

History

Braathens SAFE started as a charter airline, flying predominantly to the Far East and South America. In 1949, the airline was granted a concession on the Far East route that was flown until 1954, using Douglas DC-4s. The main airport in Norway was Oslo Airport, Fornebu,[1] and the main technical base was at Stavanger Airport, Sola.[2] From 1952 to 1960, the airline cooperated on flights to Reykjavík with the Icelandic airline Loftleidir.[3] Braathens SAFE started domestic services in 1951, using de Havilland Herons on a route from Oslo via Tønsberg to Stavanger.[4] Services from Oslo to Trondheim were introduced in 1953.[5] This was supplemented with stops in Farsund and Kristiansand in 1955, and Hamar, Røros and Notodden the following year.[6] However, with the delivery of the Fokker F-27s, many of the smaller airports were cut from the service.[7] The airline started flying from Oslo to Ålesund and along the West Coast in 1958.[8] During 1960, the airline flew a single season to Sandefjord and Aalborg, Denmark.[9] Services to Bodø and Tromsø started in 1967,[10] and Boeing 737-200s and Fokker F-28s were taken into use two years later.[11] Kristiansund was added as a destination in 1970 and Molde two years later.[12] The F-28s were retired in 1986,[13] while services to Longyearbyen started the following year.[14]

A white, medium-sized jet aircraft with a red and blue cheatline on a tarmac. It has the name "Braathens SAFE" on the side and a Norwegian flag on the tail
The Boeing 737-200 was the main domestic workhorse during the 1970s and 80s. Pictured at EuroAirport in 1976.

From 1987, Braathens SAFE was allowed to make international scheduled flights on certain routes. From 1989 to 1993, it opened routes to Billund, Malmö, Newcastle, London and Murmansk.[15] In the same period, the airline replaced its fleet with Boeing 737-400 and -500s.[13] The Norwegian airline market was deregulated in 1994, and Braathens SAFE was free to fly on any domestic and international route; it immediately opened routes to Harstad/Narvik.[16] Within two years, international routes had been started to Jersey, Nice and Rome.[17] In 1996, Braathens bought Sweden's second-largest airline, Transwede Airways, and started a route to Stockholm.[18] The following year, Transwede was merged into Braathens SAFE, and the airline took over its domestic routes to Halmstad, Jönköping, Luleå, Sundsvall and Umeå, using Transwede's Fokker 100s.[19] In 1997, KLM bought part of Braathens SAFE, and the two started a partnership; Braathens SAFE started flying from several Norwegian cities to KLM's hub in Amsterdam.[20][21]

Boeing 737-700s were taken into use starting in 1998,[22] and the company rebranded from Braathens SAFE to Braathens.[23] That year also saw the opening of Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, which increased Braathens number of slots and allowed them to start a new route to Haugesund.[24] Braathens started a costly price war with its competitors Color Air and SAS;[25] after Color Air went bankrupt in 1999, Braathens started terminating routes, and the Swedish division was merged into the subsidiary Malmö Aviation.[26] Málaga and Alicante were introduced as destinations in 2000.[27] The next year, Braathens was bought by the SAS Group,[28] and in 2002, the routes were split between SAS and Braathens. The latter kept only four international routes, but was granted new services to Northern Norway: Alta, Bardufoss, Kirkenes and Lakselv.[29] Braathens was merged with SAS to create SAS Braathens in 2004.[30]

Destinations

A peninsula with two runways in the middle, surrounded by water above, below and to the left; to the right and upwards is a city
Côte d'Azur International Airport was first served by Braathens after airline deregulation in 1994.
The entrance to a small airport terminal, mostly with one story, but also with a control tower to the right and a second story in the middle. On the second story is a sign with "Avinor" and "Alta lufthavn", while above the door it says "Departures"
Alta Airport was first served by Braathens in 2002, when Braathens took over the route from SAS.
A Braathens Boeing 737-500 at Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, Braathens' Norwegian hub from 1998 to 2004
A short, asphalted runway runs though the middle, surrounded by green fields. To the left is a taxiway, and at the top of the runway is a small terminal building
Tønsberg Airport, Jarlsberg, was dropped from the schedules because the runway was too short for the Fokker F-27.
A large, square, two-story, gray building with "T2" on a sign, in front of a street. In the background is a control tower
Alicante International Airport became a scheduled destination in 2000, having been served by charter flights four decades.
A mostly yellow airport terminal seen from the apron; furthest away there are two jet planes parked
Braathens started flights from Oslo to Malmö Airport in 1991.
Inside a terminal, with a multi-story glass wall to the left; the open space is filled with signs, chairs, small store and amenities
Terminal at Stockholm-Arlanda Airport, Braathens' Swedish hub from 1997 to 1999

The list shows airports that have been served by Braathens as part of its scheduled services between 1949 and 2004. It excludes airports where Braathens only operated charter services. The list includes the city, country, the codes of the International Air Transport Association (IATA airport code) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO airport code), and the airport's name, with the airline's hubs marked. The list also contains the beginning and end year of services, with destinations marked if the services was not continual. IATA and ICAO codes are not given for airports which were closed or converted to general aviation before being issued such codes.

The list includes destinations subcontracted to Busy Bee and later Norwegian Air Shuttle and operated as part of Braathens' network. It also includes Braathens' two subsidiaries in Sweden—Braathens Sverige and Malmö Aviation—although airports only served by Malmö Aviation are marked.[31] Braathens Helikopter operated to seven offshore oil platforms in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea—these are not included in the list.[32][33][34][35]

Hub
* Non-continuous service
# Only served by Malmö Aviation
City Country IATA ICAO Airport Begin End Ref
Aalborg Denmark AAL EKYT Aalborg Airport 1960 1960 [9]
Alta Norway ALF ENAT Alta Airport 2002 2004 [29]
Ålesund Norway AES ENAL Ålesund Airport, Vigra 1958 2004 [8]
Alicante Spain ALC LEAL Alicante International Airport 2000 2004 [29][36]
Amsterdam Netherlands AMS EHAM Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 1949* 2002* [1][29]
Bangkok Thailand BKK VTBD Don Mueang International Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Barcelona Spain BCN LEBL Barcelona International Airport 2000 2004 [29][36]
Bardufoss Norway BDU ENDU Bardufoss Airport 2002 2004 [29]
Basra Iraq BSR ORMM Basra International Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Bergen Norway BGO ENBR Bergen Airport, Flesland 1958 2004 [8]
Bodø Norway BOO ENBO Bodø Airport 1967 2004 [10]
Bombay India BOM VABB Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Billund Denmark BLL EKBI Billund Airport 1989 2002 [15][29]
Cairo Egypt CAI HECA Cairo International Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Farsund Norway FAN ENLI Farsund Airport, Lista 1955 1992 [6][37]
Geneva Switzerland GVA LSGG Geneva Cointrin International Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Gothenburg Sweden GOT ESGG Göteborg Landvetter Airport# 1998 2004 [31]
Halmstad Sweden HAD ESMT Halmstad Airport 1997 2004 [19]
Hamar Norway HMR ENHA Hamar Airport, Stafsberg 1956 1958 [6]
Harstad/Narvik Norway EVE ENEV Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes 1994 2004 [16]
Haugesund Norway HAU ENHD Haugesund Airport, Karmøy 1984 2004 [24][37]
Hong Kong Hong Kong HKG VHHH Kai Tak Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Jönköping Sweden JKG ESGJ Jönköping Airport 1997 1999 [19]
Karachi Pakistan KHI OPKC Jinnah International Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Kirkenes Norway KKN ENKR Kirkenes Airport, Høybuktmoen 2002 2004 [29]
Kolkata India CCU VACC Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport 1949 1954 [1]
Kristiansand Norway KRS ENCN Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik 1955 2004 [6]
Kristiansund Norway KSU ENKB Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget 1970 2004 [38]
Lakselv Norway LKL ENNA Lakselv Airport, Banak 2002 2004 [29]
London United Kingdom LCY EGLC London City Airport# 1998 2004 [31]
London United Kingdom LGW EGKK London Gatwick Airport 1992 1998 [15][39]
London United Kingdom STN EGSS London Stansted Airport 1998 2002 [39]
Longyearbyen Norway LYR ENSB Svalbard Airport, Longyear 1987 2002 [14][29]
Luleå Sweden LLA ESPA Luleå Airport 1997 1999 [19]
Málaga Spain AGP LEMG Málaga Airport 2000 2004 [29]
Malmö Sweden MMX ESMX Malmö Airport 1991 2004 [15]
Molde Norway MOL ENML Molde Airport, Årø 1972 2004 [40]
Murmansk Russia MMK ULMM Murmansk Airport 1993 2000 [15][36]
Newcastle United Kingdom NCL EGNT Newcastle Airport 1991 2002 [15][29]
Nice France NCE LFMN Côte d'Azur International Airport 1996 2004 [29]
Notodden Norway NTB ENNO Notodden Airport, Tuven 1956 1958 [6]
Oslo Norway FBU ENFB Oslo Airport, Fornebu 1949 1998 [8][24]
Oslo Norway OSL ENGM Oslo Airport, Gardermoen 1998 2004 [24]
Reykjavík Iceland KEF BIKF Keflavík International Airport 1952 1961 [3]
Rome Italy FCO LIRF Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport 1949* 2002* [1]
Røros Norway RRS ENRO Røros Airport 1957* 1999* [6][36]
Saint Helier Jersey JER EGJJ Jersey Airport 1996 2002 [17][29]
Sandefjord Norway TRF ENTO Sandefjord Airport, Torp 1960* 1999* [9][41]
Stavanger Norway SVG ENZV Stavanger Airport, Sola 1949 2004 [1]
Stockholm Sweden ARN ESSA Stockholm-Arlanda Airport 1995 2000 [19]
Stockholm Sweden BMA ESSB Stockholm-Bromma Airport# 1998 2004 [31]
Sundsvall Sweden SDL ESNN Sundsvall-Härnösand Airport 1997 1999 [19]
Tønsberg Norway ENJB Tønsberg Airport, Jarlsberg 1952 1958 [4][7]
Tromsø Norway TOS ENTC Tromsø Airport 1967 2004 [10]
Trondheim Norway Trondheim Airport, Lade 1953 1956 [42]
Trondheim Norway TRD ENVA Trondheim Airport, Værnes 1956 2004 [42]
Umeå Sweden UME ESNU Umeå Airport 1997 1999 [19]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Tjomsland: p. 45
  2. ^ Tjomsland: 48
  3. ^ a b Tjomsland: pp. 75–83
  4. ^ a b Tjomsland: pp. 64–65
  5. ^ Tjomsland: pp. 66–67
  6. ^ a b c d e f Tjomsland: pp. 104–108
  7. ^ a b Tjomsland: pp. 118–120
  8. ^ a b c d Tjomsland: p. 112
  9. ^ a b c Tjomsland: p. 121
  10. ^ a b c Tjomsland: 173–178
  11. ^ Tjomsland: pp. 180–182
  12. ^ Tjomsland: pp. 183–185
  13. ^ a b Tjomsland: pp. 364–365
  14. ^ a b Tjomsland: p. 293
  15. ^ a b c d e f Tjomsland: pp. 295–304
  16. ^ a b Tjomsland: pp. 340–341
  17. ^ a b Lillesund, Geir (18 June 1996). "Braathens vil konkurrere med SAS på Stockholm-ruten" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 
  18. ^ Guhnfeldt, Cato (27 June 1996). "Braathens-raid i Sverige". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 3. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g "Braathens kjøper Transwede" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 25 June 1996. 
  20. ^ Sæthre, Lars N. (9 August 1997). "Braathens og KLM tar av". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 39. 
  21. ^ Ottesen, Gregers (14 February 1998). "Hard luftkamp". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian). p. 7. 
  22. ^ Sæthre, Lars N. (4 February 1997). "Braathens kjøper fly for 1,5 milliarder". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 46. 
  23. ^ Lillesund, Geir (3 March 1998). "Braathens med to klasser og nytt emblem" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 
  24. ^ a b c d Sæthre, Lars N. (12 March 1998). "Priskrig til glede for passasjerene: Kapasitetsboom på Gardermoen". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 46. 
  25. ^ "Color-avviklingen: - Som en bombe på de ansatte" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 27 September 1999. 
  26. ^ Dahl, Flemming (29 October 1999). "Braathens kutter, Widerøe utvider". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). p. 4. 
  27. ^ Lillesund, Geir (14 June 2000). "Slutt for Braathens på Stockholm" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 
  28. ^ Meyer, Henrik D. (23 October 2001). "SAS får kjøpe Braathens". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian). Retrieved 16 September 2009. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Larsen, Trygve (1 February 2002). "Lander på delt løsning". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian). p. 4. 
  30. ^ Lillesund, Geir (10 March 2004). "Lindegaard: - Vi plukker det beste fra SAS og Braathens" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. p. 24. 
  31. ^ a b c d "Braathens med 25 pst. av det svenske innenriks-marked" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 17 August 1998. 
  32. ^ Bø, Trond (3 September 1990). "Klar til luftkamp om offshorekunder". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 14. 
  33. ^ Bø, Trond (11 September 1991). "Øket konkurranse i Nordsjøen: Braathens vant helikopterkamp". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 40. 
  34. ^ "Storkontrakt for fly". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 29 June 1991. p. 10. 
  35. ^ "Braathens Helikopter får storkontrakt med BP" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 10 September 1991. 
  36. ^ a b c d Lillesund, Geir (15 November 2000). "Braathens fortsetter omleggingen - kutter kortruter" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 
  37. ^ a b Tjomsland: pp. 268–277
  38. ^ Tjomsland: pp. 188–189
  39. ^ a b Ottesen, Gregers (8 January 1998). "Braathens satser tungt på London". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian). p. 6. 
  40. ^ Tjomsland: 192
  41. ^ Lillesund, Geir (27 October 1999). "Braathens reduserer - og SAS følger etter" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 
  42. ^ a b Tjomsland: pp. 116–117

Bibliography

  • Tjomsland, Audun & Wilsberg, Kjell (1996). Braathens SAFE 50 år: Mot alle odds (in Norwegian). Oslo: Braathens SAFE. ISBN 82-990400-1-9. 

External links

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