List of Boston Red Sox no-hitters

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The Boston Red Sox are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Boston, Massachusetts, also known in their early years as the "Boston Americans" (1901–07).[1] They play in the American League East division. Pitchers for the Red Sox have thrown 18 no-hitters in franchise history.[2]

A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball "when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings. In a no-hit game, a batter may reach base via a walk, an error, a hit by pitch, a passed ball or wild pitch on strike three, or catcher's interference." [3] (No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.[4]) A no-hitter is rare enough that one team in Major League Baseball, the San Diego Padres, has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.[5] The New York Mets' first no-hitter (pitched by Johan Santana) came on June 1, 2012, in the team's 8,021st game and 51st season.[6]

One perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, has been pitched in Red Sox history. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."[3] Every opposing batter is retired. This feat was achieved by Cy Young in 1904.[7] Young's perfect game, pitched on May 5, 1904, also was the first no-hitter in Red Sox history; the most recent Red Sox no-hitter was thrown by Jon Lester on May 19, 2008.[7]

Two pitchers have thrown more than one no-hitter in a Red Sox uniform, Hall of Famer Cy Young and Dutch Leonard. Thirteen of the Red Sox no-hitters were thrown at home (the first four at the Huntington Avenue Grounds and the other nine at Fenway Park) and five on the road. Two were thrown in April, two in May, five in June, two in July, three in August, and four in September. The longest interval between Red Sox no-hitters was 35 years, 6 months, and 18 days, between the games pitched by Dave Morehead, on September 16, 1965 and Hideo Nomo, on April 4, 2001. The shortest interval between Red Sox no-hitters was merely 1 month and 6 days, between the games pitched by Earl Wilson on June 26, 1962 and Bill Monbouquette on August 1, 1962.[7]

The Red Sox have no-hit the Chicago White Sox and Baltimore Orioles (formerly the "St. Louis Browns") the most: four times each. The White Sox were no-hit by Jesse Tannehill in 1904, Bill Dinneen in 1905, Parnell in 1956, and Monbouquette in 1962. The Browns and Orioles were no-hit by Smokey Joe Wood in 1911, Leonard in 1916, Hideo Nomo in 2001, and Clay Buchholz in 2007. The Red Sox have won all of their no-hitters (three times in major league history a team has thrown a nine-inning no-hitter and lost the game). The most baserunners allowed in a Red Sox no-hitter was five, by Dutch Leonard in 1918. Of the 18 Red Sox no-hitters, four have been won by a score of 4–0 and another four by a score of 2–0, making those final scores more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a Red Sox no-hitter was 10–0, in wins by Derek Lowe in 2002 and Clay Buchholz in 2007. The smallest margin of victory was 1–0, Monbouquette's no-hitter in 1962.

12 different managers have led the team during the franchise's 18 no-hitters. 15 different home plate umpires presided over the franchise's 18 no-hitters. Jason Varitek has caught the last 4 of the Red Sox's No-hitters, a Major League record for No-hitters caught by one catcher.

List of no-hitters in Red Sox history

 ¶  Indicates a perfect game
 £  Pitcher was left-handed
 *  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
# Date Pitcher Final score Base-
runners
Opponent Catcher Plate umpire Manager Notes Ref
1 May 5, 1904 Cy Young* (1) 3–0 0 Philadelphia Athletics Lou Criger (1) Bob Caruthers Jimmy Collins (1)
  • First no-hitter in franchise history
  • First perfect game in Red Sox history and 3rd in MLB history (First in the MLB Modern Era)
  • First franchise's no-hitter at home
  • First right-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
[8]
2 August 17, 1904 Jesse Tannehill£ 6–0 1 Chicago White Sox Duke Farrell Frank Dwyer Jimmy Collins (2)
  • First left-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
[8]
3 September 27, 1905 Bill Dinneen 2–0 2 Chicago White Sox Lou Criger (2) Jack Sheridan Jimmy Collins (3)
  • First game of a doubleheader
  • Latest calendar date of franchise's no-hitter
  • Last no-hitter for Americans as a team name
[9]
4 June 30, 1908 Cy Young* (2) 8–0 1 @ New York Highlanders Lou Criger (3) Silk O'Laughlin (1) Deacon McGuire
  • First Red Sox no-hitter on the road
  • First no-hitter since the franchise was renamed to Red Sox
  • First pitcher to pitch multiple no-hitters for the Red Sox
[10]
5 July 29, 1911 Smokey Joe Wood 5–0 4 St. Louis Browns Bill Carrigan Silk O'Laughlin (2) Patsy Donovan [11]
6 June 21, 1916 Rube Foster 2–0 2 New York Yankees Pinch Thomas George Hildebrand Bill Carrigan (1) [12]
7 August 30, 1916 Dutch Leonard£ (1) 4–0 2 St. Louis Browns Pinch Thomas (1) Brick Owens (1) Bill Carrigan (2) [12]
8 June 23, 1917 Babe Ruth£* (0 IP)
Ernie Shore (9 IP)
4–0 1 Washington Senators Pinch Thomas (1)
Sam Agnew (1)
Brick Owens (2) Jack Barry
  • First combined no-hitter in MLB history. First game of a doubleheader. Ruth and Thomas were ejected for arguing balls and strikes after walking the first batter, who was then caught stealing. Shore retired the next 26 in a row for a no-hitter completely in relief.
[13]
9 June 3, 1918 Dutch Leonard£ (2) 5–0 5 @ Detroit Tigers Sam Agnew (2) Bill Dinneen (1) Ed Barrow
  • Last pitcher to pitch multiple no-hitters for the Red Sox
[14]
10 September 7, 1923 Howard Ehmke 4–0 1 @ Philadelphia Athletics Val Picinich Bill Dinneen (2) Frank Chance [15]
11 July 14, 1956 Mel Parnell£ 4–0 3 Chicago White Sox Sammy White Bill Summers Pinky Higgins (1)
  • Second game of a doubleheader
[16]
12 June 26, 1962 Earl Wilson 2–0 4 Los Angeles Angels Bob Tillman (1) Harry Schwarts Pinky Higgins (2)
  • Wilson hit a home run
[17]
13 August 1, 1962 Bill Monbouquette 1–0 1 @ Chicago White Sox Jim Pagliaroni Bill McKinley Pinky Higgins (3)
  • Smallest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter
  • Shortest interval between no-hitters in franchise history
[18]
14 September 16, 1965 Dave Morehead 2–0 1 Cleveland Indians Bob Tillman (2) Ed Runge Billy Herman
  • On the same day, the Red Sox fired Pinky Higgins as their general manager
[19]
15 April 4, 2001 Hideo Nomo 3–0 4 @ Baltimore Orioles Jason Varitek (1) Eric Cooper Jimy Williams
  • Made Red Sox debut for Nomo
  • Game 2 of season
  • Longest interval between no-hitters in franchise history
  • Earliest calendar date of franchise's no-hitter
  • Earliest calendar date of no-hitter in MLB history
  • First no-hitter thrown at Camden Yards
[20]
16 April 27, 2002 Derek Lowe 10–0 2 Tampa Bay Devil Rays Jason Varitek (2) Steve Rippley Grady Little
  • Longest interval between no-hitters at Fenway Park in franchise history
  • Largest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter (tie)
[21]
17 September 1, 2007 Clay Buchholz 10–0 4 Baltimore Orioles Jason Varitek (3) Joe West Terry Francona (1)
  • Second career game for Buchholz
  • Largest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter (tie)
[22]
18 May 19, 2008 Jon Lester£ 7–0 3 Kansas City Royals Jason Varitek (4) Brian Knight Terry Francona (2)
  • Most recent no-hitter in franchise history
  • First time since the 1974 California Angels that one team had last two no-hitters in the Majors
  • Varitek sets the record for most no-hitters caught
[23]

See also

Footnotes

References

General reference
  • "Boston Red Sox on Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
Inline citations
  1. ^ "Boston Red Sox Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  2. ^ "Boston Red Sox Franchise History". ESPN. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  3. ^ a b "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  4. ^ Kurkjian, Tim (June 29, 2008). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  5. ^ "Despite close calls, Padres only members of the no no-hitters club". CNN. June 13, 2012.
  6. ^ http://espn.go.com/new-york/mlb/story/_/id/7999246/new-york-mets-johan-santana-tosses-first-no-hitter-franchise-history
  7. ^ a b c "Red Sox no-hitters". Boston.com. The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on April 18, 2009. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
  8. ^ a b "1904 Red Sox season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  9. ^ "1905 Red Sox season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  10. ^ "1908 Red Sox season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  11. ^ "1911 Red Sox season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  12. ^ a b "1916 Red Sox season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "1917 Red Sox season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  14. ^ "1918 Red Sox season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  15. ^ "September 7, 1923 Boston Red Sox at Philadelphian Athletics Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  16. ^ "July 14, 1956 Chicago White Sox at Boston Red Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  17. ^ "June 26, 1962 Detroit Tigers at Boston Red Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  18. ^ "August 1, 1962 Boston Red Sox at Chicago White Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  19. ^ "September 16, 1965 Cleveland Indians at Boston Red Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  20. ^ "April 4, 2001 Boston Red Sox at Baltimore Orioles Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  21. ^ "April 27, 2002 Tampa Bay Devil Rays at Boston Red Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  22. ^ "September 1, 2007 Baltimore Orioles at Boston Red Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  23. ^ "May 19, 2008 Kansas City Royals at Boston Red Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
  24. ^ "No Hitters Chronologically". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
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