List of American League pennant winners

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 1926 New York Yankees were one of 40 pennant-winning teams in the Yankees history. The New York/San Francisco Giants are second with 23 Pennants.

Each season, one American League (AL) team wins the pennant, signifying that they are the league's champion and have the right to play in the World Series against the champion of the National League. The pennant was presented to the team with the best win–loss record each year through the 1968 season,[1] after which the American League Championship Series (ALCS) was introduced to decide the pennant winner.[2] The first modern World Series was played in 1903 and, after a hiatus in 1904, has taken place every season except 1994,[2] when a players' strike forced the cancellation of the postseason.[3] The current American League pennant holders are the Houston Astros who won in October 2017.

In 1969, the league split into two divisions,[4] and the teams with the best records in each division played one another in the five-game ALCS to determine the pennant winner, who received (and continues to receive) the William Harridge Trophy.[5] The trophy features a golden eagle, the league's emblem, sitting atop a silver baseball and clutching the American League banner.[6] The trophy is named for Will Harridge, who was league president from 1931 to 1958.[7] The format of the ALCS was changed from a best-of-five to a best-of-seven format in the 1985 postseason.[8] In 1995, an additional playoff series was added when Major League Baseball restructured into three divisions in each league.[9] As of 2010, the winners of the Eastern, Central, and Western Divisions, as well as the AL Wild Card winner, play in the American League Division Series, a best-of-five playoff to determine the opponents who will play in the ALCS.[10] American League pennant winners have gone on to win the World Series 65 times, most recently in 2017.

The New York Yankees have won 40 AL pennants,[11] winning their first in 1921 and their most recent in 2009.[12] This total is more than twice that of the next-closest team, the Oakland Athletics, who have won 15.[13] They are followed by the Boston Red Sox and the Detroit Tigers, with 13 and 11 pennants won respectively.[14][15] The Yankees have the most pennants since the introduction of the ALCS in 1969 with 11, followed by the Athletics and the Baltimore Orioles with 6 and 5 respectively. The Yankees also hold the record for most wins by a pennant-winning team, with their 1998 team winning 114 out of 162 games,[16] finishing 22 games ahead of the Boston Red Sox.[17] The 1954 Cleveland Indians won the most games of any pennant winner under the pre-1969 system, winning 111 out of their 154 games[18] and finishing eight games ahead of the Yankees.[19] The Milwaukee Brewers won the American League pennant in 1982 but later moved to the National League starting in the 1998 season.[20]

Key

Year Links to the corresponding "Major League Baseball season" article
Team Links to the corresponding year in which the team played
Record Regular season win–loss record
GA Games ahead of the second-place team (1901–1968)
Ahead of The second-place team (1901–1968)
WW Wins by the winning team (ALCS era)
LW Wins by the losing team (ALCS era)
Ref Reference
Won World Series (modern era only)
E American League East division member (1969–present)
C American League Central division member (1995–present)
W American League West division member (1969–present)
Wild card team (1995–present)

Single Table Era (1901–1968)

Two men stand in front of a crowd shaking hands. The man on the left of the photo is wearing a tan suit and hat and the man on the right is wearing a light-colored pinstriped baseball uniform.
President Calvin Coolidge shakes hands with Washington Senators pitcher Walter Johnson celebrating the Senators' 1924 American League pennant, one of three won by the franchise while in Washington.
Year Team Manager Record GA Ahead of Manager Ref
1901 Chicago White Stockings Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith 83–53 4 Boston Americans Collins, JimmyJimmy Collins [21]
1902 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 83–53 5 St. Louis Browns McAleer, JimmyJimmy McAleer [22]
1903 Boston Americans Collins, JimmyJimmy Collins 91–47 14½ Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack [23]
1904 Boston Americans Collins, JimmyJimmy Collins 95–59 New York Highlanders Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith [24]
1905 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 92–56 2 Chicago White Sox Jones, FielderFielder Jones [25]
1906 Chicago White Sox Jones, FielderFielder Jones 93–58 3 New York Highlanders Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith [26]
1907 Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughieHughie Jennings 92–58 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack [27]
1908 Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughieHughie Jennings 90–63 ½ Cleveland Naps Lajoie, NapNap Lajoie [28]
1909 Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughieHughie Jennings 98–54 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack [29]
1910 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 102–48 14½ New York Highlanders Chase, HalHal Chase [30]
1911 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 101–50 13½ Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughieHughie Jennings [31]
1912 Boston Red Sox Stahl, JakeJake Stahl 105–47 14 Washington Senators Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith [32]
1913 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 96–57 Washington Senators Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith [33]
1914 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 99–53 Boston Red Sox Carrigan, BillBill Carrigan [34]
1915 Boston Red Sox Carrigan, BillBill Carrigan 101–50 Detroit Tigers Jennings, HughieHughie Jennings [35]
1916 Boston Red Sox Carrigan, BillBill Carrigan 91–63 2 Chicago White Sox Rowland, PantsPants Rowland [36]
1917 Chicago White Sox Rowland, PantsPants Rowland 100–54 9 Boston Red Sox Barry, JackJack Barry [37]
1918 Boston Red Sox Barrow, EdEd Barrow 75–51 Cleveland Indians Fohl, LeeLee Fohl [38]
1919 Chicago White Sox Gleason, KidKid Gleason 88–52 Cleveland Indians Speaker, TrisTris Speaker [39]
1920 Cleveland Indians Speaker, TrisTris Speaker 98–56 2 Chicago White Sox Gleason, KidKid Gleason [40]
1921 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins 98–55 Cleveland Indians Speaker, TrisTris Speaker [41]
1922 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins 94–60 1 St. Louis Browns Fohl, LeeLee Fohl [42]
1923 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins 98–54 16 Detroit Tigers Cobb, TyTy Cobb [43]
1924 Washington Senators Harris, BuckyBucky Harris 92–62 2 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins [44]
1925 Washington Senators Harris, BuckyBucky Harris 96–55 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack [45]
1926 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins 91–63 3 Cleveland Indians Speaker, TrisTris Speaker [46]
1927 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins 110–44 19 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack [47]
1928 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins 101–53 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack [48]
1929 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 104–46 18 New York Yankees Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins [49]
1930 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 102–52 8 Washington Senators Johnson, WalterWalter Johnson [50]
1931 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack 107–45 13½ New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy [51]
1932 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 107–47 13 Philadelphia Athletics Mack, ConnieConnie Mack [52]
1933 Washington Senators Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin 99–53 7 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy [53]
1934 Detroit Tigers Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane 101–53 7 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy [54]
1935 Detroit Tigers Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane 93–58 3 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy [55]
1936 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 102–51 19½ Detroit Tigers Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane [56]
1937 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 102–52 13 Detroit Tigers Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane [57]
1938 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 99–53 Boston Red Sox Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin [58]
1939 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 106–45 17 Boston Red Sox Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin [59]
1940 Detroit Tigers Baker, DelDel Baker 90–53 1 Cleveland Indians Baker, DelDel Baker [60]
1941 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 101–53 17 Boston Red Sox Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin [61]
1942 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 103–51 9 Boston Red Sox Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin [62]
1943 New York Yankees McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 98–49 13½ Washington Senators Bluege, OssieOssie Bluege [63]
1944 St. Louis Browns Sewell, LukeLuke Sewell 89–65 1 Detroit Tigers O'Neill, SteveSteve O'Neill [64]
1945 Detroit Tigers O'Neill, SteveSteve O'Neill 88–65 Washington Senators Bluege, OssieOssie Bluege [65]
1946 Boston Red Sox Cronin, JoeJoe Cronin 104–50 12 Detroit Tigers O'Neill, SteveSteve O'Neill [66]
1947 New York Yankees Harris, BuckyBucky Harris 97–57 12 Detroit Tigers O'Neill, SteveSteve O'Neill [67]
1948 Cleveland Indians Boudreau, LouLou Boudreau 97–58 1 Boston Red Sox McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy [68]
1949 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 97–57 1 Boston Red Sox McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy [69]
1950 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 98–56 3 Detroit Tigers Rolfe, RedRed Rolfe [70]
1951 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 98–56 5 Cleveland Indians López, AlAl López [71]
1952 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 95–59 2 Cleveland Indians López, AlAl López [72]
1953 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 99–52 Cleveland Indians López, AlAl López [73]
1954 Cleveland Indians López, AlAl López 111–43 8 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel [74]
1955 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 96–58 3 Cleveland Indians López, AlAl López [75]
1956 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 97–57 9 Cleveland Indians López, AlAl López [76]
1957 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 98–56 8 Chicago White Sox López, AlAl López [77]
1958 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 92–62 10 Chicago White Sox López, AlAl López [78]
1959 Chicago White Sox López, AlAl López 94–60 5 Cleveland Indians Gordon, JoeJoe Gordon [79]
1960 New York Yankees Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 97–57 8 Baltimore Orioles Richards, PaulPaul Richards [80]
1961 New York Yankees Houk, RalphRalph Houk 109–53 8 Detroit Tigers Scheffing, BobBob Scheffing [81]
1962 New York Yankees Houk, RalphRalph Houk 96–62 5 Minnesota Twins Mele, SamSam Mele [82]
1963 New York Yankees Houk, RalphRalph Houk 104–57 10½ Chicago White Sox López, AlAl López [83]
1964 New York Yankees Berra, YogiYogi Berra 99–63 1 Chicago White Sox López, AlAl López [84]
1965 Minnesota Twins Mele, SamSam Mele 102–60 7 Chicago White Sox López, AlAl López [85]
1966 Baltimore Orioles Bauer, HankHank Bauer 97–63 9 Minnesota Twins Mele, SamSam Mele [86]
1967 Boston Red Sox Williams, DickDick Williams 92–70 1 Detroit Tigers Smith, MayoMayo Smith [87]
1968 Detroit Tigers Smith, MayoMayo Smith 103–59 12 Baltimore Orioles Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver [88]

League Championship Series era (1969–present)

Several men in suits stand behind a man holding a white baseball jersey which reads "BUSH 07" on it.
The Boston Red Sox won an American League pennant and the World Series in 2007, three years after accomplishing the same feat in 2004.
Year Series Winning team Manager Record WW LW Losing team Manager Record Ref
1969 1969 Baltimore OriolesE Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver 109–53 3 0 Minnesota TwinsW Martin, BillyBilly Martin 97–65 [89]
1970 1970 Baltimore OriolesE Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver 108–54 3 0 Minnesota TwinsW Rigney, BillBill Rigney 98–64 [90]
1971 1971 Baltimore OriolesE Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver 101–57 3 0 Oakland AthleticsW Williams, DickDick Williams 101–60 [91]
1972 1972 Oakland AthleticsW Williams, DickDick Williams 93–62 3 2 Detroit TigersE Martin, BillyBilly Martin 86–70 [92]
1973 1973 Oakland AthleticsW Williams, DickDick Williams 94–68 3 2 Baltimore OriolesE Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver 97–65 [93]
1974 1974 Oakland AthleticsW Dark, AlvinAlvin Dark 90–72 3 1 Baltimore OriolesE Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver 91–71 [94]
1975 1975 Boston Red SoxE Johnson, DarrellDarrell Johnson 95–65 3 0 Oakland AthleticsW Dark, AlvinAlvin Dark 98–64 [95]
1976 1976 New York YankeesE Martin, BillyBilly Martin 97–62 3 2 Kansas City RoyalsW Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog 90–72 [96]
1977 1977 New York YankeesE Martin, BillyBilly Martin 100–62 3 2 Kansas City RoyalsW Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog 102–60 [97]
1978 1978 New York YankeesE Lemon, BobBob Lemon 100–63 3 1 Kansas City RoyalsW Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog 92–70 [98]
1979 1979 Baltimore OriolesE Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver 102–57 3 1 California AngelsW Fregosi, JimJim Fregosi 88–74 [99]
1980 1980 Kansas City RoyalsW Frey, JimJim Frey 97–65 3 0 New York YankeesE Howser, DickDick Howser 103–59 [100]
1981[a] 1981 New York YankeesE Lemon, BobBob Lemon 59–48 3 0 Oakland AthleticsW Martin, BillyBilly Martin 64–45 [101]
1982 1982 Milwaukee BrewersE Kuenn, HarveyHarvey Kuenn 95–67 3 2 California AngelsW Mauch, GeneGene Mauch 93–69 [102]
1983 1983 Baltimore OriolesE Altobelli, JoeJoe Altobelli 98–64 3 1 Chicago White SoxW La Russa, TonyTony La Russa 99–63 [103]
1984 1984 Detroit TigersE Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson 104–58 3 0 Kansas City RoyalsW Howser, DickDick Howser 84–78 [104]
1985 1985 Kansas City RoyalsW Howser, DickDick Howser 91–71 4 3 Toronto Blue JaysE Cox, BobbyBobby Cox 99–62 [105]
1986 1986 Boston Red SoxE McNamara, JohnJohn McNamara 95–66 4 3 California AngelsW Mauch, GeneGene Mauch 92–70 [106]
1987 1987 Minnesota TwinsW Kelly, TomTom Kelly 85–77 4 1 Detroit TigersE Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson 98–64 [107]
1988 1988 Oakland AthleticsW La Russa, TonyTony La Russa 104–58 4 0 Boston Red SoxE Morgan, JoeJoe Morgan 89–73 [108]
1989 1989 Oakland AthleticsW La Russa, TonyTony La Russa 99–63 4 1 Toronto Blue JaysE Gaston, CitoCito Gaston 89–73 [109]
1990 1990 Oakland AthleticsW La Russa, TonyTony La Russa 103–59 4 0 Boston Red SoxE Morgan, JoeJoe Morgan 88–74 [110]
1991 1991 Minnesota TwinsW Kelly, TomTom Kelly 95–67 4 1 Toronto Blue JaysE Gaston, CitoCito Gaston 91–71 [111]
1992 1992 Toronto Blue JaysE Gaston, CitoCito Gaston 96–66 4 2 Oakland AthleticsW La Russa, TonyTony La Russa 96–66 [112]
1993 1993 Toronto Blue JaysE Gaston, CitoCito Gaston 95–67 4 2 Chicago White SoxW Lamont, GeneGene Lamont 94–68 [113]
1994 Not held due to players' strike. [114]
1995[b] 1995 Cleveland IndiansC Hargrove, MikeMike Hargrove 100–44 4 2 Seattle MarinersW Piniella, LouLou Piniella 79–66 [9]
1996 1996 New York YankeesE Torre, JoeJoe Torre 92–70 4 1 Baltimore OriolesE† Johnson, DaveyDavey Johnson 88–74 [115]
1997 1997 Cleveland IndiansC Hargrove, MikeMike Hargrove 86–75 4 2 Baltimore OriolesE Johnson, DaveyDavey Johnson 98–64 [116]
1998 1998 New York YankeesE Torre, JoeJoe Torre 114–48 4 2 Cleveland IndiansC Hargrove, MikeMike Hargrove 89–73 [117]
1999 1999 New York YankeesE Torre, JoeJoe Torre 98–64 4 1 Boston Red SoxE† Williams, JimyJimy Williams 94–68 [118]
2000 2000 New York YankeesE Torre, JoeJoe Torre 87–74 4 2 Seattle MarinersW† Piniella, LouLou Piniella 91–71 [119]
2001 2001 New York YankeesE Torre, JoeJoe Torre 95–65 4 1 Seattle MarinersW Piniella, LouLou Piniella 116–46 [120]
2002 2002 Anaheim AngelsW† Scioscia, MikeMike Scioscia 99–63 4 1 Minnesota TwinsC Gardenhire, RonRon Gardenhire 94–67 [121]
2003 2003 New York YankeesE Torre, JoeJoe Torre 101–61 4 3 Boston Red SoxE† Little, GradyGrady Little 95–67 [122]
2004 2004 Boston Red SoxE† Francona, TerryTerry Francona 98–64 4 3 New York YankeesE Torre, JoeJoe Torre 101–61 [123]
2005 2005 Chicago White SoxC Guillén, OzzieOzzie Guillén 99–63 4 1 Los Angeles Angels of AnaheimW[c] Scioscia, MikeMike Scioscia 95–67 [124]
2006 2006 Detroit TigersC† Leyland, JimJim Leyland 95–67 4 0 Oakland AthleticsW Macha, KenKen Macha 93–69 [125]
2007 2007 Boston Red SoxE Francona, TerryTerry Francona 96–66 4 3 Cleveland IndiansC Wedge, EricEric Wedge 96–66 [126]
2008 2008 Tampa Bay RaysE Maddon, JoeJoe Maddon 97–65 4 3 Boston Red SoxE† Francona, TerryTerry Francona 95–67 [127]
2009 2009 New York YankeesE Girardi, JoeJoe Girardi 103–59 4 2 Los Angeles Angels of AnaheimW[c] Scioscia, MikeMike Scioscia 97–65 [128]
2010 2010 Texas RangersW Washington, RonRon Washington 90–72 4 2 New York YankeesE† Girardi, JoeJoe Girardi 95–67 [129]
2011 2011 Texas RangersW Washington, RonRon Washington 96–66 4 2 Detroit TigersC Leyland, JimJim Leyland 95–67 [130]
2012 2012 Detroit TigersC Leyland, JimJim Leyland 88–74 4 0 New York YankeesE Girardi, JoeJoe Girardi 95–67 [131]
2013 2013 Boston Red SoxE Farrell, JohnJohn Farrell 97–65 4 2 Detroit TigersC Leyland, JimJim Leyland 93–69 [132]
2014 2014 Kansas City RoyalsC† Yost, NedNed Yost 89–73 4 0 Baltimore OriolesE Showalter, BuckBuck Showalter 96–66 [133]
2015 2015 Kansas City RoyalsC Yost, NedNed Yost 95–67 4 2 Toronto Blue JaysE Gibbons, JohnJohn Gibbons 93–69 [134]
2016 2016 Cleveland IndiansC Francona, TerryTerry Francona 94–67 4 1 Toronto Blue JaysE† Gibbons, JohnJohn Gibbons 89–73 [135]
2017 2017 Houston AstrosW Hinch, A. J.A. J. Hinch 101–61 4 3 New York YankeesE† Girardi, JoeJoe Girardi 91–71 [136]
Notes
  • a A mid-season labor stoppage split the season into two halves. The winner of the first half played the winner of the second half in each division in the 1981 American League Division Series. The winners played in the 1981 ALCS for the American League pennant.[101]
  • b The leagues were re-aligned in 1994 to three divisions and a wild card was added to the playoffs, but the labor stoppage cancelled the postseason. Wild cards were first used in the 1995 playoffs.[9]
  • c While Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim is the official name of the team,[137][138] the team is also commonly referred to simply as "Los Angeles Angels".[139][140]

Pennants won by franchise

Team Pennants won Playoff appearances Ref
New York Yankees[a] 40 53 [11]
Oakland Athletics[b] 15 26 [13]
Boston Red Sox[c] 13 23 [14]
Detroit Tigers 11 16 [15]
Baltimore Orioles[d] 7 14 [141]
Minnesota Twins[e] 6 15 [142]
Cleveland Indians[f] 6 13 [143]
Chicago White Sox 6 9 [144]
Kansas City Royals 4 9 [145]
Texas Rangers[g] 2 8 [146]
Toronto Blue Jays 2 7 [147]
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim[h] 1 10 [148]
Tampa Bay Rays[i] 1 4 [149]
Milwaukee Brewers[j] 1 2 [150]
Houston Astros[k] 1 2 [151]
Seattle Mariners 0 4 [152]
Notes
  • a Also known as Baltimore Orioles and New York Highlanders. In addition to their 40 official pennants, the Yankees had the best won-loss record in the American League when the 1994 season was cut short by a labor dispute.[11]
  • b Also known as Kansas City Athletics and Philadelphia Athletics[13]
  • c Also known as Boston Americans[14]
  • d Also known as St. Louis Browns and Milwaukee Brewers.[141] This does not refer to the New York Yankees, who were known as the Baltimore Orioles in 1901 and 1902.[11]
  • e Also known as Washington Senators from 1901 to 1960[142] as called the Nationals from 1905 to 1955.
  • f Also known as Cleveland Naps, Cleveland Bronchos, and Cleveland Blues[143]
  • g Also known as Washington Senators from 1961 to 1971[146]
  • h Also known as Anaheim Angels, California Angels, and Los Angeles Angels[148]
  • i Also known as Tampa Bay Devil Rays[149]
  • j Also known as Seattle Pilots in 1969. The Brewers were members of the American League through the 1997 season after which they switched to the National League.[150] This table records only the Brewers' American League accomplishments.
  • k Also known as Houston Colt .45's from 1962 to 1964. The Astros were members of the National League through the 2012 season after which they switched to the American League.[151] They won the National League pennant in 2005, but this table records only the Astros' American League accomplishments.

See also

References

General
  • "Playoff and World Series Stats and Results". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
Inline citations
  1. ^ Gillette, Gary; Gammons, Peter (2007). The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. Palmer, Pete. Sterling. p. 1723. ISBN 1-4027-4771-3. 
  2. ^ a b "Playoff and World Series Stats and Results". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Season interrupted". Sports Illustrated. August 26, 2002. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 
  4. ^ Koppett, Leonard; Koppett, Dave (2004). Koppett's concise history of major league baseball. Carroll & Graf. p. 300. ISBN 0-7867-1286-4. 
  5. ^ Topkin, Marc (December 22, 2008). "Our Organization of the Year should have staying power". Baseball America. Retrieved August 20, 2009. 
  6. ^ Edes, Gordon (October 24, 2004). "First impressions lasting for Henry". Boston Globe. Retrieved August 20, 2009. 
  7. ^ Porter, David L., ed. (1987). Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: G-P. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 631. ISBN 0-313-31175-7. 
  8. ^ "League Championship Series Results". Baseball Digest. Lakeside. 60 (10): 74. October 2001. ISSN 0005-609X. [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ a b c "1995 American League Team Statistics and Standings". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  10. ^ Formosa, Dan; Hamburger, Paul (2006). Baseball field guide: an in-depth illustrated guide to the complete rules of baseball. Thunder's Mouth Press. pp. 24–25. ISBN 1-56025-700-8. 
  11. ^ a b c d "New York Yankees Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  12. ^ Hoch, Bryan (October 26, 2009). "Stars 'n' Pinstripes: Yanks earn AL flag". Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 29, 2009. 
  13. ^ a b c "Oakland Athletics Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b c "Boston Red Sox Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  15. ^ a b "Detroit Tigers Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  16. ^ "1998 New York Yankees Batting, Pitching, and Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
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External links

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