Lisela people

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Lisela people
Rana people
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Drie mannen van de Wal Pangat stam staan voor een offerhuisje Noord-Boeroe TMnr 10005704.jpg
Buru people in national costume, early 1900s.
Total population
13,000
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (Buru): more than 11,000
Languages
Lisela language, Indonesian language
Religion
Islam (predominantly), Animism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Buru people, Kayeli people

Lisela (Indonesian: Suku Lisela) or Rana people is an ethnic group mostly living on Indonesian island Buru, as well as on some other Maluku Islands. They belong to the eastern Indonesian anthropological group and are sometimes referred to as northern Buru people. From an ethnographic point of view, Lisela are similar to other indigenous peoples of Buru island. They speak Lisela language.[1]

Distribution

The total number of Lisela people is about 13,000, of which more than 11,000 live on Buru Island, other small communities living adjacent to Buru Island in Seram Island and Manipa Island, and as well as a few hundreds more on Ambon Island.

On Buru Island, the Lisela people live quite compactly in a narrow strip of lowland along the northern coast of the Kayeli Gulf. They constitute the ethnic majority in this region, despite their fraction in the total population in Buru Island is only about 8%.[2][3] On Seram Island, they lived on the west coast, forming 3 isolated islands.[1]

During the Dutch colonization in the first half of the 17th century, much of Lisela people had been relocated to the far eastern part of Buru Island for working at the Dutch plantations; then later in the process they became part of Kayeli people.[4][5]

Language

The native Lisela people speaks Lisela language, which belongs to the Central Maluku branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages. Within its framework consists of 2 distinct dialects namely the Lisela dialect, which is spoken by most of the Lisela people and the Tagalisa dialect, which is mostly spoken among those living in the north eastern coast of Buru Island.[1]

Most Lisela people speak their native Lisela language on a daily basis, although there are traces of its usage tends to head toward a decline; which is much noticeable compared to their closely related Buru people. This is due to active contact with the Lisela people living along the coastal areas with outsiders from other parts of Indonesia who settled in the Buru Island since the beginning of the 20th century. As a result the natives gradually shift to the usage of the official language of Indonesia, Indonesian or the Ambon dialect of Malay language (Ambonese Malay), a fairly common lingua franca among the Moluccans which is a simplified Indonesian language with additions of the local lexicon.[1][6]

Religion

The vast majority of Lisela people are Sunni Muslims. There is also a small Christian community that makes up about 5% of the people group whom are mostly Protestants, but also Catholics and Evangelical Christians. The remaining 30% of the people group are also represented with some remnant of the traditional folk beliefs. At the same time, many Muslims themselves also retain significant remnants of these beliefs. This often leads to peculiar interpretations of the Islamic canons and sometimes result in the formation of unique syncretic cults and rituals. The blending of the Islamic-pagan ritual is most pronounced for example in marriage, when wedding begins with selling the bride by her parents' house, in accordance with the traditional ritual minta bini and culminates with the collective Muslim prayer.[2]

Economy

Most Lisela people are engaged in farming rice, maize, sago, sweet potato and various spice, such as allspice, nutmeg and Eucalyptus tree used for aromatic oil. In the inland areas, they also hunt the wild pig Buru babirusa, deer and possum, and take part in tuna fishing on the coast. In the urban areas, the growing number of Lisela people take jobs in the industrial enterprises. Traditional Buru houses are made from bamboo, often on stilts. The roofs are covered with palm leaves or reeds, with tiles becoming progressively popular. National Buru costume is similar that of most other Indonesia peoples. Men wear sarong (a kind of kilt) and a long-skirted tunic, and women are dressed in sarong and a shorter jacket.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ethnologue: Languages of the World. "Lisela: A language of Indonesia (Maluku)". 
  2. ^ a b c "Buru Island 6 Tribes". Archived from the original on 2010-10-11. 
  3. ^ "Bengkalai Pasca Krisis" (in Indonesian). TEMPOinteraktif. 14 January 2005. 
  4. ^ Barbara Dix Grimes. Chapter 6. Mapping Buru: The Politics of Territory and Settlement on an Eastern Indonesian Island, in Sharing the Earth, Dividing the Land Territorial Categories and Institutions in the Austronesian World (PDF). Australian National University. 
  5. ^ Thomas Reuter, ed. (2006). Sharing the Earth, Dividing the Land: Land and Territory in the Austronesian World. ANU E Press. p. 144. ISBN 19-209-4270-X. 
  6. ^ "Lisela in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 22 April 2018. 
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