Lionel Barrymore on stage, screen and radio

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Barrymore in the 1910s

Lionel Barrymore (born Lionel Herbert Blythe; 1878–1954) was an American actor of stage, screen, and radio. He also directed several films, wrote scripts, created etchings, sketches, and paintings, and composed music.[1] He was the eldest child of the actors Maurice Barrymore and Georgie Drew Barrymore, and his two siblings were John and Ethel; these and other family members were part of an acting dynasty.[2][3] Although reluctant to follow his parents' career,[4] Barrymore appeared together with his grandmother Louisa Lane Drew in a stage production of The Rivals at the age of 15.[5] He soon found success on stage in character roles. Although he took a break from acting in 1906–09 to train in Paris as a painter, he was not successful as an artist and returned to the US and acting.[1] He also joined his family troupe, from 1910, in their vaudeville act.[6]

Barrymore began his film career in 1911, appearing in numerous silent films, many of which have subsequently been lost. In 1912 he signed a contract with D. W. Griffith's Biograph Company and appeared as a character actor in short films before moving into feature-length productions in 1914.[1] He began writing scripts and directing films shortly afterwards, and for the next five years he did not act on the legitimate stage.[7] Although he had several successes on Broadway after the First World War, he encountered strongly negative criticism in a 1921 production of Macbeth and in three productions in a row in 1925. Afterwards, he never again appeared on the New York stage.[1] In 1925 he signed a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, where he became a close friend of Louis B. Mayer and for whom he made numerous films.[1] He directed several films from 1929 to 1931 but concentrated on acting after that.[8][9]

Barrymore became well known in curmudgeonly roles.[10] In 1938 he broke his hip, and, aggravated by arthritis, he lived the remainder of his life in a wheelchair.[11] Mayer made sure that roles were found or written to accommodate Barrymore, who continued to act in films until 1953.[1][12] During that time he appeared as Dr. Gillespie in the popular Dr. Kildare film series with Lew Ayres in the titular role,[13] and as Mr. Potter in It's a Wonderful Life—a role that was highly placed on the American Film Institute's list of the 100 Heroes and Villains[14] in a film that the critic Philip French described as "a complex inspirational work".[15] Beginning in the 1930s, Barrymore increasingly worked in radio, initially as Ebenezer Scrooge in Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol, which was broadcast annually from 1934 to 1953,[16] then in Mayor of the Town beginning in 1942,[17] and also in a radio series spun off from the Dr. Kildare films (playing the same character that he had played in the films), among others.[18]

Two of the films in which Barrymore appeared—Grand Hotel (1932) and You Can't Take It with You (1938)—won the Academy Award for Best Picture.[19][20] He was considered for the Academy Award for Best Director for his 1929 film, Madame X,[a] and won the Best Actor award for his performance in A Free Soul (1931). He was inducted to the Hollywood Walk of Fame on February 8, 1960[22] and is, along with his two siblings, included in the American Theater Hall of Fame.[23]

Stage appearances

Barrymore (right), with his siblings John and Ethel, 1904[b]
Barrymore (left) with his brother John in The Jest, September 1919
Barrymore in July 1921
Barrymore in 1923
Barrymore's stage appearances
Production[25][26][27] Date Theatre (New York City, unless stated) Role Notes
The Rivals November 28, 1893 The Auditorium, Kansas City Billed as Lional Barrymore
The Road to Ruin January 15, 1894 Star Theatre Footman
The Bachelor's Baby October 21, 1895 Park Theatre, Boston Sgt. Jones Subsequently, at the Star Theatre, Buffalo, from January 12, 1897.
Mary Pennington, Spinster October 12, 1896 Palmer's Theatre Watson
Squire Kate October 26, 1896 Palmer's Theatre Lord Silversnake
Cumberland '61 October 18, 1897 14th Street Theatre Adolfus Drayton Lenox
A Wife's Peril 1898 Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Magda 1898 Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Oliver Twist 1898 Minneapolis–Saint Paul
East Lynne 1898 Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Camille 1898 Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Uncle Dick October 6, 1898 Star Theatre, Buffalo Lawrence Sherman
Honorable John Rigsby November 28, 1898 New National Theatre, Washington Harold Marson Subsequently, at the Powers' Theatre, Chicago from January 23, 1899 for two weeks.
Arizona February 11, 1900 Chicago Grand Opera House, Chicago Sgt. Kellar
Rain Clouds 1900 Albany, New York
The Rivals 1900 Albany, New York
An Arabian Night 1900 Albany, New York
Sag Harbor September 27, 1900 – December 1900 Republic Theatre Frank Turner Ran for 76 performances
Brixton Burglary May 20, 1901 – July 8, 1901 Herald Square Theatre Ran for 48 performances
The Second in Command September 2, 1901 – December 1901 Empire Theatre Ran for 128 performances
The Mummy and the Hummingbird September 4, 1902 – November 1902 and April 1903 – ? Empire Theatre Giuseppe Ran for 85 performances in 1902 and then a second run in 1903
The Best of Friends October 19, 1903 – December 1903 Academy of Music Kid Garvey Ran for 65 performances
The Other Girl December 29, 1903 – May 1904 Criterion Theatre Mr. Sheldon Ran for 160 performances, transferring to the Empire Theatre on January 25, 1904 and then to the Lyceum Theatre on May 2, 1904
Pantaloon/Alice Sit-by-the-Fire December 25, 1905 – March 1906 Criterion Theatre Pantaloon Ran for 81 performances
The Fires of Fate December 6, 1909 Illinois Theatre, Chicago Abdulla Barrymore left the production at the end of December
The Jail Bird January 31, 1910 Victoria Theater
The White Slaver February 22, 1910 Majestic Theatre, Chicago Italian laborer Written by Barrymore; co-starred first wife Doris Rankin
Bob Acres September 11, 1911 Brooklyn Sir Lucius O'Trigger
Stalled 1912
The Still Voice March 26, 1912 Cincinnati
Peter Ibbetson April 17, 1917 – June 1917 Republic Theatre Colonel Ibbetson Ran for 71 performances
The Copperhead February 18, 1918 – June 1918 Shubert Theatre Milt Shanks Ran for 120 performances
The Jest April 9, 1919 – February 28, 1920 Plymouth Theatre Neri Chiaramantesi Ran for 77 performances and then another 179 performances after a summer break; adapted play with E. Sheldon and John Barrymore
The Letter of the Law February 23, 1920 – July 1920 Criterion Theatre Mouzon Ran for 89 performances
Macbeth February 17, 1921 –March 1921 Apollo Theatre Macbeth Ran for 28 performances
The Claw October 17, 1921 – January 1922 Broadhurst Theatre Achille Cortelon Ran for 115 performances; co-starred Doris Rankin and Irene Fenwick (second wife)
Laugh, Clown, Laugh November 28, 1923 – March 1924 Belasco Theatre Tito Beppi, Flik Ran for 133 performances
The Piker January 15, 1925 – February 1925 Eltinge Theatre Bernie Kaplan Ran for 44 performances
Taps April 14, 1925 – May 1925 Broadhurst Theatre Sergeant Volkhardt Ran for 32 performances
Man or Devil May 21, 1925 – June 1925 Broadhurst Theatre Nicholas Snyders Ran for 20 performances

Filmography

As actor

Poster for Three Friends, 1913
Ad for The Quitter, 1916
Ad for Dorian's Divorce, 1916
Barrymore in The Copperhead, 1920
Lantern slide for The Devil's Garden, 1920; Barrymore—on the right—appeared with his wife, Doris Rankin, who sits on the left.
Barrymore and Seena Owen in The Face in the Fog, 1922
Barrymore in Ah, Wilderness!, 1935
Barrymore in a trailer for David Copperfield, 1935
Barrymore in Camille, 1936
Poster for A Family Affair, 1937
Barrymore celebrating his 61st birthday in 1939. Back, from left: Mickey Rooney, Robert Montgomery, Clark Gable, William Powell and Robert Taylor; center: Louis B. Mayer; front, from left: Norma Shearer, Barrymore and Rosalind Russell.
Barrymore in The Bad Man, 1941
Barrymore in 1946 on the set of Duel in the Sun with, from the left, Helen Hayes, Anita Loos and Lillian Gish.
Barrymore as Mr. Potter in It's a Wonderful Life, 1946

The list does not include the 1913 film The Vengeance of Galora, which Barrymore wrote. Although some sources list him as also appearing in the film, his biographers, James Kotsilibas-Davis and Margot Peters, separately state he did not. Kotsilibas-Davis also lists Fighting Blood (1911), My Hero (1912) and The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912) as films in which Barrymore did not appear, despite claims of other biographers to the contrary; Peters does not list the films in her filmography of the actor.[7][28]

Barrymore's filmography
Film[26][8][9] Year Role Notes Ref.
The Battle 1911 Wagon driver [29]
The Miser's Heart 1911 * *Film viewing confirms Barrymore is not Jules [30]
Home Folks 1912 Unknown [31]
Friends 1912 Grizzley Fallon [32]
So Near, Yet so Far 1912 Man in club wearing tuxedo [7]
The Chief's Blanket 1912 Young man [33]
The One She Loved 1912 Neighbor [34]
The Painted Lady 1912 Man at fair [34]
Heredity 1912 Woodsman Lost film [35] [36]
Gold and Glitter 1912 The Lover [7]
My Baby 1912 At Table [37]
The Informer 1912 Union soldier [38]
Brutality 1912 At Wedding [39]
The New York Hat 1912 Preacher Bolton [40]
The Burglar's Dilemma 1912 Householder Actor and writer [41]
A Cry for Help 1912 The Tramp [37]
The God Within 1912 The Woman of the Camp's Lover [42]
Three Friends 1913 Second friend [43]
The Telephone Girl and the Lady 1913 Desk sergeant [44]
An Adventure in the Autumn Woods 1913 Father [45]
The Tender-Hearted Boy 1913 Unknown Actor and writer [46]
Oil and Water 1913 The Idealist's Friend [47]
A Chance Deception 1913 A Policeman [31]
Love in an Apartment Hotel 1913 In Hotel Lobby [48]
The Wrong Bottle 1913 The Father [49]
A Girl's Stratagem 1913 Unknown [50]
The Unwelcome Guest 1913 At Auction [49]
Near to Earth 1913 Gato [37]
Fate 1913 Father in Loving Family [51]
The Sheriff's Baby 1913 Third Bandit [52]
The Perfidy of Mary 1913 Mary's Father [37]
The Little Tease 1913 At Bar [7]
A Misunderstood Boy 1913 The Father [53]
The Lady and the Mouse 1913 The Young Woman's Father [54]
The Wanderer 1913 Husband/ Male Lover [50]
The House of Darkness 1913 Doctor/ Husband [55]
The Yaqui Cur 1913 The Easterner [56]
Just Gold 1913 First Brother/ Brother who Remains Home [57]
The Ranchero's Revenge 1913 The Ranchero [58]
A Timely Interception 1913 The Farmer's Brother [50]
Red Hicks Defies the World 1913 The Referee [59]
The Well 1913 The Farmer [37]
Death's Marathon 1913 Financial backer [60]
The Switch Tower 1913 Counterfeiter [50]
Almost a Wild Man 1913 Listed in audience; not listed in W Beaudine filmography as in film [31]
In Diplomatic Circles 1913 The Japanese Ambassador [31]
A Gamble with Death 1913 Jim Benton [61]
The Enemy's Baby 1913 Ben Brown [7]
Pa Says 1913 Teddy's Rival [62]
The Mirror 1913 Daisy's Father [7]
Under the Shadow of the Law 1913 Charles Darnton, the Employer [63]
I Was Meant for You 1913 Lavina's Father [31]
An Indian's Loyalty 1913 The Cattle Buyer [31]
The Suffragette Minstrels 1913 Unknown Listed in Marshall'[s Beaudine appendix as in cast; no names [64]
The Work Habit 1913 The Father [63]
The Crook and the Girl 1913 The Nephew [7]
The Strong Man's Burden 1913 John, the older brother [63]
The Stolen Treaty 1913 The Japanese Diplomat [65]
So Runs the Way 1913 Unconfirmed/ Unknown [63]
All for Science 1913 In Detective Agency [66]
The Battle at Elderbush Gulch 1913 Not confirmed visually in film [58]
The House of Discord 1913 Daughter's Sweetheart [50]
The Bartered Crown 1914 Landlord [67]
Classmates 1914 Dumble [68]
Her Father's Silent Partner 1914 [69]
The Massacre 1914 Unknown if in film; filmed late 1912, released Europe 1912, US 1914 [70]
Judith of Bethulia 1914 Extra [71]
Strongheart 1914 Billy Saunders [72]
Brute Force 1914 Caveman in attacking tribe [50]
Woman Against Woman 1914 Gilbert Craven [73]
The Cracksman's Gratitude 1914 Unknown [74]
Men and Women 1914 Robert Stephens/ Stephen Rodman [50]
The Power of the Press 1914 Steve Carson [75]
The Woman in Black 1914 Robert Crane [76]
The Span of Life 1914 Richard Blunt Lost film [77][78]
The Seats of the Mighty 1914 Monsieur Doltaire Lost film [79][80]
Under the Gaslight 1914 William Byke Lost film [81][82]
Wildfire 1915 John Keefe [83]
A Modern Magdalen 1915 Lindsay [84]
The Curious Conduct of Judge Legarde 1915 Judge Randolph Legarde [85]
The Romance of Elaine 1915 Marcus del Mar [73]
The Flaming Sword 1915 Calhoun Lost film [86]
Dora Thorne 1915 Lord Earle Lost film [87][88]
A Yellow Streak 1915 Barry Dale Lost film [89][90]
Dorian's Divorce 1916 Richard Dorian [91]
The Quitter 1916 "Happy Jack" Lewis [92]
The Upheaval 1916 Jim Gordon [93]
The Brand of Cowardice 1916 Cyril Hamilton Lost film [94]
The End of the Tour 1917 Byron "Buddy" Bennett [95]
His Father's Son 1917 J. Dabney Barron [96]
The Millionaire's Double 1917 Bide Bennington Lost film [97][98]
National Red Cross Pageant 1917 Himself Lost film [99][100]
The Copperhead 1920 Milt Shanks [101]
The Master Mind 1920 Henry Allen Lost film [102][103]
The Devil's Garden 1920 William Dale Lost film [104][105]
The Great Adventure 1921 Priam Farll [106]
Jim the Penman 1921 James Ralston [107]
Boomerang Bill 1922 Boomerang Bill [108]
The Face in the Fog 1922 Boston Blackie Dawson [109]
Enemies of Women 1923 Prince Lubimoff Only an incomplete print of this film survives [110][111]
Unseeing Eyes 1923 Conrad Dean Lost film [112][113]
The Eternal City 1923 Baron Bonelli Lost film [114][115]
America 1924 Captain Walter Butler [116]
Decameron Nights 1924 Saladin [117]
Meddling Women 1924 Edwin Ainsworth/John Wells [118]
I Am the Man 1924 James McQuade [119]
A Man of Iron 1925 Philip Durban Lost film [120][121]
The Girl Who Wouldn't Work 1925 Gordon Kent [122]
Children of the Whirlwind 1925 Joe Ellison [123]
The Wrongdoers 1925 Daniel Abbott [124]
Fifty-Fifty 1925 Frederick Harmon Lost film [125][126]
The Splendid Road 1925 Dan Clehollis Lost film [127][128]
Die Frau mit dem schlechten Ruf 1925 Allan Merrick [129]
Ben-Hur 1925 Extra [130]
Brooding Eyes 1926 Slim Jim Carey [131]
The Barrier 1926 Stark Bennett Lost film [132][133]
Wife Tamers 1926 Mr. Barry [134]
Paris at Midnight 1926 Vautrin [135]
The Lucky Lady 1926 Count Ferranzo [136]
The Bells 1926 Mathias [137]
The Temptress 1926 Canterac [138]
The Show 1927 The Greek [139]
Women Love Diamonds 1927 Hugo Harlan [140]
Body and Soul 1927 Dr. Leyden [141]
The Thirteenth Hour 1927 Professor Leroy [142]
Sadie Thompson 1928 Alfred Davidson [143]
Drums of Love 1928 Duke Cathos de Alvia [144]
The Lion and the Mouse 1928 "Ready Money" Ryder Talkie debut [145]
Road House 1928 Henry Grayson [146]
Alias Jimmy Valentine 1928 Doyle Vitagraph disks exist of dialogue soundtrack [147]
West of Zanzibar 1928 Crane [148]
The River Woman 1928 Bill Lefty [149]
The Mysterious Island 1929 Count Andre Dakkar Part-talkie [150]
The Hollywood Revue of 1929 1929 Himself [151]
Free and Easy 1930 Himself [152]
Guilty Hands 1931 Richard Grant [153]
A Free Soul 1931 Stephen Ashe Barrymore won the Academy Award for Best Actor [154][155]
The Yellow Ticket 1931 Baron Igor Andreeff [156]
Mata Hari 1931 General Shubin [157]
Broken Lullaby 1932 Dr. Holderlin [158]
Arsène Lupin 1932 Detective Guerchard [159]
Grand Hotel 1932 Otto Kringelein [160]
The Washington Masquerade 1932 Jefferson Keane [161]
Rasputin and the Empress 1932 Rasputin [162]
Sweepings 1933 Daniel Pardway [163]
Looking Forward 1933 Benton [164]
The Stranger's Return 1933 Grandpa Storr [165]
Dinner at Eight 1933 Oliver Jordan [166]
One Man's Journey 1933 Eli Watt [167]
Night Flight 1933 Inspector Robineau [168]
Christopher Bean 1933 Dr. Milton Haggett [169]
Should Ladies Behave 1933 Augustus Merrick [170]
This Side of Heaven 1934 Martin Turner [171]
Carolina 1934 Bob Connelly [172]
The Girl from Missouri 1934 T. R. Paige [173]
Treasure Island 1934 Billy Bones [174]
David Copperfield 1935 Dan Peggotty [175]
The Little Colonel 1935 Colonel Lloyd [176]
Mark of the Vampire 1935 Professor Zelin [177]
Public Hero No. 1 1935 Dr. Josiah Glass [178]
The Return of Peter Grimm 1935 Peter Grimm [179]
Ah, Wilderness! 1935 Nat Miller [180]
The Voice of Bugle Ann 1936 Spring Davis [181]
The Road to Glory 1936 La Roche The character is also known as Private Morain [182]
The Devil-Doll 1936 Paul Lavond [183]
The Gorgeous Hussy 1936 Andrew Jackson [184]
Camille 1936 Monsieur Duval [185]
A Family Affair 1937 Judge James K. Hardy [186]
Captains Courageous 1937 Capt. Disko Troop [187]
Saratoga 1937 Grandpa Clayton [188]
Navy Blue and Gold 1937 Captain "Skinny" Dawes [189]
A Yank at Oxford 1938 Dan Sheridan [190]
Test Pilot 1938 Howard B. Drake [191]
You Can't Take It with You 1938 Martin Vanderhof [192]
Young Dr. Kildare 1938 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [193]
Let Freedom Ring 1939 Thomas Logan [194]
Calling Dr. Kildare 1939 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [195]
On Borrowed Time 1939 Julian Northrup [196]
The Secret of Dr. Kildare 1939 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [197]
The Stars Look Down 1940 Narrator Barrymore's narration is on the US release only [198]
Dr. Kildare's Strange Case 1940 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [199]
Dr. Kildare Goes Home 1940 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [200]
Dr. Kildare's Crisis 1940 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [201]
The Penalty 1941 "Grandpa" Logan [202]
The Bad Man 1941 Uncle Henry Jones [203]
The People vs. Dr. Kildare 1941 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [204]
Dr. Kildare's Wedding Day 1941 Dr. Leonard Gillespie Barrymore also composed the music [205][206]
Lady Be Good 1941 Judge Murdock [207]
Dr. Kildare's Victory 1942 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [208]
Calling Dr. Gillespie 1942 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [209]
Dr. Gillespie's New Assistant 1942 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [210]
Tennessee Johnson 1942 Thaddeus Stevens [211]
Dr. Gillespie's Criminal Case 1943 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [212]
The Last Will and Testament of Tom Smith 1943 Gramps Short [213]
A Guy Named Joe 1943 The General [214]
3 Men in White 1944 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [215]
Since You Went Away 1944 Clergyman [216]
Dragon Seed 1944 Narrator [217]
Thousands Cheer 1944 Announcer [218]
Between Two Women 1945 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [219]
The Valley of Decision 1945 Pat Rafferty [220]
Three Wise Fools 1946 Dr. Richard Gaunght [221]
It's a Wonderful Life 1946 Henry F. Potter [222]
The Secret Heart 1946 Dr. Rossiger [223]
Duel in the Sun 1946 Senator Jackson McCanles [224]
Dark Delusion 1947 Dr. Leonard Gillespie [225]
Key Largo 1948 James Temple [226]
Down to the Sea in Ships 1949 Captain Bering Joy [227]
Malaya 1949 John Manchester [228]
Right Cross 1950 Sean O'Malley [229]
Bannerline 1951 Hugo Trimble [230]
Lone Star 1952 Andrew Jackson [231]
Main Street to Broadway 1953 Himself [232]

As director

Barrymore directing The Rogue Song (1930)
Barrymore's director credits
Film[26][8][9] Year Notes Ref.
His Secret 1914 Lost film [7]
Where's the Baby? 1914 Lost film [7]
No Place for Father 1914 Lost film [233]
Just Boys 1914 Lost film [7]
Chocolate Dynamite 1914 Lost film [7]
Life's Whirlpool 1917 Also writer; lost film [234]
His Glorious Night 1929 Barrymore also composed the music [235][31]
Madame X 1929 Barrymore was considered for the Academy Award for Best Director [236][237]
The Unholy Night 1929 [238]
Confession 1929 [239]
The Rogue Song 1930 [240]
Redemption 1930 Only for retakes [241]
The Sea Bat 1930 Uncredited [242]
Ten Cents a Dance 1931 [243]

Radio broadcasts

Barrymore broadcasting on the Armed Forces Radio Service, c. 1947
Barrymore's radio credits
Title Date Role Network Notes Ref.
A Christmas Carol December 25, 1934 – December 25, 1953 Ebenezer Scrooge CBS Broadcast annually on Christmas Day [16]
Mayor of the Town 1942–49 The Mayor ABC, CBS, Mutual and NBC Barrymore also composed the theme [244][17]
Screen Guild Players: "The Old Lady Shows Her Medals" October 7, 1946 Narrator CBS Barrymore played the narration as the author, J.M. Barrie [245]
Dr. Kildare 1949–52 Dr. Leonard Gillespie Syndicated [246][247]
The Hallmark Hall of Fame 1953–55 Host CBS [248]

Television broadcast

Barrymore's television credit
Title Date Role Network Notes Ref.
Our Mr. Sun November 19, 1956 Father Time CBS One-hour, made-for-television program [249][250]

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ The "consideration" in the early ceremonies is not classed by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences as an official nomination. The Academy states that "Though not official nominations, the additional names in each category, according to in-house records, were under consideration by the various boards of judges."[21]
  2. ^ The film critic Hollis Alpert, in his 1964 biography on the Barrymores, opines that this is two images blended as one, as the trio were seldom photographed together early in their careers.[24]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Stephenson, William. "Lionel Barrymore". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved April 7, 2014.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ Norden, Martin F. "John Barrymore". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved April 30, 2014.  (subscription required)
  3. ^ Byers 1998, pp. 28–30.
  4. ^ Barrymore 1951, p. 40.
  5. ^ Byers 1998, p. 29.
  6. ^ Cullen 2004, p. 72.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Peters 1990, p. 533.
  8. ^ a b c "Lionel Barrymore". Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "Filmography: Barrymore, Lionel". Film & TV Database. British Film Institute. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Lionel Barrymore". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, pp. 215–16.
  12. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, p. 217.
  13. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, pp. 222–24.
  14. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains". American Film Institute. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  15. ^ French, Philip (January 10, 2010). "Philip French's screen legends". The Guardian. 
  16. ^ a b Dunning 1998, p. 153.
  17. ^ a b Terrace 1998, pp. 221–222.
  18. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, p. 223.
  19. ^ "The 5th Academy Awards, 1933". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  20. ^ "The 11th Academy Awards, 1939". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Madame X". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Lionel Barrymore". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Members". American Theater Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 25, 2014. 
  24. ^ Alpert 1965, pp. 76–78.
  25. ^ Barrymore 1951, pp. 297–305.
  26. ^ a b c Peters 1990, pp. 533–35.
  27. ^ "Lionel Barrymore". IBDB. Retrieved November 15, 2015. 
  28. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, pp. 340–41.
  29. ^ Langman 1992, p. 23.
  30. ^ Hoffman 2001, p. 54.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g Hoffman 2001, p. 225.
  32. ^ Alpert 1965, p. 141.
  33. ^ Langman 1992, p. 79.
  34. ^ a b Graham 1985, p. 219.
  35. ^ Langman 1992, p. 202.
  36. ^ "Heredity / Madge Evans [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  37. ^ a b c d e Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, p. 338.
  38. ^ "The Informer (1914)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Brutality (1912)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  40. ^ "The New York Hat (1912)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  41. ^ "The Burglar's Dilemma (1912)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  42. ^ "The God Within (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  43. ^ Langman 1992, p. 452.
  44. ^ Usai 2002, p. 217.
  45. ^ "An Adventure in the Autumn Woods (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  46. ^ Graham 1985, p. 165.
  47. ^ "Oil and Water (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  48. ^ Rainey 2004, p. 93.
  49. ^ a b Rainey 2004, p. 94.
  50. ^ a b c d e f g Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, p. 339.
  51. ^ "Fate (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  52. ^ Langman 1992, p. 403.
  53. ^ Langman 1992, p. 292.
  54. ^ "The Lion and the Mouse". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  55. ^ "The House of Darkness (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  56. ^ Langman 1992, p. 525.
  57. ^ Langman 1992, p. 236.
  58. ^ a b Katchmer 2002, p. 17.
  59. ^ Katchmer 2002, p. 128.
  60. ^ "Death's Marathon (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  61. ^ "A Gamble with Death (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  62. ^ Marshall, Wendy (2005). William Beaudine: From Silents to Television. USA: Scarecrow Press. p. 294. ISBN 0810852187. 
  63. ^ a b c d Hoffman 2001, p. 226.
  64. ^ Marshall 2005, p. 294.
  65. ^ "The Stolen Treaty (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  66. ^ Peters 1990, p. 534.
  67. ^ Motion Picture Story May 1914, p. 137.
  68. ^ "Classmates". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  69. ^ Quinlan 1997, p. 39.
  70. ^ Langman 1992, p. 285.
  71. ^ "Judith of Bethulia (1913)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  72. ^ Langman 1992, p. 434.
  73. ^ a b Kotsilibas-Davis 1981, p. 340.
  74. ^ Motion Picture Magazine & 1914 Nov.
  75. ^ "The Power of the Press". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  76. ^ "The Woman in Black". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  77. ^ "The Span of Life". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  78. ^ "The Span of Life / Edward Mackay [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  79. ^ "The Seats of the Mighty". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  80. ^ "The Seats of the Mighty / Lionel Barrymore [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  81. ^ "Under the Gaslight". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  82. ^ "Under the Gaslight / Lawrence Marston [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  83. ^ "Wildfire". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  84. ^ "A Modern Magdalen". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  85. ^ "The Curious Conduct of Judge Legarde". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  86. ^ "The Flaming Sword". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  87. ^ "Dora Thorne". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  88. ^ "Dora Thorne / Lionel Barrymore [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  89. ^ "A Yellow Streak". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  90. ^ "A Yellow Streak / William Nigh [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  91. ^ "Dorian's Divorce". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  92. ^ "The Quitter". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  93. ^ "The Upheaval". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  94. ^ "The Brand of Cowardice". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  95. ^ "The End of the Tour". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  96. ^ "His Father's Son". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  97. ^ "The Millionaire's Double". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  98. ^ "The Millionaire's Double / Harry Davenport [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  99. ^ "Red Cross Pageant". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  100. ^ "National Red Cross Pageant [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  101. ^ "The Copperhead". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  102. ^ "The Master Mind". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  103. ^ "The Master Mind / Kenneth Webb [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  104. ^ "The Devil's Garden". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  105. ^ "The Devil's Garden / Kenneth Webb [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  106. ^ "The Great Adventure". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  107. ^ "Jim the Penman". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  108. ^ "Boomerang Bill". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  109. ^ "The Face in the Fog". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  110. ^ "The Enemies of Women". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  111. ^ "The Enemies Of Women / Alan Crosland [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 9, 2015. 
  112. ^ "Unseeing Eyes". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  113. ^ "Unseeing Eyes / E.H Griffith [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  114. ^ "The Eternal City". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  115. ^ "The Eternal City / George Fitzmaurice [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  116. ^ Flom 2009, p. 33.
  117. ^ "Decameron Nights (1924)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  118. ^ "Meddling Women". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  119. ^ "I Am the Man". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  120. ^ "A Man of Iron". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  121. ^ "A Man of Iron / Whitman Bennett [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  122. ^ "The Girl Who Wouldn't Work". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  123. ^ "Children of the Whirlwind". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  124. ^ "The Wrongdoers". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  125. ^ "Fifty-Fifty". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  126. ^ "Fifty-Fifty / Hope Hampton [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  127. ^ Langman 1992, p. 424.
  128. ^ "The Splendid Road [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  129. ^ "Die Frau Mit Dem Schechten Ruf (1925)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  130. ^ Holston 2012, pp. 274–75.
  131. ^ "Brooding Eyes". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  132. ^ "The Barrier". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  133. ^ "The Barrier / George Hill [motion picture]". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  134. ^ "Wife Tamers". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  135. ^ "Paris at Midnight". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  136. ^ "The Lucky Lady". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  137. ^ "The Bells". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  138. ^ "The Temptress". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  139. ^ "The Show". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  140. ^ "Women Love Diamonds". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  141. ^ "Body and Soul". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  142. ^ "Thirteenth Hour". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  143. ^ "Sadie Thompson". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  144. ^ "Drums of Love". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  145. ^ "Lion and the Mouse". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  146. ^ "Road House". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  147. ^ "Alias Jimmy Valentine". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  148. ^ "West of Zanzibar". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  149. ^ "The River Woman". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  150. ^ "The Mysterious Island". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  151. ^ "The Hollywood Revue of 1929". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  152. ^ "Free and Easy". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  153. ^ "Guilty Hands". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved May 12, 2016. 
  154. ^ "A Free Soul". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  155. ^ "The 4th Academy Awards: 1932". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 
  156. ^ "The Yellow Ticket". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  157. ^ "Mata Hari". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  158. ^ "Broken Lullaby". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  159. ^ "Arsène Lupin". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  160. ^ "Grand Hotel". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  161. ^ "Washington Masquerade". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  162. ^ "Rasputin and the Empress". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  163. ^ "Sweepings". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  164. ^ "Looking Forward". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  165. ^ "The Stranger's Return". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  166. ^ "Dinner at Eight". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  167. ^ "One Man's Journey". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  168. ^ "Night Flight". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  169. ^ "Christopher Bean". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  170. ^ "Should Ladies Behave". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  171. ^ "This Side of Heaven". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  172. ^ "Carolina". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  173. ^ "The Girl from Missouri". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  174. ^ "Treasure Island". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  175. ^ "David Copperfield". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  176. ^ "The Little Colonel". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  177. ^ "Mark of the Vampire". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  178. ^ "Public Hero No. 1". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  179. ^ "The Return of Peter Grimm". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  180. ^ "Ah, Wilderness!". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  181. ^ "The Voice of Bugle Ann". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  182. ^ "The Road to Glory". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  183. ^ "The Devil-Doll". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  184. ^ "The Gorgeous Hussy". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  185. ^ "Camille". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  186. ^ "A Family Affair". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  187. ^ "Captains Courageous". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  188. ^ "Saratoga". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  189. ^ "Navy Blue and Gold". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  190. ^ "A Yank at Oxford". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  191. ^ "Test Pilot". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  192. ^ "You Can't Take It with You". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  193. ^ "Young Dr. Kildare". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  194. ^ "Let Freedom Ring". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  195. ^ "Calling Dr. Kildare". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  196. ^ "On Borrowed Time". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  197. ^ "The Secret of Dr. Kildare". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  198. ^ "Stars Look Down, The (1939)". Screenonline. British Film Institute. Retrieved November 3, 2015. 
  199. ^ "Dr. Kildare's Strange Case". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  200. ^ "Dr. Kildare Goes Home". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  201. ^ "Dr. Kildare's Crisis". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  202. ^ "Penalty". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  203. ^ "The Bad Man". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  204. ^ "The People vs. Dr. Kildare". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  205. ^ "Dr. Kildare's Wedding Day". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  206. ^ "Dr. Kildare's Wedding Day(1941)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 8, 2015. 
  207. ^ "Lady Be Good". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  208. ^ "Dr. Kildare's Victory". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  209. ^ "Calling Dr. Gillespie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  210. ^ "Dr. Gillespie's New Assistant". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  211. ^ "Tennessee Johnson". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  212. ^ "Gillespie's Criminal Case". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  213. ^ "Last Will and Testament of Tom Smith". British Film Institute. Retrieved November 3, 2015. 
  214. ^ "A Guy Named Joe". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  215. ^ "Three Men in White". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  216. ^ "Since You Went Away". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  217. ^ "Dragon Seed". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  218. ^ "Thousands Cheer". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  219. ^ "Between Two Women". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  220. ^ "The Valley of Decision". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  221. ^ "Three Wise Fools". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  222. ^ "It's a Wonderful Life (1947)". British Film Institute. Retrieved November 3, 2015. 
  223. ^ "The Secret Heart". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  224. ^ "Duel in the Sun". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  225. ^ "Dark Delusion". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  226. ^ "Key Largo". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  227. ^ "Down to the Sea in Ships". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  228. ^ "Malaya". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  229. ^ "Right Cross". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  230. ^ "Bannerline". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  231. ^ "Lone Star". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  232. ^ "Main Street to Broadway". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  233. ^ Peters 1990, pp. 533–34.
  234. ^ "Life's Whirlpool". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  235. ^ "His Glorious Night". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  236. ^ "Madame X". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  237. ^ "The 2nd Academy Awards: 1930". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 
  238. ^ "The Unholy Night". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  239. ^ "Confession (1929)". British Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  240. ^ "The Rogue Song". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  241. ^ Peters 1990, p. 317.
  242. ^ DeGiglio-Bellemare, Ellbé & Woofter 2014, p. 237.
  243. ^ "Ten Cents a Dance". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  244. ^ Terrace 2003, p. 156.
  245. ^ "E. & L. Barrymore With Fairbanks, Jr., Star on Screen Guild Players". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 5, 1946. p. 17 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  246. ^ Terrace 2003, p. 221.
  247. ^ Dunning 1998, pp. 205–06.
  248. ^ Terrace 2003, p. 142.
  249. ^ Gould, Jack (November 20, 1956). "Television: 'Our Mr. Sun'; Bell Telephone System Offers Science Program at Prime Evening Hour". The New York Times. p. 58.  (subscription required)
  250. ^ Lucanio & Coville 2002, p. 182.

Sources

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  • Byers, Paula K., ed. (1998). "The Barrymores". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit, MI: Gale Research. ISBN 978-0-7876-2541-2. 
  • Cullen, Frank (2004). Vaudeville old & new: an encyclopedia of variety performances in America. London: Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-93853-2. 
  • DeGiglio-Bellemare, Mario; Ellbé, Charlie; Woofter, Kristopher (2014). Recovering 1940s Horror Cinema: Traces of a Lost Decade. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN 978-1-4985-0380-8. 
  • Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-977078-6. 
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  • Graham, Cooper C. (1985). D.W. Griffith and the Biograph Company. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-1806-4. 
  • Hoffman, Carol Stein (2001). The Barrymores: Hollywood's First Family. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2213-7. 
  • Holston, Kim R. (2012). Movie Roadshows: A History and Filmography of Reserved-Seat Limited Showings, 1911–1973. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-9261-9. 
  • Katchmer, George A. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Silent Film Western Actors and Actresses. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-4693-3. 
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External links

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