Line of succession to the Malaysian throne

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Malaysia practises an elective monarchy so there is no distinct line of succession to the Malaysian thrones. In the event where the current seat of the throne falls vacant (due to death, incapacitation or resignation), the Conference of Rulers meet to elect the new monarch from among the rulers of the nine Malay states. The deputy king does not automatically succeed the throne. The election is regulated by Article 32 of the Constitution of Malaysia.[1]

By convention, the monarch of the Throne of Malaysia has been elected by the established order of seniority of the states.

Federal throne

Turning State Ruler On the Federal Throne Remarks
1 Negeri Sembilan Tuanku Muhriz
(since 29 December 2008)
2 Selangor Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah
(since 21 November 2001)
3 Perlis Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
(since 17 April 2000)
13 December 2001 – 12 December 2006 12th King
4 Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
(since 15 May 1998)
13 December 2006 – 12 December 2011 13th King
5 Kedah Tuanku Sallehuddin
(since 12 September 2017)
6 Kelantan Sultan Muhammad V
(since 13 September 2010)
Since 13 December 2016 15th King (incumbent)
7 Pahang Sultan Ahmad Shah
(since 7 May 1974)
29 March 1979 – 25 April 1984 7th King
8 Johor Sultan Ibrahim
(since 23 January 2010)
9 Perak Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah
(since 29 May 2014)

States' throne[2]

Negeri Sembilan

Negeri Sembilan is unique in that it is the only State in Malaysia which practices an elective monarchy instead of a linear dynasty. The four largest luak (districts) in Negeri Sembilan each elect an Undang (viceroy), who are also the kingmakers of the State. When the position of the Yamtuan Besar falls vacant, the four Undangs will be called upon to appoint a successor among the Princes of Four. They are the Tunku Besar of Seri Menanti (currently Tunku Ali Redhauddin), the Tunku Laksamana (currently Tunku Naquiyuddin), the Tunku Muda of Serting (currently Tunku Imran) and the Tunku Panglima Besar (currently Tunku Nadzaruddin). The current Yamtuan Besar is Tuanku Muhriz.


  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah (1922–2001)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah (born 1945)
    • (2) Tengku Sulaiman Shah, Tengku Laksamana (born 1950)
      • (3) Tengku Shakirin Shah (born 1980)
        • (4) Tengku Mahmud al-Amin Ismail Mahmud Shakirin Ahmad Shah (born 2015)
        • (5) Tengku Limmarl Ismail Shakirin al-Amin Mahmud Ahmad Shah (born 2016)
      • (6) Tengku Salehuddin Shah, Tengku Indera Bijaya Diraja (born 1982)
      • (7) Tengku Shahrain Shah (born 1985)
      • (8) Tengku Sharifuddin Shah (born 1987)
    • (9) Tengku Abdul Samad Shah, Tengku Panglima Besar (born 1953)
      • (10) Tengku Musahiddin Shah, Tengku Seri Perkasa Diraja (born 1984)
    • (11) Tengku Ahmad Shah, Tengku Indira Setia (born 1955)
      • (12) Tengku Alam Shah Ammiruddin (born 1982)


  • Simple silver crown.svg Tuanku Syed Putra (1920-2000)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (born 1943)
    • (3) Syed Badaruddin, Tengku Sharif Bendahara (born 1945)
      • (4) Syed Mashafuddin (born 1974)
    • (5) Syed Amir Zainal Abidin, Tengku Sharif Temenggong (born 1950)
      • (6) Syed Budriz Putra (born 1972)
        • (7) Syed Aqil Harrith (born 2001)
    • (8) Syed Razlan, Tengku Laksamana (born 1951)
      • (9) Syed Muhammad Hazrain (born 1978)
        • (10) Syed Hazriq (born 2012)
        • (11) Syed Hazriv (born 2013)
      • (12) Syed Muhammad Hafiz (born 1981)
    • (13) Syed Zainal Anuar, Tengku Panglima (born 1952)
      • (14) Syed Haizam Hishamuddin, Engku Panglima Setia Diraja of Selangor (born 1983)
      • (15) Syed Jufri Ziauddin (born 1992)
    • (16) Syed Zainal Rashid (born 1953)
    • (17) Syed Azni (born 1954)
      • (18) Syed Fariz Naqiuddin (born 1985)
      • (19) Syed Haniff Iskandar (born 1992)
    • (20) Syed Badlishah (born 1958)
      • (21) Syed Fezriq (born 1980)
      • (22) Syed Felsham (born 1984)
      • (23) Syed Fernash (born 1988)


  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi billah Shah (1930-1998)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin (born 1962)
      • (1) Tengku Muhammad Ismail, Yang DiPertuan Muda, the Crown Prince (born 1998)
      • (2) Tengku Muhammad Muaaz (born 2000)
    • (3) Tengku Mustafa Kamil, Tengku Sri Bendahara Raja (born 1968)
      • (4) Tengku Sharif Mahmud
      • (5) Tengku Daniel Haqim
      • (6) Tengku Nabil al-Muktafi
    • (7) Tengku Badr ul-Zaman, Tengku Sri Panglima Raja (born 1974)
    • (8) Tengku Badr ul-Hisham, Tengku Sri Temenggung Raja (born 1976)



  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ismail Petra (born 1949)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Muhammad V (born 1969)
    • (1) Tengku Dr Muhammad Faiz Petra, Tengku Mahkota, the Crown Prince (born 1974)
    • (2) Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra (born 1978)


  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Abu Bakar Riayatuddin al-Muadzam Shah (1904-1974)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah al-Musta'in Billah (born 1930)
      • (1) Tengku Abdullah, Tengku Mahkota, the Crown Prince (born 1959)
        • (2) Tengku Hassanal Ibrahim Alam Shah (born 1995)
        • (3) Tengku Muhammad Iskandar Riayatuddin Shah (born 1997)
        • (4) Tengku Ahmad Ismail Muadzam Shah (born 2001)
      • (5) Tengku Abdul Rahman, Tengku Muda (born 1960)
        • (6) Tengku Eddie Akasya (born 2004)
        • (7) Tengku Ahmad Firman Shah (born 2005)
      • (8) Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu'adzam Shah, Tengku Arif Temenggung (born 1994)



In contrast to the other Malaysian sultanates, the ruling dynasty of Perak utilises a somewhat complex order of succession.

The reigning Sultan appoints princes in the male line of descent from a Sultan to certain high princely titles. They are arranged in a strict order of precedence indicating the order of succession to the throne. As per a ruling of 25 February 1953, the present hierarchy of titles and the corresponding order of succession is as follows: Raja Muda (Crown Prince, currently Raja Jaafar), Raja di-Hilir (Deputy Crown Prince, currently Raja Iskandar Dzulkarnain), Raja Kechil Besar (currently Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah), Raja Kechil Sulong (currently Raja Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah), Raja Kechil Tengah (currently Raja Iskandar), Raja Kechil Bongsu (currently Raja Izuddin Chulan).

While titleholders are usually appointed for life, titles may be revoked in cases of proven incompetence or disability. On the death or promotion of an existing titleholder, the holder of the next most senior title succeeds him. The Raja Muda is the heir apparent, and succeeds the ruling sultan on his demise, whereupon the prince holding the title of Raja Di-Hilir becomes the new Raja Muda. The Raja Kechil Besar then becomes the Raja Di-Hilir. The new Sultan may then appoint his own nominee to the junior-most title made vacant by these successions. [5]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Malaysia: Land of Nine Kings". Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Aizat, Sharif (26 November 2017). "Raja Muda Kedah ke-20 dimasyhur" (in Malay). myMetro. Retrieved 26 November 2017. 
  4. ^ Aizat, Sharif (26 November 2017). "Raja Muda Kedah ke-20 dimasyhur" (in Malay). myMetro. Retrieved 26 November 2017. 
  5. ^ Buyers, Christopher. "Sultanate of". Retrieved 10 April 2016. 

External links

  • Malaysian monarchy
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