Lindesnes

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Lindesnes kommune
Municipality
View of Vigeland, the administrative centre of Lindesnes Municipality
View of Vigeland, the administrative centre of Lindesnes Municipality
Coat of arms of Lindesnes kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Lindesnes kommune
Vest-Agder within
Norway
Lindesnes within Vest-Agder
Lindesnes within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°06′15″N 07°17′20″E / 58.10417°N 7.28889°E / 58.10417; 7.28889Coordinates: 58°06′15″N 07°17′20″E / 58.10417°N 7.28889°E / 58.10417; 7.28889
Country Norway
County Vest-Agder
District Sørlandet
Administrative centre Vigeland
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Janne Fardal Kristoffersen (H)
Area
 • Total 316.47 km2 (122.19 sq mi)
 • Land 297.36 km2 (114.81 sq mi)
 • Water 19.11 km2 (7.38 sq mi)
Area rank 272 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 4,950
 • Rank 202 in Norway
 • Density 16.6/km2 (43/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 9.5 %
Demonym(s) Lindesnes-folk[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1029
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.lindesnes.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Lindesnes (English: the Naze) is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Vigeland. Other villages in Lindesnes include Åvik, Høllen, Skofteland, Svenevig, and Vigmostad.[2]

The 316-square-kilometre (122 sq mi) municipality is the 272nd largest by area out of the 426 municipalities in Norway. Lindesnes is the 202nd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,950. The municipality's population density is 16.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (43/sq mi) and its population has increased by 9.5% over the last decade.[3]

General information

Lindesnes fyr. The lighthouse is close to the southernmost point of mainland Norway.
Aerial view of the southern coastline of Lindesnes

The municipality of Lindesnes was created as a new municipality on 1 January 1964 after the merger of the older municipalities of Spangereid (population: 899), Sør-Audnedal (population: 2,323), and Vigmostad (population: 589).[4]

On 1 January 2020, the three neighboring municipalities of Mandal, Marnardal, and Lindesnes will be merged into one large municipality called Lindesnes with its administrative centre being the town of Mandal.[5]

Name

The oldest Old Norse form of the name was Líðandi. That name is derived from the verb líða which means "lead/go to an end" and the meaning is probably just "the end". A later form was Líðandisnes where the word nes which means "headland" was added (a word that is related to the English forms ness and naze). The traditional English language version of the name is just the Naze, derived from ness meaning headland.[2]

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 25 April 1986. The arms are blue with a white or silver lighthouse on the center. The lighthouse represents the local Lindesnes Lighthouse, the oldest lighthouse in Norway. It was built in 1655 on the Lindesnes peninsula.[6]

Churches

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Lindesnes. It is part of the Mandal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Lindesnes
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Spangereid Spangereid Church Høllen c. 1140
Valle Valle Church Vigeland 1793
Vigmostad Vigmostad Church Vigmostad 1848

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Lindesnes, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Lindesnes is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Lindesnes Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 3
  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 2
  Conservative Party Høyre 7
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 5
  Pensioners' Party Pensjonistpartiet 1
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 1
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
Total number of members: 21

Geography

Lindesnes is a coastal municipality, with a long stretch of coastline to the south. It borders Audnedal municipality to the north, Lyngdal to the west, and Mandal and Marnardal to the east. The Lindesnes Lighthouse stands on the southernmost point of the mainland of Norway, nearly 1,700 kilometres (1,100 mi) southwest of Knivskjellodden, the northernmost point of mainland Norway. The southern coast of Lindesnes is rugged and includes several fjords such as the Snigsfjorden and Grønsfjorden as well as many islands such as Svinør. The interior of the municipality follows the Audnadalen valley through which the river Audna flows south into the Snigsfjorden.

Climate

Climate data for Lindesnes Lighthouse
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
2.3
(36.1)
3.7
(38.7)
6.9
(44.4)
11.3
(52.3)
14.9
(58.8)
16.3
(61.3)
16.8
(62.2)
14.2
(57.6)
11.1
(52)
7.4
(45.3)
4.7
(40.5)
9.4
(48.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
0.5
(32.9)
2.0
(35.6)
4.7
(40.5)
9.0
(48.2)
12.5
(54.5)
14.2
(57.6)
14.8
(58.6)
12.4
(54.3)
9.6
(49.3)
5.6
(42.1)
2.9
(37.2)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
0.3
(32.5)
2.8
(37)
7.3
(45.1)
10.7
(51.3)
12.4
(54.3)
13.0
(55.4)
10.7
(51.3)
7.9
(46.2)
3.8
(38.8)
0.9
(33.6)
5.7
(42.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 109
(4.29)
72
(2.83)
83
(3.27)
60
(2.36)
71
(2.8)
65
(2.56)
78
(3.07)
102
(4.02)
125
(4.92)
143
(5.63)
146
(5.75)
105
(4.13)
1,159
(45.63)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 14.7 10.2 12.9 9.5 9.5 8.9 8.8 11.4 14.3 15.5 17.4 14.4 147.5
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[8]

Notable residents

  • Peder Claussøn Friis (1545–1614), a Norwegian clergyman and author
  • Ansgar Gabrielsen (born 1955), a Norwegian consultant and former politician for the Conservative Party
  • Emanuel Vigeland (1875–1948), a multi-talented Norwegian artist
  • Gustav Vigeland (1869–1943), a Norwegian sculptor who is associated with the Vigeland Sculptures in Frogner Park, Oslo and he also designed the Nobel Peace Prize medal
  • Asbjørn Aavik (1902–1997), a Norwegian Lutheran missionary to China and writer.

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Lindesnes" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-05. 
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  5. ^ "Nye Lindesnes" (in Norwegian). Lindesnes kommune. Retrieved 2017-11-05. 
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-12-17. 
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  8. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14. 

External links

  • Media related to Lindesnes at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of Lindesnes at Wiktionary
  • Vest-Agder travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway (in Norwegian)
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