Lincoln County, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lincoln County, Kansas
County
Lincoln county kansas courthouse 2005.jpg
Lincoln County Courthouse in Lincoln
Map of Kansas highlighting Lincoln County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Abraham Lincoln[1]
Seat Lincoln
Largest city Lincoln
Area
 • Total 720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Land 719 sq mi (1,862 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 3,073
 • Density 4.5/sq mi (1.7/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website LincolnCoKS.com
1915-1918 Railroad Map of Lincoln County

Lincoln County (standard abbreviation: LC) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,241.[2] The largest city and county seat is Lincoln Center.[3]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Lincoln County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 720 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 719 square miles (1,860 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 516
1880 8,582 1,563.2%
1890 9,709 13.1%
1900 9,886 1.8%
1910 10,142 2.6%
1920 9,894 −2.4%
1930 9,707 −1.9%
1940 8,338 −14.1%
1950 6,643 −20.3%
1960 5,556 −16.4%
1970 4,582 −17.5%
1980 4,145 −9.5%
1990 3,653 −11.9%
2000 3,578 −2.1%
2010 3,241 −9.4%
Est. 2016 3,073 [5] −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 3,578 people, 1,529 households, and 1,039 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,853 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.30% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,529 households out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 6.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 23.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,893, and the median income for a family was $36,538. Males had a median income of $24,681 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,788. About 7.30% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.5% 1,179 14.7% 215 4.8% 70
2012 78.6% 1,165 19.5% 289 2.0% 29
2008 75.9% 1,204 21.9% 347 2.2% 35
2004 76.0% 1,368 21.7% 391 2.3% 41
2000 68.5% 1,295 24.8% 469 6.7% 126
1996 64.5% 1,372 24.8% 528 10.7% 228
1992 41.1% 893 28.2% 612 30.7% 667
1988 59.7% 1,229 38.6% 796 1.7% 35
1984 75.1% 1,723 24.0% 551 0.8% 19
1980 72.2% 1,685 22.6% 528 5.2% 122
1976 54.5% 1,225 43.8% 985 1.7% 37
1972 75.6% 1,649 21.8% 476 2.6% 57
1968 68.2% 1,721 23.1% 583 8.8% 221
1964 50.8% 1,373 48.7% 1,316 0.5% 14
1960 71.2% 2,052 28.5% 822 0.4% 10
1956 76.2% 2,219 23.4% 681 0.4% 12
1952 84.6% 2,841 15.1% 507 0.3% 9
1948 65.7% 2,181 33.0% 1,094 1.3% 43
1944 72.0% 2,405 27.3% 910 0.7% 24
1940 67.7% 2,822 31.2% 1,301 1.1% 46
1936 47.4% 2,001 52.4% 2,209 0.2% 10
1932 40.8% 1,653 56.7% 2,297 2.5% 101
1928 73.1% 2,655 26.3% 953 0.6% 23
1924 59.4% 2,277 16.0% 615 24.6% 941
1920 69.5% 2,298 28.3% 935 2.2% 73
1916 43.6% 1,716 53.5% 2,106 3.0% 118
1912 15.7% 381 44.9% 1,091 39.4% 956
1908 50.3% 1,218 46.1% 1,117 3.6% 88
1904 67.9% 1,516 27.4% 613 4.7% 105
1900 46.4% 1,110 52.3% 1,250 1.3% 30
1896 35.9% 787 63.2% 1,385 1.0% 21
1892 39.2% 878 60.9% 1,363
1888 50.2% 1,069 29.0% 617 20.8% 444

Laws

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1990, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[12]

Education

Unified school districts

  • Lincoln USD 298
  • Sylvan Grove USD 299

Colleges

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Lincoln County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Lincoln County is divided into twenty townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Battle Creek 04525 51 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.37% 39°10′7″N 98°13′9″W / 39.16861°N 98.21917°W / 39.16861; -98.21917
Beaver 05075 454 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°4′12″N 98°8′48″W / 39.07000°N 98.14667°W / 39.07000; -98.14667
Cedron 11500 47 1 (1) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°10′34″N 98°25′57″W / 39.17611°N 98.43250°W / 39.17611; -98.43250
Colorado 15000 340 4 (9) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°0′52″N 97°58′57″W / 39.01444°N 97.98250°W / 39.01444; -97.98250
Elkhorn 20375 927 10 (26) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°1′36″N 98°7′10″W / 39.02667°N 98.11944°W / 39.02667; -98.11944
Franklin 24425 80 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°55′47″N 98°5′44″W / 38.92972°N 98.09556°W / 38.92972; -98.09556
Golden Belt 26800 67 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°55′30″N 98°18′32″W / 38.92500°N 98.30889°W / 38.92500; -98.30889
Grant 27750 91 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°5′21″N 98°18′58″W / 39.08917°N 98.31611°W / 39.08917; -98.31611
Hanover 29850 43 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.10% 39°5′45″N 98°25′11″W / 39.09583°N 98.41972°W / 39.09583; -98.41972
Highland 31950 65 1 (2) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.64% 38°54′45″N 98°26′27″W / 38.91250°N 98.44083°W / 38.91250; -98.44083
Indiana 34025 206 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°0′31″N 98°11′52″W / 39.00861°N 98.19778°W / 39.00861; -98.19778
Logan 41925 67 1 (2) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.33% 39°4′31″N 97°58′14″W / 39.07528°N 97.97056°W / 39.07528; -97.97056
Madison 44100 96 1 (3) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.35% 38°54′40″N 97°59′27″W / 38.91111°N 97.99083°W / 38.91111; -97.99083
Marion 44725 103 1 (3) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.10% 39°4′27″N 98°13′8″W / 39.07417°N 98.21889°W / 39.07417; -98.21889
Orange 52950 68 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°10′7″N 98°19′51″W / 39.16861°N 98.33083°W / 39.16861; -98.33083
Pleasant 56275 482 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°0′13″N 98°25′13″W / 39.00361°N 98.42028°W / 39.00361; -98.42028
Salt Creek 62800 61 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°11′6″N 97°59′36″W / 39.18500°N 97.99333°W / 39.18500; -97.99333
Scott 63525 158 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 39°10′51″N 98°4′11″W / 39.18083°N 98.06972°W / 39.18083; -98.06972
Valley 72900 69 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.26% 38°56′10″N 98°12′45″W / 38.93611°N 98.21250°W / 38.93611; -98.21250
Vesper 73650 103 1 (3) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°0′13″N 98°17′49″W / 39.00361°N 98.29694°W / 39.00361; -98.29694

See also

References

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 187. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

Further reading

  • Elizabeth N. Barr (1908), A souvenir history of Lincoln County, Kansas, Topeka, Kansas: Farmer Job Office, OCLC 3156144 ; 123 pages.
  • Standard Atlas of Lincoln County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 72 pages; 1918.
  • Plat Book of Lincoln County, Kansas; North West Publishing Co; 39 pages; 1901.

External links

County
  • Lincoln County - Official
  • Lincoln County - Directory of Public Officials
Maps
  • Lincoln County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society

Coordinates: 39°03′N 98°12′W / 39.050°N 98.200°W / 39.050; -98.200

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lincoln_County,_Kansas&oldid=852628087"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_County,_Kansas
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Lincoln County, Kansas"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA