Limavady

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Limavady
Main Street, Limavady - geograph.org.uk - 1455684.jpg
Main Street
Limavady is located in Northern Ireland
Limavady
Limavady
Limavady shown within Northern Ireland
Population 12,043 (United Kingdom Census 2011)
District
County
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LIMAVADY
Postcode district BT49
Dialling code 028
Police Northern Ireland
Fire Northern Ireland
Ambulance Northern Ireland
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
Website www.limavady.gov.uk
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
County Londonderry
55°03′11″N 6°56′46″W / 55.053°N 6.946°W / 55.053; -6.946Coordinates: 55°03′11″N 6°56′46″W / 55.053°N 6.946°W / 55.053; -6.946

Limavady (/lɪməˈvædi/; from Irish Léim a' Mhadaidh, meaning "leap of the dog") is a market town in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, with Binevenagh as a backdrop. Lying 17 miles (27 km) east of Derry and 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Coleraine, Limavady had a population of 12,043 people as of the 2001 Census—an increase of some 17% since 1991. In the 30 years between 1971 and 2011, Limavady's population nearly doubled.[2] Limavady is within Causeway Coast and Glens Borough.

Features

Limavady has undergone sustained growth during the past fifty years thanks to significant modern industrial development and public perception of the town as attractive and residential. Limavady, a lucrative service hub for the Roe Valley, has seen competition from other retail centres: Londonderry, Coleraine and, to a lesser extent, Ballymena. One of the distinctive features of the town's growth has been the predominant southward and eastward expansion of its suburbs, with the River Roe flood plain continuing to contain the town to the west and north. From 1988 to 2004, a total of 1,332 dwellings were built in the town, mainly at Bovally along the south eastern edge of the town. The large industrial estate at Aghanloo is 2 miles (3 km) north of the town.[2]

History

Limavady and its surrounding settlements derive from Celtic roots, although no-one is sure about the exact date of Limavady's origins. Estimates date from around 5 CE. Early records tell of Saint Columba, who presided over a meeting of the Kings at Mullagh Hill near Limavady in 575 CE, a location which is now part of the Roe Park Golf Resort.[3]

Gaelic Ireland was divided into kingdoms, each ruled by its own family or clan. In the Limavady area, the predominate family was the O'Cahans. Their mark is found everywhere in the town and surrounding area. O'Cahan's Rock is one of Limavady's main historical points. This is where, according to local myth, a dog belonging to one of the Chiefs jumped the river to get help from nearby clans after a surprise enemy attack. This gave Limavady its name, Limavady being the anglicised version of Leim an Mhadaidh, which means leap of the dog.[3] This rock, along with other relics of Limavady's history, can be seen at Roe Valley Country Park.

The town developed from a small Plantation settlement founded by Sir Thomas Phillips. In 1610 Sir Thomas Phillips was granted 13,100 acres of land at Limavady which included an O’Cahan castle. He commenced the building of the ‘Newtown of Limavady’ which was laid out in a cruciform road pattern. Newtown Limavady was incorporated, with the appointment of a Provost and 12 Burgesses, on 31 March 1613 with a charter granted by King James I. By 1622, 18 one-storey houses and an inn had been built and they were centred on the crossroads which contained a flagpole, a cross and stocks.

Limavady had an early association with the linen and Irish whiskey industries. In 1608, a licence was granted to Sir Thomas Phillips by King James I to distil whiskey.[4]

for the next seven years, within the countie of Colrane, otherwise called O Cahanes countrey, or within the territorie called Rowte, in Co. Antrim, by himselfe or his servauntes, to make, drawe, and distil such and soe great quantities of aquavite, usquabagh and aqua composita, as he or his assignes shall thinke fitt; and the same to sell, vent, and dispose of to any persons, yeeldinge yerelie the somme 13s 4d...

The Limavady Distillery was founded in 1750 on the banks of the River Roe. Limavady, however, did not benefit from subsequent expansion of linen manufacturing in the 19th century. As a result it remained a modest sized market town until the late 20th century.[2]

In 1941 RAF Limavady, a base for air patrols over the Atlantic during World War II, was opened just to the north of the town. The RAF left the base in 1945 but it continued as a naval air station until 1958, when the land was returned to agricultural use.

During the Troubles in Northern Ireland, four people were killed in or near Limavady by the Provisional Irish Republican Army. Two were members of the security forces and two were civilians who were killed by a bomb as they drove past Limavady Royal Ulster Constabulary station.

Townlands

Limavady sprang up within the townland of Rathbrady Beg in the parish of Drumachose and was original known as Newtown Limavady.[5] Over time, the urban area has expanded into the surrounding townlands. These include:[6][7]

  • Bovally (from Irish Bó Bhaile, meaning "townland of cows")
  • Coolessan (from Irish Cúil Leasáin, meaning "nook of the little fort")
  • Enagh (from Irish Eanach, meaning "marsh")
  • Killane (from Irish Coill Leathan, meaning "broad wood")
  • Rathbrady Beg (from Irish Ráth Brighde Beag, meaning "little fort of St. Brigid")
  • Rathbrady More (from Irish Ráth Brighde Mór, meaning "great fort of St. Brigid")

Politics

Limavady is in both the Coast and Glens Borough Council area and the East Londonderry constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly.

Places of interest

Popular culture

Danny Boy

Limavady is most famous for the tune "Londonderry Air" collected by Jane Ross in the mid-19th century from a local fiddle player. The tune was later (ca. 1913) used for the song "Danny Boy".[3]

Between the 12th and 17th centuries, the area was ruled by the O'Cahan clan. "Danny Boy" is taken from a melody composed by O'Cahan bard Rory Dall O'Cahan. The original version concerns the passing of the Chief Cooey-na-Gall whose death brought an end to a long line of O'Cahan chiefs in Northern Ireland.[8]

Events

The town hosts international events such as the NI Super Cup, Danny Boy Festival, the Limavady Jazz and Blues Festival, the Roe Valley Folk Festival the Stendhal Festival of Art, and the Bishop Hervey International Summer School.[9]

Transport

Limavady is in close proximity to City of Derry Airport, 9 miles (15 km) to the west, and the Port of Londonderry, 13 miles (22 km) to the west.[2]

Road

  • In 2003 a road bypass was completed to the north of Limavady at a cost of £11.5 million.[10] This bypass aimed to reduce the time taken to travel on the A2 between Derry and Coleraine.

Rail

Limavady Junction Railway Station, 1967

Bellarena railway station has direct trains west to Derry and east to Castlerock, Coleraine (for stations to Portrush), and stations to Belfast Central and Belfast Great Victoria Street.

Canal

  • The Broharris Canal was constructed in the 1820s when a cut, some 2 miles (3.2 km) long on the south shore of Lough Foyle near Ballykelly was made in the direction of Limavady. The inhabitants of Limavady appealed for the building of a canal from Lough Foyle to the town but were turned down, and the Broharris Canal was the nearest they came to achieving such a navigable link.

Education

There are four primary schools, three secondary schools, a regional college and a special needs school in Limavady. Limavady's schools are closely located in an 'education circle'. The three secondary schools are all located along the same stretch of road (Ballyquin Road and Irish Green Street), with Limegrove Special School opposite Limavady Grammar School, Termoncanice Primary opposite Limavady High School and St. Mary's High School. Limavady Central Primary School is located a short distance from the other schools.

Primary schools

  • Termoncanice Primary School
  • Roe Valley Integrated Primary
  • Limavady Central Primary School
  • Drumachose Primary School
  • Gaelscoil Leim an mhadaidh

Secondary schools

Regional college

Special needs schools

  • Rossmar Special School (formerly Limegrove/Greystone Hall)

Sport

2011 Census

Limavady is classified as a medium town by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 10,000 and 18,000 people). On Census day (March 2011) there were 12,043 people living in Limavady. Of these:

  • 25.4% were aged under 16 years and 14.3% were aged 60 and over
  • 48.8% of the population were male and 51.2% were female

5343 were from a Catholic background and 6236 were from a Protestant background[12]

  • 5.1% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Notable people

  • David Brewster LLB - noted Solicitor and former UUP Forum member for East Londonderry 1996.
  • William Ross - Former Limavady Councillor and MP for Londonderry then East Londonderry 1974-2001.
  • Rt. Hon. William Lowry MP - (19 March 1884–14 December 1949) was an Irish barrister, judge, Ulster Unionist Party Member of Parliament, and Attorney General for Northern Ireland.
  • Dr. Muriel Robertson FRS - was a protozoologist and bacteriologist at the Lister Institute, London from 1915 to 1961. She made key discoveries of the life cycle of trypanosomes.[citation needed]
  • David Crawford - Chairman and founder of Parkersburg Rig and Reel Company, West Virginia - Crawford Square is named after him and his family.
  • Rt. Hon. Maurice Marcus McCausland - He was High Sheriff of County Londonderry in 1908, and in 1926, he was appointed as Lord Lieutenant of County Londonderry, serving until his death. In 1934, he was appointed to the Privy Council of Northern Ireland.
  • Senator John Andrew Long - Former Chairman of Limavady Rural Council and Northern Ireland Senator 1921-d1941 (elected)Deputy Speaker 1927-28; Deputy Leader 1930-41, Parliamentary Secretary in the Department of the Prime Minister from 1930-41.
  • Thomas Teevan LLB MP - West Belfast MP and youngest Limavady Urban Council Chairman.
  • Rev. Robert Bradford MP - Methodist Minister and MP for South Belfast. Murdered by the Provisional IRA on 14 November 1981.
  • Bronagh Waugh- Actress, most notably from Hollyoaks.
  • Gerry Mullan – Former Glentoran, Everton and Northern Ireland footballer.
  • John DeighanDerry GAA Gaelic footballer and SDLP Councillor.
  • Ruth Kelly – Labour MP and former Cabinet Minister.
  • William Douglas - Flight lieutenant in the Royal Air Force during World War II. He rose to prominence as Limavady District Master in the Orange Order. From 1960 to 1973, he served on Limavady Rural District Council. He was then elected in Londonderry for the Ulster Unionist Party at the 1973 Northern Ireland Assembly election, and held his seat on the Constitutional Convention and at the 1982 Assembly.
  • Samuel Young (1822–1918) MP was Limavady brewery founder.
  • Very. Rev. Victor Griffin – formerly Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin
  • William Ferguson Massey – 19th Prime Minister of New Zealand (from 1912 to 1925) was born and educated in the town before migrating.

See also

References

  1. ^ Banagher and Boveagh Churches (Ulster-Scots translation) Archived 30 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Department of the Environment.
  2. ^ a b c d "Limavady". Planning Service – Draft Northern Area Plan 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c "Limavady". Culture Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2008. 
  4. ^ George Hill (1877). An historical account of the plantation in Ulster at the commencement of the seventeenth century, 1608-1620. M'Caw, Stevenson & Orr. p. 393. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  5. ^ Parish of Drumachose www.ulsterancestry.com Retrieved 28 June 2010
  6. ^ "Northern Ireland Placenames Project". Archived from the original on 1 October 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "OSI Limavady". Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved 2 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "Dungiven". Culture Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2008. 
  9. ^ http://www.herveysummerschool.com/
  10. ^ "A2 Limavady bypass". Retrieved 29 December 2007. 
  11. ^ "Limavady and Limavady Junction stations" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 28 October 2007. 
  12. ^ NISRA Key Statistics for Settlements Tables

External links

  • Limavady travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Borough of Limavady
  • Limavady and the Roe Valley by Jochen Lueg
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