Liga MX

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Liga MX
Liga MX.svg
Organising body Mexican Football Federation
Founded 17 October 1943; 74 years ago (1943-10-17)
Country Mexico
Confederation CONCACAF
Number of teams 18
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Ascenso MX
Domestic cup(s) Copa MX
Supercopa MX
Campeón de Campeones
International cup(s) CONCACAF Champions League
Campeones Cup
Current champions Santos Laguna
(6th title)
(Clausura 2018)
Most championships América
Guadalajara
(12 titles each)
TV partners Claro[1]
ESPN[2]
Fox Sports[3]
Grupo Imagen[4]
Televisa[5]
TV Azteca[6]
Website LigaMX.net
2018–19 Liga MX season

The Liga MX (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈliɣa ˈeme ˈekis]) is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is officially known as Liga BBVA Bancomer.[7]

Each season, the league holds two tournaments: the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year (two tournaments) based upon its league performances over the previous three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the regular phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla ("mini-league", or "playoff"). Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups. The group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format.

The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. According to the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, the league currently ranks 10th worldwide[8] and was ranked as the 11th strongest league in the first decade of the 21st century (2001–2010).[9] According to CONCACAF, the league – with an average attendance of 25,557 during the 2014–15 season – draws the largest crowds on average of any football league in the Americas and the third largest crowds of any professional sports league in North America, behind only the National Football League and Major League Baseball, and ahead of the Canadian Football League.[10] It is also the fourth most attended football league in the world behind Germany's Bundesliga, England's Premier League and Spain's La Liga.[11]

Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América and Guadalajara have each won the title 12 times, followed by Toluca (10), Cruz Azul (8), León and Pumas UNAM (7), and Pachuca, Tigres UANL, and Santos Laguna (6). The current league champions are Santos Laguna, who won the Clausura 2018 tournament.

History

Amateur era

Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national football league in Mexico, and football competitions were held within relatively small geographical regions. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a local league consisting of teams near and around Mexico City, was considered the national competition. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco and the Liga del Bajío that also had notable clubs. Many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the local amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was finally established in 1943.[12]

Professional era

When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación (F.M.F.) announced the formation of the nation's first professional league, many clubs petitioned to join. The F.M.F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor (Major League). The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, two clubs from the Liga Occidental, and two from the Liga Veracruzana.

Founding members

Club Asturias in 1927.
Primera Fuerza: América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte.
Liga Occidental De Jalisco: Atlas and Guadalajara.
Liga Amateur de Veracruz: ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma.

Reformation

Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, many small clubs faced economic difficulties which were attributed to the lack of international competition by Mexico's clubs and an unrewarding league format. Like many South American and European clubs, Mexico's clubs that placed high in the league standings could not afford to participate in prestigious international tournaments, such as the Copa Libertadores.

The Mexican league boom

The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale. The season following the FIFA World Cup, the F.M.F. changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion. This was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings.

The play-off, called the Liguilla, was played using various formats to determine the champion. The most common format was a straight knock-out between the top eight teams in the table. At other times the league was divided into groups with the top two in each group, often as well as the best 3rd placed teams, qualifying for the play-offs and in some seasons the play-offs themselves involved teams playing in groups with the group winners playing off for the title.. The format was changed from season to season to accommodate international club commitments and the schedule of the Mexico national team.

The change in the rules affected teams that traditionally dominated the table, as talented teams that had not performed well in the regular season were able to perform successfully in the play-offs (Cruz Azul in the 1970s, América in the 1980s, and Toluca in the 2000s).

Liga MX

Before the 2012–13 season, the organization LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX was created to replace the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación, A.C. as the organizing body of the competition.[13]

Competition format

Regular season tournaments

From 1996 to 2002, the league followed a two-tournament schedule with invierno (winter) and verano (summer) tournaments but from 2002 to 2011 the 18 teams were divided into three groups of six with the top two teams from each group and the two best third place teams qualified for the liguilla. The teams played in the same group for each tournament. The qualification phase of the tournament lasted 17 weeks, with all teams playing each other once per tournament in a home and away series over both tournaments.

Liga MX uses a single table of 18 teams that play two annual tournaments resulting in two champions per season. The season opens with the apertura tournament (opening tournament- running from July to December) followed by the clausura (closing - running from January to May). This format matches other Latin American schedules and correspond with FIFA's world footballing calendar, which "opens" in July/August and "closes" in April/May of the next year. The top eight teams progress to the liguilla for each tournament. If one of those teams is in last place in the league's relegation table (see below), that team is replaced by the team that finished ninth in the tournament.

Playoffs (liguilla)

The liguilla (Spanish for "little league") is the play-off phase of the tournament. This phase starts with eight qualifying teams playing two-legged ties with the winner on aggregate-score progressing. The Champion team is awarded the First division trophy, and the runner up is awarded a smaller version of the trophy. The birth of La liguilla in 1970 modernized the league despite the disagreements between the traditionalists and the modernists. Clubs that were near bankruptcy were now better able to compete and generate profits.

Relegation

At the end of a season, after the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, one team is relegated to the next lower division, Ascenso MX, and one team from that division is promoted and takes the place left open by the relegated team. Currently, the relegated team is determined by computing the points-per-game-played ratio for each team, considering all the games played by the team during the last three seasons (six tournaments). The team with the lowest ratio is relegated. For teams recently promoted, only the games played since their promotion are considered (two or four tournaments). The team promoted from Ascenso MX is the winner of a two-leg match between the champions of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments of that division. If a team becomes the champion in both tournaments, it is automatically promoted.

CONCACAF Champions League Qualification

Each year, four teams from Liga MX qualify for the CONCACAF Champions League, the premier North American club competition. Generally, the Apertura and Clausura champions and the Apertura and Clausura runners-up qualify, and are placed in Pot 3. Should one or more teams reach the finals of both tournaments, Liga MX has implemented a formula for ensuring that two teams that qualify via the Apertura and two teams qualify via the Clausura:[14]

  • If the same two teams qualify for the finals of both tournaments, those two teams will qualify along with the non-finalists with the best record in both the Apertura and Clausura.
  • If the same team wins both the Apertura and the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura champions is passed to the Clausura runners-up and the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Clausura. This occurred most recently in the 2013–14 season (2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League) when León (2013 Apertura and 2014 Clausura champions) and Pachuca (2014 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot A, while América (2013 Apertura runners-up) and Cruz Azul (non-finalists with the best record in the 2014 Clausura) were placed in Pot B (at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura runners-up win the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Apertura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Apertura. This occurred most recently in the 2011–12 season (2012–13 CONCACAF Champions League) when UANL (2011 Apertura champions) and Santos Laguna (2011 Apertura runners-up and 2012 Clausura champions) were placed in Pot A, while Guadalajara (non-finalists with the best record in the 2011 Apertura) and Monterrey (2012 Clausura runners-up) were placed in Pot B (again, at the time, the champions and runners-up were placed in different pots).
  • If the Apertura champions are runners-up of the Clausura (facing two different teams in the finals of each tournament), then the berth reserved for the Clausura runners-up is passed to the non-finalists with best record in the Clausura. This has not happened since Liga MX began using this qualification procedure.

Previous Qualification Tournaments

Campeonato Centroamericano (1959), Copa Interamericana (1968–91), CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup (1991–98), CONCACAF Giants Cup 2001, Interliga (2004–10), Copa Sudamericana (2005-08), and SuperLiga (2007–10), Copa Libertadores (1998-2015)

Clubs

2018–19 season

The following 18 clubs will compete in the Liga MX during the 2018–19 season.

Club Position in
2017–18
First season in
top division
Seasons
in top
division
First season of
current spell in
top division
Consecutive
Seasons
in Liga MX
Top
division
titles
Last top
division title
América 4th 1943–44 94 1943–44 94 12 Apertura 2014
Atlas 11th 1943–44 90 1979–80 56 1 1950/51
BUAP 17th 2017–18 2 2017–18 2 0 -
Cruz Azul 6th 1964–65 72 1964–65 72 8 Invierno 1997
Guadalajara 16th 1943–44 94 1943–44 94 12 Clausura 2017
León 7th 1944–45 69 2012–13 6 7 Clausura 2014
Monterrey 1st 1945–46 78 1960–61 76 4 Apertura 2010
Morelia 5th 1957–58 65 1981–82 54 1 Invierno 2000
Necaxa 9th 1951-52 82 2015–16 6 3 Invierno 1998
Pachuca 12th 1967–68 44 1998–99 34 6 Clausura 2016
Puebla 13th 1944–45 73 2007–08 16 2 1989/90
Querétaro 15th 1990–91 22 2009–10 12 0 -
Santos Laguna 8th 1988–89 30 1988–89 30 6 Clausura 2018
Tijuana 10th 2011–12 8 2011–12 8 1 Apertura 2012
Toluca 2nd 1953–54 83 1953–54 83 10 Bicentenario 2010
UANL 3rd 1974–75 59 1997–98 36 6 Apertura 2017
UNAM 14th 1962–63 74 1962–63 74 7 Clausura 2011
Veracruz 18th 1943–44 53 2013–14 6 2 1949/50

Champions

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
América 12 9 1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, PRODE 85, 1987–88, 1988–89, Verano 2002, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013, Apertura 2014
Guadalajara 12 9 1956–57, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1969–70, 1986–87, Verano 1997, Apertura 2006, Clausura 2017
Toluca 10 7 1966–67, 1967–68, 1974–75, Verano 1998, Verano 1999, Verano 2000, Apertura 2002, Apertura 2005, Apertura 2008, Bicentenario 2010
Cruz Azul 8 10 1968–69, México '70, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1979–80, Invierno 1997
UNAM 7 7 1976–77, 1980–81, 1990–91, Clausura 2004, Apertura 2004, Clausura 2009, Clausura 2011
León 7 5 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1991–92, Apertura 2013, Clausura 2014
UANL 6 5 1977–78, 1981–82, Apertura 2011, Apertura 2015, Apertura 2016, Apertura 2017
Santos Laguna 6 5 Invierno 1996, Verano 2001, Clausura 2008, Clausura 2012, Clausura 2015, Clausura 2018
Pachuca 6 3 Invierno 1999, Invierno 2001, Apertura 2003, Clausura 2006, Clausura 2007, Clausura 2016
Monterrey 4 6 México '86, Clausura 2003, Apertura 2009, Apertura 2010
Atlante 3 4 1946–47, 1992–93, Apertura 2007
Necaxa 3 3 1994–95, 1995–96, Invierno 1998
Puebla 2 2 1982–83, 1989–90
Zacatepec 2 1 1954–55, 1957–58
Veracruz 2 0 1945–46, 1949–50
Oro ††† 1 5 1962–63
Morelia 1 3 Invierno 2000
Atlas 1 3 1950–51
Tampico Madero 1 2 1952–53
Tecos †† 1 1 1993–94
Real España †††† 1 1 1944–45
Tijuana 1 0 Apertura 2012
Asturias †††† 1 0 1943–44
Marte †††† 1 0 1953–54
UdeG 0 3
Querétaro 0 1
Toros Neza †††† 0 1
Atlético Celaya †††† 0 1
Atlético Español †††† 0 1
San Luis †††† 0 1

† Teams currently in the Ascenso MX
†† Teams currently in the Liga Premier
††† Teams currently in the Amateur Levels
†††† Defunct teams

All-time Liga MX table

Below is the Liga MX all-time table as of the end of the 2017–18 season. Clubs highlighted are currently active in the Liga MX.

Pos Club P W D L GF GA GD Points
1 América 2446 1036 721 689 3928 3152 776 3138
2 Guadalajara 2446 981 750 715 3568 2991 577 3005
3 Toluca 2198 891 646 661 3255 2638 617 2787
4 Cruz Azul 1922 815 615 492 3009 2247 762 2577
5 Atlas 2352 815 672 866 3378 3496 -118 2575
6 Atlante 2234 788 643 803 3326 3255 71 2431
7 Pumas UNAM 1974 769 579 626 2926 2524 402 2405
8 Monterrey 2080 737 625 718 2892 2959 -67 2396
9 León 1966 761 541 664 3013 2720 293 2215
10 Puebla 1946 654 573 719 2643 2772 -129 2077
11 Tigres UANL 1544 546 488 510 2078 2024 54 1869
12 Necaxa 1654 561 531 562 2342 2274 68 1861
13 Morelia 1614 540 468 606 2149 2335 -186 1847
14 Veracruz 1488 493 384 611 2087 2414 -327 1519
15 Tecos 1336 449 408 479 1807 1927 -120 1489
16 Santos Laguna 1056 379 311 366 1550 1523 27 1376
17 Pachuca 982 357 259 366 1388 1415 -27 1248
18 Zacatepec 832 289 228 315 1125 1165 -40 806
19 UdeG 784 266 256 262 1022 1003 19 796
20 Irapuato 838 235 258 345 1004 1267 -263 753
21 Oro 714 273 155 286 1255 1310 -55 701
22 Chiapas 518 166 152 200 650 763 -113 647
23 Tampico 620 206 166 248 985 1090 -105 578
24 Querétaro 568 149 163 256 606 845 -239 573
25 San Luis 488 143 145 200 593 723 -130 536
26 Atlético Potosino 560 161 171 228 630 831 -201 493
27 Atlético Español 406 143 125 138 559 549 10 411
28 Deportivo Neza 370 111 137 122 459 475 -16 359
29 Celaya 337 90 98 149 423 542 -119 351
30 Jalisco 364 114 116 134 508 543 -35 344
31 Tijuana 238 87 74 77 302 291 11 335
32 Tampico-Madero 330 121 80 129 511 516 -5 322
33 Laguna 376 99 119 158 429 530 -101 317
34 Toros Neza 244 80 54 110 357 445 -88 272
35 Correcaminos UAT 302 80 97 125 308 420 -112 257
36 Unión de Curtidores 304 79 98 127 364 441 -77 256
37 Marte 292 87 64 141 542 720 -178 238
38 España 182 89 25 68 458 358 100 203
39 Asturias 182 75 33 74 402 392 10 183
40 Moctezuma 182 71 34 77 405 423 -18 176
41 Cobras 192 42 72 78 194 275 -81 156
42 Torreón 194 48 59 87 204 300 -96 155
43 ADO 156 57 27 72 307 345 -38 141
44 Ángeles de Puebla 142 37 46 59 178 226 -48 120
45 San Sebastián 162 42 35 85 267 409 -142 119
46 Dorados 102 27 30 45 123 167 -44 111
47 Ciudad Madero 132 23 40 69 140 270 -130 86
48 Nacional 108 26 32 50 122 198 -76 84
49 Cuautla 102 25 30 47 111 177 -66 80
50 Nuevo León 90 26 23 41 110 135 -25 75
51 Zamora 104 21 30 53 143 214 -71 72
52 Atletas Campesinos 76 26 18 32 86 88 -2 70
53 La Piedad 58 22 10 26 81 99 -18 70
54 Oaxtepec 76 24 17 35 100 125 -25 65
55 Ciudad Juárez 68 14 21 33 56 103 -47 63
56 Lobos BUAP 34 9 5 20 44 64 -20 32
57 Cuernavaca 19 6 5 8 24 27 -3 23

Source: RSSSF

Note: 2-points awarded per victory (1943–1995) and 3-points awarded per victory (1995–present).

Note: The table only includes regular-phase and liguilla (playoff) matches; does not include finals playoff matches, the match for second place between Cruz Azul and Veracruz during the 1969–70 season, and the promotional matches of 1955, 1964, 1970, 2001 y 2002. Chiapas in the Apertura 2005, San Luis and Querétaro in the Apertura 2006 were sanctioned with a 3-point deduction for failing to comply with league rules regarding playing a player under 21 years of age for at least 745 minutes.

Stadiums and locations

Location of the 2018–19 Liga MX teams in Greater Mexico City
Club Location Stadium Capacity Ref
América Mexico City Azteca 87,000 [15]
Atlas Guadalajara Jalisco 56,713 [16]
BUAP Puebla City Universitario BUAP 19,283 [17]
Cruz Azul Mexico City Azteca 87,000 [16]
Guadalajara Zapopan Akron 45,364 [18]
León León León 31,297 [19]
Monterrey Guadalupe BBVA Bancomer 53,500 [20]
Morelia Morelia Morelos 35,000 [21]
Necaxa Aguascalientes City Victoria 25,500 [22]
Pachuca Pachuca Hidalgo 30,000 [23]
Puebla Puebla City Cuauhtémoc 51,726 [24]
Querétaro Querétaro City Corregidora 33,162 [25]
Santos Laguna Torreón Corona 30,000 [26]
Tijuana Tijuana Caliente 27,333 [27]
Toluca Toluca Nemesio Díez 31,000 [28]
UANL San Nicolás de los Garza Universitario 42,000 [29]
UNAM Mexico City Olímpico Universitario 72,000 [30][31]
Veracruz Boca del Río Luis "Pirata" Fuente 28,703 [32]

Media coverage

In theory, all First Division clubs have the right to sell their own broadcast rights. In practice, however, the league is divided between teams broadcast on Televisa, TV Azteca, Imagen Televisión, Claro Sports, Fox Sports, ESPN in México. ESPN Deportes, Fox Deportes and Univision have the rights in the United States.

In previous years, when a team got relegated, the team that got promoted could only negotiate with the company that had the television rights of the team that got relegated. This agreement was cancelled in 2012 by the Liga MX when the promotion of Club León caused a television rights dispute with Televisa.[33] Currently, Club León matches are broadcast in Mexico by Fox Sports and other online media sites, and in the United States by Univision (Telemundo from 2013–16).[34]

Telelatino and Fox Sports World hold broadcasting rights in Canada; Fox Sports is the only network that holds rights to broadcast selected matches in United States and South America. Additionally, Televisa-owned networks Sky Sports and TDN hold exclusive broadcasting rights over selected matches throughout the regular season, although the majority of the most important ones are broadcast live on the national networks.

Most of the Saturday afternoon and evening matches broadcast by Televisa are shown primarily on Gala TV, though Saturday games played by Televisa's club America, are broadcast on Televisa's flagship network, Canal de las Estrellas. However, a blackout policy is usually applied in selected markets where affiliates are forced to air alternate programming during the matches, Sunday noon and afternoon games broadcast by Televisa are shown on Canal de las Estrellas. All of the games broadcast by TV Azteca on Saturday and Sunday are shown on Azteca 13; Friday's matches however are shown on Azteca 7. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday (known in Mexico as Fecha Doble or Double Date) matches picked by the national networks are shown on Canal 5 and Azteca 7 and the rest of the matches air on Sky Sports and TDN.

A recent rule, in effect since 2011, requires teams to play the final game of every season on Sunday during prime time, regardless of whether the team used to play local games in another timeslot, in order to capture more television audience during the game.

For the Apertura 2016, and the majority of the Clausura 2017, Guadalajara home matches in Mexico were not shown on over-the-air television or cable and satellite operators. Instead, they were exclusively shown on an internet streaming service called Chivas TV. As of April 8, 2017, the matches are shown on both Televisa's Televisa Deportes Network (TDN) and Chivas TV.

On February 13, 2017, it was announced Univision Deportes would live stream 46 games in English on Facebook in the United States.[35]

After the Clausura 2017 season, Azteca América sold the rights of the Atlas, Morelia, Tijuana and Veracruz matches to Univision, thus the network held the rights of 17 of the 18 clubs, the only team the network did not carry was recently promoted team Lobos BUAP. In September 2017, Univision started airing Lobos BUAP's home matches, thus the network has the rights to all 18 Liga MX teams through the end of the Clausura 2018 season.

ESPN Deportes airs all of León, Necaxa and Querétaro regular season home matches as well as select Monterrey, Pachuca, and UANL home matches.

In July 2017, Televisión Nacional de Chile (TVN) announced it would show Liga MX matches involving Chilean players in Chile.[36]

In Japan, Liga MX will be broadcast on Fuji TV.[37] León and Pachuca's home matches will be broadcast on Fox Sports Asia

In October 2017, Fox Sports announced that it acquired the long-term exclusive Spanish-language rights to Tijuana and Santos Laguna home matches in the United States, Mexico and the rest of Latin America starting in the Apertura 2018 and Apertura 2019 respectively. [38] The matches will air on Fox Deportes in the United States and Fox Sports Latin America in Mexico and the rest of Latin America.[38]

On May 26, 2018, Fox Sports announced it acquired the rights of C.F. Monterrey's home matches in the United States and Latin America.[39] The network announced the matches would be shown in the United States on Fox Deportes in Spanish as well as the Fox Sports family of networks in English.[39]

Television home matches broadcast rights

Team Mexico Broadcaster U.S. Broadcaster Day Time[1]
América Televisa Univision Saturday 7:00 PM
Atlas TV Azteca / ESPN Univision Friday 9:00 PM
BUAP Televisa Univision Sunday 4:00 PM
Cruz Azul Televisa Univision Saturday 5:00 PM
Guadalajara Chivas TV[Note 1]/Televisa Univision Saturday 9:06 PM
León Grupo Imagen / Fox Sports / Claro ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 7:06 PM
Monterrey Fox Sports Fox Sports (English and Spanish)[Note 2] Saturday 9:00 PM
Morelia TV Azteca / ESPN[Note 3] Univision Friday 7:00 PM
Necaxa Televisa ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 9:00 PM
Pachuca Grupo Imagen / Fox Sports / Claro ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 7:06 PM
Puebla TV Azteca / ESPN[Note 3] Univision Friday 9:00 PM
Querétaro Grupo Imagen ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 5:00 PM
Santos Laguna TV Azteca / ESPN Univision Sunday 6:00 PM
Tijuana Fox Sports Fox Sports (English and Spanish)[Note 2] Saturday 7:00 PM[1]
Toluca Televisa Univision Sunday 12:00 PM
UANL Televisa ESPN Deportes / Univision Saturday 7:00 PM
UNAM Televisa Univision Sunday 12:00 PM
Veracruz TV Azteca / ESPN[Note 3] Univision Friday 7:00 PM
  1. ^ For the Apertura 2016 and the majority of the Clausura 2017, Guadalajara home matches in Mexico were not shown on over-the-air television or cable and satellite operators, instead they exclusively were shown on an internet streaming service called Chivas TV. As of April 8, 2017, the matches are shown on both Televisa's Televisa Deportes Network (TDN) and Chivas TV.
  2. ^ Matches will be shown on Fox Deportes in Spanish as well as the Fox Sports family of networks in English.
  3. ^ Games are shown on ESPN but only on tape delay
  4. ^ All match times are UTC−06:00 except for matches in Tijuana (UTC−08:00).

Sponsorship

BBVA Bancomer was named the league's official sponsor in 2013.

Up until its re-branding in 2012, the Liga MX did not have a title sponsor. In July 2013, league president Decio de María announced BBVA Bancomer as the official sponsor, with the goal of modernizing the league's image. De María also stated that the money generated from the sponsorship would be divided among the eighteen clubs and to be invested in each club's youth teams.[40] On 18 September 2015, it was announced that the sponsorship deal was extended until 2019.[41]

Since 1986, Voit has been the official match ball manufacturer. In 2014, the contract was extended for four years.[42]

Managers

The current managers in the Liga MX are:

Nat. Name Club Appointed Time as manager
Brazil Ricardo Ferretti UANL 20 May 2010 8 years, 59 days
Argentina Hernán Cristante Toluca 31 May 2016 2 years, 48 days
Mexico Roberto Hernández Morelia 7 February 2017 1 year, 161 days
Mexico Miguel Herrera América 26 May 2017 1 year, 53 days
Uruguay Gustavo Díaz León 30 August 2017 322 days
Uruguay Robert Siboldi Santos Laguna 18 September 2017 303 days
Mexico Enrique Meza Puebla 3 October 2017 288 days
Mexico David Patiño UNAM 3 October 2017 288 days
Mexico Guillermo Vázquez Veracruz 1 December 2017 229 days
Portugal Pedro Caixinha Cruz Azul 5 December 2017 225 days
Argentina Diego Cocca Tijuana 7 December 2017 223 days
Mexico Gerardo Espinoza Atlas 19 March 2018 121 days
Mexico Rafael Puente Jr. Querétaro 7 May 2018 72 days
Mexico Marcelo Michel Leaño Necaxa 11 May 2018 68 days
Uruguay Diego Alonso Monterrey 18 May 2018 61 days
Spain Pako Ayestarán Pachuca 28 May 2018 51 days
Mexico Francisco Palencia BUAP 1 June 2018 47 days
Paraguay José Cardozo Guadalajara 12 June 2018 36 days

Player records

Most appearances

Rank Player Appearances
1 Mexico Óscar Pérez 735
2 Mexico Oswaldo Sanchez 725
3 Mexico Benjamín Galindo 700
4 Chile Rodrigo Ruiz 638
5 Mexico Adolfo Ríos 635
6 Mexico Juan Pablo Rodríguez 634
7 Mexico Miguel España 631
8 Mexico Alfonso Sosa 610
9 Mexico Cristóbal Ortega 608
10 Mexico Israel López 604
Italics denotes players still playing professional football.
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Top scorers

Rank Nat Name Years Goals Apps Ratio
1 Brazil Evanivaldo Castro 1974–1987 312 427 0.73
2 Mexico Carlos Hermosillo 1984–2001 294 539 0.55
3 Mexico Jared Borgetti 1994–2010 252 475 0.63
4 Paraguay José Cardozo 1994–2005 249 332 0.75
5 Mexico Horacio Casarín 1936–1957 238 326 0.73
6 Chile Osvaldo Castro 1971–1984 214 398 0.54
7 Mexico Luis Roberto Alves 1986–2003 209 577 0.36
8 Mexico Adalberto López 1942–1955 201 231 0.87
9 Brazil Carlos Eloir Perucci 1972–1984 199 398 0.5
10 Mexico Sergio Lira 1978–1996 191 564 0.34
Italics denotes players still playing professional football.
Bold denotes players still playing in the Liga MX.

Promotion and relegation

Relegation and Promotion by Club
Club Promotions Relegations
Zacatepec 5 (1950–51, 1962–63, 1969–70, 1977–78, 1983–84) 5 (1961–62, 1965–66, 1976–77, 1982–83, 1984–85)
Querétaro 4 (México '86, 1989–90, 2005–06, 2009–10) 3 (1993–94, 2006–07, 2012–13*)
Pachuca 4 (1966–67, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1997–98) 3 (1972–73, 1992–93, 1996–97)
Irapuato 4 (1953–54, 1984–85, 1999–00*, 2002–03) 2 (1971–72, 1990–91)
Atlas 3 (1954–55, 1971–72, 1978–79) 3 (1953–54, 1970–71, 1977–78)
San Luis 3 (1970–71, 2001–02, 2004–05) 2 (1973–74, 2002–03)
Puebla 3 (1969–70, 1998–99, 2006–07) 2 (1998–99, 2004–05)
Unión de Curtidores 2 (1982–83, 1998–99*) 2 (1980–81, 1983–84)
Veracruz 2 (1963–64, 2001–02) 4 (1951–52, 1978–79, 1997–98, 2007–08)
Real Zamora 2 (1954–55, 1956–57) 2 (1955–56, 1959–60)
Tampico Madero 2 (1964–65, 1972–73) 2 (1966–67, 1974–75)
Atlante 2 (1976–77, 1990–91) 3 (1975–76, 1989–90, 2013–14)
Monterrey 2 (1955–56,1959–60) 1 (1956–57)
Morelia 2 (1956–57, 1980–81) 1 (1967–68)
UANL 2 (1973–74, 1996–97*) 1 (1995–96)
León 2 (1989–90, 2011–12) 2 (1986–87, 2001–02)
Sinaloa 2 (2004–05, 2014–15) 2 (2005–06, 2015–16)
La Piedad 2 (2000–01, 2012–13*) -
Necaxa 2 (2009–10*, 2015–16) 2 (2008–09, 2010–11)
UAT 1 (1986–87) 1 (1994–95)
Atlético Potosino 1 (1974–75) 1 (1988–89)
Indios de Ciudad Juárez 1 (2007–08) 1 (2009–10)
Toros Neza 1 (1988–89) 1 (1999–00)
Tecos 1 (1974–75) 1 (2011–12)
Tijuana 1 (2010–11) -
UdeG 1 (2013–14) 1 (2014–15)
BUAP 1 (2016–17) 1 (2017–18*)
Oro - 1 (1979–80)
Chiapas - 1 (2016–17)
Tapachula 1 (2017–18*) -

Notes:

See also

References

  1. ^ includes Claro Sports
  2. ^ includes ESPN 2
  3. ^ includes Fox Sports 2
  4. ^ includes Imagen Televisión
  5. ^ Includes Canal 5, Gala TV, Las Estrellas, Sky México, TDN and Univisión TDN
  6. ^ includes Azteca 7 and Azteca Uno
  7. ^ "BBVA entra a la Liga MX". Expansión (in Spanish). CNN Expansión. 15 June 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "The strongest National League in the World 2016". IFFHS. International Federation of Football History and Statistics. 5 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "The strongest Leagues in the World in the first Decade of 21st Century (2001-2010)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  10. ^ "A quick primer on Mexico's Liga MX". Media Life Magazine. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "Best attended domestic sports leagues in the world". sportingintelligence. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  12. ^ "Historia del futbol en México". Femexfut. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  13. ^ "Corporativo" (in Spanish). ligamx.net. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "América, Monterrey y Chivas podrían ir a la ConcaChampions sin llegar a la final". vavel.com. 5 March 2012. [dead link]
  15. ^ "La capacidad de espectadores que tendrá el Azteca después de ser remodelado". 90min.com. 
  16. ^ a b "Estadio Jalisco". atlasfc.com.mx. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  17. ^ LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX. "LIGA MX - Página Oficial de la Liga del Fútbol Profesional en México .: Bienvenido". ligamx.net. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  18. ^ LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX. "LIGA MX - Página Oficial de la Liga del Fútbol Profesional en México .: Bienvenido". ligamx.net. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  19. ^ LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX. "LIGA MX - Página Oficial de la Liga del Fútbol Profesional en México .: Bienvenido". ligamx.net. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Historia". estadiobbvabancomer.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  21. ^ Click It - http://www.clickit.com.mx. "Monarcas Morelia". Sitio Oficial de Monarcas Morelia. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  22. ^ Click It - clubnecaxa.mx. "Estadio Victoria". 
  23. ^ "Tuzos  » ESTADIO HIDALGO". tuzos.com.mx. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  24. ^ pueblaonline.com.mx. "Los estadios de la Liga Bancomer". 
  25. ^ LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX. "LIGA MX - Página Oficial de la Liga del Fútbol Profesional en México .: Bienvenido". ligamx.net. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "ESTADIO CORONA". clubsantos.mx. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Estrenará "Caliente" capacidad el viernes". el-mexicano.com.mx. 
  28. ^ LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX. "Estrenará "Caliente" capacidad el viernes". ligamx.net. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  29. ^ "Estadio Universitario". tigres.com.mx. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  30. ^ "Estadio Olímpico Universitario". pumas.mx. Archived from the original on 12 May 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  31. ^ LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX. "LIGA MX - Página Oficial de la Liga del Fútbol Profesional en México .: Bienvenido". ligamx.net. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  32. ^ LIGA MX / ASCENSO MX. "LIGA MX - Página Oficial de la Liga del Fútbol Profesional en México .: Bienvenido". ligamx.net. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  33. ^ "Carlos Slim And Multi-Ownership In Mexico". businessofsoccer.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  34. ^ "Fox Sports adquiere los derechos de transmisión del Club Mexicano León F.C." Revista Merca2.0. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  35. ^ http://www.espnfc.com/mexican-liga-mx/story/3059930/univision-to-air-46-liga-mx-games-this-year-live-on-facebook-in-english
  36. ^ http://www.aztecadeportes.com/notas/liga-bancomer-mx/2017-07-15-14-33/liga-mx-se-vera-por-television-abierta-chilena/
  37. ^ http://otn.fujitv.co.jp/b_hp/917200165.html
  38. ^ a b http://www.foxsports.com/presspass/latest-news/2017/10/24/fox-deportes-adds-liga-mx-soccer-lineup
  39. ^ a b https://www.foxsports.com.mx/news/360020-fox-sports-latin-america-adquiere-derechos-globales-exclusivos-de-transmision-multiplataforma-de-club-rayados-de-monterrey
  40. ^ "La Liga MX consiguió patrocinador". Fox Deportes (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "Bancomer renueva patrocinio con la Liga MX" (in Spanish). Noticias MVS. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  42. ^ "Renueva Voit patrocinio con Liga MX". Radio Fórmula. Grupo Fórmula. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 

External links

  • Official website (in Spanish)
  • MEDIOTIEMPO.COM
  • Mexico - List of Champions, RSSSF.com (in English)
  • Water purifier for drinking (in English)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liga_MX&oldid=849924465"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_MX
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Liga MX"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA