Liga I (women's football)

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Liga I
Founded 1990 as Divizia A
2006 as Liga I
2013 as Superliga
2017 as Liga I
Country  Romania
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 10
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Liga II
Domestic cup(s) Romanian Women's Cup
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
Current champions Olimpia Cluj (8th title)
(2017–18)
Most championships Olimpia Cluj (8 titles)
Website frfotbal.ro
2017–18 Liga I Feminin

The Liga I is the top level women's football league in Romania. The champion team qualifies for UEFA Women's Champions League.

After the fall of communism, organised women's football started to take off, and the founded clubs were distributed into 2 leagues - Divizia A with 12 teams and Divizia B with 30 teams grouped into 3 series, following a tournament called Cupa Libertății.[1] In 2006, the league was rebranded as Liga I along with its male counterparts, since the name Divizia A was found to already be trademarked. [2]

The top league was renamed Superliga for 4 seasons between the 2013–14 season, when the league-system was restructured, and until the 2016-17 season. Between these seasons, the name Liga I was given to the second-tier league.

Format

The league started with 12 teams at its creation in 1990. It has suffered various format changes since. In some years, a play-off was held to decide the champion. For the 2011-2012 season, the league was split into East and West divisions. Teams played each other twice with the top two teams advancing to the championship round. In 2012–13 the teams were split into three divisions, after which the top two teams each advanced to the championship round. Points from the regular season were reset to zero for that round. Starting from 2013-14 and until 2015–16 eight teams played each other twice- and the top four teams played the championship play-off, while the bottom four played a relegation play-off. The last two places in the relegation play-off got relegated.[3] For 2016–17 the league was expanded to 10 teams, with no play-off. Ten teams play in the league, with two being relegated to the second level league, which is the Liga II.

Winners

The following is a list of all Romanian women's top football league winners.[4] The national champion is presented with the Romanian League trophy, and the top three teams currently receive gold, silver and bronze medals from the Romanian Football Federation.

Ed. Season Champions Runner-up Third place No. Teams System
1 1990–91 Divizia A ICIM Brașov 12
2 1991–92 Divizia A CFR Craiova
3 1992–93 Divizia A ICIM Brașov
4 1993–94 Divizia A Fartec Brașov
5 1994–95 Divizia A Fartec Brașov
6 1995–96 Divizia A Interindustrial Oradea
7 1996–97 Divizia A Motorul Oradea
8 1997–98 Divizia A Motorul Oradea
9 1998–99 Divizia A Conpet Ploiești
10 1999–2000 Divizia A Conpet Ploiești
11 2000–01 Divizia A Regal București
12 2001–02 Divizia A Regal București Șantierul Naval Constanța Motorul Oradea 7 2 divisions (West/South) with 3/4 teams each- playing a double round robin. First two places in each division qualify to the final tournament (single-leg semifinals and finals).
13 2002–03 Divizia A Clujana Cluj Șantierul Naval Constanța Smart Sport Bucharest 8 2 divisions (West/South) with 4 teams each- playing a sextuple round robin. First two places in each division qualify to the final tournament (single-leg semifinals and finals).
14 2003–04 Divizia A Clujana Cluj
15 2004–05 Divizia A Clujana Cluj Pandurii Târgu Jiu Motorul Oradea
16 2005–06 Divizia A Clujana Cluj Pandurii Târgu Jiu CSȘ Târgoviște 8 2 divisions (West/South) with 4 teams each- playing a double round robin. First two places in each division qualify in the Championship play-off (4 teams playing a single round-robin).
17 2006–07 Liga I Clujana Cluj 10 Double round-robin. First 4 teams qualify in the Championship play-off (single round-robin).
18 2007–08 Liga I Clujana Cluj CSȘ Târgoviște Smart Sport Bucharest 10 Double round-robin.
19 2008–09 Liga I Clujana Cluj Ripensia Timișoara City'US Târgu Mureş 12 Double round-robin.
20 2009–10 Liga I FCM Târgu Mureş Sporting Craiova Clujana Cluj 12 Double round-robin.
21 2010–11 Liga I Olimpia Cluj FCM Târgu Mureş Real Craiova 13 Double round-robin.
22 2011–12 Liga I Olimpia Cluj FCM Târgu Mureş Real Craiova 20 2 divisions (East/West) with 10 teams each- playing a double round robin. First two places in each division qualify in the Championship play-off (4 teams playing a double round-robin).
23 2012–13 Liga I Olimpia Cluj FCM Târgu Mureş CFR Timișoara 18 3 divisions (East/West/South) with 6 teams each- playing a double round robin. First two places in each division qualify in the Championship play-off (6 teams playing a double round-robin). Third place in each division qualifies in the Superliga qualification play-off (3 teams playing a double round-robin). Last two places in each division qualify in the play-out (2 Groups of 4 teams playing a double round-robin).
24 2013–14 Superliga Olimpia Cluj FCM Târgu Mureş Real Craiova 8 Double round-robin. First 4 teams qualify for the Championship play-off (double round robin), while the last 4 teams play in the Relegation play-off (double round-robin).
25 2014–15 Superliga Olimpia Cluj ASA Târgu Mureş Heniu Prundu Bârgăului 8 Double round-robin. First 4 teams qualify for the Championship play-off (double round robin), while the last 4 teams play in the Relegation play-off (double round-robin).
26 2015–16 Superliga Olimpia Cluj ASA Târgu Mureş Năvobi Iași 8 Double round-robin. First 4 teams qualify for the Championship play-off (double round robin), while the last 4 teams play in the Relegation play-off (double round-robin).
27 2016–17 Superliga Olimpia Cluj Năvobi Iași CFR Timișoara 10 Double round-robin.
28 2017–18 Liga I Olimpia Cluj Vasas Femina Odorhei CFR Timișoara 10 Double round-robin.
29 2018–19 Liga I 10

Record Champions

Titles Team
8 Olimpia Cluj
7 Clujana Cluj
4 Fartec Brașov (includes ICIM; change of patron company)
3 Motorul Oradea (includes Interindustrial; change of patron company)
2 Conpet Ploiești
Regal București
1 CFR Craiova
FCM Târgu Mureș

References

  1. ^ Celălalt fotbal (PDF)
  2. ^ Cotidianul, Divizia A a fost mitraliată (The "A Division" was gunned down), accessed on 3 February 2007 Archived 12 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "New system for women's football" (in Romanian). ziare.com. 9 August 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Romania - List of Women Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved 6 June 2011.

External links

  • Official Site
  • League at women.soccerway.com
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