Liberty Cap large cent

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A 1794 Liberty Cap large cent, as well as a portion of its lettered edge

The Liberty Cap large cent was a type of large cent struck by the United States Mint from 1793 until 1796, when it was replaced by the Draped Bust large cent. The coin features an image of the goddess of Liberty and her accompanying Phrygian cap.

History

The Liberty Cap large cent, designed by Joseph Wright, was issued by the Mint from 1793 to 1796. The Mint created this type of cent in an attempt to satisfy the public objections to the Chain cent and Wreath cent. It appears to have been a little more successful than its precedents, as it was continued into 1797, unlike the previous two issues, which were issued for one year only. In 1795, the planchets became too thin for the use of edge lettering on the coins, so coins from late-1795 onward have no edge lettering.

The Liberty Cap half cent was designed not by Wright, however, but by Chief Engraver of the United States Mint, Robert Scot.

Varieties

Due to the differences in individual dies used in the coin dies used to produce these coins, there are over one hundred known varieties from each year.[1] Some of these include the absence of the pole that supports the cap, or differences in the size and shape of the numbers in the date. Each of these varieties greatly influences the value of the coin for collectors.[2]

Sources

References

  1. ^ "1794 Large Cent Varities". www.coinfacts.com. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  2. ^ Yeomans, R. S. (2015). A Guide Book Of United States Coins, 2014 Edition. 


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