Liberalism in Portugal

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Since the beginning of liberalism in Portugal in the mid-19th century, several parties have, by gaining representation in parliament, continued the liberal ideology in contemporary Portuguese politics.


1826 to 1926

From Democratic Group to New Progressive Party

  • 1826: Supporters of the liberal revolution of 1820 establish the Democratic Group (Grupo Democrata)
  • 1840: The party is reorganized into the Progress Party (Partido do Progresso), founded by João de Saldanha
  • 1849: The New Progressive Party merges with the conservative Regenerator Party (Partido Regenerador)
  • 1851: A faction leaves the party and founds the Progressive Historical Party/Party of Historical Progressives (Partido Progressista Histórico/Partido dos Progressistas Históricos)
  • 1862: The Progressive Historical Party is split into the Reformist Party and the Historical Party (Partido Histórico)
  • 1876: Both parties reunite and merge into the New Progressive Party (Novo Partido Progressista), which eventually develops into a Conservative party
  • 1910: The New Progressive Party dissolves.

Portuguese Republican Party

1985 onwards

Social Democratic Party

The Social Democratic Party was a full right member of the Liberal International, from 1985 until 1996.

Democratic Renewal Party

Liberal Social Movement

  • 2005: The Liberal Social Movement (Movimento Liberal Social, MLS) is founded as a movement (not a political party). The current President is Miguel Duarte.

Iniciativa Liberal

  • 2017: The Iniciativa Liberal is founded and becomes a full member of the ALDE European Party. The President is Miguel Ferreira da Silva.

See also

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