Liberal Party of Australia (Tasmanian Division)

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Liberal Party of Australia
(Tasmanian Division)
Abbreviation LP [1]
Leader Will Hodgman
President Geoff Page
Deputy Leader Jeremy Rockliff
Senior Vice President Peter McKay
Treasurer Rod Scurrah
Young Liberal President Ben Singline
Women's Council President Rochelle Piesse
Founder Robert Menzies
Founded 13 February 1945; 74 years ago (1945-02-13)[2]
Headquarters Suite 4C, Level 3, 33 Salamanca Place, Hobart TAS 7000
Youth wing Young Liberals
Women's wing Liberal Women's Council
Ideology Liberal conservatism
Classical liberalism
Political position Centre-right
National affiliation Liberal Party of Australia
Regional affiliation Asia Pacific Democrat Union[3]
International affiliation IDU
ACRE (regional partner)
Colors      Blue
Slogan Building Your Future
Tasmanian House of Assembly
13 / 25
Tasmanian Legislative Council
2 / 15
Australian House of Representatives (TAS)
0 / 5
Australian Senate (TAS)
4 / 12
Website
tas.liberal.org.au

The Liberal Party of Australia (Tasmanian Division), commonly known as the Tasmanian Liberals, is the state division of the Liberal Party of Australia in Tasmania.[4] The party currently governs in Tasmania. The party is part of the federal Liberal Party of Australia which governs nationally in Coalition with the National Party of Australia.

Parliamentary Party Leader
Will Hodgman apples cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Premier of Tasmania Will Hodgman

since 15 March 2014
Inaugural holder Neil Campbell

History

In 1904, Elliott Lewis established the National League, which changed its name to the Progressive League in 1907. While Lewis became Premier of the state in 1909 under this banner, the League itself shortly disappeared[5][6]. Its successor was the Tasmanian Liberal League, founded later that year in collaboration with the Tasmanian Farmers and Stockowners Association[7]. In 1917, the League affiliated with the Australian Liberal Union.

Following the removal of Billy Hughes from the leadership of the Labor Party, the League merged again to become the Tasmanian National Federation. It shared government with the Labor Party from 1912 to 1923, and then from 1928 to 1934[8]. Despite the establishment of the United Australia Party by Joseph Lyons, the party continued using the name National until 1941 when it changed its name to the 'United Australia and National Organisation'[9]. In 1945 the party came under the umbrella of the new Liberal Party of Australia.

The Tasmanian Division of the party was formed at a meeting in Hobart on 13 February 1945. The first state candidates stood at the 1946 election, most of whom were ex-servicemen. The organisation recruited them by arguing that in the services they had been fighting for freedom, and it was now their duty 'to finish the job'. The party first formed a government in Tasmania 1969[10].

In 1982, Robin Gray was elected on a platform of commitment to building the Gordon-below-Franklin hydro-electric power scheme. Continual blockades from the Labor Federal Government lead to the Premier threatening to secede from the Commonwealth if any further intervention was taken [11]. Despite the lack of success in the Tasmanian Dam Case, the Gray government won the 1986 state election and held onto power until 1989[12].

The party was elected at the 1992 state election with Ray Groom as leader, however at the subsequent 1996 election following a promise not to form minority government Groom resigned [13]. Tony Rundle was quick to replace Groom as Liberal leader and reached an informal agreement with the Tasmanian Greens to secure support.

At the 2014 state election, Will Hodgman secured a majority of seats following a 16-year incumbent Labor government led by Lara Giddings. The party was re-elected at the 2018 state election.

Organisation

Each division of the Liberal Party is autonomous, with a unique organisational structure and their own constitutions [14].

Premiers

Five parliamentary Liberal leaders have served as Premier of Tasmania: Angus Bethune (1969–1972), Robin Gray (1982–1989), Ray Groom (1992–1996), Tony Rundle (1996–1998) and Will Hodgman (2014–present).

Deputy Premiers

Six parliamentary Liberal deputy leaders have served as Deputy Premier of Tasmania: Max Bingham (1982–1984), Geoff Pearsall (1984–1988), Ray Groom (1988–1989), John Beswick (1992–1996), Sue Napier (1996–1998) and Jeremy Rockliff (2014–).

List of parliamentary leaders

State election results

Election Seats won ± Total votes % Position Leader
1946
12 / 30
Steady 44,158 34.25% Opposition Neil Campbell
1948
12 / 30
Steady0 54,010 37.84% Opposition Neil Campbell
1950
14 / 30
Increase2 69,429 47.57% Opposition Rex Townley
1955
15 / 30
Increase1 70,959 45.35% Opposition Rex Townley
1956
15 / 30
Steady0 69,477 43.61% Opposition Tim Jackson
1959
16 / 35
Increase1 66,005 41.05% Opposition Tim Jackson
1964
16 / 35
Steady0 67,971 38.49% Opposition Angus Bethune
1969
17 / 35
Increase1 83,261 43.98% Minority Government Angus Bethune
1972
14 / 35
Decrease3 76,073 38.37% Opposition Angus Bethune
1976
17 / 35
Increase3 104,613 44.5% Opposition Max Bingham
1979
15 / 35
Decrease2 98,845 41.3% Opposition Max Bingham
1982
18 / 35
Increase3 121,346 48.5% Majority Government Robin Gray
1986
18 / 35
Steady0 138,836 54.2% Majority Government Robin Gray
1989
17 / 35
Decrease1 128,143 46.9% Opposition Robin Gray
1992
19 / 35
Increase2 154,337 54.1% Majority Government Ray Groom
1996
16 / 35
Decrease3 121,391 41.2% Minority Government Ray Groom
1998
10 / 25
Decrease6 112,146 38.1% Opposition Tony Rundle
2002
7 / 25
Decrease3 81,185 27.4% Opposition Bob Cheek
2006
7 / 25
Steady0 98,511 31.8% Opposition Rene Hidding
2010
10 / 25
Increase3 124,933 39.0% Opposition Will Hodgman
2014
15 / 25
Increase5 167,051 51.2% Majority Government Will Hodgman
2018
13 / 25
Decrease2 168,303 50.3% Majority Government Will Hodgman

References

  1. ^ "Political party name abbreviations & codes, demographic ratings and seat status". Australian Electoral Commission. 18 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Our History". 12 June 2013.
  3. ^ "International Democrat Union » Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU)". International Democrat Union. 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Current register of political parties". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Lewis, Sir Neil Elliott (1858-1935)". The Australian National University. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  6. ^ "The Liberal Party and It's Twentieth Century Precursors". The University of Tasmania. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  7. ^ McRae, J (1961). The Tasmanian Farmers, Stockowners & Orchardists Association.
  8. ^ Bennett, S; Bennett, B (1980). Biographical register of the Tasmanian parliament, 1851–1960. Canberra.
  9. ^ White, K (2000). Joseph Lyons. Melbourne.
  10. ^ Weller, P (1971). The organization of early non-Labor parties in Tasmania.
  11. ^ Pink, Kerry (2001). Through Hells Gates: A History of Strahan and Macquarie Harbour. ISBN 0-646-36665-3.
  12. ^ Ward, Airlie: Minority Government, Stateline Tasmania (Australian Broadcasting Corporation), 10 March 2006.
  13. ^ "The Parliament of Tasmania from 1856". Parliament of Tasmania. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  14. ^ Tasmanian Liberals. "About". Tasmanian Liberals. Retrieved 4 February 2019.

Further reading

  • Lucadou-Wells R (1994) 50 year history of the Liberal Party (Tasmanian Division), Hobart, Tasmania.

External links

  • Tasmanian Liberals Official website
  • Liberal Party of Australia Federal party official site
  • Liberal Party of Australia ephemera digitised and held by the National Library of Australia
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