Li Zhimin

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Li Zhimin
李志民
Lizhiming.jpg
Political Commissar for the Military Region of Fuzhou
In office
1972–1977
Chairman Mao Zedong
Paramount Leader Deng Xiaoping
Personal details
Born July 9, 1906
Liuyang, Hunan, Qing dynasty, China
Died November 16, 1987(1987-11-16) (aged 81)
Beijing, China
Political party Communist Party of China
Alma mater Chinese Military and Politics University
Awards
Military service
Allegiance  People's Republic of China
Service/branch Ground Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svgPeople's Liberation Army
Years of service 1928–1987
Rank General rank insignia (PRC, 1955-1965).jpg General
Battles/wars Long March, Sino-Japanese War, Chinese Civil War, Korean War

Li Zhimin (李志民 or 李凤瑞 or 李明阶; pinyin:Lǐ Zhìmín or Lǐ Fèngruì or Lǐ Míngjiē; July 9, 1906 – November 16, 1987), was a general of the People's Liberation Army from Liuyang, Hunan. Li was the former political commissar and director for the Political Department of the Chinese People's Volunteers. Li was an outstanding political leader in the PLA.[1]

Li joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1927 and the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army in 1928. He held various positions as Red Fifth Army party Secretary General and Second Division Security Bureau Chief prior to the Long March. Upon reaching Shanbei, he served as the director of the Central Military Commission for the eighty-first division. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Li was the Hebei military region's Political Department deputy political commissar. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Li was the director for the Political Department of the Chinese People's Volunteers, Political Commissar for the Fuzhou military region and various other posts.

Biography

Early life

He received private education when he was 9 and in 1924, went back to his hometown in Hunan to become a teacher. Li joined the Guomindang in 1926, and was an elected member of the Gaoping District Division. In April 1927, Li decided to join the CCP

In March 1928, Li was involved in the formation of guerrilla units and carrying out armed struggles.[2] In the same year in December, he participated in the invasion of Changsha under the post of the Red Fifth Army General Secretary. As the Political Commissar for the Red Fifth Army, he took part in the invasion of Changsha. In the spring of 1932, as the director for the Political Department of the Second Division he took part in the Battle of Ganzhou.[3] This was an attempt to cover the main force of the CCP breaking out of the Fifth Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet.

On October 1934, Li participated in the Long March. During the conflict in Fushan, Li was credited with the recruitment of 600-700 men and stockpiling of grain and cloth.[4] During spring 1937, Li enrolled into the Chinese Military and Politics University of the Anti-Japanese invasion.

Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War

During the Sino-Japanese War, he had posts on both the front and support lines of the communist forces. In 1944 he served as the deputy political commissar of the Military and Political Department.[5]

In December 1946, Li was the political commissar for the second column of the Jinchaji Field Army,[6] spearing heading many assaults in this area. During the Pingjin Campaign, he fought in Zhangjiakou and other regions. Li participated in the Battle of Taiyuan in 1949 as the director of the Political Department of the People's Liberation Army 20th Corps.[7] Following the Battle of Taiyuan, Li replaced Luo Ruiqing as the political commissar of the 19th Corps and led his troops to engage in the Battle of Lanzhou and Battle of Ningxia.[8]

After the Formation of the PRC

Li Zhimin as the "general chorus" conductor during the performances in the People's Great Hall in 1959

In late 1949, Li Zhimin served as political commissar of the Military District of Shaanxi.[9] During the Korean War, he was appointed as the 19th People's Volunteer Army Corps political commissar.

After his return to China in 1957, Li was appointed as the Political Commissar of the People's Liberation Army Military Academy. Despite being persecuted during the Cultural Revolution, Li assumed role of political commissar for the Fuzhou Military Region in 1972.[10]

Li Zhimin was an alternate member of the 8th CCP Central Committee, member of the 10th and 11th Central Committee, representative at the 1st and 4th National People's Congress. He was elected to the CCP's Central Advisory Committee in 1982. On November 11, 1987, Li died in Beijing.[11]

References

  1. ^ "李志民(开国上将)_百度百科". baike.baidu.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  2. ^ 唐伯藩 (1993). 群星灿烂. China: 军事科学出版社. p. 11. 
  3. ^ 编审委员会(主任:杨得志) (1993). 中国工农红军第一方面军史. Beijing: 解放军出版社. p. 298. ISBN 978-7-5065-5396-4. 
  4. ^ 欧阳青. 大授衔:1955共和国将帅授衔档案. 北京: 长城出版社. 2011: 391–393. ISBN 978-7-5483-0058-8 (简体中文).
  5. ^ 《中国人民解放军军史》编写组. 中国人民解放军军史:第二卷. 军事科学出版社. 2010: 298. ISBN 978-7-80237-381-5.
  6. ^ 高翠莲 (编). 戎马双星. 中央文献出版社. 1998: 442. ISBN 7507304671.
  7. ^ 山西省史志硏究院. 山西通志 军事志. 中华书局. 1997: 88–90.
  8. ^ 兰州部队党史资料征集委员会办公室. 兰州战役. 甘肃人民出版社. 1983: 1.
  9. ^ 张明金、刘立勤. 中国人民解放军历史上的200个军区. 北京: 解放军文艺出版社. 2010: 512. ISBN 978-7-5033-2252-5.
  10. ^ 《中国人民解放军军史》编写组. 中国人民解放军军史:第六卷. 军事科学出版社. 2011: 246. ISBN 978-7-80237-427-0.
  11. ^ 星火燎原编辑部. 中国人民解放军将帅名录 第一卷. 北京: 解放军出版社. 2007: 81. ISBN 7-5065-5031-8.
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