Leventina District
Leventina District Distretto di Leventina 


District  


Country  Switzerland  
Canton  Ticino  
Capital  Faido  
Area^{[1]}  
• Total  479.57 km^{2} (185.16 sq mi)  
Population (2016)  
• Total  9,335  
• Density  19/km^{2} (50/sq mi)  
Time zone  CET (UTC+1)  
• Summer (DST)  CEST (UTC+2)  
Municipalities  10 
The Leventina District is one of the eight districts of the largely Italianspeaking canton of Ticino in Switzerland. The capital of the district is Faido but the largest town is Airolo on the southern flank of the Gotthard Pass.
Situated to the north of the canton, its territory covers the area of the Ticino River as far south as Biasca, in particular the Bedretto Valley and the Leventina Valley.
Leventina is divided into four subdistricts, termed 'circles' (Italian: circoli), and a total area of 479.57 km^{2} (185.16 sq mi) with a population of 9,335 (as of 31 December 2016).^{[2]} Its capital is the municipality (Italian: comune) of Faido.
Contents
Geography
The Leventina District has an area, as of 1997^{[update]}, of 479.57 square kilometers (185.16 sq mi). Of this area, 20.05 km^{2} (7.74 sq mi) or 4.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 175.08 km^{2} (67.60 sq mi) or 36.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 13.59 km^{2} (5.25 sq mi) or 2.8% is settled (buildings or roads), 9.26 km^{2} (3.58 sq mi) or 1.9% is either rivers or lakes and 175.23 km^{2} (67.66 sq mi) or 36.5% is unproductive land.
Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 0.9% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.4%. Out of the forested land, 28.2% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2.3% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 3.2% is used for growing crops. Of the water in the district, 1.0% is in lakes and 1.0% is in rivers and streams. Of the unproductive areas, 16.5% is unproductive vegetation and 20.0% is too rocky for vegetation.^{[3]}
Demographics
The Leventina District has a population (as of December 2016^{[update]}) of 9,335.^{[2]} Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000^{[update]}), 304 speak German, 81 people speak French, 8,320 people speak Italian, and 4 people speak Romansh. The remainder (793 people) speak another language.^{[4]}
As of 2008^{[update]}, the gender distribution of the population was 52.4% male and 47.6% female. The population was made up of 3,378 Swiss men (34.4% of the population), and 1,772 (18.0%) nonSwiss men. There were 3,660 Swiss women (37.2%), and 1,024 (10.4%) nonSwiss women.^{[5]}
In 2008^{[update]} there were 53 live births to Swiss citizens and 22 births to nonSwiss citizens, and in same time span there were 85 deaths of Swiss citizens and 12 nonSwiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 32 while the foreign population increased by 10. There were 2 Swiss men and 2 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. At the same time, there were 22 nonSwiss men and 37 nonSwiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources) was a decrease of 31 and the nonSwiss population change was a decrease of 74 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.1%.^{[6]}
The age distribution, as of 2009^{[update]}, in the Leventina District is: 701 children or 7.1% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 899 teenagers or 9.1% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 1,091 people or 11.1% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 1,251 people or 12.7% are between 30 and 39, 1,644 people or 16.7% are between 40 and 49, and 1,491 people or 15.2% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 1,204 people or 12.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 845 people or 8.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 708 people or 7.2% who are over 80.^{[5]}
In 2000^{[update]} there were 8,691 single family homes (or 63.4% of the total) out of a total of 13,704 inhabited buildings. There were 1,860 two family buildings (13.6%) and 2,373 multifamily buildings (17.3%). There were also 780 buildings in the district that were multipurpose buildings (used for both housing and commercial or another purpose).^{[7]}
In 2000^{[update]} there were 8,067 apartments in the district. The most common apartment size was the 4 room apartment of which there were 2,379. There were 452 single room apartments and 1,972 apartments with five or more rooms.^{[8]} Of these apartments, a total of 4,013 apartments (49.7% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 3,770 apartments (46.7%) were seasonally occupied and 284 apartments (3.5%) were empty.^{[8]}
The historical population is given in the following table:^{[9]}
year  population 

1850  10,331 
1880  14,972 
1900  9,397 
1950  9,602 
1980  11,699 
1990  10,032 
2000  9,502 
Politics
In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 33.52% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (26.59%), the Ticino League (15.64%) and the SP (15.38%). In the federal election, a total of 3,468 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 56.6%.^{[10]}
In the 2007^{[update]} Ticino Gran Consiglio election, there were a total of 6,292 registered voters in the Leventina District, of which 4,599 or 73.1% voted. 54 blank ballots and 4 null ballots were cast, leaving 4,541 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PPD+GenGiova which received 1,334 or 29.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PLRT (with 1,113 or 24.5%), the SSI (with 756 or 16.6%) and the PS (with 582 or 12.8%).^{[11]}
In the 2007^{[update]} Ticino Consiglio di Stato election, 35 blank ballots and 10 null ballots were cast, leaving 4,555 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PPD which received 1,328 or 29.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PLRT (with 1,114 or 24.5%), the LEGA (with 700 or 15.4%) and the SSI (with 652 or 14.3%).^{[11]}
Religion
From the 2000 census^{[update]}, 7,815 or 82.2% were Roman Catholic, while 211 or 2.2% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. There are 1,197 individuals (or about 12.60% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), and 279 individuals (or about 2.94% of the population) did not answer the question.^{[4]}
Education
In the Leventina District there was a total of 1,351 students (as of 2009^{[update]}). The Ticino education system provides up to three years of nonmandatory kindergarten and in the Leventina District there were 183 children in kindergarten. The primary school program lasts for five years and includes both a standard school and a special school. In the district, 387 students attended the standard primary schools and 22 students attended the special school. In the lower secondary school system, students either attend a twoyear middle school followed by a twoyear preapprenticeship or they attend a fouryear program to prepare for higher education. There were 325 students in the twoyear middle school and 9 in their preapprenticeship, while 110 students were in the fouryear advanced program.
The upper secondary school includes several options, but at the end of the upper secondary program, a student will be prepared to enter a trade or to continue on to a university or college. In Ticino, vocational students may either attend school while working on their internship or apprenticeship (which takes three or four years) or may attend school followed by an internship or apprenticeship (which takes one year as a fulltime student or one and a half to two years as a parttime student).^{[12]} There were 97 vocational students who were attending school fulltime and 193 who attend parttime.
The professional program lasts three years and prepares a student for a job in engineering, nursing, computer science, business, tourism and similar fields. There were 25 students in the professional program.^{[13]}
Circles and municipalities
Circolo di Airolo  

Coat of arms  Municipality 
Population (31 December 2016)^{[2]} 
Area km²^{[14]} 
Airolo  1,526  94.37  
Bedretto  109  75.23  
Total 
1,635 
169.7 
Circolo di Faido  

Coat of arms  Municipality 
Population (31 December 2016)^{[2]} 
Area km²^{[14]} 
Faido  2,978  126.27  
Total 
2,978 
126.27 
Circolo di Giornico  

Coat of arms  Municipality 
Population (31 December 2016)^{[2]} 
Area km²^{[14]} 
Bodio  1,038  6.44  
Giornico  879  19.48  
Personico  340  39.04  
Pollegio  780  5.89  
Total 
3,037 
70.85 
Circolo di Quinto  

Coat of arms  Municipality 
Population (31 December 2016)^{[2]} 
Area km²^{[14]} 
Dalpe  192  14.52  
Prato Leventina  424  16.9  
Quinto  1,069  75.2  
Total 
1,685 
106.6 
References
 ^ Il Ticino in cifre, Edizione 2010
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} ^{e} ^{f} Swiss Federal Statistical Office  STATTAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
 ^ Altitudine, superficie, secondo il genere di utilizzazione, rilevazione 1992/1997, e densità della popolazione, nel 2000 (in Italian) accessed 25 October 2010
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Popolazione residente, secondo la lingua principale e la religione, nel 2000 Archived 20110707 at the Wayback Machine. (in Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} 01.02.03 Popolazione residente permanente Archived 20110707 at the Wayback Machine. (in Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
 ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office  Superweb database  Gemeinde Statistics 19812008 Archived 20100628 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 19 June 2010
 ^ 09.02.01 Edifici (in Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} 09.02.02 Abitazioni (in Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
 ^ Popolazione residente, dal 1850 Archived 20110707 at the Wayback Machine. (in Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
 ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived 20150514 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Elezioni cantonali: Gran Consiglio, Consiglio di Stato Archived 20110707 at the Wayback Machine. (in Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
 ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). KANTONALE SCHULSTRUKTUREN IN DER SCHWEIZ UND IM FÜRSTENTUM LIECHTENSTEIN / STRUCTURES SCOLAIRES CANTONALES EN SUISSE ET DANS LA PRINCIPAUTÉ DU LIECHTENSTEIN (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 June 2010.
 ^ Allievi e studenti, secondo il genere di scuola, anno scolastico 2009/2010 (in Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} Swiss Federal Statistical OfficeLand Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
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External links
 Official list of municipalities, circles and districts of Ticino