Leslie de Barra

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Leslie de Barra
Leslie De Barra.jpg
Born Leslie Price
(1893-01-09)9 January 1893
Dublin, Ireland
Died 9 April 1984(1984-04-09) (aged 91)
Cork, Ireland
Nationality Irish
Other names Leslie Barry, Mrs Tom Barry

Leslie Mary de Barra (née Price; 9 January 1893 – 9 April 1984) was an Irish nationalist active during the Easter Rising of 1916, the War of Independence and the Civil War, becoming Director of Cumann na mBan. She went on to be Chairman and President of the Irish Red Cross.[1]

Early life

Born Leslie Mary Price in Dublin in 1893 to Michael and Mary Price. Her father was a blacksmith and she was one of six children. She wanted to be a teacher and by 1911 had become a Monitress, a common way for girls to get into the teaching profession.[2][3] Two of her brothers were involved in the Irish Volunteers and she was a member of Cumann na mBan. In advance of the Rising, with the confusion over orders and lack of information, she stated that she "did not question anything" as, with all that was happening, there were often odd events in her house. But they were all waiting for the mobilisation orders for the Easter Rising.[4]

Easter Rising

de Barra's role during the republican rebellion in Ireland, Easter 1916, was to act as a courier carrying messages and ammunition between the main headquarters in the General Post Office and other posts. She did her role well and was promoted in the field, along with Bríd Dixon, during the Rising but admitted that the job was stressful.[4] She was stationed both in the GPO and in the Hibernian Bank. It was while she was in the bank that she came closest to death, standing beside Captain Thomas Weafer while he was shot. Another soldier who went to his aid was also shot. de Barra barely had time to grab Capt. Weafer before he died.[5] She was the person sent to fetch a priest for the dying and wounded soldiers on the Thursday. By the Friday evening de Barra was in the GPO and was with the group evacuated with Louise Gavan Duffy. Once they reached the hospital on Jervis Street she parted company from Duffy and headed to Jacob's factory to see how the rebels were getting on there.[6] She was also arrested and held in Broadstone Station but quickly released.[7]

After the Rising

By 1918 de Barra represented West Cork in the Cumann na mBan convention and became a member of the executive committee.[6] She left her teaching career to focus fully on the organisation required by the republican movement in 1918. She travelled the country by train and by bicycle to get women to join the local branches of the Cumann and take part in the activities needed by the movement. Within the year the organisation had grown from 17 to over 600 branches.[4] She was Director of the organisation during the period up to the end of the war.[8][9]

de Barra married Tom Barry on August 22, 1921 in Cork during the Truce period in the lead up to the Anglo-Irish Treaty. At the wedding were men who later ended up on opposite sides. Both Éamon de Valera, Michael Collins were guests. Her husband was staunchly Anti-Treaty even though he had been friends with Collins.[10][11] Although her husband was a staunch republican and a major figure in the Irish War of Independence and the Irish Civil War, while she was serving in the GPO in Dublin during the rising he was in Mesopotamia serving the British Army in the First World War.[12]

Humanitarian work

In later years de Barra was central to the Irish Red Cross. Initially she got involved by organising the care of children orphaned by the Second World War.[13] She represented the Irish Red Cross at conferences in Toronto, Oslo, Monaco, New Delhi, Geneva, Vienna, The Hague, Athens, Istanbul, Prague. She and her husband handled refugees from Czechoslovakia and Poland.[14][15] Through the Red Cross she was able to ascertain the status of Irish held by the Spanish during the Spanish Civil War, officially Ireland was remaining neutral and could not get involved.[16] de Barra was Chairman of the Irish Red Cross from 1950 to 1973.[17]

de Barra was instrumental in the setting up of the Voluntary Health Insurance organisation in the late 1950s.[13] In 1962, with the Red Cross de Barra launched the "Freedom from hunger" campaign in Ireland which later became the organisation Gorta. de Barra was chairman of Gorta also.[13][18]

In 1956 a memorial to 1916 was unveiled in Limerick. It had been designed by Albert Power and the commemoration of the Rising was held in May 1956 and the monument unveiled by de Barra.[19]

In 1963 de Barra was awarded an honorary degree from University College Dublin along with Éamon de Valera and others.[20]

In 1971 she was part of a series to look back on the events leading to Irish Independence and her story was broadcast by Raidió Teilifís Éireann[21]

In 1979 she won the Henry Dunant Medal which is the highest award of the Red Cross Movement.[22]

de Barra and her husband lived in Cork, on St Patrick's street from the 1940s until his death in 1980. She died on 9 April 1984 in Cork and is buried with her husband in St Finbarr's. She is remembered today in the Leslie Bean de Barra Trophy awarded for the Cork Area Carer of the Year.[17]

References

  1. ^ Turtle Bunbury (17 October 2014). The Glorious Madness – Tales of the Irish and the Great War: First-hand accounts of Irish men and women in the First World War. Gill Books. pp. 341–. ISBN 978-0-7171-6614-5. 
  2. ^ "Census return for Murtagh Road, Dublin". National Archives of Ireland. 
  3. ^ "Oxford Reference Biography". 
  4. ^ a b c Senia Pašeta (5 December 2013). Irish Nationalist Women, 1900-1918. Cambridge University Press. pp. 180–. ISBN 978-1-107-04774-7. 
  5. ^ "A Kildare woman in the GPO". Kildare history. 
  6. ^ a b Ann Matthews (2010). Renegades: Irish Republican Women 1900-1922. Mercier Press Ltd. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-1-85635-684-8. 
  7. ^ "The GPO". Irish Medals. 
  8. ^ Joe Ambrose (2007). Seán Treacy and the Tan War. Mercier Press Ltd. pp. 145–. ISBN 978-1-85635-554-4. 
  9. ^ Máire Cruise O'Brien (15 November 2012). The Same Age as the State. O'Brien Press. pp. 60–. ISBN 978-1-84717-504-5. 
  10. ^ "Does Tom Barry's wedding photo reveal veiled tensions?". Irish Independent. 1 October 2009. 
  11. ^ Cathal Liam (2006). Blood on the Shamrock: A Novel of Ireland's Civil War, 1916-1921. St. Padraic Press. pp. 45–. ISBN 978-0-9704155-2-3. 
  12. ^ "The Legacy of Cumann na mban". 
  13. ^ a b c "Speech by President Michael D Higgins to commemorate the role of women". President of Ireland Site. 
  14. ^ Meda Ryan (2003). Tom Barry: IRA Freedom Fighter, Cork. Mercier Press. pp. 317–318. 
  15. ^ Liam Ó Ruairc (2015). "Ethics As Anology". 
  16. ^ Tim Pat Coogan (5 January 2002). The IRA. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-29416-8. 
  17. ^ a b "Bandon Woman named as Cork Carer of the Year". West Cork People. 
  18. ^ "1962 Launching of Freedom from Hunger Campaign". Irish Photo Archive. 
  19. ^ "1916 Memorial". 
  20. ^ "Frederick C. Lindvall, William McCausland Stewart, Rev. Paul Henry SJ, Michael Tierney, Seán MacEntee, Éamon de Valera, Leslie de Barra and Emmanuel C. Amoroso at the presentation of honorary degrees, Iveagh House, Dublin". University COllege Dublin. 
  21. ^ "Women of the Revolution: Leslie de Barra of Cumann na mBan". RTÉ. 12 April 1971. 
  22. ^ "List of Henry Dunant Medal Winners and their National Societies". Standing commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. 
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